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William and Mary College 


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William and Mary College 

Quarterly Historical Magazine. 

Vol. XXI. JULY, 1912. ^o. 1, 


Original Letters i 

Landon Carter's Crop Book il 

Tyler-Polk 21 

Randolph Family 25 

Bristow Wills . . . ". 28 

I^Lirriage Bonds and Licenses 29 

Minge Family Register 31 

Genealogy of the Triplett Family 33 

Johnson Family 44 

Records of Hanover County 47 

Notes from the "Virginia Gazette" 63 

Degge Family Records ^ 66 

Ruins' of Old Church at Arlington 67 

Historical and Genealogical Notes 70 

Book Reviews , 72 

XKPliUiam anb /iftar^ Colleoe 

Giuartcrl? Ibtetorlcal fiDaeasinc^ 

Vol. XXI. JULY, 1912. No. i. 


Gen. William F. Gordon to Thomas Walker Gilmer. 

Washington 11*^ Dec''. 1832. 
Dear Gilmer 

I have just rec** your letter of the 9*^ Inst. Before this reaches 
you, you will have received the Presidents proclamation. It is a 
strong document. Its principles you will perceive are at war with 
all our opinions of state Power & the character of our Confed- 

I greatly apprehend its effect will be very unfortunate & tends 
rather to aggravate than to heal the unhappy differences, which 
distract us. I fear it will entirely countervail the good effect of the 
very able & Conciliatory message at the opening of the session, 
will imbolden the Tariff Party, who will make no concession & 
force the states into irreconciliable sections of interest & Hatred. 

I hope I miscalculate, but I apprehend the worse. I will attend 
to your little collection. I will thank you to settle the amount I 
mentioned to you with Bramham & di aw on me for the amount. 

I promised George Carr it should be settled before I left the 
county. I did not expect that Bramham with w^hom the account 
was left would call on you, as I had no opportunity of telling him 
the arrangement made with you. I will advise you of any im- 
portant movements here 

sincerely & affectionately 

W" F. Gordon 

2 William and Mary Quarterly 

Gen. William F. Gordon to Thomas Walker Gilmer. 

Washington 14*^ Jan y 1834. 
Dear Sir 

I have just received your letter of the 11*^ Inst. I have made 
the enquiry you request of '^[^ ^^larshall of Kentucky, he speaks 
of AP E. H. Taylor as a gentleman of great respectability & con- 
siderable property that AP Cox is a young man of Business & he 
knows no objection to him that wl^at they would jointly under- 
take might be relied on. 

M"" Calhoun yesterday delivered a ntost powerful speech in 
the senate ; in our hour & a quarter it is said he covered ground 
that' others would take many days to perform — a senator told 
me he had furnished materials for 8 speeches — a fine specimen of 
condensed & enlightened knowledge of his whole subject. You 
will see it in a few days. 

M^ Cambreling is entitled to the floor to-day in the H. of R. 
The administration I think are in a waning majority in our hou^e. 
Much depends on V^., her movements have already produced 
great consternation here. I hope she will play out the Game, and 
act up to her Character — the people of V^. will never justify any 
Executive ^assumption of power over their money — press your 
advantage — Si leave the rest to heaven. The question of the re- 
charter of the Bank is a different one. We must not, in reprov- 
ing executive misrule, give a proclivity to the money Pozcer — 
dangerous to the purity of our Institutions — this is a different 
question from the executive seizure of one of the Franchises of 
the Bank, in haste 

Y^ friend 

W°^ F. Gordon 

William C. Rives to Thomas Walker Gilmer. 

Paris, Aug. 24^'', 1832. 
My dear friend. 

It gave me great pleasure to receive your very interesting 
letter of 6^° June some three or four weeks ago : but being then 

William and Mary Quarterly 3 

just on the point of setting out to England, to see something more 
of the land of our ancestors before my return to our own cher- 
ished home, I was compelled to defer the acknowledgement of 
it, till I came back here, which was only two or three days ago. 
I had already seen, with much satisfaction, your return into the 
public councils, to which I had always expected, as well as wished, 
that your destiny would soon bring you back. There was a fit- 
ness in it, every way, which could not permit you to resist the call 
of so many & such worthy friends ; & the happy success of your 
negotiations at Washington, with their consequential results to 
yourself, will leave you less cause, in regard to your priv'ate in- 
terests, to regret this diversion of a few months from your pro- 
fessional pursuits. I most sincerely congratulate you upon the 
handome accession to your purse, as well as reputation, which 
your able & successful efforts in that mission have obtained for 
you. The continued rewards of talent & industry will give you 
more & more cause, I hope, to indulge those delightful visions of 
an easy & happy old age, which you have sketched with the true 
spirit of a grandsire. Tho' neither of us have yet attained that 
grade of paternal dignity, the number of children with which we 
are already surrounded admonishes both of us to look forward 
to a teeming posterity and it is the part of duty, no less than of 
wisdom to provide for them as w^ell as we can. You will have 
heard that our brood is doubled since we have been here ; & I 
really feel as if I should incur the just reproach of "worse than 
an infidel," if I did not hurry back home to go to work for them. 
We are now making our arrangements, as rapidly as we can, to 
return to our own beloved land, & hope to embark at Havre on 
the i^ of October. I need not s'ay with what eagerness of hope 
& affection we look forward to meeting again with all our friends, 
whom absence has only served to endear to us the more. I hope 
we shall arrive at our homestead in time to afford me the gratifi- 
cation of taking you by the hand, & talking over all those themes 
of mutual interest, public & domestic, which the lapse of more 
than three long years will have accumulated, before you set out 

A William and Mary Quarterly 


for your winter quarters at Richmond. In the mean time, let us | 

hope that the affairs of our country, of which you give me so in- | 

teresting a sketch will, however darkened by unhappy divisions at | 

the present moment, brighten into cheerfulness & peace under the | 

smiles of an overruling providence, in whose decrees I c'annot \ 

believe it will be permitted that the great experiment in our hands, | 

on which the hopes of all m.ankind depend, shall fail of its final | 

& perfect success. I am happy to hear that you have brought j 
the concerns of the Loyal company so near to a close. So far - | 

as I have any interest in them, be assured th-at whatever may \ 

be the result an impartial & equitable settlement will be perfectly \ 

satisfactory to me, & I doubt not that, so far as depends on you, '; 

that result will be fully attained. Your account of the prosperity ^ 

of our professional brethren, (by the bye your picture of Southall • | 

in his arm chair, 'awaiting the approach of his client, brought him | 

bodily to my mind's eye), was particularly grateful to me. I beg i 

you remember me most cordially to all of them. I hope they \ 

will not deny me a social place among them at our 'ancient tribune, | 

if not the privilege of a brief, which, if I could make any hand | 

at it, would also be very desirable. | 

Europe is now so tranquil, to the gre'at annoyance of these | 

modern Athenians, who live only by the excitement of something 1 

neiJi\ that I have no political intelligence to give you. Don Pedro | 

gets along so slou'ly in the Peninsula, that we liberals are com- J 

pelled to console ourselves with the hope that the usual corre- J 

lative of surely, will bring him up in the end. I 

My wife joins me in most affectionate regards to Mrs. Gilmer | 

& yourself & begging also to be cordially remembered to all other j 
friends I must ask you to accept this hurried offering of ancient 
friendship, 'till I can renew to you in person the wideness of the , 
sincerity with which I am very 

Truly your's 
T. W. Gilmer Esq., W C Rives. 


William and Mary Quarterly 5 

William C. Rives to Thomas Walker Gilmer. 

Fredericksburg Dec. 4*^ 1832. 
My dear friend. 

We are thus far, &. all well, on our way home. I regret very 
much that I could not have arrived in time to have taken you by 
the hand before your departure from Richmond, & to h-ave 
talked over with you all the events of the last four years, ^s well 
as the momentous interests of the present. Now I have but a 
moment to consult with you on a subject of personal concern to 
myself, as well as of public solicitude. I learn from various 
qu'arters that my name is spoken of for supplying Mr. Tazewell's 
place in the Senate. Such a mark of the confidence & remem- 
brance of my native State could not but be, in the highest degree, 
gratifying to my feelings; & if I am again to enter the thorny 
path of public life, amid the difficulties of a crisis which seems 
to call on every man to contribute his mite, there is no post of 
duty, which could be assigned me, that I should like so much. At 
the same time, I should be sorry that my name should be brought 
before the Legislature at all, if there were reason to believe that 
any other would be more acceptable. I must, therefore, beg of 
you, as an ancient & tried friend, as well as my official represen- 
tative to consult with such other kind friends, as I may have in 
the Legislature, as to what is prudent & right to be done. What- 
ever disposition of the matter shall be determined upon by them 
will be, in every respect, satisfactory to myself, as I have no 
feeling in the question apart from those high public interests of 
v/hich they are the appointed guardians. 

I write in great haste, in the confusion & bustle of a town, & 

have only time to add Mrs. Rives' cordial remembrances & our 

joint hope that we shall ere long have the pleasure of meeting 

you & yours under the snug shelter of our native mountains. 

Your's most truly 8l sincerely 

W C Rives. 
T. W. Gilmer Esq. 

6 William and Mary Quarterly 

John Tyler to Gov. John Floyd. 

Union Tavern, June i6, 1831. 
Dear Governor: 

I called last night to see you but you were out and I was dis- 
appointed. I wanted to say to you that I had treated you badly 
on our private scores and by a confession of that fact obtain your 
pardon. The sickle is about to go into the best crop of wheat 
that I have seen in low^er Virg^ which w^ill soon be got to market 
and then I will make a more suitable atonement for my past 

I wanted to talk to you about the political w'orld. Everything 
seems to be at odds — and events big with the fate of certain in- 
dividuals are daily transpiring. But I have no information and 
very limited views. If you have any thing of interest do com- 
municate it. Direct to Gloucester via York Tow^n — or to Glou- 
cester C^ House. I have had two letters lately, one from Taze- 
well and another from Hayne — both full of speculations but that 
is all. What will Branch do? Will he notice this recent call of 
the Globe ? 

Botts addressed me the enclosed under the expectation that 
it would be shewn to you. I therefore submit it to you. I said 
to him> that if you had resolved on conferring the appointment 
on Gilmer I could have nothing to do with it in any shape. If 
however that was not the case I would express my high respect 
for him to you and furnish the evidence of my good wishes in 
his behalf. I hereby acquit myself of this undertaking under 
the full belief that you have long since resolved upon your course 
in this particular. Do not consider me as interfering with your 
determination if formed as I have strong reasons to suspect it to 
be. I said so much to M'" Botts, and added that I could only 
represent him to you in the event of M"" Gilmer's being out of the 
question, for the reason that I had reason to believe you designed 
the place for him. 

Can you not visit that distant region of your empire where 

William and Mary Quarterly 7 

my abode is cast ? You would make a whole household happy by 
it, and I will make you an unqualitied promise to shew to you the 
most beautiful country in Virginia. 

With the sincerest friendship 

Y" &c. 

John Tyler. 

Gov. Floyd. > 

John Tyler to Gov. John Floyd. 

W^ashington Dec^ 4, 1832. 
My Dear Sir: 

I hasten to inform you of the proceedings of yesterday.* 
Tazewell's resignation devolved upon me the necessity of elect- 
ing a President pro tem: The administration party selected 
Judge White as the candidate, and altho' I disliked the business 
of taking the Presiding officer from the State of Tennessee inas- 
much as there was a strong prospect of M^ Calhoun's resignation, 
yet my esteem for the Judge caused me to conclude that we 
could not well do better than elect him, believing that if Calhoun 
resigned, he W. would consider the import and bearing of the 
provision in the Constitution w^hich declares that the President 
and Vice President shall not come from the same State, and 
would (such is my confidence in his honesty) vacate the chair 
should he Doubt the propriety of his holding on. The opposi- 
tion seemed at first to be at a loss w^hat to do, but finally rallied 
in all their force on m.yself, so that the election was fairly placed 
in my own hands. To change my vote from White to any other 
would either have drawn in to my support the whole of my side 
of the house, or would have delayed the result until to day, \vhen 

* The resignation of L. W. Tazewell, wlio was President pro tern of the 
Senate, occurred in Xovomber, 1832. The Jackson party elected Hugh Law- 
son White over Mr. Tyler, who would not vote for all the administration 
measures. This honor, however, was conferred upon him in 183.5. 

8 William and Mary Quarterly 

Clayton or Miller, or Chambers who were momentarily expected, 
would have decided the contest. I felt the importance of the 
prize, but I did not suffer it to change my course. If I was right 
in voting for White at first, it was equally right then, and I per- 
severed to the end. Thus have I conferred an office of high grade 
at any time — but one which may in the course of three months 
become the second ofiice in the gov^. and by contingency the first. 
What version the newspapers may give of this procedure I know 
not and I have therefore hastened to give you the true one. 

While I have done my duty, the party with which I act have 
failed in theirs. At this time it was particularly important that 
a conciliatory course should have been pursued. The overture 
of the opposition should have been accepted and the unanimous 
vote of the Senate should have carried me into the chair. But 
I will draw no conclusions — no inferences. My pride consists in 
having conferred an appointment according to my judgment, and 
that that has been strong enough to enable me to resist all temp- 
tations. The message will be in to day and shall be sent you. 

Y" Truly 

John Tyler 

John Tyler to Gov, John Floyd.* 

Washington January lo, 1833. 
My Dear Sir: 

I begin to be inspired with new hopes, since my return from 
home which took place two days ago. Immediately after the 
proclamation issued I conversed freely with Clay upon the con- 
dition of public affairs and the true glory which he had it in his 
power now to acquire. Upon his friends I urged similar sug- 
gestions, and I begin to flatter myself that they haz^e not been 

* This letter confirms what is stated in Letters and Times of the Tylers, 
Vol. I., 456-4G0, as to the agency of Mr. Tyler in adjusting the terms of the 
compromise tariff bill of 1833. 

William and Mary Quarterly 9 

entirely disregarded. Know, in strict confidence, that tiiHe is 
now the chief stumbling block. The principle involved has ap- 
peared to .me to be the main concern zvitJi us. We have borne 
the system for ten or 15 years in all its oppression — and having 
endured it when its burthens, were heaviest, as they must neces- 
sarily have been in the infancy of the system, I have thought 
that that which constitutes the only ingredient worth any regard 
in the estimation of the manufacturer, time, is of little importance 
to us. To illustrate, — suppose a proposition to this effect. All 
acts to be repealed (tariff acts I mean) fortwi^th and a new law 
to be substituted with these or similar features. The duties on 
all unprotected articles forthwith to be abolished and on the pro- 
tected a reduction of 5 or 10 p^ c*.. — the duties on the protected 
to be abated 1/3 or 1/2 three years and an half hence and seven 
years hence all duties for protection to cease entirely and a gen- 
eral ad valorem to be substituted upon all importations — or in 
lieu of the abatement at the end of 3 1/2 years, things to remain 
untouched for seven years and then utterly to cease except for 
revenue. I want your aid in this important matter your opinions 
freely Consult in the strictest confidence with those around you 
and let me' have your views. Bear in mind that the principle of 
protection is to be utterly abandoned — and the wound inflicted on 
the Constitution thereby to be healed. The Bill now before the 
House will probably pass that body. Its fate in the Senate is 
doubtful in the extreme. It lays a heavy hand on the manufac- 
turer and in a great majority of instances annihilates him — 
woolens reduced from 60 to 20 p'". cent. &c. &c. This single 
measure would excite the bitterest feelings in the hearts of the 
Eastern people. For them I feel simpathy as they were broken 
into the system by the act of 1824 and not 'til then — and when 
we talk of reconcilement and a restoration of peace, would it not 
be better to have a peace de facto and embrace in true brotherly 
affection. But what assurance have we that the Bill of the House, 
if it passes, will be permitted to stand. Besides the protective 
principle is preserved. Iron for example is scarcely touched. In 

William and Mary Quarterly ii \ 


John Tyler to Gov. John Floyd. 1 

Washington Jan. 22, 1833. ; 

My D^ Floyd: I 

Yesterday the Judiciary Committee of the Senate reported a 
Bill making provision to execute the laws — in other words a 
declaration of war against S. C. To day it will be read a second 
time and made the order of the day for some day next week. 
The whole land and naval force of the U. S. is thereby placed ' ■ 

at the disposal of the President. So we go. The ultra federalists 
drive on these measures and Webster will be the great champion 
of the administration. They must come into the closest and most 
fraternal embrace. I dined at the Palace, yes, palace, a few days 
since, and found AP W. there in all his glory. Every man in the ' : 

country will soon come to see the true position of affairs. Have 
you rec*^ two letters from me of late. . i 

In haste y^ 

J. Tyler 

(Continued from Quarterly, XX., 285.) 

Letters to Washington. 

Cleve, 27 October, 1796. 
D"- Sir 

Owing to my absence from home on the arrival of our weekly 
post, I did not receive your favor of the 17^^ inst untill the 24^^ 
at night. I immediately prepared a letter for continuance of the 
correspondence, you seemed to be willing to comply with. Upon 
a review of that Letter tho, I resolved to suppress it on acc^ of 
the subject: That was of a nature to involve too much of con- 
jecture. Your well known character assures me that you wish 
only to tread upon established ground : Therefore the food of 

William and Mary Quarterly '^ ii 

John Tyler to Gov. John Floyd. 

Washington Jan. 22, 1833. 
My D"-. Floyd: 

Yesterday the Judiciary Committee of the Senate reported a 
Bill making provision to execute the laws — in other words a 
declaration of war against S. C. To day it will be read a second 
time and made the order of the day for some day next week. 
The whole land and naval force of the U. S. is thereby placed 
at the disposal of the President. So we go. The ultra federalists 
drive on these measures and Webster will be the great champion 
of the administration. They must come into the closest and most 
fraternal embrace. I dined at the Palace, yes, palace, a few days 
since, and found M'" W. there in all his glory. Every man in the 
country will soon come to see the true position of affairs. Have 
you rec*^ two letters from me of late. 

In haste y'' 

J. Tyler 

{Continued from Quarterly, XX., 285.) 

Letters to Washington. 

Cleve, 27 October, 1796. 
D-- Sir 

Owing to my absence from home on the arrival of our weekly 
post, I did not receive your favor of the 17^^ inst untill the 24*^ 
at niglit. I immediately prepared a letter for continuance of the 
correspondence, you seemed to be willing to comply with. Upon 
a review of that Letter tho, I resolved to suppress it on ace* of 
the subject: That was of a nature to involve too much of con- 
jecture. Your well known character assures me that you wish 
only to tread upon established ground: Therefore the food of 

12 William and Mary Quarterly 

plants is too unascertained a subject, I imagine, to be, acceptable. 
I will for the present content myself with laying before you 
some experience, that I have had, in the course of crops best 
adapted to the restoration of the Lands: And I must request 
you to keep in view the postulata in my late Letter. I once wrote 
to a society in George Town in culpeper County; which was 
printed in the Gazette by Timothy Green, in Fredericksburg, 9^^ 
October 1794. Extra, that too would perhaps aid my letter, but 
I must request you to suppose me to have been free from those 
blunders, the Copyist, or printer, have stamped upon it; for it 
is by a false stop changed from my expression. 

The rational conclusion from my postulata is, that cultivation 
under fit crops and proper method, wall restore Land from a 
state of stirility to a pristine fertility. If earth is considered to 
enter into the composition of vegitable food, that is seen to cir- 
culate in the air; and a free divided state of the soil, under pro- 
per guards against heat, must be the most apt state for attracting 
matter so arrainged : And the same may be remarked of each 
matter that has ever been advocated as the chief agent in that 

The mode of plowing I have pointed out ; and you will see my 
choice of Crops in the publication alluded to, fully agreed as to 
fitness. I have chiefly now to express my favorite arrangement. 

A naked fallow I deem to be destructive of the Land; and 
even when manured it is but a cross operation. I w^ould practice 
fallow in preference to Indian Corn preparation ; for small grain : 
but I would solicit shade, in aid to oblique plowing, to make my 
fallow conclusive to fertility. Indian pease is the growth I have 
adopted, not merely for its shade but as a moderate claimant 
from the earth, by means of its direct down root, and because it 
occasions a profuse tendency to it, of such aerial matters as lead 
to fructify the earth: For the plant strongly attracts from the 
air. To make this draft the more copious, it will perhaps occur 
to you that there must be a crowd of them together, for collective- 
ness is not in this case, as two to three but as two to four. On 

William and Mary Quarterly 13 

account of those Ideas I never sow them broad: I should thereby 
single the Peas, and loose the benefit of plowing thro' the season: 
Leaving the soil to grow compact, and in a level position, which 
reduces the surface, that presents to the air, to the least possible 
extent. I plant the pease 12, 15, or even 20, in a place — say in 
furrows three feet apart and 12, to 30, inches in the step tho' I 
have it in contemplation to put in future 10, and only one foot in 
the step; and when I plow them, the mould board always directs 
the cast to a ridge in the middle ; so that the peas will ultimately 
stand on a little ridge; and I plow so close as even to start them 
and press them over. Let not this alarm the Farmer ; for the 
plant sustains so much from the air, that it never flags for so 
rude a push; but gathers vigor from the near approach of the 
air to its roots : Nor can they suffer injury from a crowded state, 
for the same reason; but rather acquire accumulated supplies by 
the association. Aly Letter grows long and the continuation of 
the subject must be deferred. 

I am equally with you convinced of the utility of Societies 
toward the promotion of any science; and should exult to find 
an establishment of that kind, under congenial auspices, in some 
way practicable: [a word undecipherable] myself, and under a 
consequent want of influence, any attempt by me to set such a 
thing on foot would of course be fruitless: therefore has not been 
at all aimed at on my part : But I willingly would follow though 
I cannot lead. 

I am Dear Sir with every sentiment of esteem and respect for 
you and for your relative regards, 

Your most obedient and very humble Servant 

Landon Carter 

P. S. — As possibly you may not come at once to the Gazette 
and it may be necessary for the better understanding my pur- 
pose I have enclosed you one from my File — to be returned. 

14 William axd Marv Qtarterly 

BegiiViUr.g Letter in ans''' to sundry Queries put by President 
Geo. Wasliingtun in a letter 8 Xov^^ 96. 

Clcz'c, 29 Xov'^' 1796. 
My dear Sir 

Your Queries are v^ry apt ones, and I regret my inability to 
answer some of tb-em so satisfactorily as I could wish^ and yoa 
might reasonably expect; Arising from my wliole life being re- 
cluse, and :he early part wrapt in contemplation. 

Although I •.vrote in 1794. I had only began the practice in the 
year my publication alluded to, supposing myself fixed with a 
person capable of conducting t!:e business: It was to his skill I 
owed trie success of tliat experiment. That person, a, 
could not make tlie slaves exert themselves to n:odern labor: so 
that my whole number, under him. were competent only to a 
small concern : he required v.-ages that notliing les- than my wdiole 
could pay, and tlie experiment ceased for some years. Each one 
that succeeded him had still his failing; and. added to tliat. were 
unfit for abstract execution; so that I was forced to suner tlieni 
to jog on in the old way. 

I had such conviction, tliat I was willing, under a spirited 
agent still to embark my all ; and m^y anxiety for such an one led 
me through a quick rotation: but my ignorance of mankind has 
repeatedly misguided my clioice. In the year I wrote, and under 
an equally bunglii-g succession. I often ventured considerably, an-i 
the issue lias, each time tliat I tried, confirmed my theory as far 
as related to t;ie ensuing crop : Even the peas I gathered served 
to pay me for tlie labor bestowed upon that preparation for small 
grain ; leaving it a nett Crop. 

Harassed thus by frequent dis:ippointment. I resolved, to strike 
out another plan: and choosing out tv.'o of tlie most confidential 
of my slaves, I fixed them off with a small farm each : under 
som.e pecuniary influence. This scheme has operated durini^ one 
crop; and the' the full vigour of industry has not been put fortli. 
owing to all around being idle under an indittcrcnt Overseer: 
yet the venture docs not set so much ai st.ike. an^l a contiiin.-inco. 

William and Mary Quarterly 15 

Lound as they arc to follow my directions, will serve to exemplify 
in the effects on the soil. 

Although the narrative, given above, does not afford the ex- 
pected information, in answer to your 4 first queries ; yet I hope 
it will serve to wave them, without shaking your confidence in 
the Theory. I will flatter myself too; that the Philanthropic 
eagerness to communicate a supposed good, w^ill not devote me 
to that oblivion, to which the vain speculatist is so properly con- 
signed. The experience of every countryman, tho' he has been 
hitherto unconscious of the end, will prove the good I advocate 
to be more than imiaginary. Every man who has planted Peas, 
in the small household way, will tell you of the amendment of 
the Land ; I will adduce one among the many informants, who 
have reported tliose effects to me, as an instance to found some 
farther argument upon. 

A person who has spent a long life in the service of a wealthy 
Man, and is looked up to with a kind of veneration by the sons, 
may well be admitted for authenticity. This Gentleman informs 
me that he once cleared a field, in the middle of which was so 
poor a glade, that he deemed it unfit to produce any Crop : Not 
willing to leave it in a rude state, and to avoid a slovenly ap- 
pearance, he resolved to plant it in Peas. He continued the crop 
for ten successive years ; and at the end of that took off a valu- 
able one of Tobacco. 

Some Persons suppose that this extraordinary effect is brought 
about by the falling of the vine upon the land. But I think so 
very small quantity of vegetable matter, can scarcely be supposed 
that competent agent; w^ithout imputing to it the magical effects 
of a Talisman. The closer fermentation be confined the greater 
proportion of the Volatile matter of Vegitable food may be ex- 
pected: Therefore that wdiich it is known to undergo in the ani- 
mal stomach, produces the most efficient manure. The fallen vine 
lies the most possible, open to the sun and air; the fermentation 
^s the slowest, continuing the whole time in which it decays ; the 
time of evaporation which is during clear weather, bears a great 

i6 William and Mary Quarterly 

proportion to the rain that falls ; it may be then concluded that a 
very small quantity of the emitted matter sinks into the earth: if 
therefore the vine falling upon the Land, does work the end ob- 
tained from the Peas crop, it must operate in a manner resem- 
bling the royal touch for the King's Evil. Should it be contended 
that the vine protects the Land in the winter; I will join issue 
there with full conviction ; but I, judging that bad econorny, will 
prefer another kind of covering, which will be found to have the 
advantage for being a closer one. I will carry my vine into my 
Farm yard. It is excellent food for Cattle and will render a bet- 
ter manure. I will place, in the room of that vine, a growth of 
grain spread close over, to shelter from cold and heats alternate 
operations: By this husbandry the Land is still employ'd, &: still \ 

improving. | 

I will divide the topic, to arise from your queries into various I 

letters ; with a view to avoid tediousness, as well as to induce a 
longer intermission in your part of the Correspondence: Being ■ . 

aware of your present, intricate, avocations I wish to give you as 
few occasions to bestow your attentions on me as possible : The ] 

Letters I shall now write to you, containing the connecting train, 
will be by you, to be taken up in your hours of relaxation : You ^ 

will at some future day honor the author of them with your | 

notice, when your convenience will better suit with your indul- J 

gence. In the meantime I hope you will consider me \ 

Your faith full well wisher & 
most respectfull Hmble Serv*^ 

Landon Carter. 

2d Letter to the queries. 

Sabine Hall, 13 Dec'' 96. 
My dear Sir 

There is much time escaped since I commenced my replies to 
your queries, 2g^^ ulmo, owing to my being upon a party to visit 
this place, the season having waned that from Day to Day : I am 
now fixed here and shall with pleasure take up the subject. 

William and Mary Quarterly 17 

Your 5^^ query would properly belong to the last letter, on 
acct of that confused management which has ever affected me: 
I will only observe that the reports of the partial Cultivators, I 
have conferred with, answer your question in the Affirmative. It 
must be remarked upon the nature of stiff Lands, and upon that 
of the Pease, this Crop will probably be less certain, for the plant 
delights in a dry Air, & such quality'd Earth generating too 
readily, the contrary State. Pardon me if I appear tedious, for 
I must urge upon you that it is not the Crop of ir^ease w^. con- 
stitutes the Farmer's object. The friendly preparation for the 
succeeding Crops of small grain & the ultimate improvem^ to the 
Soil, make up a full inducem'^ for the culture, should he but ob- 
tain a stack of Hay, to add to his other gains. If perchance he 
meets a suitable concurrence in the season, and a Crop of Pulse 
comes in, he will write w4th improvem-, excess of profit on his 
Labor. To conclude the answer to that 5^^ quere, I take occa- 
sion to ment° ; that the pease, & the Culture, are equally congenial 
tc the Stiff, as they are to the light Soils : eft"ecting that happy 
medium, so desirable in every undertaking, by compacting the 
latter, & by opening the former: both to fitness for vegitable 

In your 6^^ quere you ask my method of planting the Pease? 
I have yet had no experience in the Drill, but have hitherto used 
the tedious way of dropping by hand ; not prompted thereto by 
reason, but a necessity which in itself is too disinteresting to be 
here recited. The tediousness of doing it by hand consists in 
the business being done by three m.otions ; first, laying of with the 
Plow, then dropping the Pease, and last, dragging over the Har- 
row to cover them. All this may be effected at a single stroke 
w^^ a Drill, of a very simple structure : and I trust I shall be able 
to adopt the plan in future ; and dismiss that flush Harrowing. 

Your 7^^ quere asks that the sort of Pease prefered? I am 
fond of the small black eye, for a two fold reason ; They do not 
run so soon, & ripen together pretty well. True the Gent Pease 
have the latter quality in a superior degree ; Ijut they are slower, 

i8 William and Mary Quarterly 

& not so productive. The demand being chiefly for the W. India 
markett, the Black eye is mostly called for, and is the election of 
the Trader: Tho for the Madeira markett, the Gent., or the Cala- 
vance, is the best adapted. The other kinds, the Ram's horn in 
particular are not so well suited to sea Carriage ; being more apt 
to swell; the more the pulse is spread over with color, the less 
they please the consumer. 

I have just now acquired a few of a kind which I conceive 
will prove useful in my arrangement ; not for a market Crop, but 
for a covering to my Corn field which, I wish not to sow in 
Small grain. This Pea takes its name from a Person in the 
county of Gloucester, who has long cultivated it, one Yetman. 
Planted in the g. corn they are so slow to run that they do not 
intertwine so long as the Corn requires cultivation ; & once be- 
ginning they proceed, with haste, to spread a matter covering 
over the ground, at the common Cornfield distance. I will leave 
for others, to give the more pompous description of the excel- 
lencies of this growth; being beyond the pitch of my own 

To your 8*^ quere, relating to the saleableness of that article, 
I haVe to acquaint y'° that my first Crop of Pease met w^ith a very 
slow Markett. The Trader has been accustomed to such partial 
supplies, that no object was formed. The price was then 3/6. 
My subsequent sales have been 4/ — ^4/6 — & 5/ — and I am now 
led to expect 6/. The Estimate of the value of the Pease has 
been uniformly, at a rate exceeding that of Corn; I therefore 
suppose the probable advance of the one will mount the other 
even above the rate of 6/0. 

To the 9*^ quere — To purchasing them at large you will have 
little chance of obtaining a chosen sort, nevertheless, I would first 
recommend an enquery to be made in the neighborhood of M* 
Vernon, on co* of better suiting your convenience. If any person, 
near your Farm, can accommodate your choice, it will save you 
some trouble ; but as y"" agent may probably be able to procure a 
vessell, from the River Potomac round to Rappahannock ; you 

William and Mary Quarterly ig 

shall, as a sure resource, be supplied from Cleve. You will be 
pleased to direct him to write me your determination, and when 
I give him notice of the pease being ready, to give his order to 
such vessell. The quantity necessary I judge to be a bushel to 
the acre v/hich may be profitably spent in seeding so much ground. 
I am with true Esteem & great rep* 

V very Ob' & mo honble serv* 

L C 

Sabine Hall 

Dec. i8, 1796. \ 

Dear Sir < 

Without farther preface I will proceed to answer y'" 10^^ quere, 
as to the period to be prefered for planting the Pease, which will 
equally be a reply to the 11^^, as they hinge very much together. 
A Field which was planted, in the year 1794, on the 19^^ to 21^* 
May, were pulled up about the same time in August. The season 
warm & pretty dry. I was absent from home so long in the sum- 
mer of that year, as to be unable to fix any accurate observation, 
as to the state in which they were pulled up; or the exact kind 
of weather. It was done under the direction of a Person, whose 
judgment, as to the fitness for harvest, had my confidence ; so I 
suppose he was not premature. My remarks on the Pease, as 
they progressed, noted the time of their beginning to run, to be 
about 43 days from the sowing. From this scale a Person may 
accommodate his planting to his wish, as to the season he chooses 
to sow his small grain ; taking into account omewhere near about 
to sow his small grain ; taking into account somewhere near about 
ten days, for winding the Vine & Pod to a state suited to the 
stack. Seasons diversify the progress of the Pease and cool 
weather in May, prooves a tardy influence — so that the object to 
anticipate the harvest by puting them in the ground early in May, 
will probably exhibit the end defeated by the means. Upon the 
whole I would advise you to adopt the middle of May, for your 

20 William AXD Mary Quarterly 

planting season, in your first Essay. I will close the subject of 
your lo''^ & ii^'^ queries with a reference, in respect to their fit- 
ness for harvest, to the 5^*^ Paragraph in my sketch, in the Gaz- 
zette ; which shows that you need not wait, if you otherwise wish, 
untill the Pease are all dry: If those which are yet green, are 
but formed in the Pods, the succulance of the Vine &c. will sus- 
tain the grain, till they gradually dry, w^ithout any shriveling, to a 
perfect looking pea, howsoever small. 

My answer to your 12'^ quere will explain the error in the 
Gazzette, which gave rise to the 13^^, and taking them both to- 
gether, I will proceed. In the Crop, alluded to in my publica- 
tion, I bestowed a single ploughing; and that was done at the 
"critical time of running," not of sunning, as the Printer has ex- 
pressed it. When I came forward to communicate my incipient 
Practice, founded upon long investigated Theory, for the sup- 
posed good of my fellow Men, I could but leave the door open 
to subsequent Experience. Farther application of my postnlata 
to the practice, has induced the change in my mode of ploughing. 
in any light ground ; I can thereby throw up a better Ridge, to 
effect the purpose of presenting more surface to the influence of 
the Air: I therefore do now direct the cast from the Pease. It 
is probable that this method may be objectionable in stiff grounds, 
by admitting the water, that falls, too near to the roots ; which 
may possibly injure them — this tho I lay down only as a possible 
case, as a Beacon before you, for I have no experience in that 
kind of ploughing in such land. Both ways lie open to my 
Readers to be as adapted to circumstances : Both are good, in 
even light Land, and I have great reason to hope the Tryall v/ill 
give the adopters of my Plan, in either way, the satisfaction of 
uniting profit with improvement. My new way of ploughing had 
for some object, the purpose of preventing the grass growing 
among the pease, supposing the latter capable of growing by 
means of its Tap root, &; its aerial pasture, where the former can- 
not sustain, owing to its spreading roots, and dependencies upon 
the soil. The productiveness of grass, from whatever cause, will 

William and Mary Quarterly 21 

certainly induce an occasion for more plowing; but the period of 
the running is too short to admit of great increase in that way; 
for when the \'ine spreads over the ground, it curbs the annual 
growth, except the Careless & Jamestown weeds here & there, 
wdiich you may recollect my publication appropriated some indif- 
ferent hands to pull up. Early planting will stretch that period 
beyond 43 days and June planting, in a w^arm dry summxcr, as was 
the case in the Crop my publication aluded to, I presume will 
shorten it ; so that you will discover that the labor in plowing 
will vary with circumstances : The most thd will be found to be 
short of that which is required to cultivate the I. Corn, as one is 
to two ; and not exceeding even a Common summer fallow. 

I will here take my leave for this time, and reserve your last 
quere for the subject of another letter; as I believe it will, with 
all its relations, be extensive enough to employ one sufficiently 
long to be read at one time. In the mean time I am Dear Sir 
with unfeigned esteem 

Y'" very Resp' & mo: Hmble serv* 

L C 

Communicated by ]Mrs. Rosalind English Walling.^*' 

John Scrogin, Somerset County, Maryland, born 1743. Son 
of Joseph and Sarah Caldwell. ^larried Eunice Polk from Rob- 
ert and Magdalene Polk. Their son Joseph had John H., of 
Bruceville, Indiana, who married Lusinda Bruce. Her mother 

* Mrs. Walling and Capt. WiHiam Eastin English', of Indianapoli*, are 
the OTily children of the late Hon. William Hayden English, and ^lardiilia 
E. Jackson, of Virginia, wLc descended from Francis Jackson and Sally 
Tyler, of Prince William coimty. Francis Jackson was the son of Samuel 

22 William and Mary Quarterly 

was Sally Polk, daughter of Capt. Charles Polk and Delilah 
Tyler. Delilah Tyler was daughter of Edward Tyler (from Rob- 
ert of Maryland, 1663), who went from Maryland to Virginia 
about 1 719 and to Kentucky with George Rogers Clark. He 
located at Tyler Settlement (Jeffersontown), near Louisville, 

Charles Polk went to Kentucky from Virginia (1779). He 
was Captain of a Company and commanded a fort on Simpson 
Creek, Kentucky. His wife and children were taken by Indians 
and one, Charles, Jr., was born in captivity in 1783. They were 
ransomed in about one year. Sally was born in 1780. 

WiUiam H, English descends from John Scrogin (of Somerset 
County, Maryland) ; sister, Mary Scrogin, born 1745, who mar- 
ried first Captain Revel Wharton, killed by British in Revolu- 
tionary War, and had Sarah Wharton, who married Elisha Eng- 
lish. She married, second, Daniel Boone's brother, perhaps 
George, in 1790, who was killed almost immediately in border 
warfare. (From Tyler, English, Scrogin and Polk records.) 


Charles Tyler, of Westmoreland County, on record 1690, will 
1723; wife, Jane (married second, Wm. Woffendale). Children: 
Charles, Ben, Joseph and William ; possible daughter. Christian, 
married to her cousin, Andrew Monroe third (Andrew second, 
Andrew first). 

Charles may have married Susanna Monroe, daughter of An- 
drew Monroe second (Andrew first). 

Joseph died unmarried, will 1737 mentions sister Christian 
Monroe and cousins Elinor, Sarah, Spence and Andrew Monroe. 
He was security with Andrew Monroe, gent., when Christian 
Monroe administered upon her husband's estate, 1735, Nov. 25th. 

Andrew Monroe first came to Westmoreland, Va., from Mary- 

William and Mary Quarterly 23 

land (land record in Virginia, 1652.) Chas. Tyler may have come 
from Maryland also, and at about the same time. Andrew Mon- 
roe, first, married Elizabeth and had Andrew second; Elizabeth, 
married Bunch Roe ; Susan ; George and William. Andrew sec- 
ond, married Elinor Spence, daughter of Patrick Spence, and had 
Andrew third, married Christian Tyler; and Susanna, married 
three times: First, Wm. Linton, and had two sons, the younger, 
John,^ (John Linton, recorded in Prince William, 1750; younger 
son of William). Second, Mr. Tyler (Charles') had two sons, 
John and Captain Charles. Third, Captain Ben Grayson, and 
had four children. CC^'^--C.t, ^ 

Susanna Monroe and her husband, Johrr Tyler, went from 
Westmoreland Co. to Loudoun in 1700 (Tyler Record). (Lou- 
doun was formed in 1757; Fairfax, 1742; Prince William, 1730; 
Stafford, 1675, from Westmoreland. The county must have been 
Stafford, finally Loudoun.) 

They had two sons, John of Prince William, and Captain 
Charles of Cameron Parish, Loudoun Co. 

Capt. Charles married Ann Moore and had children : 

John of Loudoun, William of Kentucky, Charles of Kentucky, 
Ben of North Carolina, Spence, Susanna and Anne. Charles, 
Ben and Spence were under sixteen when their mother's will was 
made, 1769. Capt. Charles Tyler's estate was appraised, 1768. 

John, of Loudoun, married Miss Mushet, of Maryland. 

Emund A. Tyler, of Aldie, Loudoun Co., and Miss Alice 
Maude Ewell (author of "A Long Time Ago," etc.) of Hickory 
Grove, Prince William County, Va., descend from this John and 
Miss Mushet. ^ -..,.. '_-^ 

The Tyler record makes John the husband of Susanna Monroe 
and states that he was her first husband, Rev. Gray;son her second, 
and Little her third. 

W. 1. Tyler Brigham confuses Ann Moore with Susanna 

John, of Prince William, son of Susanna Monroe and Charles 
(or John) Tyler. This John may have had John, estate inven- 

24 . William and Mary Quarterly 

toried 179-^; William, will, 1793; Charles, brother to Wm., living 
1793; Sally, wife of Francis Jackson, dead in 1781 ; Ben, married 

in 1764, all known to be in Prince William, except Charles. \ 

John, estate inventoried 1792. Children: Wm., George-Gray, 
Charles and Sally. They married as follows : Charles, Sally 
Brown, of Maryland ; William, ^largaret Webb ; George-Gray, 
Cecilia Ann Campbell; Sally, John Linton; Nathaniel, soldier of j 
Revolution, never married, and Mary. John's (of Prince Wil- - \ 
liam County) widow, Margaret, made a deed, 1793, with chil- 
dren, Charles, William, George, Mary and Sarah. | 

Ben made a marriage contract with Mary, widow of George ^ 

Foote, 1764, in Prince William County. j 

Charles, mentioned in his brother's will, 1793, daughters ] 

Nancy and Jenny. ' '" | 

A Charles, 1776-84, Fairfax County. J 

A Charles, 17S0, Henrico County. \ 

A Charles Tyler, in Amherst County, 1783. 

A Charles sold land in Fauquier to William Grigsby, 1812. 

Wife, Christian. He went to Alexandria. f 

William, will, 1793; wife, Sarah, daughter Nellie. Middle- 
ten Tileth, son-in-law George Tilleth, grand-daughter Sallie Til- I 
leth, sister Sallie ]Manuel, brother Charles, and his daughters, | 
Nancy and Jenny. Executors, Stephen Howison, Alexander Lith- | 
gow and John Lawson. Witnesses : Richard and Rebecka Wroe, i 
Elizabeth Jackson, William Fielder. j 

Sally Tyler Jackson died between 1778 and 1781. Her oldest j 

daughter Jane married William Fielder. Another daughter was j 

Elizabeth Jackson. | 

The Tyler-Jacksons intermarried with the Howisons (Stephen i 
and Henry). Admiral H. L. Howison, New York; Edw. Tyler 

Howison, Philadelphia ; Mrs. A. K. Parris and Miss Howison, of i 

Washington. Capt. Andrew Jackson Howison, of Toledo, and j 

the late Captain J. W. Howison, of Baltimore, are their de- I 

scendants. ] 

Elizabeth Monroe, daughter of Andrew first, married Bunch J 

Roe. Richard and Rebecka Wroe were probably from her. | 

William and Mary Quarterly 25 

Alexander Lithgow may have been related to the Tylers. He 
and Cleon Moore, of Fairfax County, were associated with Elea- 
nor Tyler, when she made a marriage bond with Matthew Har- 
rison, 1783, in Prince William Co. The witnesses were John 
Linton, ]Mary Tyler and Colin Campbell. John Linton and Mary 
Tyler were no doubt relations, and Colin Campbell connected by 
marriage. Susanna Monroe married William Linton, and Charles 
Tyier, and there were three later Linton-Tyler marriages. Sally, 
daughter of John Tyler, married John Linton ; ]\Iarion, daughter 
of William Tyler, married William Linton; Francis Tyler's 

daughter, Sarah Elizabeth, married Linton. Captain 

Charles Tyler married Ann Moore and George Gray Tyler mar- 
ried Cecilia Ann Campbell. 

Andrew Jackson Howison was not named for the President, 
but for John Andrezv Jackson, a relative of the Jacksoi Tylers. 

Report of Isaac G. Bates. 

Communicated by Miss M. Randolph, Ruxton, Baltimore 
County, Maryland. 

This is to report the result of my investigations. First as to 
Sir John Randolph. He was admitted to Gray's Inn {my ozvn 
Inn) in i/ij. There is a record of this in the Gray's Inn Admis- 
sion Register, folio 1401, as follows: "1715, May 17: John Ran- 
dolph of Virginia, gent." He was called to the Bar in 1717, 
an entry in the Pension Book of Gray's Inn running: "Pension 
25th Nov. 1717: — John Randolph called to the Bar by the favour 
of the Bench." By the favor of the Bench means in all proba- 
bility that for some reason he may have been excepted from a 
fuller attendance. Pension is the name (still used) given to a 
meeting of the Benches, or governing body, of Gray's Inn, at 
which they transact their business. I saw this entry of Sir John 

26 William and Mary Quarterly 

Randolph's call in the original record this morning at Gray's Inn. 
These have recently been published (called the Pension Book of 
Gray's Inn, edited for the Society by R. T. Fletcher) in 2 vols., 
and copies of portions of the records of the Society illustrating 
the transactions of Gray's Inn in the past. Vol. I (published 
1901) has an historical introduction and has records of the years 
1 569-1669, while Vol. II (published 1910) covers the period 1669- 
1800, and mentions Sir John's call on p. 170 in the same words 
which I have quoted from the original above. Being a member 
of Gray's Inn, I think that I can get 2 vols, (which are large, 
well got-up books) for los. 6d., and perhaps can get the second 
volume separately. In the historical introduction to Sir John 
Randolph's Reports it is stated (Vol. I, p. 228) that he studied 
at the Temple also. The obituary notice of Sir John in the Vir- 
ginia Gazette of March 11, 1737, which is given in the introduc- 
tion to the reports, states this too, but it is incorrect. Sir John 
was, as I have ascertained, neither a member of the Inner nor of 
the Middle Temple, but only of Grays Inn, 

Now with regard to Peyton Randolph. On page 139 of Bar- 
ton's introduction to Sir John's Reports, and in other works such 
as Appleton's Cyclopaedia of American Biography, and the latest 
edition of the Encyclopsedia Britannica, there are accounts of his 
having studied at the Inner Temple. But these are wrong. 
Neither he nor his brother John was at the Inner Temple. I have 
verified this by enquiries there. They were members of the Mid- 
dle Temple. 

Peyton was admitted there October /j, 1739, and was called 
to the Bar February 10, 1/43. A short notice, of seven or eight 
lines, of Peyton giving these and a few other facts (such as his 
appointment as King's attorney, his presidency of the Continental 
Congress, and his death) is to be found in a book called Hutch- 
inson's Catalogue of Notable Middle Templars (published in 
1902 at about los.). John's name does not occur in this book, 
but there is an entry in the Admission Register of a John Ran- 
dolph having been admitted to the Middle Temple in I74§. I 

William and Mary Quarterly 27 

have not yet found out the exact date of his call (which would 
in the ordinary course of things have been three or four years 
after his' admission), but a search will be made in the records of 
the Inn. There is a book called ''Middle Temple Records," by 
Hopwood (published in 1903 at about los). This does not men- 
tion either Peyton or John, as it deals in a rather general way 
with the various records of the Society and serves as a kind of 
historical introduction to a bigger work called Minutes of ParHa- 
ment of the Middle Temple, edited by Hopwood, in 4 vols. The 
word "Parliament" was used by the Middle Temple of the meet- 
ing of the Benchers there, just like ''Pension" at Gray's Inn. 
These "Minutes" are just like the Pension Book of Gray's Inn 
which I described in the earlier part of my letter. As they have 
only been brought down by the editor to 1703, they do not, of 
course, mention either Peyton or John's name. They, however, 
illustrate the history of the Middle Temple in the past, and, like 
the Pension Book of Gray's Inn, give an account of the early 
history and origin and idea of the life, custom and financial ac- 
counts of the Inn. They are four big volumes, and could, I think, 
be obtained by me through a friend of mine in the Middle Tem- 
ple for about £1. There has also been recently issued a reprint 
of another work which was originally published in 1733 for the 
use of the Treasurer of that date, called Master Worsley's Book- 
dealing with the constitution, customs and usages of the Middle 
Temple. This reprint has been edited with a modern introduction 
by A. R. Tugpen. It was published in 1910, but I do not know 
its cost. The Pension Book of Gray's Inn and the Minutes of 
Parliament 'of the Middle Temple are charged for to the ordinary 
public at twice the prices I mentioned in the case of each, so that 
if you or the Williams wanted any of them at any time I think 
T can get them at the low rates. The search for the date of John's 
call at the Middle Tem.ple will probably take 'a little time, as so 
many records have to be gone through and a mass of details 
sifted, but I will let you know as soon as I have it. 

(Signed) Isaac G. Bates. 

28 William and Mary Quarterly 

50 Blenheim Hardens, 
Willesden Green, N. W., 

August 25th. ■ 

Dear Miss Randolph : ' \ 

I have now had the date of John Randolph's "call" ascertained. It 
was Febr. 9th, 1740, as you will see by the enclosed paper which is an ex- 
tract made by the chief clerk in the Middle Temple Treasurer's Office from 
the records. You will notice the old expression "Island of Virginia'* in 
John Randolph's description. My first letter gave you the extracts from * 

the Gray's Inn records relating to Sir John Randolph, so that you now 
have the full particulars of your three ancestors. The search for them has 
interested me very much, and I am glad that I can claim Sir John for 
Gray's Inn. 

With my best wishes to Miss Boone and yourself, I am, \ 

Yours very sincerely, I 

(Sgd) Isaac G. Bates. j 

Tlie enclosed crest is that of the Middle Temple. j 



Randolph, Peyton — second son of John Randolph, of Virginia, America. \ 

Knight : 5 

Admd: 13 Oct., 1739. ! 

Called: 10 Feby, 1743. J 


Randolph, John — third son of John Randolph, of the Island of Virginia, ] 

America. Knight. Dec'd. \ 

Admd: 8 April, 1745. 1 

Called: 9 Feby, 1749. \ 

(Sgd) F. F. Rowe, 



For Bristow see Quarterly, II., 28, 163, 2^2)- 
Eedes 166. 

1706 August 10. I Robert Bristow Jun'" of London Esq. Men- 
lions property let to George Asser Esq in parishes of North & 

William and Mary Quarterly 29 

South Shewbery in the hundred of Rochford, C° Essex; in South- 
ampton & Sessex. Children Robert, Katherine, Averilla, Eliza- 
beth, Anne, Frances, William, John, & Rebecca. Executors: 
My father Robert Bristow, wife Catherine Bristow, son Robert 
Bristow. Proved at London 29 Aug: 1706. 

Bristow, Thomas, Bucks. 17C9 Lane 49. 
Bristow, R"^, Lond : 1709 Lane 66. 
Bristow, Timothy, Pts. 1709 Lane 237. 
Bristow, Rob^I^nd: 1707 Foley 2^-^. 

Foley 275. 

1706, Sept: 20. I Robert Bristow of the parish of Gabriel, 
Fenchurch S*^, London, Merchant. To my grandson Rob* Bris- 
tow & the heirs of his body, all my lands tenements & estate both 
real and personal in Virginia & all debts owing to me in Virginia, 
charged nevertheless with the payment of all such debts as I shall 
owe to any person, at the time of my decease in Virginia, and 
for default of such issue I devise the same to my grandson W"^ 
Bristow & his heirs & failing then to my grandson John Bristow. 
Codicil 3 April 1707. 

Proved at London 29 Nov: 1707 by Catherine Bristow. 
Proved again 21 ^larch 1743 by Jno. Bristow one of the grand- 
sons, to whom admon was granted. 

(N. B. This will mentions "my son Robert lately deceased." 
See Ecdes 166.) 


Fauquier County Marriage Bonds: 

Tyler Waugh & Mary Crump, Aug. 2;^, iJJl. 

Hugh Bradley & Celia Bashaw, Aug. 4, 1781. 

John Taylor & Catherine Taliaferro Buckner, Nov. 22, 1790. 

30 William and Mary Quarterly 

Mecklenburg County Licenses: 

John Hyde & Anne Walton, 12 Feb. 1787. 
Theod: Bland Ruffin & Susanna Ruffin, Jany, 1788. 
Henry Ashton & Elizabeth Watts, 14 March, 1788. 
Mark Alexander & Lucy Bugg, May, 1789. 
Freeman Walker & Polly Toone ( ?), 14 July, 1789. 

Henrico County Licenses: 

Acco* of Lycenses returned to Town this 25*^ of 7^^ 1682, viz : 

John Morton for marryage with Joane Anes wido. 

W^m. Holden for marryage with y^ daughter of John Burton. 

John Coxe, Sen. marryage with Mary Kennon. 
Lycenses granted y® 2d Oct. 1685 : 

Mr. Thomas Farrar for marr}ange with Mrs. Katherine Per- 
rin y* younger. 

John Cocke for marryinge with Mary Davis. 

John Steward for marryinge with Susanna Burton. 

Thomas Cast' for marryinge with Dorothy Thomas. 

London County Licences: 
^ Willis Brent & Emsay Hansford, April 3, 1804. 
Travers George & Esther Sinclair, Jan. 3d, 1804. 
David Goodin & Susanna Smallwood, Sept. 5, 1799. 
William Gooding & Lucretia Smallwood, Mch. 17, 1802. 
John W. A. Clark & Margaret O'Neil, Aug. 8, 1803. 
Isaac Cargill & Martha Goodwin, Jany 29, 1805. 
Patrick Hume Douglas & Evelyn Byrd Lee, 1806. 
Westwood T. Mason & Anne Noland, Jan. 20, 1806. 
\VilIiam Goodwin & Sally Myers, July 21, 1806. 
Simon Pearson & Elizabeth Ellis, Jany 26, 1806. 
David Gooding & Anne Birdsall, Oct. 27, 1806. 
John Ashton & Sarah Burgoin. Jan. 16, 1808. 
John Newton & Harriet M'^lub, Jany 21, 1808. 
Dolphin Drew 8z Abigail Hicks, Mch. 11, 181 1. 
William Harper & Mary T. Newton. 
Minor Reid & Betsy H. Marshall. 
Ambrose Madison & Rachel Fulton, May 11, 1814. 

William and IJ^ary Quarterly 31 


This record was taken from the Family Bible and was communi- 
cated by 
MiNGE WiLKiNS, Esq., Selma, Ala. 

John Minge and Sarah were married June 6*^, I795, at Rich- 
mond, Va. Issue : 

John Minge, "M. D./' born Sept. 10*'', 1796. 
\Ym Henry, born Dec. 3*^, 1797. 
ColUer Harrison, born Nov. 17^^, 1799. 
Benjamin Carter, born Aug. 20**^, 1801. 
Christiana, born Feby i^*^, 1803. 
Elizabeth Harrison, born Apl 7*^, 1804. 

Geo. W'" Hunt, 1 ^ . , ^, ,^ ^ 

. ,, ITwms, born Nov. io^\ 1805. 

Anna Mercer, J * > j 

James, born May f^, 1807. 

Anna Mercer, bom Jany 19*^, 1809. 

David, born Dec. I6^^ 1811. 

Sarah Minge, wife of John, died Feby 2f^y 1812, in the 42*^ 
year of her age, lamented by all who knew her. 

John, "M. D.," son of John and Sarah, was married to Mary 
Griffin Adams in Richmond, Va., March 9^^, 1820, and had issue: 

John, born Feby ii*\ 1822, 

Margaret Adams, born Aug. 20^^, 1824. 

W"^ Henry, born Aug. 2^, 1827. 

Sally Harrison Steward, born Aug. 9^^, 1829. 

Mary Griffin, born Sept. 6*^, 1832. 

John above died in Alabama, March io*\ 1858, and is buried 
at St. Micheals near Faunsdale, Ala. 

Margaret Adams married Richard A. Wilkins, of Brunswick 
Co., Va., Jany iS^^^, 1847. 

W^ Henry died October following his birth. 

Sally Harrison Steward married Capt. Geo. E. Pickett, of 
U. S. Army, Jan. 28^^, 1S51, at residence of Col. R. A. Wilkins, 
Franklin, La., and died at Fort Gates (U. S. Army post), Texas, 

32 William and Mary Quarterly | 

with her first born, and is buried in Shockoe Hill Cemetery, Rich- ■ 

mond, Va., in Col. Robert Pickett's section or lot. j 

Mary Griffin died Oct. if^, 1853, at Point Clear, Ala., of yel- 
low fever, and is buried in Richmond in her grandparents lot 
(Dr. Jno. Adams). 

IVm. Henrys son of John and Sarah, died unmarried, Feby 

25^^ 1841. 

Collier married Miss A. M. Ladd, moved to Mobile. Ala., and 
was a merchant and collector of the port at one time, both he and 
his wife died there, and are buried at St. Michael's, near Fauns- 
dale, Ala. 

Benjamin Carter married Miss Jane Atkinson, of Dinwnddie 

County, Va. J 

Christiana died [March following her birth. I 

Elizabeth Harrison married Hugh Nelson, of Petersburg, \'a. j 

Anna Mercer, twin to Geo. Hunt, died an infant. | 

Geo. Wni. Hunt, twin to Anna Mercer, married Mary Hozvel 

Harrison, and moved to ]\Iarengo County, Ala., 1835 ; both died ; 

there and are buried at St. Michael's. I 

James died in Charles City Co., Va., unmarried. | 

Anna Mercer married David Dunlop, of Petersburg ; both died '] 

and are buried there. I 

David married Miss Elvira Adams, daughter of Dr. John \ 

Adams, of Richmond, and moved to Marengo County, Ala., 1835, ! 

and are buried at St. Michael's. ^ 

John Minge, who married Sarah Harrison was son of David 
Minge, of Charles City County, Va.; buried at Brandon, James 
River. , ] 

Sarah Harrison, who married Jno Minge, was youngest 
daughter of Benjamin Harrison, signer, and sister of Wm. 
H. Harrison, pt. U. S. John Minge, the husband of Sarah Har- ] 

rison, married the 2d time the zindow of W. H. Lightfoot of I 

Sandy Point, Charles City Co., Va., and had one daughter who \ 

married Robert B. Boiling, of Petersburg, Va., and have many j 

children, mostly sons. I 


William and Mary Quarterly 33 

John Minge, "M. D.," son of John, David, died at 

Hillmans, Charles City Co., Va., Jany 23d, 1871 ; aged 75 years. 
Buried in Shockoe Hill Cemetery, Richmond, Va. 

Mary Griffins, his wife, died at Hillmans, June 24th, 1869, and 
is buried beside her husband. 

Margaret Adams, wife of R. A. Wilkins, died in Birming- 
ham, Ala., Jany ist, 1895. Her husband, R. A. Wilkins, died in 
Selma, Ala., April 27th, 1877, ^"^ both buried in Oakwood Ceme- 
tery, Selma, Ala. 

Issue of R. A. Wilkins and Margaret x\dams Minge: , 

Born 1848, John Douglas, now Asst. P. M., Mobile, Ala. 

Born 1849, Richard Augustin, now^ Faunsdale, Ala. 

Born 1850, Minge, now Selma, Ala. 

Born 1852, Sally Harrison (Mrs. S. P. Fowlkes), now Bir- 
mingham, Ala. 

Born 1854, Herbert Claiborne, now Washington, D. C. 

Born 1856, Benjamin Harrison, now Tuilahoma, Tenn. 

Born 1858, George Adams, dead, Selma, Ala. 

Born i860, Harry Voorhees, now Tuilahoma, Tenn, 

Born 1862. ]Mary^ Grififin (Mrs. Jno. Erwin), now^ Greensboro, 

Born 1863, Joseph Gregory, now Selma, Ala. 

. By Reverend Arnold Harris Hord. 

It is stated by Judge George W. Triplett, of Owensboro, Ky., 
in genealogical notes which he left at his death, and also b}j 
John R, Triplett, Esq., of St. Louis. Mo., that this family was 
descended from the Rev. Doctor Thomas Triplett, who was rec- 
tor of Woodhorn, Wliitburn and Washington, successively. Pre- 
bendary of York, Salisbury and Durham, and sub-dean of West- 
minster Abbey at the time of his death. Dr. Triplett was a 
Royalist, and was deprived of his living during the time of the 

34 William and Mary Quarterly 

Commonwealth. His will was proved August 12, 1670, but he 
does not mention in it any children. His residuary legatees were 
his sister, ]\lrs. Katharine Warne and her three children (see 
Chester's "Memorials of W'estminster Abbey," page 172). The 
immigrant ancestor of the Triplett family of \'irginia was pro- 
bably a relative of the Rev. Dr. Thomas Triplett. It is not with- 
out significance that the eldest son of the immigrant bore the 
name of TJiomas. When Dr. Triplett matriculated at Oxford 
University, May 16, 1620, he is described as "of London and 
the son of a gentlonan." But the historian Anthony Wood 
states that he was "born in the vicinity of Oxford." The earliest 
known ancestor of the family in Mrginia vras Francis Triplett. 

''The Triplett family came from Devonshire. England, origi- 
naUy, near the junction of Plymouth and the Tamar River which 
divides Devonshire from Cornwall. They moved from Devon- 
shire to London and Oxford." (See a letter from/ ]^Ir. Stanard 
Warne in the "Warne Genealog}-,"' pages 42, 43, by the Reverend 
Georg Warne Labaw.) 

The Rev. Dr. Thomas Triplett in his will mentions besides 
his sister, Mrs. Katharine Warne and her three children, Chris- 
topher Triplett of Hampton House, County of Oxon : Richard 
Triplett, brother of Christopher and Elizabeth his wife ; Cousin 
Sydney Triplett. the son of Paul Triplett of Hampton, and his 
cousin. Ralph Triplett. (See an abstract of his will in the Warne 

In Westcott's '"Devonshire Families." page 593, John Triplett, 
of Cornwall, m.arried^ Joan, daughter of William Yeo. The same 
volume contains also the genealog}' of the Yeo family carried 
back to a very early date. The connection of the Triplett family 
with the Yeo family probably explains the emigration of the 
Triplett family to \'irginia. The Yeo family was very promi- 
nent in Virginia (see Brace's "Social Life of Virginia in the 
17th Century:'' Virginia Magazine of History and Biographw 
^ ol. VII. paee 194.. and the William and Mary Quarterly 
Magazine, Vol. IX. page 125). 

William and Mary Quarterly 35 

The emigration of the Yeo family to Virginia may have led 
the Triplett family to follow them. Francis Triplett, the emi- 
grant, was doubtless a descendant of John Triplett, who married 
Joan Yeo. 

Mr. Stanard Warne, in a letter to the Rev. A. A. Hord, men- 
tions the arms of Triplett quartered with those of Yeo. Judge 
George W. Triplett, in his genealogical notes, speaks of the coat- 
of-arms of the Triplett family of Virginia, and says that a paint- 
ing representing these arms was owned by a member of the fam- 
ily who carried it to ^Mississippi before the Civil War, where it 
was probably destroyed in the war. 

As has already been stated, the first member of this family 
in Virginia was Francis Triplett. 

First Generation. 

I. Francis Triplett. He patented 1,050 acres of land in 
old Rappahannock county in 1666 (''Virginia County Records,'* 
Vol. VI, page 194, by Crozier). Fie is mentioned in Deeds (see 
Virginia Magazine, Vol. XVII, page 144). His will is dated 
Nov. 20th, 1700, arid was proved in Richmond county, March 
4th, 1701. He mentions his children and grandchildren, disposes 
of the plantation on which he lived, containing 200 acres, an- 
other tract of 1,050 acres, and several smaller tracts. He men- 
tions his wife, Abigail. His children mentioned in his will are 
as follows: 

Second Generation. 

(2.) Thomas Triplett. '■ 

(3.) William Triplett. 

(4.) Francis Triplett (descendants unknown). 

(5.) Eliza Triplett (not mentioned in the will of Francis Trip- 
lett, but believed to have been his daughter. The grounds for 
this belief are given under "Eliza Triplett (5)'' in the following 

36 William and Mary Quarterly 

Third Generation. 

2. Thomas^ Triplett (Francis^) was dead at the time when 
his father's will was made, but he is called in the will ''eldest 
son." The names of his children mentioned in the will are 
Thomas and Francis. These sons seem to have moved to Prince 
William county. The records of that county having- suffered 
much during the war, documentary evidence on this point can- 
not be found. I have personally examined the court records of 
Prince William county, but without success. 

(6.) Thomas Triplett — Prince William county; there is the 
Inventory of the Estate of Thomas Triplett, dated June 24th, 
1737, in Prince William county. 

(7.) Francis Triplett — Prince William county ; was a voter in 
Prince William county in 1741, and subsequently a resident and 
voter in Fairfax county, 1744. He left many descendants, who 
are mentioned later in this record. 

3. William^ Triplett (Francis^) v/as a resident of King 
George county after it was taken out of Richmond county. In 
the ''Order Book" of King George county, 1721-35, pages 6 and 
7, his name is mentioned in the year 172 1 : "In pursuance to an 
order of last Court, Cornelius Edmunds, William Triplett and 
Thomas Brook are authorized and appointed to lay off and value 
land." The book containing the will of William Triplett in 
King George county, has been lost, but there is a reference in the 
Records of the Clerk's office to his will which was proved Decem- 
ber 3d, 1738. In the v/ill of Susannah Brice, a widov/, dated Nov. 
24th, 1724, and proved in Essex county, Jan. 19th, 1724, she 
speaks of "my brothers John Miller and William Triplett." Wil- 
liam Triplett was brother-in-law of Susannah Brice, and married 
her sister, Isabella, who was the daughter of Captain Symon 
Miller, whose w'ill was proved in old Rappahannock county. May 
2nd, 1684, and who mentions his children Simon Miller, John 

Miller, William IMiller, Susannah Miller, who married 

Brice, of Essex countv, Margaret ]\Iiller and Isabella Miller, w4io 

William and Mary Quarterly 37 

married William Triplett. Of these children John Miller lived 
in Essex county, and Simon Miller, Jr., in Essex county and sub- 
sequently- in Richmond county, his will having been proved in 
Richmond county, ^lay 4th, 1720. in which he mentions son 
Simon, later of Culpeper county, Eleanor ^liller, who married 
Mr. Elliston, and Jane Miller, who married "Thomas- Hord, Gen- 
tleman" (son of John^). Captain Symon Miller, the father-, was 
a noted shipbuilder in Colonial times and a large land owner. 
There is a mention of him in Bruce's ''Economic History of \'ir- 
ginia," Vol. II, page 439. All of Captain Symon !^Iiller's chil- 
dren were under fourteen years of age at the time of his death, 
and his daughter. Isabella (Miller) Triplett, did not die until 
about 1759. Her will, dated April 17th, 1758, was proved in 
King George county, March 6th, 1760, and she mentions in it her 
son John Triplett, her married daughters and her grandchildren. 
The issue of Williarn and Isabella (Miller) Triplett w^ere: 

(8.) John Triplett, who is mentioned in the records of King 
George county as a son of William Triplett. i\n account of him 
and his family will be given later. 

(9.) Francis Triplett also stated in the records of King 
George county to have been the son of William Triplett. 

(10.) Daniel Triplett is believed to have been another son of 
William Triplett, as Susannah Brice, sister of Isabella Triplett 
bequeaths her land to her ''godson and cousin, Daniel Triplett." 
"Cousin" at that time was a term frequently applied to any rela- 
tive more remote than a brother or a sister. (See Worcester's 

(11.) William Triplett is believed to have been another son of 
William Triplett. His name suggests this, as does also a deed in 
which he is described as of "Brunswick Parish — King George 
count}'," which was the residence of Williami Triplett (3). 

(12.) Elizabeth Triplett married Mr. James, and is mentioned 
in the will of her mother. Isabella Triplett.. 

(13.) Mrs. Nichols (see Isabella Triplett's will). 

38 William and ]Mary Quarterly 

Fourth Generation. 

7. Francis^ Triplett (Thomas,- Francis^) was a voter in 
Prince William county in 1741, and when Fairfax county was 
taken out of Prince William county, he was a resident and voter 
in Fairfax county in 1744 (see ''Gleanings of Virginia History" 
by Boogher, pages 118, 119). The will of Francis Triplett, dated 
Oct. 4th, 1757, was proved in Fairfax county, Nov. 22d, 1758. 

Grandchildren mentioned in Isabella Triplett's will were: \ 

(14.) John Nichols. | 

(15.) Isabella Nichols. \ 

(16.) Mary Nichols. 
(17.) Susannah Triplett. 

The witnesses to the will of Isabella Triplett are 
Triplett are James Triplett and John Jett (probably John Jett 
(20) of this genealogy). 

5. Eliza- Triplett (?) (Francis^). In the will of Francis^ 
Triplett. of Richmond county,' a bequest is made to "Francis Jett, 
son of John and Eliza Jett." In the will of John Jett, proved in 
Richmond county, Sept. i6th, 1710, he mentions his son Francis 
and also a daughter Abigail, which was the name of the wife of 
Francis^ Triplett. Tlie fact that John and Eliza Jett named two 
of their children for Francis Triplett and his wife, that one of 
these children was a legatee in the will of Francis^ Triplett, and 
that we find many legal transactions between the Triplett and 
Jett families, suggests a strong probability that Eliza Jett was a 
daughter of Francis^ and Abigail Triplett. The Jett family of 
King George county bore the arms of the Jett family of London 
(see "Virginia Heraldica" by Crozier, page 8). The children 
mentioned in the will of John Jett are : 

(18.) Francis Jett, mentioned in the will of Francis Triplett, 
proved in Richmond county, March 4th, 1701. | 

(19.) Abigail Jett. j 

(20.) John Jett. J 

(21.) William Jett. \ 

William and Mary Quarterly 39 

He mentions his wife Elizabeth and his children and grandchil- 
dren. His Inventory is dated Feb. iSth, 1759 (Will Book B, 
page 204, Fairfax county). The names of his children men- 
tioned in his will are : 

(22.) Thomas Triplett. 

{2^.) William Triplett. 
- (24.) Daniel Triplett. His descendants are not known, but 
he probably removed to Fauquier county, as his name occurs in 
the list of soldiers of Captain William Edmonds' company, Sept. 
25th, 1761, which was recruited from Fauquier county {Virginia 
Magazine, Vol. VH, page 306). 

(25.) Mason Triplett (descendants unknown). 

(26.) John Triplett (descendants unknown). 

(2y.) Francis Triplett. 

(28.) Margaret Triplett — William ( ?) Boylston. 

(29.) Elizabeth Triplett. 

(30.) Patty Triplett (descendants unknown). 

8. JoHN^ Triplett (William,- Francis*). He is called a son 
of William (2) Triplett, of King George county in the records 
of the Qerk's office, King George county. John Triplett was a 
"Gentleman Justice" in King George county, March 3, 1743, and 
for many years (Order Books, King George county, 1721-35; 
^735~5i ^^^ 1751-55)- He was a vestryman of Hanover Parish, 
King George county, Dec, 7th, 1750, and for many years previ- 
ously (see Bishop Meade's "Old Churches and Families of Vir- 
ginia," Vol. H, page i85, and the Order Book of King George 
county, 1735-51). Aug., 1752, *'John Triplett, Gentleman, is pre- 
sented a commission by the Hon. Robert Dinwiddle, Lieut. -Gov- 
ernor, appointing him Captain of a Company of Horse in this 
County, and he took the oath to the crown." Sept., 1753, "Jo^^^ 
Triplett, Gentleman, is appointed by the Governor Sheriff of 
King George County" (Order Book, 1751-55, page 238). He was 
also Surveyor of Roads. His wife's name was probably Cathe- 
rine , as there is a deed from ''John Triplett of Hanover 

Parish, King George County, to John Jett of W^ashington Parish, 

40 William and Mary Quarterly . \ 

Westmoreland County," Sept. 4th, 1751, signed by John Triplett 
and Catherine Triplett. He also owned land in Orange county, 
as there is a deed recorded in the Clerk's oftice of that county, 
dated Oct. 2nd, 1743, from ''John Triplett of Hanover Parish, 
King George County." John Triplett was a witness to the will 
of his brother, Francis Triplett (g) of King George County. An- 
other witness to this will was John Triplett, Jr., probably son of 
John Triplett, Sr. 

(31.) "John Triplett, Jr.," as he is described in the King 
George County records, was one of the "Gentlemen Justices" of 
that county May, 1767, and Oct., 1769 (Bond Book, 1765-89; 
Order Book, 1766-90). 

"John Triplett and John Triplett Jr.,*' are mentioned July 
2d, 1767, in the Order Book, 1766-90. 

9. Francis^ Triplett (William,^ Francis^). In King George 
county records it is stated that he was son of William (3) Trip- 
lett of King George county. He may have been the "Francis 
Triplett, Mariner," who in 1720, was living in Washington Par- 
ish, Westmoreland county (see King George county records). 
He owned land in Westmoreland county which he mentioned in 
his will. Francis Triplett was constable of King George county 
June 2d, 1748; John and Francis Triplett were in court August, 
1742. November 5th, 1740, ''Mary Tutt of King George County 
leases land to Francis Triplett, Planter, of the same County'' 
(Deed Book 2), Sept. 8th, 1760. "Maxamillian Robinson of Wash- 
irgton Parish, King George County, Gentleman, deeds 300 acres 
of land in King George and Westmoreland Co^mties to Francis 
Triplett of Hanover Parish, King George County." The wit- 
nesses to this deed are Simon Triplett, son of Francis Triplett 
(9), and John Triplett, brother of Francis Triplett (9). Francis , 
Triplett mentions in his will this land bought from Maxamillian 

October 2nd, 1755, "Francis Triplett and Mildred, his wife, 
of Hanover Parish, Kling George County, deed 150 acres of land 
in Hanover Parish to John Dishman of said County," Witnesses, 

William and Mary Quarterly 41 

Simon Triplett and John Jett. Francis Triplett's daughter Ann, 
married a Dishman. John Dishman in the above deed was pro- 
bably her husband. 

Francis Triplett was an appraiser of the estate of Matthew 
Allen, dec'd (Order Book 1751-55, page 129). Francis Trip- 
lett's will is dated April 7th, 1765, and proved in King George 
county March 5th, 1767. He mentions his wife Mildred Triplett 
and the following children : 

(32.) Simon Triplett, moved to Loudoun county. Left de- 
scendants, who are mentioned below. , 

(33.) William Triplett inherited land by his father's will in 
King George and Westmoreland counties. Oct. ist, 1757, "Wil- 
liam Triplett and Elizabeth, his wife, of Westmoreland County," 
deed land (King George county records). He was probably the 
"William Triplett, ^^lerchant," who was a partner of George 
Thornton near Fredericksburg, Va., and who in a deed dated 
Jan. 21, 1775. gives Thornton 3CX) acres of land in King George 
county (see Spotsylvania records). He was also the "Mr. Trip- 
lett" who is mentioned in the "Letters of Thomas Jett" printed in 
the William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. XVH, page 23. In the 
records, of Fauquier county there is a deed dated Feb. 6th, 1764, 
from "Daniel Hogains and x\nn, his wife, of Fauquier County, 
Hamilton Parish, to William Triplett of the Parish of Washing- 
ton and County of Westmoreland." 

(34.) Francis Triplett, like his brother Simon Triplett, moved 
to Loudoun county, \'a. In King George county there is re- 
corded a deed from "Francis Triplett and Elizabeth, his wife, of 
Loudon County, to William Triplett," Nov. 3d, 1769. He evi- 
dently married a second time, as there is on record in Fauquier 
county the following agreement: Nov. 20, 1812, "Marriage agree- 
ment of Elizabeth Smith of Fauquier County and Francis Trip- 
lett of Loudon County. The marriage of I^rancis Triplett and 
Elizabeth, relict of Enoch Smith, shortly to be solemnized. Fran- 
cis Triplett and his heirs promise not to meddle with, take, claim 
or dispose of any part of the estate of Elizabeth Smith." She 

42 William and ]Mary Quarterly 

was widow of Enoch Smith, whose will, dated Oct. 6th, 1802, 
mentions children, John, Elijah, Hedgman, Isham, Elias, Lu- 
cinda, and child unborn. 

(35.) Reuben Triplett, like his two brothers, also moved to 
Loudoun county. In Fauquier county there is a deed dated Oct. 
3d, 1791, from "William Scott and Jennett, his wife, to Reuben 
Triplett of Loudon County." He was a midshipman in the Vir- 
ginia Navy during the Revolution and received bounty land for 
his services, 2,423 7/ 11 acres of land. Land Office Book, No. 3, 
pages 340, 341.) 

(36.) Daniel Triplett. 

(37.) Rachel Triplett, married Butler. 

(38.) Elizabeth Triplett. 

(39.) Ann Triplett married John (?) Dishman. 

II. William-^ Triplett (William,- Francis^) was, it is be- 
lieved, a son of William Triplett (2) of King George county. 
He is described in several deeds as having been originally of King 
George county. His Christian name (William) also leads to the 
conclusion that he was son of William (2) Triplett of King 
George county. The book in which the latter's will was recorded 
has been destroyed, so the connection cannot be proved. I have 
personally examined the records of King George county. In Spot- 
sylvania county there is a deed, dated Nov. 6th, 1733, from "Au- 
gustine Smith of St. George's Parish, Spotsylvania, Gentleman, 
to Wm. Triplett of Brunswick Parish, King George County, Gen- 
tleman," for 515 acres of land. There is a deed in the Culpeper 
County Court, dated July 19, 1753, from a son of William^ Trip- 
lett, namely, "John Triplett of Culpeper County to his brother 
Thomas Triplett," which refers to the above deed from Augus- 
tine Smith to William Triplett, and which also states that the 
land purchased by the latter (then in Culpeper county) was given 
by William Triplett to three of his sons, namely, John, Thomas, 
and Nathaniel, deceased at that date. This deed further states 
that William Triplett, the father, died in Prince William county, 
whither he had removed, and that his will was dated ^Mav loth. 

William axd }^Iarv Qcarterly 43 

1748 (Cul[eper County Deed Book A, page 528). This William 
Triplett was a vestryman of St. Clark's Parish, Culpeper county, 
in 174T, but removed to Prince William county. There is a men- 
tion of him in Dr. Slaughter's "History of St. Mark's Parish, 
Culpeper County" (Part I, pages 8 and 10). in which he is called 
"Captain William Triplett." After his removal to Prince Wil- 
liam county we find that he lived on an estate ar the mouth of 
Ouantico Creek. In a deed in Prince William county, dated 
Sept. 29th, 1747, "George Brent of Charles County, [Maryland, 
conveys 500 acres of land to William Triplett of Prince William* 
County, Gentleman." (Deed Book I. pages 222, 223.) In deeds 
in Prince William county it is stated that he had two sons, be- 
sides those resident in Culpeper county, namely, James Triplett 
and William Triplett (Prince William County Deeds, Deed Book 
X, page 351 ; Deed Book U, page 360-1 : Deed Book O, page 377; 
Deed Book I, page 383). William Triplett was probably a ves- 
trv^man of Quantico Church, Prince William, county, as Bishop 
Meade gives the name of Triplett among tlie vestrymen of that 
Parish ("Old Churches and Families of Wrginia," \'ol. IL page 
215). His children were: 

(40.) John Triplett of Culpeper county. 

(41.) Thomas Triplett of Culpeper county. 

(42.) Nathaniel Triplett, dead in 1753. 

(43.) James Triplett of Prince William county. 

(44.) William Triplett of Prince William county. In Prince 
William county there is a deed, dated April 14th, 176S, from 
"William. Triplett of Prince William County." conveying 500 
acres of land to William Carr, the said land having been be- 
queathed to William Triplett by his father, William Triplett, 
dec'd. (Deed Book I, page 583.) 

(45.) Annie Triplett, who married Alexander Thom — . is 
believed to have been a daughter of William Triplett. (See "St. 
Mark's Parish. Culpeper Countv," bv Slaughter, Part II, page 


{To he Continued.^ 

44 William and Mary Quarterly | 


I. Richard^ Johnson came to Virginia in the latter part of 
the 17th century and settled in New Kent county, but in that por- 
tion afterwards known as King and Queen county. In 1679, as 
"Captain Richard Johnson," he was appointed by the Assembly 
to equip the storeliouse and ammunition house to be bu-ilt on the 
Mattapony River ''above the Indian townes." Similar provisions 
by other persons named "superintendents" in the margin of the 
act were made for similar houses to be built at Neapsico on the 
Potomac River, at the head of the Rappahannock River, and on 
the south side of James River "above Capt. William Byrd's." 
The object was declared to be to prevent Indian incursions, and 
the supplies were to be paid for in tobacco at the rate of ten 
shillings per one hundred pounds. (Hening, Statutes at Large, 

n, 434-) 

In 1696 he was appointed a member of the Virginia Council, 
but died not long after, in 1699. He was twice married — first in 
England, and secondly in \^irginia, but neither of his wives is 
known. Issue by the first marriage : 2 Judith, educated in a 
boar4ing school in Lincoln, and about 1700 married Sir Hardoflf 
W^estneys. Issue by the second marriage, three sons, under age 
at the time of their father's death: 3 Thomas, 4 Richard, who 
lived in King and Queen county. He made his will in 1733 and 
died before 1757, leaving real estate in Caroline county to his 
nephew, Thomas Johnson (Hening. Statutes at Large, VII, 159- 
161), and real estate in King and Queen county to his nephew, 
Richard Johnson, both of whom docked the entails by substitut- 
ing land in Louisa county. (Hening, Statutes at Large, VIII, 
455)- 5 William. 

3. Thomas^ Johnson (Richard^) lived at Chericoke in King 
William county on Pamunkey River, wh,ere he died and was 
buried about 1734. He Vv-as a member of the House of Burgesses 
in 17 1 5. He married Ann Meriwether (baptized July 15, 1694), 
daughter of Colonel Nicholas Meriwether of New Kent, the sec- 

William and iVlARv Quarterly 45 

ond of that name. He had issue four sons and two daughters: 
6 Nicholas, eldest son; 7 Richard, married Dorothy; 8 Thomas; 
9 William, member of the House of Burgesses from Louisa 
county in 1760, married Martha Jones, daughter of Lane Jones, 
and probably had Jane Johnson, who married John Wiley of 
Louisa. (They had issue: Ann Meriw^ether Wiley and Martha 
Jones Wiley) ; 10 Jane, married Richard Chapman, who, in 'I740, 
bought Chericoke, having six hundred acres ; 1 1 Ann, married 
Major John Boswell. of Hanover county. 

In Hanover county there is recorded a bond dated February 
6, 1734, from Ann Johnson and David ^Meriwether to Joseph Fox, 
guardian of Richard Johnson, Jr., Jane Johnson, Ann Johnson 
and Thomas Johnson, orphans of Thomas Johnson, deceased. 
Ditto to William Johnson, orphan of Thomas Johnson, dec'd. 

In Louisa there is a deed dated Xov. 8, 1761, from Ann Cosby 
to her ''son-in-law" John Boswell and Ann his wife, "my daugh- 

Ann 3rleriwether Johnson survived her husband, Thomas 
Johnson, and married secondly, John Cosby of Louisa county. 
(Will proved in 1761.) She lived to an advanced age, and her 
will, dated February 2, 1780, and proved in 1785, names her 
Johnson children then surviving. Griffith, Nicholas Merizuether 
of Wales and Descendants, 87, 88; Quarterly, V, 66, Gy \ Quar- 
terly, VI, 59, 60. 

6. Nicholas-'^ Johnson {Thomas,- Richard^) lived in Louisa 
county. He died June 4, 1766. {Quarterly XI, 148.) Fle mar- 
ried Elizabeth . She was probably a sister of Major 

John Boswell, and had issue: 12 Thoinas. (Perhaps other 

12. Thomas* Johnson {Nicholas,^' Thomas,- Richard^) was 
known as Thomas Johnson ''minor." In 1776 there were three 
Thomas Johnsons in Louisa county, known respectively as 
Thomas Johnson ''Major," the uncle of that nam.e (who is men- 
tioned in Ann Cosby 's will, in 1780, as then living) ; Thomas John- 
son, "minor" above, and Thomas Johnson "sheriff." In the will 

46 William and Mary Quarterly 

of Robert Tenham, of Louisa (dated Oct. 9, 1769, proved 20th 
Dec, 1778), who names daughters Mary West, Elizabeth, Re- 
becca Walker, Sarah Johnson and Anne Tenham. "Major John 
Boswell, of Hanover, and Thomas Johnson, Junior, son of Nich- 
olas Johnson, of Louisa," are made executors. Thomas Johnson, 
"minor," married his cousin, Jane Chapman, daughter of Richard 
Chapman, and his will, dated March 30, 1795, was proved in 
Louisa, Sept. 14, 1795, and names issue: 13 John Boswell, born 
Sept. 14, 1771 ; 14 Richard Chapman, born Oct. 26, 1772; 15 
Dorothy, born Sept. 4, 1774, married Patrick xvlichie and had 
numerous children; 16 Thomas Meriwether, born Feb. 16, 1777, 
moved to Kentucky and had a family; 17 Chapman, born March 
15, 1779; i^ William, born Sept. 30, 1779, ^'^^^ without issue. 
All of these are mentioned in the will of Thomas Johnson, 
"minor," except Dorothy. See also Quarterly, XIX, 137-142. 

17. Chapman^ Johnson (Thomas,'^ Nicholas,^ Thomas i- 
Richard'") w^as a student at William and Mary about 1800, where 
he studied law, was a celebrated lawyer of Richmond, and served 
with great distinction in the Senate of Virginia. He married i\Iary 
Anne Nicholson, daughter of Robert Nicholson, merchant of 
Williamsburg, and had issue : 19 George Nicholson Johnson ; 
20 W^illiam Boswell Johnson; 21 Mary Ann, married Gifford ; 
22 Carter Johnson, who married Anne French Forrest, and was 
lost at sea. 

7. Richard^ Johnson {Thomas,^ Richard^) was Lieut.-Col- 
onel of the Louisa Militia in 1742, and afterwards lived at New 

Castle, Hanover county. He married Dorothy , and was 

probably father of (a) Nicholas Meriwether Johnson of the same 
place, who made a deed of negroes, in 1787, to William Johnson, 
and (b) of Captain William Johnson, of Hanover, who served in 
the Revolution and afterwards made a marriage contract with 
Mary Cobbs in 1788. Col. Richard Johnson died at New Castle 
in October, 1771. (William and Mary Quarterly, VHI, 

8. Thomas-^ Johnson (Thomas/ Richard'^) lived in Louisa 

William and Mary Ql'arterly 47 

county, and was known as Thomas Johnson, "major." He was 
a member of the Assembly from Louisa from 17601776; signer 
of the ^Association in 1769; member of the County Committee in 

1774. He married and had issue: 23 Richard, 24 

Henry Ashton, 25 Thomas, named in the records of Louisa 

The following notices of the Johnsons may be added : 
Louisa County Marriage Licenses: Rene Woodson and 
Martha Johnson. February, 1775; John Wiley and Jane Johnson, 
March, 1770; Richard Johnson and Xoyn ( ?) Gavall, Dec. 7, 
1770; William Garrett, Jr., and Ann Johnson, Dec. 10. 1770; 
Micajah Clarke and Susanna Johnson. 


There are only two old books in the Clerk's Office of Hanover 
county, Va. The oldest, designated the '"Small Book" in these 
notes, covers the years 1734 and 1735, and contains orders, wills, 
deeds, etc. The other, *'The Larger Book" of these notes, is a 
deed book for 1780- 1790. The following are the abbreviations: 
adj. — adjoining; ex^'^'' — executor; adm. — administrator; s. — son; 
d. — daughter or died; est. — estate; X — his mark; a. — acres. 

These notes were copied by me in the winter of 1910-1911. — 
5-. O. Soiiihall. 

The Small Book, 1734-1735. 

Jany., 1733. — John Carter, Sec*-^' of Virginia, commission to Au- 
gustine Graham, as Clerk of Hanover, July 13, 1733. 

John Henry, app't Guardian of Eliz^ Bobby, orphan of 
Thos. Bobby. Thos. Prosser & Benj': Walke, security 
for John Henry. 

Mary Clayton, widow of Arthur Clayton, ''being in ill 
health" relinquishments. Witness Nat : Anderson & 
Bartollat Anderson. 

48 William and Mary Quarterly 

Richard X Bullock & Kate, his wife, of St. Martin's Par- 
ish, to David Crenshaw, 120 acres. Witnesses Math. 
Jones, Jere Glen, J. Fox. ; 

Anthony Waddy to Thomas Prosser, 150 a. adj : John An- 
derson. John Lancaster (Jos. Bayon & Robt. Sharp) 
witness. i 

Anthony Waddy, of St. }v[artin's Parish, to Thomas Pros- 1 

ser of St. Paul's Parish, adj : John Anderson, & on Ma- _ j 
chump's Creek. Witness John Lancaster, Jos. Bayhorn j 

& Robt. Smith. - \ 

James X Robinson, of St. Manin's Parish, to Matt. An- 
derson of St. Paul's for 5 shillings 1326 a. both sides ■ 
East Creek (reserving 100 a. of the above, which was ; 
sold by Christopher Clarke to Jno. Estes), Barttalot An- ; 
derson — D Clerk. * ! 

Charles Barrett, owned 400 a. on north branches of X'orth 
Fork of Little River. Reported on by Jno. Kimbo, Sr., 
Geo. Berry & Jno. Houson. 
^ James Overton 400 a. on South Fork of Little River, re- 
ported on by Jno. Kimbo, Sr., Geo. Berr}', Jno. Houson 
, & Jno. Harris. 

Peter Marks to keep ordinary at the C. H. Security Thos. 

Wm. Winston, who married Rebecca Bobby, orphan of 
Thos. Bobby, asks for division between his wife & her 
sister Elizabeth Bobby. Jno. Holden, James Whitlock 
& John Tally to make the division. 

^Robt. Jennings to keep ordinary at Crutfield. Security 
Mat. Jouet, Jno. Dabney. 

David ^^leriwether's bond as adm^*^"" of Arthur Clayton. 
Dec*., bond to X'ich : ^lerriwether. Security Thos. Pros- 
ser & Mat. Jouet. Cawthorn. of Goochland, to Michael Holland ^% 
acres, adj : Barnett, Clopton & Farrar. 

Richard Winn & his wife Phebe to John Winn 514 a. on 

William and Mary Quarterly 49 

the Chickahominy vSwamp. Said land had been bought 
from John Hogg of New Kent by said Phebe, when she 
was the widow Phleger. Witness John Winn, Ann 
Wheeler & Mary Phleger. 
Jany., 1773. — Robt. Harris to Benj : Harris 256 a. North Folk of 
Little River, adj : Stephen Peters, Jno. Garland, Wm. 
Mullen, Benj : Brown, Wm. Harris & Benj : Byh. , 

Benj : Harris to Robt. Harris 25 a. (said land willed by his 
father, Wm. Harris). Witness James Harris, Richard 
Harris &: Thomas Dickenson. 

John Henry, Thos. Prosser & John Darricot to inspect 
Clerk's books. 

Thomas Trevilian to keep a ordinary. Security Matt. 

John Winn to Richard Winn for 5 shillings, 514 a. on 

John Bouncher, will dated Jany. 7, 1733-4, of St. Paul's 
Parish, Gave : Peter Garland his watch, Sebulon Shelton 
"his aparill," Wm. Mason, son of Peter Mason, "his 
saddle." The remainder to Mary Chiles, daughter of 
John Chiles. Adm^^"" Thos. Prosser, who gave Peter 
Garland security. 

John Winn (carpenter) to Benj: Hawkins 140 a. which 
had been bought of Richard Leake. 
*-< Francis Clarke of St. Paul to Robt. Allen 193 a. East-side 
Stoney Run, adj : W^m. Snead's. Witness Wm. Mich- 
aels, Jos. Allen. 

John Nickols (or Nuchals) of St. Martin Parish to 
Pouncy Anderson 188 a. East-side Taylor's Creek, wit- 
ness Nelson Anderson, Hardin Burnley & Anthony 

Mar>^ English, ex^""" of Jno. Spradlin. Security Michael 
Gentry, Sam^ Gentry. 

Elizabeth Hudson, ex'^'^ of John Hudson. Security Wm. 
Harris & Daniel Patrick. 

50 William axd Mary Quarterly 

Aug. 1733. — Robt. Searcy — will — wife Sarah — dau. Susan. Wit- 
ness, Edward Bullock, jr.. Thomas Hawks, and Ann 
Peter Harralson (willj dated Jany 20'^. 1732. Gives wife 
Mary Harralson the place where Daniel Tyler lives. 
Sons, Paul, Burges, John and Xath : Harralson ; daus. 
Elizabeth. Agnes and Sarah. Witness. Paul Harralson, 
Rolf Hunt, and Tames Hooper. Adm/-'-^' [Mary Harral- 
son. Security. Henrv- Chiles and Paul Harralson. 
Xathaniel West, of King Williami, to John Fox, Late of 
London. Merchant. Witness Thos. Mallory. 
.y Thomas Carr, of Caroline, to Goodwin Trice of Hanover, 
250 a. on Little Rocky Run (a part of 3770 a. patented 
by said Carr in 1727 j. Witness, Thos. Carr. Jr., John 
Minor and Wm. Carr. 

i\Iarch, 1733. — John Gardiner's bond (with John Kiloreass secur- 
ity) as adm'^'"'" of John Downes. 

[March. 1733. — John Red. Sr., to John Red. Jr. 

Feb., 1733. — Wm. Bouncher's estate app^ by Thos. Prosser. 

March, 1733. — John [Matlock to dau. [\Iary, wife of Benj : John- 
son. Witness Xathan & John Williams. & John Wing- 

March, 1733. — John Matlock, Sr., to son George Matlock, 120 a. 
Witness Xathan & John Williams Sz John Wingiield. 

March, 1733. — George [Matlock 10 John }>Iatlock. Jr.. icxD a. on 
Tayler's Creek Sc Charles Swamp. 

Feb. 2, 1733. — Hill's estate (His will 2 Feb. I733'>. Paid orphans 
as follows : Timothy [Mask, George Jones. Rich^ Leake. 
Tno Hill. Susan Hill David Hill and James Hill. 

March, 1733. — John Blackwell bond (with Wm. Taylor security) 
to keep a Ferry at Robt. Kings. 

March 3. 1733. — ^l^ary Anderson, of St. Paul's Parish (relect of 
Robert Anderson, late of Xew Kent — now of Han- 
over), to son John Anderson. 335 a. (a part of tract 
she bought of Geo. Wilkinson by deed 13 Jany., 1719. 

William and Mary Quarterly 51 

April 5, 1734. — Mark Anthony of St. Paul Parish, & Hester, his 
wife, to John Clayton of Williamsburg in James City, 50 
a. on Mattadequin Creek (being part of Patent of Wil- 
liam Watson, late of James City, dec*^). 

^733' — Wm. May to \Vm. Chamberlyn, 400 a. Henson's Creek. 

1733. — Est. of Peter Harralson, dec^, by Alex. Cock & John 

1733. — Benj : Saunders to Thos. Chismas. Witness Robt. Harris, 
Nelson Anderson. ' 

1734. — Robt. Estes to Moses Estes. 

1734. — Robert Clopton, -of St. Peter's, in New Kent, to Wm. 

April 5, 1734. — Paul Harralson (will dated 1718). Son Peter 200 
acres on Crump Creek, son Paul, dau. Ann Chiles, dau. 
Judith Harralson, Gr. dau. Rebeckah Sims — wife and . 
all 5 children begotten of her. Paul Harralson (Henry 
Childs security) executor's bond. 

31 Jany., 1733. — Inventory of Est: of James Rennolds dec^. 

1734. — John Garland of St. Paul's Parish (will dated 24 Feb., 
173 1 ) wife Ann Garland; 2 sons, Peter & Robert, land 
on Little River ; sons John, James, and Nathan Garland. 
Witness Cor. Dabney and Peter Garland. 

1734. — Thos. Wingfield & James Garland bond (security Nathan 
Davis, Griffith Dickerson) to adm^"'' on Est. of John Gar- 

1734. — John Gibson, late of St. Paul's Parish, blacksmith to Lan- 
caster Roughly of St. Peters, New Kent, 100 a. 

1734. — Benj: Brown & Hugh Case, of St. Martin's, to Roger 

April 5, 1734. — Eno X Woole, Philip X Poullish, George Land & 
John Brioice & Andrew Mormon. 

1734- — Inventory of est. of Robt. Searcy. 

i734.-^Nich : 2vlerriwether, of St. Martin's Parish^ to Robt. 
Lewis for 5 shillings and natural love, etc., 1500 a. (a 
part of patent of said ^lerriwether, 15 June, 1727) 
extending to top of the mountain. 

52 William and Mary Quarterly 

25 April, 1734. — Robert Lewis, for iioo paid him by his Father- 
in-law Nicholas Merriwether, promises "to my 5 chil- 
dren, viz., Robert Lewis, Nicholas Lewis, Elizabeth 
Lewis, Jane Lewis and x-\nn Lewis,'' five negroes, to be 
delivered -at their age. 

May 2, 1734. — Joseph Peace of St. Paul to brother William Har- 
mon Peace of St. James Parish & County, 50 a. called 
"Harmon's Old Plantation" joining Col. Bassett's. 

May 3, 1734. — John Burridge — will — To Lancelot Cookson — "my 
Godson John Keeling." 

3 May, 1734. — Robert Horsley — will dated Feb. 5. 1733 — son 

Rowland Horsley. son Wm. Horsley (to whom he gave 
that part of his land in Goochland). Nephew, Wm. 
Moore, son Robt. (to whom land on the Rivanna River 
in Goochland), son John, w^ife Frances, daus. Elizabeth, 
Ann and Mary, land in Goochland — daug.-in-law 
Frances Hord. 
j^.2 May, 1734. — Nichojas Meriwether of St. Martin's Parish to 
Henry Mills, 300 a. on Golden Myne Creek, adjoining 
Col. John Syme's ; witness John Ayktt & Wm. Taylor. 
2 May, 1734. — Chas. Hudson of St. Paul's to Henr}^ Hix (Hud- 
son patent in part April 7, 1732) on North E. Creek. 
1734. — Sarah Johnson release dower in 200 a. sold by her hus- 
band, Wm. Johnson, to Robert Conham. 
1/ 4 June, 1734. — Thos. Carr of St. Margrett Parish, Caroline, to 
his son John Carr, 1000 a. both sides of north fork of 
Elk Creek & South side North Anna, adj : John Rag- 
land and James Overton. 

4 June, 1734. — Shirley Whatley. & Rebecca Whatley of St. ^lar- 

tin to Wm. Hix, 100 a. adj : Sam^ Reynold's, Capt. Isaac 

W^inston and John Wright, witness Abram Cook. 
4 June, 1734. — Shirley Whatley & Rebecca ^\'hateley to John 

Cooper, 100 a. adj : Sam^ Goodman's. 
4 June, 1734. — Shirley Whatley & Rebecca Whatley to John 

Thomas Fiske. 

William and Mary Quarterly 53 

4 June, 1734 — Shirley Whatley & Rebecca Whatley to John 


June 6, 1734. — Richard Phillips of St. George Parish, Spottsyl- 
vania, to John Searcy, of St. }^Iartin's 400 a. of Wood- 
land adj : Capt. Carr, ^vlartin Davenport, John Wilson. 

1734.. — Inventory of John Hudson, dec"^. 

7 May,, 1734. — Benj : Brown & John Right, of St. Martin's, to Jos. 
Temple, 300 a. on Beaver Dam, 

June, 1734. — Lancelot Armstrong, of St. }\Iartin's, to Lewis At- 
kins. ' 

1734. — Est. of Edward Chanden, dec*^, app'"'^ by David Thompson, 
Ele^sor Davis, Edw^ Rice by Joshua Darricott — Justice. 

5 June, 1734. — Shirley Whatley to Richmond Terrill of Blissland 

Parish, New Kent. 
7 March. 1734. — Geo. X Brack of St. Paul Parish to Champress 

Terrill of St. Martin's. 
July 4, 1734. — James Harris to Martin Blake, 150 a. 

3 May, 1734. — James X Howard to Frances Kelly. 

4 July, 1734. — Wm. :\Iullings to Wm. Harris. 

1734. — Richard Brooks (will 8 o'clock 1731) i son Wm. Brooks, 

^. Wife 'Md.ry and "my four children, viz., Robert 

Brooks, Richard Brooks, Sarah Brookes and INIasilina 

J^ty 5. 1734- — Adm^^'"^ Abram Venable and Edw<^ Nix. Witness 

Stephen Clements, Sarah Davis & Mary Banks. 
Aug. 2, 1734. — Eliza^ Penick, with Edward Bullock, Jr., and 

John Harris, securities, gave bond to adm^ on estate of 

John Penick, dec*^. 
Aug. 2, 1734. — Skips X Richardson, of St. Peters, James City, 

to John Talley, St. Paul. 
1734 — Inventory of estate of John Garland. 
J^^b' 5> I734-— Geo: Matlock to John Matlock. ' 
1734 — John X Stanley, of St. Martin's Parish, to Hicks. 

5 Sept., 1734. — John Saunders, the elder of St. Alartin and Mary 

Saunders, to John Dixon, merchant, 200 acres on New 
Found River. 

54 William and Mary Quarterly 

2 Sept., 1734. — Michael Tucker of St. Paul to Geo :• Adams. (This 

deed was delivered by the clerk in 1781 to Mr. John 

Sept., 1734. — Alex^ X Sneade of St. ^Martin (will dated 15 

Oct., 1733) (i) son Matthew Sneade on Lane Creek, 

(2) son Jacob Sneade on Little Creek, (3) ^on Jacob 

Sneade land on Lane Creek and Little River,' (4) wife 

Mary Sneade. 
June 7, 1734. — Thomas Johnson, of St. Paul's, to his daughter 

Semiramis Paullet, 200 a. on Stone-horse Creek. 
July 1st, 1734. — Ralph Hunt of St. Paul's Parish to William 

July 5, 1734. — Richard Brook to Mary, his wife. 
1734. — Mary Dowell appts as her atty. Bartlett Anderson to ac- 
knowledge to Samuel Dalton her dower right to 400 a. 

sold by husband John Dowell. 
June 20, 1734. — John X Dowell to Sam.uel Dalton. 
1734. — John X Dowel to Samuel Dowel. 
July 4, 1734. — Benj : Brown of St. Martin's to x\mbrose Joshua 

I June, 1734. — Simon Woody's will, 21 June, 1734. (i) son 

Wood W^oody, (2) wife ^lartha Woody, and four daus,. 

Rebecca, ]Mary, ^Martha, and Judith. 
30 July, 1734. — Thomas T witty, of St. Margaret's Caroline, to 

Wm. Simm.ons, of St. Paul's (a part of the land which 

was willed by Thomas Twitty of X"ew Kent to his two 

sons John & Thomas). 

3 Sept; 1734. — Thomas Carr, Jr., of St. IMarg't: Carohne to John 

Smith, of St. Martin's, 400 a. south side X'orth Anna. 

4 July, 1734. — Judith Holland, wife of Michal Holland, app^^ as 

her att'y Augustine Graham — to sign the following deed 
dated 4 July, 1734, From Michal Holland to John Dim- 
1734. — Est: of David Alvis in hands of David Crenshaw, his late 

William and Mary Quarterly 55 

19 Sept., 1734. — Henry Graves & Mary his wife & Luke Waldrop 
to John Dixon of Major Shatton in King and Queen. 

4 "Oct., 1734. — Thomas Dalton and Pouncey Anderson — bond of 
Dalton to adm : on est. of \Vm. Scholler. 

4 Oct., 1734. — Andrew Hunter of St. ]vlartin's to Isaac Johnston. 

Oct., 1734. — Walter Clopton of St. Peters, New Kent, to James 
Hill of same Parish & County. 

1st Nov., 1734. — Wm. r^Iorris of Blissland Parish, Xew Kent, 
to Charles Hudson, on ^Machump Creek & Mill Pond. 

7 Nov., 1734. — Chas. Hudson of St. Paul's & Wm. ^vlorris of 
New Kent, to Thomas Prosser of St. Paul's, ^4 of mill 
on Machump's Creek. 

4 Sept., 1734. — Lewis Atkins of St. Martin's to Matthew Pate 
of New Kent. 

7 Nov., 1734. — Robt. Spears of Henrico, cooper, to Vinckler Cobb 

7 Nov.. 1734. — Daniel X Design, of St. Martin's, to Anthony Pate, 
of St. Paul's. 

7 Nov., 1734. — 3klartha Woody's bond as exectrix of will of 
Wood Woody. Security, John X Woody & Qaniel John- 

7 Nov. — Joseph X Wilks of Blissland, ^s'ew Kent, to Rich'^ Winn 
of St. Paul's. 

7 Nov., 1734. — ]vlaithew X Snead of St. Martin's, planter & car- 
penter, to Dinah Swift. 

Nov., 1734. — Thos. Gibson of- St. Martin's — will dated 4 Oct., 
1734. Sons Thomas and John Gibson, dau. Kero Nicks, 
wife of Edward Nicks, Frances Humphrey, John Gibson 
and Calentine Gibson, and Wm. Robertson. Probated 
Nov., 1734. 
Edward Nix, gave bond to adm^^'" on est. of Thomas Gib- 
son, dec*^. He gave as security ''Anthony Pouncy;' 
who signed himself Pouncy xA.nderson. 

Dec, 1734. — Nathan Dickerson's bond as guardian of Wood- 
ward Spencer, orphan of Tlios. Spencer, dec*^. Security, 
John Dabney and Wm, Dickerson, Dec, 1734. 

56 William and Mary Quarterly 

Dec. 5, 1734. — Nicholas Meriwether of St. Martin's to Grandson 

Nicholas Meriwether, son of Wm. Meriwether, 1650 

acres (part of larger track), Turkey Mountains. 
Dec. 6, 1734. — Wm. Taylor to Wm. East, 63 acres which was 

given Wm. Taylor by his father on Tatopotimoy Creek. 
Nov., 1734. — Aloor Woody dec*^ appraisement by ]\Iartha Woody. 
Dec. 4., 1734. — Thomas Rice (St. Martin's) to David Crenshaw, 

400 acres both sides north Branch of Cubb's Creek in 

St. Martin's Parish. 
Dec. 6, 1734. — Will of Wm. Rice. Wiffe Elizabeth, sons David 

Rice, Wm. Rice, Shadrach Rice and Mica j ah Rice. Feb. 

16, 1773. Witnesses Jno. Rice. David Rice. 
Robert Clarke, John X Finney & Wm. X Watt, bond to 

Adm. on estate of Wm. Rice. 
Dec. 4, 1733. — Matthew Anderson (St. Paul's Parish), merchant, 

to Henry Power (James City Parish, Co. James City), 

1126 acres (bought of James Robertson by deed Dec. 

4, 1733)- 

Dinah Swift, Jno. Darricott, Matthew Jouet, security bond 
as adms. to W^m. Swift. 
' James Skelton of Goochland 1st part, to Benj : Walker 
of King Wm. 2nd part, & Jno. Darricott of Hanover 
the other part, 393 acres (Skelton patent formerly sold 
to Benj : Walker Vv'ho failed to pay, etc., now to Jno. 
Dec, 1734. — Vinkler Cobbs (St. Paul's Parish) to John Hum- 
bler, 99 acres adj : Rich^ Bullock, W^m.. Winston (same 
. bought of Jno. Brown). 

Christopher Clarke Gent, to John Moore Planter John 
Snead, bond (Rich*^ Richardson Jr. & Anthony Pouncey) 
Ad™ on what was not administered by Matt Snead exec, 
of Alexander. 

Inventory of estate of Rev. Wm. Sw^ift dec'^ by Thomas 
Rice, Rich^ Bullock & Thomas Hart by Nich Mills Gent. 

David Meriwether (Matt Jouet) bond to keep Ordinary 
at Crutchfield Woodshop. 

William and Mary Quarterly 57 

Sept., 1734.— Will of W™. X Alullins of St. Martins Parish. 

Jan., 1734. — Children Joshu«,a Mullens, W"" Mullens, James Mul- 
lens, Agnes Mullens, Mary & Jno. Mullens. Wife, 
Katherine Mullens. , 

Jany 2, 1734. — Benj Bibb, St. John P., King W"^. Co., by deed 
5th July last to Humphrey Brook — Benj. Bibb late of 
St. John Parish King W™., father of said Benj. 'Bibb 
(will 16 June 1720), in which he mentions sons Benj. 
& W™., etc, Benj. Bibb to Geo. Braxton for said Hum- 
phrey Brooke. Signed by Humphrey Brooke, Geo. 
Braxton Jr. Benj. Bibb. Witness, Gov. Dabney, Geo. 
Dabney, James Catlett. 

Feb., 1734. — Rich'^ Booker Sr. of Bruton Parish, James City Co., 
to John Jones of St. Paul's Parish, 100 a. in St. Paul's 
P. on Totopotomoy Creek. 

Feb., 1734. — ^John X Byars to his son James Byars. 

1734. — Thos. Travellian (Matt Jouet) bond, to keep ordinary 
at Place called "Plarris ordinary." 

1734. — Christopher Clarke (Michael Holland), adm. on Robt. 
Houet, dec^. 

Feb., 1734. — John PuUiam (will, Dec, 1734). Sons W^"., John, 
James & Drewry, child my wife is now with, dau. Agnes, 
Elizabeth & Sarah ; wife Agnes. 

Feb., 1734. — John Rice to David Rice, W"" Rice, Shadrach Rice 
& Macajah Rice. 

Nov. 5, 1734. — Charles X Yancey, St. Martin's P., to his son 
James Yancey — adjoining Jno. Garland. 

Jan. 4, 1734.— Samuel X Ruther, St. Paul's P. to Rich^^ Tyree 
of St. Peter's P., James City Co., (said land willed by 
Rees Hughes of New Kent to heirs of Mr. W°^ Philips 
& W'^ Watkins proving himself heir of said Philips as 
appear on records of N'ew Kent 14 April 1720), being 
part of 400 acres granted Dec. 23, 1714, to Rees Hughes. 

Feb. 6, 1734. — Ann Johnson, bond and David Meriwether gent. 
to Joseph Fox, Guardian of Rich"^ Johnson, Jr., Jane 

58 William and Mary Quarterly 

Johnson, Ann Johnson & Thomas Johnson, orphans of 

Thomas Johnson, clec'^. 
Ditto to \V™ Johnson, orphan of Thos. Johnson, dec**. 
Feb. 6, 1734. — Ann Johnson, widow of Thos. Johnson of King 

W™. to her son Nicholas Johnson. 
Feb. 6, 1734. — Nicholas Johnson of St. John's Parish, King W"", 

his sister Jane Johnson & sister Ann Johnson. 
Jan. 25, 1734. — John X Low & Frances his wife late Frances 

Peck of Henrico to Jas Perrin John Shelton receipt '*'his 

full share of his father's estate which was in the hands 

of Allan Howard as guardian." Witness David Shelton. 
Paul Harralson of St. Paul's to Henry Power of Parish of 

James City in Co. of James City 150 acres (same land 

Avhereon Paul Harrelson dec^, father of Paul Harrison 

lately lived). 
1734. — Paul Harralson of St. Mary, Caroline Co., to Joseph 

Woolfolk of same Parish & County. 
Sept., 1734. — Thos X Reynolds, St. Paul's P. to Jno. Brown. 

Will of Thos. Glass Jr. (Feb., 1725-6) : Son Rob^ Glass 

150 a., wh. was left me by my father. Son Tho^ Glass, 

100 a. which I bought of Charles Moreman, wife EHza- 

beth. Witness Thos. Ffetch, W"' Via, «& Mary Ffetch. 

(Rec. Mch. 6, 1734.) 
Elizabeth Glass (& Jno. Thompson & Jno Carr) bond, 

adm. on Thos. Glass. 
Mar. 5, 1734. — Jno White Jr. (Isaac Winston) bond, adm. on 

Philip Chippen dec*^. 
Mar. 6, 1735. — Isaac Winston Jr. of St. ^lartin's to Nathaniel 

Winston St. Paul 100 a. in St. Paul adjoining Cornelius 

Dabney. Witness Samuel Pryor & J. Bowie. 
Mar. 5, 1734. — Laurence Farguson to Jno. Ross, St. Paul's, adj : 

George Alvis dec**. 
Feb. 6, 1734. — Hardin Burnley, St. Paul's, to W"". Hundley of 

St Paul's 100 a. adj. Cha^ Shelton — Jno Shelton, Ed. 

Chambers dec*^. 

William and Mary Quarterly 59 

Dec. 2j, 1734. — Will of Edward Penix of St. Paul. 
Nov. 5, 1734. — I Son George Penix — homestead & 100 a. bought 
• of Jno. Saunders. 2 sons John Penix & Joseph Penix. 

3 child my wife now goes with. 4 wife Easter Penix & 

friend W™ \Mnston. Witness Vinkler Cobbs. 
Sept. 4, 1730. — Henry Fox, of King W^ & Jos Fox of Hanover 

to W°^ Hendrick of King W"^. 
Apr. 3, 1735. — Robt. Thompson, St. ^lartin's, to Thos. Tulloh. 

Jno Thompson, Jno Holden & W™ Taylor bond adm. on 

Thos. Lish dec**. 
Apr. 3, 1735. — Geo. Sims, Edw. Sim^s & James Sim.s, bond adm. 

on Matthew Sneade, dec*. 
Mar. 14, 1734. — Nicholas ^Meriwether of St. Martin's, Gent., to 

John Aylett of St. ^slargarets Parish King W"" Co. gent; 

5 shillings, 623 a. St. Martins. 

x-\pr. 9, 1735. — Nicholas Meriwether of St. Martin to W"^ Morris 
of Blissland Parish, New Kent, for 5 shilling 1270 a. 
Ducking Hole Swamp, Golden ^line Creek. 

Nov. 5, 1734. — Geo. N Pemberton, St. Zvlartin's P. to Jno Garth 
St. ^vlartins P. 

'Mar. 26, '1735. — Nich. ;>.Ierimether to Jno Henry of St. Paul 11 10 
acres in St. Martin's Parish both sides Roundabout 
Creek. Begin at said Meriwether's corner. Witness 
Pat. Henry, A. J. Smith, Geo. Thompson, Jno Moore. 

May 5, 1735. — Sam' Weldon to W" Alsup of St. Paul 10 acres 
Oa part of icxdo patented by Charles Fleming) 260 ct., 
1690 Mechumps Creek adj. Jno. Hudson, late of Han- 

Mar. 28, 1729. — Will of Benj. Goodman of St. Paul's. 

May 5, 1735.— Son Samuel Goodman where he now lives & 100 
acFes apart where I now live . Son Robert Goodman — 
the old Plantation & icxd acres. Wife Lucie Goodman. 
Son Benj. Goodman. All my children. Adm. wife 
Lucie Goodman & Son in law John Turner. 

June 5, 1735. — Peter Garland. David ^Meriwether, Chas. Hudson 

6 Thos. Prosser — Garland's bond as sheriff. 

6c William and Mary Quarterly 

June 5, 1735. — Thos. Rice, St. Martin's, wife Joyce Rice, to Thos. 

Apr. 5, 1735. — W"'. Ick, St. Paul's, to Rich*^ Richardson Wat 
Swamp adj. Rich'^ Richardson, Robt 2^Iacoy, ^Nlack Ma- 
coy, Sam^ Macoy & the orphans of Enon Richards, wh. 
said land the said W^-^ Ick bought of John }vIacoy, late 
of New Kent. 

June 5, 1735. — Rich'' Watson, planter to John Henry 125 acres 
adj. W°^ Staples, John Gilchrist, Keziah Chambers & 
Jno. Garden. Witness Chas. Barret, Pat. Henry. 

June 4, 1735. — John X ^slacKeney of Goochland Co. to Sam^ 
Meredith of St. Paul begin at said Meredith's formerly 
Robt Aliens Beaver Dam Swamp — adj. Jack Brooks. 

May 4, 1735. — Chas. Stevens of Orange Co. St Mark's P.. to 
James Atwood of Essex Co., St. Ann's Parish, both sides 
Golden Mine Creek Steven's Patent 28 Sept., 1728. 
Timothy Ick, James X Waid, Robt. ]\Iurry, bond to adm: 
Edward Kimball. 

Apr. 5, 1735. — Anthony ]\Ietcalf, Taylor to W"" Chamberlayne. 

June 5, 1735. — John X Tyler & Thos. Prosser bond to adm an 
estate of John Williams. 

June 4, 1735. — John Michel of St. Martin's to Alex Kerr (a part 
of patent of said Michie Aug. 5, 1731. 

Apr. I, 1735. — Jacob X Snead to Thos. Johnson. 

June 5, 1735. — Catherine Chambers 'Svido'' to her daughter Han- 
nah Chambers. 

June 4, 1735. — W"" Chambers carpenter St. ^Martin to Jno Smith. 

July 2, 1735. — Rich<^ Winn, St. Paul's to John Winn. 

Ju^y 5» 1735- — John X Taylor Jr. to John Depriest 254 acres St. 
Martin's (Patent Sept. 28, 1732). 

J^b' 5. ^7ZS' — Edward ]Mack Ghee of King W"^. to Sam' :^Iack- 
gee — 400 acres Great Rocky Creek. 


July 2, 1735. — John Mecquerry St. Martin's, to Jas. Churchill. 
July 3, 1735. — Plugh X Hagan to W™ Xuckols of Caroline Co. 
July 3, 1735. — James Xurakaes, St. Paul's, to James Overton St 
Ivlartin's Elk Creek. 

William and Mary Quarterly 6i 

Mar. 31, 1733. — Jas X IMontray Si. 2^Iartin's to James Sims. 

June 14, 1735. — Chas Chiswell, gent., St. Martin's, John Chiswell 
St. Martin's. 

July 3, 1735. — James Hall to Geo. Sims & Sarah Sims. 

July 2, 1735. — John Anderson to his brother Nathaniel Ander- 
son. Witness Jno Bibb, W"" Carr, John Langford. 

June 2, 1735. — Kate X ^Mullen for love I bear Jno. Blalock. — " 

June 16, 1735. — Jno Chiswell, St. Martins, W™ Clift", Peter Greg- 
ory, Stephen EUorsay, Nightingale Dalby, Jas. Railings, 
Alex Traguair, David Neal, Jno Carryson, Hugh Cuz- 
zon, Thos. Parker, Robt. Parker, Thos. Walker, Andrew 
Edwards, David Cosby, W"^ Chapman, W'"^ Watts, 
Clevers Duke, James Railings & David Crawford. 

July 13, 1735. — John Aylett, St. Margaret's, King W"". to John 
MarkSand of Blissland Parish New Kent. 

Aug. 7, 1735. — Sarah Anderson, (widow of Jno Anderson, St. 
Paul's) & John Anderson to John Thompson. 

Aug. 7, 1735. — Robt. Harris of St. Martin's to Xtopher Buster. 

Aug. 5, 1735. — Henry Power, Jas: City Parish, Jas City Co., 
gent, to W"^ Johnston of St. Paul's, admr. Jno. Smith. 

July 3, 1735. — Abraham Spencer & Susan Spencer his wife to 
Joseph Terrell, Plollowing Creek. 

July 3, 1735. — Charles Yancey, St. Martin, to son Archelaus Yan- 
cey horse-pen adj : Edw Garland Sam^ Saxon. - 

Aug. I, 1735. — Thos. Paulett planter, St Paul's to Richard Wat- 

Aug. 7, 1735. — John Blackwell & Tho^ Prosser bond, license or- 
dinary at his house where he keeps Ferry. 

Aug. 7, 1735. — Tho^. Prosser & John Markland ordinary at place 
"Bonnchees" near the C. H. 

A"g- 7» 1735- — Estate of Paul Harralson dec** to Paul Harralson 
for going to York to take in his Farther's mortgage for 
Mr. N'elson. 

June 3, 1735.— Marmaduke Kimbrough St. Paul to John Dar- 
racott Falling Creek. 

62 William x\nd Mary Quarterly 

June 3, 1735.— Will of Edward Willis St. Paul. Wife ^lary Wil- 
lis; Grandson Dan^ Harris; Mary Bassett (due from 
her father's estate in my possession) ; my kinsman Dan- 
iel Willis. 

Aug. 7, 1735. — Isaac Winston & John Henry, gent., bond to 
adm. on will of Edward Willis dec^ 

Sept. 4, 1735. — James Overton to David Cosby, North Fork of 
Elk Creek. 
Rule X Shrevvsberry, Elizabeth X Shrewsberry adm. of 
\Ym Payne & Jno Snead & Ahthony Pouncey. 

Sept. 2, 1735. — Dan^ Williams to W"" Gooch St. Martin ad. Callo 
Jones (Grant. 1734). 

Sept. 3, 1735. — Benj. X Allsup St. Paul's Planter to John Doug- 
las of St. Martin's. 

Aug. 6, 1735. — Buckley Kimbrough St. Paul's to W°^ Simson. 

Sept. 3, 1735. — Thos. Carr, of Caroline, Gent., to Thos Groves 
of Spotsylvania Co., North x\nn. 

Sept., 1735. — Thos. Carr of Caroline, Gent., to Richard Right 
Fork of Little Rocky Creek (part of 370 a. Patent by 
Carr 2 Feb., 1727). 

Sept. 3, 1735. — Thos. Carr, Gent., Caroline Co., to Henry Gam- 
brail Little Rocky Creek (part of 3770 Patent by Carr 
Feb. 2, 1727.) 

Sept. 3, 1735. — Thos. Carr, of Caroline Co., Gent., to W™ Bigger.. 
Jr., carpenter. Little Rocky Creek 4dj : Goodwin Trice 
(a part of Patent of 3776). 

June 4, 1735. — Thos. Carr, Caroline, Gent., to W"' Bigger, Jr., 
carpenter, 400 acres. 

Sept. 20, 1735. — Robert Allen, St. Paul, to son Robert Allen. 

Oct. 5, 1735, — Esther Penick St. Paul's, widow of Edward Pen- 
ick. to M'^'"^'' erson, St. Paul's. 

Oct. 5, 1735. — W" -.^ .. hn Pryor'of King & Queen wit- 

ness Sam^ Pryor, B Pryor, Stephen Harris. 

Sept. 6, 1735. — Henry Chile lanter, to Ambrose Hundley 
Southern Branch. 

William and Mary Quarterly 63 

Sept. II, 1735. — Thomas Dansie adm'°^ of Thos Dansie dec'^ appt. 
Michael Holland his attorney. 

July 15, 1735. — To Isaac Winston from Martin Slaughter & Jane 
his wife; Rob*^ King & Susan his wife SamJ ^IcGeehee 
& Elizabeth his wife 217 a. the same that Geo. Alvis 
deeded 2-] Oct. 1688 (recorded in Xew Kent) to Susan 
Ellitt wh. by death of said Susan did descend to said 
Jane, Susan & Elizabeth daughter's of said Susan Ellitt 
Witness Jno White Jr. W™ Winston Jr. Isaac Winston 
\- Jr. & Geo Tally. 

Sept. 24, 1735. — ^Jo^^ Darracott from Sam^ Sparks & ^largaret 
his wife, all of St. Paul's Parish, 100 a. Falling Creek, 
Jennings & River, same said Darracott bought of Mar- 
maduke Kimbrough June 3, 1735. 

May 24, 1735. — Martin Davenport's will. Sons David, James 
M.-^rtin & W^ Davenport (best land in K6ng W"^) my 
father Davis Davenport dec^. Wife Dorothy Davenport 
administrator, security Paul Harrelson. 

{End of Small Book.) 

Co))uiie)icemenf at Princeton. 

Princetown, September 30, (1773). 

On Monday last, the 27th Instant, the Grammar School here 
was examined in Presence of the President and Officers of the 
College, and several other Gentlemen of Letters : when, after a 
full Trial of all the Classes, seven of the senior Class were 
approved, and admitted into the Freshman Class. Judgment 
was passed upon all other Classes, and Prizes distributed to the 
Victors in each. In the Evening, the Ladies and Gentlemen 
in the Neighborhood, and Strangers who came to the Com- 

64 William and Mary Quarterly 

mencement, were entertained in the College! Hall with three 
Orations, two in Latin, by Daniel Jenifer, of Port Tobacco, in 
Maryland, and James Bayard, of Philadelphia, and one in Eng- 
lish, by John Jordan, of Port Tobacco. iVll members of the 
Class admitted into College. 

The Day following was spent in a voluntary Competition 
among the under Graduates, for Prizes on the following Sub- 
jects ! 

1. Reading English with Propriety and Grace, and answer- 
ing a Variety of Questions (the same Questions being put to 
each Candidate) of Orthography, and on the Grammar and 
Construction of the Language. 

2. Reading Latin and Greek properly and justly, with a 
particular Attention to true Quantity. 

3. Writing a Latin Version. 

4. Speaking Latin. 

5. Pronouncing English Orations : The Preference was 
determined by seven Gentlemen, chosen by the President, for 
each Competition. 

The Orations were pronounced in the Evening in the Col- 
lege Hall, in Presence of a very crowded and polite Audience, 
And in the Exercises of the next Day, at the annual Commence- 
ment for conferring Degrees, among the several young Gentle- 
men who distinguished themselves were Henry Lee and Charles 
Lee, of \'lrginia ; the first of whom delivered an Oration on 
the Liberal Arts, and the other received the Premium for 
speaking Latin with most propriety, likewise one of the Prizes 
for pronouncing the best English Oration. 

From the Virginia Gazette of Oct. 28, 1773 in Virginia State 

Lord Botetourt's Statue. 

The Virginia, Howard Esten, from London, arrived in York 
River, has brought in the statue of our late excellent 
Governour, Lord Botetourt, which was voted to his memory by 
the General Assembly in 177 1. It is to be placed in the Capitol 
and we hear cost 700 guineas. From the Virginia Gazette, May 
20, 1773. 

William and Mary Quarterly 65 

Acrostick to Nancy Langley. 

Nature, well pleas'd, employed her nicest Care ; 
And grac'd the lovely Maid with all that's fair; 
Nor violets sweetness, nor the Roses Hue, 
Can please like Charms that are sweet Nancy's Due; 
Yet outward Beauties, so uncommon, are 
Least to be met with, in the charming Fair! 
A friendly Heart, a Temper mild and sweet. 
Neatness and Prudence, all in her do meet; 
Generous in Action, Sentiment refin'd , 
Like Venus' Person, with Minerva's mind ; 
Ecstatic thought ! to have the Maid my wife ! 
Ye Gods but grant the wish, I'm bless'd for life. 
From Virginia Gazette, March 4, 1773. 

Some Death Notices. 
Williamsburg, Feb. 4, 1773: 

Col. John Wilson, who has long serv^ed his country as a 

Burgess for Augusta Co. 
Captain Servant Jones, of Warwick County. 
Mr. Archibald Buchanan, of King Wm. Co., in the bloom 

of youth. 
Miss Nelly Blair, in her fourteenth year, daughter of 
John Blair, Esq. 

A Marriage Notice. 

Williamsburg, Dec. 31, 1772: Mr. Jerman Baker, attorney at 
law, near Petersburg, to Mrs. Murray, relict of the late Mr. 
James Murray, of Prince George. 

Virginia, the First Colony to assert exclusive legislation. 

November 11, 1773, Hampden io th.^ Parliament of Virginia: 
"As you claim the Honour of your being the first of the 
colonies that asserted its exclusive legislative power &:c.'' Vir- 
ginia Gazette, March 11, 1773. [Under the lead of Richard 

William and Mary Quarterly ' 67 

Some Peculiar Entriej. 

April, to let blood in the left Arm on the 3rd, 12th, or 15th, 
but the head of bleeding on the 7th, 8th, loth and 20th. 

May — This month let blood on the ist, or 8th, 27th, or 28th. 
But take heed of the 2d, 5th, and 6th. It will be hurtful, 

June. — To bleed do it on 28th day. Take heed not to bleed 
on 7th, loth, i6th, i8th, or 20th. 

July. — Bleed not this month ; but be shore not on these days : 
13th, 15th. 

August. — Avoid bleeding on these days, ist, 20th, 29th, 30th. 

September. — Bleed not on 4th, i6th, 21st nor 22d, but bleed 
on 17th or 18th. 
October.^ — Bleed not on these days, 3d, 5th, 26th days. 

November. — On this month bleed not without a grate oc- 
casion, but then bleed not on these days, 5th, 6th, 15th, i8th, 
28th, and 29th days. 

December. — This month bleed not without grate need, but 
in such a case, not on 5th, 7th, 15th, 17th, nor 22d, but on the 
26th day thou mayst bleed without damage. 

1780 James River was frozen over so that people wal^^cd 
over from ^wan Point to James Town. 

Antliony, the son of John and Joanna Degge was born No- 
vember ye 4-'-', 1714. 


(Couiniunicatcd by Thojiias B. Robertson, Easiville, Va.) 

A great deal of local historical interest centers around Old 
Arlington and the old church which stood near the gateway to 
that place. The Custis graveyard on the latter place has re- 
ceived a considerable amount of attention, but this old church 
site and graveyard liave been long neglected and almost forgot- 
ten. Briars and brambles infest the place and the fish nawk 
appropriates the stately sycamores which still keep sentinel 
there. It was at this old church one day in an early year of 

68 William and Mary Quarterly 

the settlement that one Henry Charlton called the kev. Wm. 
Cotton, the minister, a "black rotton rascal" and said that if he 
had him outside of the church he would kick him, the said Rev. 
Cotton, over the palysados. For which offence he sat in the 
stocks for the three Sundays following in the presence of the 
whole congregation. 

It has been stated that the first structure used for a church 
was built on Old Plantation creek on the North side, now on 
Hollywood farm and there are evidences of old buildings there. 
But to be more convenient to the people of the lower part of the 
settlement about the time of the organization of the County the 
church at Arlington gate was erected and it was standing in 
1657 as will be noted from the deed below. 

The graveyard was the burial place of all the people of the 
lower part of the County and there are a great miany graves 
there, but only a few of them are marked. In 1826 the old 
church had gotten in such bad condition that the members at 
the time did not feel equal to repairing it and the bricks were 
sold at auction and the money used to help in the building of 
Christ Church, Eastville. The spot is now deserted and has not 
people use a portion of it in a few instances. The foundations 
of the old structure can still be easily traced and quantities of 
broken bricks are scattered around. It is a pity something could 
not be done to preserve these two historic spots before it is all 
too late. Below is a copy of part of deed to the property sur- 
rounding the old church site and reserving the one acre church 

From William Willett to William Baker. 

To all Christian people to whom this present writinge or deed of 
sale shall oome, I, William Willett, of the County of Northampton in 
Virginia Gent, the only Son and heire of John Willett late of the said 
County, Gent, deceased, and Elizabeth his wife, the daugliter of Capt. Edw. 
Douglas, late of the County aforesaid, dee'd, the sister and heire of her 
brother Edward Douglas. Son of the said dee'd Capt. Edward Douglas of 
the place aforesaid dee'd, send greeting in our Lord God Everlasting, 

William and Mary Qcarterly 69 

know you that I the said William Willett for and in consideracion 
of the sum of 20,000 pounds of good tobacco and caskes to me in hand 
paid by William Baker of the County of Northampton aforesaid planter, 
the Recept whereof I doo surely acknowledge, and thereof and of every 
part and parcel thereof doo hereby Acquit exonerate and discharge 
the said William Baker, his heirs Exc. Admr. & Assigns and every of 
tiiera forever by these prsents Have given, granted Aleined, Bargained, 
sold enfeoffed, confirmed and livery and seizen and possession delivered 
And by these prsts Doo fully freely cleerely and absolutely give, grant 
Alein, Bargain, Sell Enfeoffed confirm liverey & seizen and possession de- 
liver Unto the said William Baker. All that part of my tract or 
diviclend of Woodland ground containing six hundred Acres of Land 
(bee the same more or less^ According to and within the following 
bounds. Expressed (viz) Scituate lyinge and being in the county of 
Northampton, aforesaid and is marked and bounded about partly on 
the West by Old Plantation Creeke including the church or chappell 
reck thereon and from An Oak att the spring by the said church or 
chappell. Alouge the horse or foote way or path goinge by some of 
the plantations of and towards Capt. Nathi Littleton's By a line of trees 
newly marked on the Eastward side of the said Path to the north- 
ermost line of the said Littleton's land and Running from the said old 
Plantation Creeke along the Northerne Brannch of the said church or 
chappell Neck towards the head the said Brannch till it meets with 
the Westermost line of Six Hundred Acres of land which I hold by 
Pattent as hereafter meneioned And soo Running along the said line of 
marked trees to the northerinost corner tree -of Jerom Griffiths senr., 
his Land on Pemino Brannch or Creeke for its Northermost Bounds 
and running along the said Jerom Griffith's Senr. his Wesiermost line 
to its Eastern bounds till it meets with the northermost line of the said 
Capt. Littleton's land. Finally alonge and bounding on the said Capt. 
Littleton's Northern bounds to the aforesaid path and now marked line 
of trees as above mentioned for its Southern bounds. 

Which said pr bargained land and premises containing Six hundred 
Acres (more or less) according to the bounds aforesaid is part of and 
cont-ained in two Patents comprised in one pattent (with other lands) 
of three thousand seven hundred Acres granted by Francis ^Moryson E^qr 
Gov. etc. to Edward Douglas, son & heire &c.. to Capt. Edward Douglas m 
Norfliampton Co. etc "* * * 

Si.x hundred acres other part thereof formerly granted to Capt. Ed- 
ward Douglas aforesaid dec'd April 2GLh, 1(357 on the south side of the 
Old Plantation Creeke bounded westerly upon a Brannch of the said 
Creek and the Pattent land of Wm. Burdett southerly on the land of 
Mr. Edwd. Littleton Northerly on a former divident of the said Dous^las 
and Easteriv on the lands of the Seaboard side. etc. which said last 

70 William and Mary Quarterly 

uiencioiied Six Hundred Acres of land parcel of the probargained and 
afore granted premises was since granted to me tlie said William 
VVillett by Patent of Excy. Edmund Anders Knt. Governr &c. bearing 
date this 28th day of Octbr, 1607 (relacon being thereunto had) more 
at large and planely it doth and may appear. (Exc<^pting out of the 
said probargained premises One Acre of land vvhereon the aforesaid church 
or chappeli now stands to Remaine for that use at longe as the parish 
are minded to continue the same). 

To have and to hold the said Six hundred Acres of land & c. & c. 
together with all and singular, Houses Edifices, Buildings,, Orchards, 
Gardens, fences, which now are or shall hereafter be built Erected 
or Sitt upon the probargained premises or any part or parcel thereof, 
timber, timber trees, wood, underwoods, waters, \vater courses pastures 
movres, marshes, meadows, immunities, privileges of Patents &c. &c. 

And in Testimony and confirmacon hereof I the said Wm. Willett 
have hereunto sett my hand & Seale the thirtieth day of May Anno 
Regis X Anno Dom. 1008. 



Smith-Mallory. — Who was Capt, William Smith who en- 
listed with Col. William Washington in the War of the Revolu- 
tion? He married prior to 1787 at Staunton, Va., (i) 

Mallory; (2) Jane Mallory, moved to Kentucky. Brothers: 

John, Harry and Benjamin; married Miss Ewing — -. R 

C. IVilhie, Los Angeles, California. 

Williams. — In the handwriting of Albert Gresham Redd, 
late of Muscogee County, Georgia, is this statement: ''The grand- 
daughter of Roger Williams married a Chambers. Her daughter 
married Capt. Charles Anderson. Charles Anderson's daughter 
married Thomas Redd, who was grandfather of Albert Gresham 
Redd." Who was this Roger Williams? My line is as follows: 
My father Albert Gresham Redd married Euphana Daniel, and 
he was son of Charles Anderson Redd, of V^irginia, who married 
Elizabeth Gresham. Charles Anderson Redd was son of Thomas 
Redd and Frances Anderson, daughter of Capt. Charles Ander- 
son and Elizabeth Chambers, a granddaughter of Roger Williams. 

William and Marv Quarterly 71 

Wanted furtlier information. — Mrs. Harriet V. Turner, Colum- 
bus, Georgia. 

(Mrs. Turner's families of Redd and Anderson evidently 
came from Hanover County, Va., where their names are well 

Williamsburg Printer. — Mr. M. H. Barton, 602 \\>st 
139th St., New York City, writes as follows: "Sometime ago 
there came into my possession a letter by Warburton, Bishop of 
Gloucester, dated at Prior Park, England, June 7th, 1766, worded 
as follows : 'The bearer a young printer and the son of a most 
worthy Clergyman, my friend, is come with an intention to set- 
tle at Williamsburg. I shall be greatly obliged to you and your 
family, if occasion ofters, to give him your countenance, and to 
do him any service in your power. I believe he will approve 
himself worthy of your protection.' Who was this young 
printer ?" 

Lady Blackburn. — Deed Book "W^" page 422, Tho^ Black- 
burn to W"" Carr. Convoys Two acres of land on Quantico Creek 
near Dumfries, and is the same land purchased by Co' Rich** 
Blackburn from John Carr in 1744. In the deed the wife of 
Tho^ Blackburn is mentioned as Lady Christiana Blackburn in 
conveying her dower. — E. Xelson, ^lanassas, V^irginia. 

Tyler-Earp. — Reuben Tyler married Anne Earp, emigrated 
to Elbert Co.. now Hart Co., Georgia. He had issue: Henry 
Tyler, a Methodist preacher, grandfather of ]Mrs. T. E. Mauldin, 
of Thomaston, Georgia. He was son of William Tyler, whose 
will was proved in Mecklenburg Co., Virginia. In this will Wil- 
liam Tyler names his wife, Mary, and children: Richard, Eliza- 
beth Burnell, John Tyler and Reuben Tyler. Executors : his wife 
and Joseph Daly. 

GoocH. — Mr. E. Alfred Jones, of London, writes as follows : 
"I have recently had a copy made of Lady Gooch's will. In it she 

72 William and Mary Quarterly 

bequeaths the cup now in Bruton Parish Church, Williamsburg, 
V'a., to William and Mary College in the following words: 'I 
bequeath to repair and keep up the burying place at York in Vir- 
ginia, where my dear son and grandson and brother lie, but have 
met with such ill usage in relation to it already as convinces me 
it will never be put to the right use therefore I omit it but as a 
small token of my remembrance to the place of his education I 
give to Wilham and Mary College in Virginia my gilt Sacrament 
Cup and put in a red leather case/ " 

It is to be presumed that it was her son, William Gooch, Jr., 
who was educated at W^illiam and Mary, though the will may 
mean her grandson. William Gooch, Jr., married Elenor Bowles, 
who married 2dly, Warner Lewis. At the burial place in York 
referred to in the will is the tombstone of Major William Gooch 
of the council, who died in 1655, aged 29. He was an uncle of 
Governor William Gooch. He had an only daughter, Anne, who 
married Capt. Thomas Beale, ancestor of Gen. R. L. T. Beal, 
C. S. A. Contemporary with the first William Gooch, and re- 
siding near him, was Lt. Col Henry Gooch, a friend of Nathan- 
iel Bacon, Jr., the Rebel. He married Jane, sister of Rowland 
Jones, first minister of Bruton Parish. From him are descended 
numerous persons of the name of Gooch in Virginia and in the 
South. He was probably a brother of Major William Gooch. 
See Quarterly, V., 110- 112; VL, 194, 195. 


Index to Stith's History of Virginia. By Morgan Poitiaux Robinson, 
Richmond, Va., 1912. Bulletin of the Virginia State Library, Jan- 
uary, 1912. 
In the preparation of this work, which has been a labor of love with 
Mr. Robinson, the compiler has proceeded upon the assumption that "the 
usefulness of an idex is limited only by its scope and its accuracy. Such 
being the case, an attempt has been made to index and to cross reference 
every topic and every name which appears in Stith's famous History of 
Virginia. The result has been a work almost as large as the History itself. 
and as near perfect as human industry and labor can make it. While the 

William and Mary Quarterly 73 

leading object of an index is its usefulness, we have in this work some- 
thing* that is also artistic. Indeed it is not going too far to say that Air. 
Robinson deserves and should receive the unstinted praise of all lovers of 
Virginia History. The Library Board has done well to accept Mr. Robin- 
son's labors as a work for the State at large. There are probably other 
sources of Virginia history which might well receive a similar treatment 
at the State's expense — such as Hening's Statutes at i^argc, which will al- 
ways remain a great historical treasure house. 

'■Phi Beta Kappa Key, Volum.e I., November 7th. This number has a 
special interest to friends of the College, since it contains a full account 
of the rise and development of the Mother Chapter at William and Mary. 
It is emphatically designated as the "William and }Jary Number." Dr. 
Oscar M. Voorhees, as Secretary of the National Council, is Editor of the 
Magazine, and has spared no pains to render his work complete. And he 
had a worthy subject; for not only is the Society the oldest Greek Letter 
Fraternity In the L'nited States, but it is the first having an intercollegiate 
character. This latter character was given to it by Samuel Hardy, who 
lived to be one of the leading members of the Lmited States .Congress, and 
who saw in it "a means of binding together the several States." His un- 
timely death in 1785, while in attendance on Congress, deprived Virginia 
and the Union of one of its ablest statesmen. The expenses of his funeral 
were discharged by the State. 

The College of Hampdex-Sidney. By Alfred J. Morrison. Richmond, 
Va-: The Hermitage Press. 1912. 
This is a calendar covering fifty years of the old College and fifty 
years of the new College of Hampden-Sidney. It is a thorough and pains- 
taking work, and aftords much valuable information regarding one of the 
oldest and most useful institutons in the country. 

A Scrap Book of Papers Printed for His FriexVds, With the Compli- 
MEiVTS of Jennings C. Wise. Richmond, Va., February, 1912. 
This is a pamphlet of thirty-two pages, containng several valuable 
addresses of the talented young author, covering several interesting inci- 
dents in the history of Virginia- The concluding paper on Henry A. 
Wise is, however, by Dr. Edward S. Joynes, and gives a strong and pow- 
erful sketch of that remarkable man. 

Captain Roger Jones of London and Virginia. Some of His AxTEf- 
CEDENTS AND DESCENDANTS. By Judge L. H. Jone,-«. Albany. N. Y. : 
Joel Munsell Sons, publishers. 1891. 
This is the second edition of this splendid work, which i- a model of 

accuracy and thoroughness, and is told in a charming, modest manner. 

74 William and ]\Iary Ql'akterly | 

This Jones family is distinguished from most others of that patronymic | 

by its numerous representatives who acquired honor and fame in all the 
departments of public service. The work is not altogether a genealogy, 
for it -contains a large mass of valuable historical material. / 

Seldlns of Virginia and Allied Families. In two volumes. By Mary 

Selden Kennedy. Frank Allaben Genealogical Company, New 

York. 1912. 

This is a very extensive account of many Virginia families, and is a 

compendium in great measure of the articles which have appeared from 

time to time in the IFUliaiii and Mary Quarterly, Virginia Magazine of 

History and Biography, and other general sources. Mrs. Kennedy has 

shown great industry in getting together so many interesting facts- 

Daugh^ters of the Cincinn.\ti, Incorporated December 2j, 1894. Pub- 
lished by authority of the Board of Managers, 1910-1911. 
This is a beautiful and dainty volume, containing the constitution of 
the Society and list of officers and members. It is splendidly illustrated 
with portraits of distinguished Revolutionary officers. It appears that the 
Society has a practical as well as social purpose. It awards each year a 
scholarship to a young lady descendant of a member of the orignal order 
of the Cincinnati. The present officers of the Daughters are: Mrs. How- 
ard Townsend, Honorary President; ^liss Julia Che.ner Wells. President; 
Miss Laura Sylvina Heilnes, Vice-President; Mrs. Adolphus J- Outer- 
bridge, Secretary; Miss Annie Clarkson, Treasurer; Mrs. Willam E. 
Verplanck, Registrar. 

William and Mary College 

Quarterly llistorical Magazine. 

Vol. XXI OCTOBER. 1912 No. 2 


Original Letters 7o 

Letter Book of Thomas Jett S4 

Letters from the liCtter Book of Richard Chapman 90 

Some Extracts from Xorthumberland County Records 100 

Tithables in Lancaster County, 1716 lOiJ 

Tbroekmorton -. 112 

Genealogy of the Tiiplett Family 115 

Excerpts from SoutJiern Literary Messenger 134 

llistorical and Genealogical Notes 139 

Book Reviews 141 

illiam anb filbar^ CollcQC 

©uarterli? Ibietortcal flDagajine* 

Vol. XXI. OCTOBER, 191 2. No. ^. 


Major Charles Yancey to James Barbour. 

Richmond, Feb^ 9^^ 1820. 
My dear Sir; 

Your very important favor of the 6^^ was received yester- 
day morning, it was handed to several of your friends, for the 
purpose of learning their opinion that I might promptly com- 
municate to you & Mr. Pleasants ; for I well know the awful 
responsibility that now rests upon you, &: how unpleasant your 
situations are in making choice of evils of such magnitude. I 
am of opinion that a great majority of our house of Delegates 
are for risking consequences, and I would not at this time as- 
sent to the compromise. Many say they would not yield the 
19^^. part of a hair. I can with certainty say, if you wish to 
speak the voice of our present legislature, that you must stand 
stubborn in opposition to the compromise. As a proof of the 
prevailing Sentiment, — this evening is appointed to recommend 
elections of P. & V. P. we shall meet at 6 o'clock, & I have no 
doubt the meeting will be postponed, to enable us to be gov- 
erned by events. It is said by many that the President & others 
in power think more of their situations^ than the best interest 
of the people whose rights are involved in the Missouri ques- 
tion — harsh expressions are used in relation to you all, Some 
say you are all frightened, & in relation to yourself surprise is 
expressed, from a recollection of the zeal and nerve which you 
displayed as our Chief Magistrate in time of peril and danger. 

76 William and Mary Quarterly \ 

As a friend to you & Mr. Pleasants, I beseech you to stand 
firm in opposition to the Compromise, regardless of consequences 
& you will have the Support of the old Dominion. [ have 
seen Jordans & Rd, Morris'"' Joint letter to your brother Phillip, 
it is strong, but not stronger than the Current opinion here — 
the excitement is as strong as it can be with you, &: many feel 
as though they have on their Armour & orders to 'March to 
N. england; in great haste 

I am dear Sir yours Sincerely | 

Ch^ Yancey. . I 

P. S. present me affectionately j 

to M"" J. Pleasants, who of \ 

Couise you will show this letter. f 

Tiie honorable Ja^. Barbour. | 


John C. Calhoun to T. W. Gilmer and others. \ 

Washington 15^^ June 1834 

I have been honoured by your note of the 9^^ Inst., invit- 
ing me in the name of a number of citizens of Albemarle, who 
are opposed to Executive usurpation and misrule, to partake 
of a Public Dinner at Charlottesville, on the approaching An- 
niversary of Independence; and I regret to say, that my en- 
gagements will not permit me to accept your invitation. 

I cordially agree with you in the opinion you have expressed 
of the Acts of the Federal Executive, to which you have re- 
fared, and have, in the discharge of my official duties, during ' 
the Session cheerfully united with all entertaining the same 
opinion, to resist those acts to the best of my abilities, how- 
ever differing on other subjects. Had I acted otherwise, I 
would have been unfaithful to my oath to support the Con- 
stitution, and the principles of the party, with which it is my pride 
to act, and whose motto is opposition to usurpation in what- 
ever form & from whatever quarter. So long as the Execu- 
li^e shall persist in its acts of usurpation, so long shall I feel 

William and Mary Quarterly yj 

bound by the high obHgation of duty to continue to pursue the 
same course, without regarding the diversities of opinion, be 
they small or great, between myself and others whom I may 
find in opposition to the same acts. 

But while I thus stand prepared to resist the encroachments 
of the Executive, I must say, that, in my opinion, every^ scheme 
of resistance limited to the acts of that Department, without 
looking beyond, must in the end prove abortive. Unless I am 
greatly deceived, the true equilibrium of our political System 
is to be found in the great and primary division of power be- 
tween the General & State Governments. So long as this fun- 
damental distribution remains undisturbed, as established by the 
constitution, there is, in my opinion, but little danger of the De- 
partments of the Governments attempting to encroach on each 
other, or, if either should make the attempt, that it would be 
successful, but let this fundamental distribution be disturbed, 
and it will be found impossible to maintain the equilibrium of 
power between the Departments. 

If these views be correct, usurpation, under our system, 
must commence by encroachments on the rights of the States. 
and can only take place through the agency of congress which, 
by an express provision of the Constitution, is vested, exclu- 
.-ively, with all the discretionary powers authorized under that 
instrument to be exercised by this Government, or any of its 
Departments, and through which powers only is there the least 
danger of encroachment. But while usurpation can only origi- 
nate in the encroachmicnt of Congress on the rights of the 
States, the necessary effect of such encroachment is to increase 
the relative power of the Executive and thereby to lead the way 
to the encroachment of that Department on the powers of Con- 
gress. I hold it then, as a fundamental law of the system, that 
whatever power Congress may take from the State, will enure, 
not to its advantage, but to that of the Executive. The reason 
IS otvious. 

The patronage, and consequently, the influence of the Gov- 
ernment are vested in that Department ; and, as the power & 
action of this Government must increase, just in proportion 

yS William and Mary Quarterly 

as it absorbs the rights of the States, in the same degree will 
the patronage & influence of the Executive increase. It is thus, 
that the encroachments of Congress on the State augments the in- 
fluence and power of the Executive Department and prepares the 
way in turn, for its usurpations on the powers of Congress just as 
we now see. What, -I would ask, has prepared the way for the 
usurpations of the present Executive? What has so erroneously 
increased his influence & power? What has created that count- 
less host of officeholders & office expectants, which stand ready 
to sustain the Executive in all his acts, whether they be right, 
or wrong? For the cause of all this, we must look to the acts 
or Congress — to that system of legislation, that drew into the 
vortex of this Government the control over the entire industry 
and wealth of the country — that poured millions into its treas- 
ury beyond its legitimate wants, to be wasted in the most pro- 
fuse and extravagant manner, on objects not authorized by the 
Constitution. It is this, which has so dangerously increased 
the influence and power of the Executive — which has spread 
corruption and servility over the land — which has divided and 
distracted the country — which, by creating an immense surplus 
revenue, beyond the most profuse expenditure, has tempted the 
Executive to seize on the public treasury, and which finally sus- 
tains him in the present open & flagrant breach of the Laws 
8{ Constitution. It is thus that the usurpation of Congress on 
the States has lead the way to that of the Executive on Con- 
gress; and that, not by any accidental operation, but by neces- 
sary consequence, through a fixed law of the system. We are 
thus taught the important lesson, that the legislative Depart- 
ment, in encroaching on the rights of the States, must in the 
end be absorbed by the Executive, and that the first and indis- 
pensible step towards arresting the usurpations of that Depart- 
ment on its rights is to abandon its usuq^ations on the rights 
of the States — abandon, in the present instance, that supremacy 
which it has assumed over the States, and all those powers, the 
exercise of which has led to the present disastrous state of 
things. 'Till this is done, no effectual and permanent resistance 
can be made to Executive usurpations. Should we ever succeed 

William and Mary Quarterly 79 

in arresting the present acts of usurpation, and in expelling 
from power, those who are their authors, the victory would 
be but temporary unless the rights of the States should be re- 

We may rest assured, that it is only on the elevated and com- 
manding position of States rights, that the contest against Exec- 
utive usurpation can be permanently and successfully maintained. 
It is the chosen spot, on which the patriotic must take their 
stand in defense of the institutions and liberty of the country. 
It is the consecrated ground, on which your ancient and re- 
nowned commonwealth successfully contended against usurpa- 
tion in the great contests of 98, and on which she must now 
again contend in the same sacred cause, if she seeks to emulate 
her former story and success. On the other, defeat and disaster 
will be inevitable. 

I take the liberty in conclusion to offer to you the fol- 
lowing sentiment, 

State rights and state remedies the only effectual barrier 
against usurpation ; let them be prostrated, and in the place of 
an elective chief Magistrate, we shall speedily have a Military 

With great respect 

I am &c 

J. C. Calhoun 
T. \\\ Gilmer Esq., 
and others of the 
Committee of ar- 

R. M. T. HuxTER TO T. W. Gilmer 

Sep^^ 18^^ 1837 
Dear Gilmer 

I have been wishing to exchange views with you upon the 
subject of the course of parties in relation to the currency. 
Supposing however that you were absent from home, I have 
been deferring this letter until 1 could ascertain your local 

8o William and Mary Quarterly 

"whereabouts." Learning that you have returned I take this 
occasion to put a few questions to you upon your political 
''whereabouts" wiiich I know you will pardon on account of 
the common cause in which we are engaged. You have doubt- 
less percei\ed M''. Calhoun's course on the great question be- 
fore us and the reasons for it not given by himself will shortly 
suggest themselves to you when you cast your eyes upon the 
present state of Southern commerce. But apart from this, it 
seems to m.e that the V^ whigs (the States-right portion I mean) 
hav^e at last the opportunity to redeem their cause and their 
principles by adhering to their views in '34 upon this question, 
and by just regard to the ancient doctrines of the old republican 
party. I had supposed that the whigs of the Albemarle dis- 
trict were too mindful of former opinions as represented by 
Gordon to have thrown themselves into the scale of the conser- 
vatives, but the Charlottesville Advocate contains an article in 
relation to Garland which has given me great surprise. I have 
not yet committed m}-self as yet, and would take it as a great 
favor if you would communicate your views to me on the sub- 

I am entirely clear that a divorce between the government 
and banks is sound in principle, just in policy, and beneficial to 
Southern interests. Much however will depend upon the de- 
tails of the scheme. It must not be so precipitate as to insure 
defeat and prejudice a valuable principle by unwise attempts to 
execute it. It must not be so executed as to increase instead 
of diminishing executive patronage. But that the scheme is pre- 
ferable 'to the pet bank system I presume there can be no doubt 
in the 'minds of the whigs. 

I submit it to your consideration whether the real alterna- 
tives are not the sub-treasury system and the United States bank. 
And whether the choice of the latter alternative at this time 
would not be fatal to our hopes of restraining executive power 
and to our commercial interests at the South. Can we safely 
repose the powder over the currency and capital of the whole 
country to such an institution North of the Potomac even if 
there were no constitutional objections which to my mind exist 

William and Mary Quarterly 8i | 

and are insuperable? In this view of the question it seems to 
me necessary that we should take measures of opposition at once 
i^*^ for the reason that, if we now procure the divorce, we drive 
the administration upon the ground chosen by ourselves in 1834. 
The necessary consequence of which will be the desertion of his 
northern- friends. 2^^^ We secure ourselves against the dangers 
of a consolidated money power placed in the' hands of the execu- 
tive and moulded for the benefit of Northern commerce at the 
expense of our own and 3*^^^ by taking our ground at once we 
prevent Ritchie from taking it who otherwise will abandon his 
present position to occupy the vantage ground on the field of 
battle which we might have withheld. It is the only field of 
battle upon which v/e can beat him in Virginia, and the van- 
tage ground is certainly covered in our State by the anti-bank 
artillery. Let us seize it at once and strike a decided blow not 
merely for party supremacy but for our owm peculiar interests 
and institutions. To do so involves no desertion of principle 
but an adherence to former opinions, it supposes nothing unfair 
even to the Northern institutions, for it only requires us to 
(insist?) that they shall not feed on resources peculiarly our 
own and at our expense. The South must take this position 
ultimately and the only question is as to whether we should oc- 
cupy it when we can give battle successfully or whether we shall 
wait until the struggle is useless. 

Can the whigs, in justice to former opinions, to the interests 
of the country or to themselves, attract to themselves the odium 
of forcing a connexion between the Government and the broken 
banks? And even if they had the means of resuscitating their 
dead bodies will they place them at the executive disix)sal, after 
having done so? The ''Advocate" may go with Major Garland, 
but can the whigs of that district do so? 

Please let me hear from you at once and believe me 

most truly 

your friend 

R. M. T. Hunter. 

Consider this as private. 

82 William and Mary Quarterly 

Gen. James Hamilton to Thomas W, Gilmer. 

Columbia June 3^ 1838 
Ivly Dear Sir, 

1 have designed writing you for some time which I have 
postponed from that spirit of procrastination which too essen- 
tiallv belongs to our Southern temperament. 

My object has been & now is to apprize you that I went on 
to Philadelphia in March last and arranged all the forms & 
preliminaries for the negotiation in Europe this summer of a 
5 per cent, loan for Three Millions & a half of Dollars in Ster- 
ling Bonds of £500 & £250 for the Texan Government. I sent 
them out by a special agent to Texas and with them a special 
guarantee act to be passed by the Texan Congress to the B. 
U. S., on the authority of which I hope to induce that Bank 
to guarantee & endorse the Bonds. 

I have not yet heard the success of my project. I\Iy object 
however in apprizing you is to say tliat I wrote IVr Burnley 
supposing he might be in Texas to say that recollecting your 
generous liberality to me that I should share the Commission 
with yourself & himself. I designed a similar arrangement in 
regard to this Loan. Indeed I declined the participation of 
M^ Swartout of New York who offered to go out to Texas 
with the Bonds, because I felt this due to M'" Burnley & vour- 

I informed the Texas Government that from the Bonds we 
should have to pay the Home and foreign Negotiations. I 
would not undertake to perfect the Loan for less on a/c of 
Commission & charges than 10 pr Cent as however I expected 
to negotiate at about an interest of 7 pr Cent. 

With the difference of exchange I considered this a good 
operation for the Government. 

I have not heard the result of my mission, but as I embark 
for Europe whether I am employed or not by the Texan Gov- 
ernment on the I July from New York, I will be very happy 
to meet you in Philadelphia on the 26^ or 27^^ of this month 
at farthest to determine what we can best do with the old Loan 

William and Mary Quarterly 83 

or the new as circumstances may render necessary. We are 
in the midst of an extra between two fires — the conflagration 
of our city & the Sub Treasury. 

I shall return to Charleston in the course of a week, & re- 
main with sincere esteem respectfully & faithfully yours 

J Hamilton 

Thos W. Gilmer, Esq. 

P. S. — If the Texan Gov^ adopts my project the negotia- 
tion of the Loan is almost certain. I send this letter to be 
mailed to Charleston per express. , 

Gov. George R. Gilmer to- T. W. Gilmer. 

Lexington 9^^ April 1842. 
Dear Sir 

I thank you for your report on retrenchment. It points out 
some existing abuses which ought to be corrected. I write a 
line or two but to suggest to you an abuse which I consider much 
more flagrant in its nature and extended in the amount of il- 
legal expenditure than any mentioned in your report. It con- 
sists in the practice of Officers of the Army charging for ser- 
vants and horses which they do not keep altho the law allows 
pay only for those that are kept. The pay is obtained by the 
Officers giving certificates of honor that Servants and horses 
are kept. This is done under pretences disgraceful to the public 
service. I have no doubt of the existence of the abuse tho 
you must find other authority for any statement which you make 
upon the subject, 

I differ Ivith you and the majority of the House of Rep- 
lesentatives in the course pursued towards Giddings. I do not 
think you had the authority to censure a member for doing what 
he had the right to do under his responsibility to his constituents 
and public opinion. Vicious as Giddings condhct was it coula 
not be considered disordily. I regret the course pursued be- 
cause I believe it will strengthen the cause of the Abolitionists. 
I had the same objections to the attempt to censure M*" Adams. 
Every act which tends to make slavery the question upon which 

84 William and Mary Quarterly 

political power is to depend must be injurious to the Slave-hold- 
iiig States because they are in the minority with continually de- 
creasing strength. 

The old Lady joins in affectionate regards for you & family. 

George R. Gilmer. 

Thomas \V. Gilmer. 


Some letters from this book were published in Quarterly 
XVIL 22-2^. Below are abstracts of other letters : 

Virginia June 7, 1769. To John Morton Jordan. Mr Tur- 
ner wants his Chariot for his Lady. 

Virginia, July i, 1769. To Capt. John Anderson: Hopes 
a ready and good passage to London, and cargo will come to a 
good market. Dry weather since you went hence and crop does 
net promise more than last year. 

Virginia, July 8, 1769. To John Morton Jordan. Am fa- 
voured with your letter by Capt. Cuzzins. Am taking all lawful 
methods to get your money collected, have been obliged to pur- 
chase Irish Linen and other goods from Capt. Quinney, the 
prospect of the tobacco crop very bad, the plants are now all 
burnt up and as few people pitched their corn, tobacco therefore 
must continue at a high price here. 

Virginia, July (1769). To Mr. John Backhouse. Capt. 
Qtvnney I expect will be fully loaded, Capt. Brackell I hope 
will soon be able to compleat his ships load in James River, but 
Capt. Clack in York I fear will fall greatly short, unable as yet 
to get Mr. Hunter to a settlement. 

Virginia, July 24, (1769). To Messrs Hanson, Clack & Co. 
My last to you was of the 25 March by (Capt. James) Walker 
covering the accounts and lists of Devebre's estate. Is disap- 
pointed that the trouble that he has taken meets with such little 
thanks. Inclosed you have my order on Mr. John Backhouse 
for £2«So sterling which please place to my credit, I shall in 
about six weeks remit you the further sum of £100, and as 

William and Mary Quarterly 85 

fast as the other outstanding debts can be collected it shall be 
remitted, for you may depend I do not want the use of yours 
or any other Gentleman's money, having suff^ of my own to 
answer my purposes. 

Virginia, July 24, 1769. Mr. John Backhouse. Merchant in 
Liverpool %^ Marlboro, Capt. Quinney. Mr. Hunter is now with 
me but can't furnish the accounts of the Guinea concern till 
some time next month. Mr. Templeman the Gent engaged in 
preparing them has not yet furnished them. 

Virginia, July 23, 1769. To John Morton Jordan & Co., 
Merchants in London. Hope they will honor certain bills of ex- 
change drawn upon them and charge to Leeds Store. Will ship 
I(jO hhds by Capt. Quinney who has met wnth great difficulty 
in Maryland on consignment. You will make the proper in- 
surance on the hhds, the price here is from 22.6 to 25 per c^ 
Lately some fine rains, and with a good fall we may make ^ 
of a crop of tobacco this year. 

Virginia, Aug. 10. 1769. To John Morton Jordan & Co: Mer- 
chants in London. Capt. ^Mitchell is now with me and has entered 
his ship in \irginia, and to him have ordered 100 hhds Tob° on 
Leeds Store acc^ & 50 hhds of which I purchased for bills to 
be drawn on you at the October Court, these 50 hhds are good 
Rap'' Tob° & will not cost you more than 18. 11 cp q}, the prices 
of Tob° in Maryland are very high the meanest i8s %^ Bills vizt 
St. Marys 19 s sterling, Charles County 22s Patuxent from 21s 
to 22s 6 & fine still higher — therefore Mitchell can get very few 
hhds on consignment and to purchase at these prices must be 
a certain & considerable lost to you. 

Virginia, 'Sept. i, 1769. To. il/r. John Backhouse. Inclosed 
you have a bill of lading for the 26 hhds Tob° shiped you on 
board the Lively, Capt. Clack, which I hope will come safe to 
hand & meet a ready and good market. Mr. Hunter has not 
yet made any settlement relative to Capt. Ward's Guinea con- 
cerns. Assure Capt. Ward that he will do all he can to render 
him service in that disagreeable partnership. 

Virginia, Sept. i, 1769. To Capt. Wm. Quinney in Liver- 
pool, ^ Capt. Parry. Can't get any accounts from IMr. Hunter 

86 William and Mary Quarterly 

and Mr. Tenipleman regarding the Guinea concern, as I, expected 
at your sailing hence. Assure Capt. Ward that I will continue 
pressing it. Mr. Brockenborough has at last consented to part 
with his gold at 25 ct Exchange. I expect in a few days to 
receive some good Bills of Exchange, one of which I intend to 
send you for Brockenborough's money, but should I meet with 
disappointment in the payment promised me I shall by Capt. 
Mitchell who will sail within this month send you an order 
equal to the money. 

. Virginia, (Sept. 13, 1769.) To John Morton Jordan 8z Co. 
Wrote you the i^^ of this Instant. Capt. Mitchell, I expect, will 
sail within the month. Surely his cargo will come to a good 
markt. We make a very short crop this year, our Tob° now 
most all destroyed by a violent gust of wind & Rain that hap- 
pened the 8'^ Instant, it began aboilt 12 o'clock at night & con- 
tinued about 14 hours, 6 or eight hours of which we had the 
most violent Rain & wind ever known here. I apprehend the 
gust was general thro the counties. If so, crop will not be 
more than 3^ next season. Pray do not omit proper insurance 
on 125 hhds that I remit on account of Leeds Store by the Ld 

Virginia, Sept. 13. 1769. To; Mr. John Backhouse, Merch* in 
Liverpool. Hope the safe arrival of Capt. Quinney, Capt. Clack 
and Capt. Brackell Describes the gust which will cause a con- 
siderable less crop of Tobacco next season than has been for 
ten years past. 

Virginia, Sept. 26, 1769. John Morton Jordan & Co. I am 
now in great want of coarse goods for the Leeds Store. I hope 
fof a supply by the first of next month. Complains of not hear- 
ing from them since Capt. Cuzzins came in. 

Virginia, Williamsburg, October 28, 1769. John Morton 
Jordan & Co. ^ Capt. Lilly Encloses a list of Bills on you for 
Tobaccos by the Lord Baltimore. Col. William Harwood for 
/55. Capt. J. Richard £100, M'" Anthony Walke £175. 

Virginia, Nov"", 1769. John Morton Jordan and Co. My good 
customers are impatient for their winter goods for their familys. 
and if your do not arrive in a few days, they must supply 

William and Mary Quarterly 87 

themselves elsewhere, and in that case if your afterwards come 
to hand, they must remain unsold & consequently no remittance 
can be made for them. 

Virginia, November 2^, 1769. John Morton Jordan & Co., 
Meicht^: in London. I wrote you last the 13 of this month since 
wch I have received a letter from Mr. Jordan of the 14th last 
month advising of his arrival at Antigua the night before, and 
that she should in five or six days sail from thence for Maryland. 
I have not as yet had the pleasure to hear of his arrival at 
Annapolis, the Goods on board the ship in which he comes, for 
the Leeds Store are much wanting for my customers, and if 
he does not in a few days, they must supply themselves from 
5ome other store, and in that case yours will lye on hand and 
therefore a proper remittance can't be made. 

Virginia, Decemb. 15, 1769. John Morton Jordan & Co. My 
last to you was of the 28th of November since wch I have 
received your favor of the 31^' July %^ the Frederick Capt. Nich- 
olson, the goods for Leeds Store by that conveyance are now 
come to hand, you may depend w^ill be dispensed of in the 
best manner, and as large a remittance made as possible by Capt. 
Anderson who writes me he shall be here in February. I wish 
these goods had been properly sorted & here six weeks sooner. 
My friend Mr. Jordan & family are safe arrived at Annapolis, 
his bad state of health still continues, but have hopes of his 
vpeedy recovery. I have not yet had the satisfaction of seeing 
him but intend to wait on him in a few days. 

Virginia, February (1770) To John Morton Jordan & Co., 
Not a line from you since my last letter of December 24, have 
lately waited on my friend ^Ir. Jordan at Annapolis who I had 
the pleasure to find in good spirits and much better than he 
was on his arrival, therefore hope he may yet get well over 
his disorder. Hopes they w^ill ship the Spring Goods as soon 
as his invoice arrives, the sooner they come to my hands, the 
better they can be disposed of. Incloses an invoice for medi- 
cines. ]\Ir. Alexander has my bill on you for ±15. 

Virginia, May 28. 1770. To John Morton Jordan & Co., 
Merchants in London. Capt. Anderson's ship is now fallen 

88 William and Mary Quarterly 

down the river & I hope to get him loaded by the 15th next month ; 
from the Leeds Store I shall ship 500 hhds on which you will now 
make a proper Insurance Tobacco keeps up here, the genl price 
in the Store 25 s. %^ ct. Muscoe Garnett Esq. will by this Op- 
portunity send you an Invoice for a Cargo of Goods to be 
ihiped him so as to arrive here in the month of September, he 
has made his proposals to our friend Mr. Jordan who has ac- 
cepted hereof. Mr. Garnett is a man of great fortune here & 
you may depend that he will in every instance comply with his 

Virginia June 5, 1770. To John Morton Jordan 8z Co. 
Capt. Anderson will now have his ship loaded in a few days, 
& sale next week. Hope his cargo will meet with a ready & 
good market. 

Virginia, June 12, 1770. To John Morton Jordan & Co. In- 
closed you have bill of lading for 472 hhd Tob° shiped the 
Chatham Capt. Anderson on aec^ of Leeds Store. 

Virginia July 5, 1770. To Capt. Thomas Ward, Liverpool. 
Mr. Hunter is now with me and at last has given me the com- 
mission account of Champe, Ward & Hunter, for the Slaves 
sold 'by them, wch acc^ you have now enclosed, the Ball, thereof 
in your favour £826.6.6 besides Interest, you have also Inclosed 
the several acc*^ of Disbursements & expenses ch*^ by him, one 
third of which you are debited for as well as the loss in the 
sundry Tob° shiped by the return of the Guinea ships, all which 
he insists upon being right. The Comm" acc^ for sales of the 
slaves consigned Messrs Ward & Hunter he cannot yet make 
out but promises to do it. Have prevailed upon him to give 
me his letter to his lawyer directing the money to be paid me 
for Hills bond, the sum by his acc^ will be for 44 hhd on his 
own account, also an invoice of goods which you will ship if 
the Revenue acts are repealed so- as to be here by the middle ot 
October. The brown Rolls by Carnaby are good and cheaper 
than what have lately been imported. Encloses his private ac- 
count with Mr. Jordan and requests the sales of the 100 hhds 
Tob ^ the Leeds in 1768, also sales for the 17 hhd corn that I 

Willi A if and Mary Quarterly 89 

may know how the Balance stands in my favor. Wants copy 
of Mr. Thomas Turner's account. 

Virginia, July 5, 1770. To John Morton Jordan & Co. 
Hopes that before this reaches you Capt. Anderson will be ar- 
rived & cargo come to hand in good order. Inclosed you have 
the last Virg^ papers in which you will find a copy of the as- 
sociation now entered into in this colony, & to wch you will 
please have regard in shiping all the Goods to Virginia. Salt 
and sundry other goods purchased of Capt. Quinney & have given 
him bills on you, which please charge on the store acct. Shall 
ship you on the Store acc^ ^ Capt Mitchell 150 hhds Tob*^ on 
which you will make insurance at iio hhd. 

Virginia, July 8, 1770. To Capt. John Anderson. Hopes 
that this will meet you safe arrived in London & that your 
cargo may be delivered in good order & meet a ready market. 
Write me by every opportunity & say when you expect to 
sail again fcr this place. Inclosed you have the last Virginia 
paper in which you will find a copy of the Association entered 
into in this Colony, the people in general approve of it & are 
dayly signing it in all parts of the country. You will therefore 
have regard to the kind of goods, you may bring vv^th you 
next A^oyage for sale. This comes by Capt. James Walker but 
dont expect he will be ready to sail these ten days. 

Mrginia, July (1770) To JoJin Morton Jordan & Co. Our 
friend Mr. Jordan has now directed me to ship on board the 
Frederick, Capt Nicholson now arrived in Maryland 150 hhds 
Tobacco, I am in great want of German Osnaburg, its an article 
that always sells well with us, therefore should be glad to have 
a pack or two by every opportunity to Rapp^ on acct Leeds 
Store. Mr. IMerriwether Smith of Essex tells me he has %^ Cap' 
Anderson sent to you for a Cargo of Goods to the am"^ of 
1000 or 1200 Mr. Smith is a gent of property — & will punctually 
comply with his engagements. 

Virginia, July 20, 1770. To Capt. John Anderson, London, 
p Capt. Carnabye I shall be greatly obliged^ to you to bring me a 
pr of the best fox hounds to be got in England. 

Virginia, September 11, 1770. To JoJin Morton Jordan and 
Co. Enclosing bills of lading for 152 hhd Tobacco ship'd on 

90 William and Mary Quarterly I 



board the Lord Baltwiore, to be placed to the credit of Leeds 

Store, acc*^ also Capt. James Mitchell's bill on you for £55.6.8 

to be placed to the O of Store account. i 

(to be continued.) i 



To ]Mr. Edward At h awes. | 

Virginia, Sept. 25, 1739. ' 


Agreeable to what I wrote from Corotoman not long since, 
I am now to advise, that I have this day, drawn on you to Col. 
George Braxton for one hundred pounds sterling, being in lieu 
of one hundred and twenty-five pounds curr^ I have recei/ed 

^ "Chericoke," the estate referred to, is described in another letter to 
contain seven or edght hundred acres and to be on the Pamunkey River, 
above West Point, about eight or ten miles above Claiborne's. In the 
same 'letter it is stated that both "Claibornes" and Chericoke had a neat 
little dwelling house upon them and other buildings "for making crops,"' 
but the land at Chericoke was superior to Claiboirne's, in the opinion of 
Mr. Chapman, and "as fine, in fact, as any in the colony." The original 
deed of sale is preserved and is the property of Mrs. Calvin Perkins, of 
Memphis. An abstract of the same is as follows : Nicholas Johnson in 
the parish of St. Paul in the County of Hanover, Gent., and Ann John- 
son of the parish of St. Martin, in the county of Hanovar, widow and 
relict of Thomas Johnson of Chericoke in the County King William, 
gerrt-, of the one parr to Richard Chapman of the County of King Wil- ■ 

liam, gent, of the other part, for 600 pds of Virginia money, sell Chericoke 
in the parish of King William, originally containing 970 acres. 750 acres 
of which was granted by Sir William Berkeley, Knight, to Richard 
Croshaw Feb. 27, 1649 and by several intermediate conveyances deeded to , 

Richard Johnson, Esq., who by his will dated 8 day of 169 — devised 

the same to Thomas Johnson, and the remainder about 220 acres patented 
by said Thomas Johnson on December, 1711, inclusive of the 750 acres. 
All of which said 970 acres descended to said Nicholas Johnson, son and 
heir of said Thomas, and by said deed is now conveyed to Richard Chap- 
man excepting 150 acres, part thereof, sold to James Hill by said Nicholas 
Johnson and a squa»re of a quarter of an acre where the father of said 
Nicholas lies interred. Witnesses James Hill, Richard Johnson, Thomas 
Johnson, Wm. Taylor. 

William and Mary Quarterly 91 

of him, in order to make the last payment of the Considera- 
tion money for the Estate I have bought/ which I desire you 
to pay, and place to my Acc\ This Estate cost me six hundred 
pounds current money, which you will not think ill laid out, 
when I tell you, it is the opinion of all men, that it may be 
easily improved to a much higher value, and I am in no man- 
ner of doubt but to make the Revenue thereof answer the Ex- 
pectation. It is in some disorder at present by the indolence of 
the last possessor; however, I hope to send you a Crop next 
year. I believe I forgot to own the receipt of your Accounts 
of sale by the Buchanan of two hhds of my Tobacco, with which 
I am well pleased. I am sure the produce of that hhd which 
went from James River in Capt. Boiling was far greater than 
my Expectations, since it cost me very little more than eight 
pounds sterling here. Such a Lucky Hit with a hundred hhds 
would have almost made a mans fortune. And I think that 
other hhd that went in Rae yielded well enough considering the 
Damage. Not having yet received your Accounts of Sales of 
the remaining Tobacco, nor being yet able to learn, after a good 
deal of Inquiry — whether my Hanover Fee Tobacco be gone 
to you or not, I can't make a Right Calculation of my afifairs 
in your hdnds ; tho I reckon this last Draft will pretty near 
bring the Accounts to a par. However, if God continues my Health 
& understanding, I will endeavor, and do expect, to retrieve and 
inlarge my Fund in your Books. What I writ from Corotomon 
concerning a Cargo to be imported into Virginia for Sale was 
well weighed ; and every days Experience makes me wish more 
and more to make such an Establishment without Loss of time, 
my present s,ituation being entirely proper to that End. You 
seem doubtful whether a Business of this sort may not be in- 
compatible with that of my Office. So In answer to which out 
of many Instances I will give you but one. Since my being 
in Virginia Col. Lightfoot was Clerk of York' Court and one 
of our most Considerable Merchants at one and the same time, 
and every man, who has sense enough to judge right, is convinced 
that near to that Gentlemans own Genius, and the Friends 
which that merited and procured him on your bide of the water, 

92 William and Mary Quarterly 

the Business of the Office concurred to the Increase and Es- 
tabh'shment of the other; of which he was so sensible, that he 
would never give it up till the King, by his Letter, called him 
up to the Council. I have already mentioned my desire of my 
Brothers accompanying this Cargo, if he pleases, and have hinted 
the same thing to him. Besides the reason I then gave you, there 
is another, which I should rather have told you by word of 
Mouth. A good while ago, I had an offer of the Reversion of 
a Post, which is likely to happen in two or three years, or per- 
haps sooner, a great deal is depending-, on a very Infirm 
Constitution; worth between two and three hundred pounds per 
annum. If this falls, and I accept it, it being of Considerable 
Trust and Applications must take a Great part of my Time 
from other Matters, I ought to provide for this contingency 
beforehand, by introducing some person into the Conducting of 
the Mercantile Affairs. I am advised, and' shall try to es- 
tablish in the meantime, and I had rather, it should by my Brother 
than any other person because I take him to have a Mercan- 
tile Genius, and have a very good opinion of him. I long for 
nothing more than a proper occasion of conversing with you 
viva voce on several matters, in, hopes of which I remain. 

Your most Affect Humble Serv 

R. C. 

P. S. — It being impossible to keep House here without a 
little wine, I must desire you to order your Correspondent in 
Madeira to ship me a half pipe to York River, that is good. What 
is imported into Virginia for sale is generally wretched stuff. And 
please to send me a small Quantity of pickles consisting of Capers, 
Walnuts and Anchovies, about los value. I, should be very glad 
to know the state and aspect of the Tobacco Trade with you. I 
would have given you my thoughts, as you desire how it looks 
here but that my time and application has this Summer been 
necessarily so much turned to other matters, that I fear I should 
not perform the Task well, and I hope you have it better done 
by other Correspondents. 

William Ax\d Mary Quarterly 93 

I had forgot one thing, I have a couple of Young Slaves, 
who are Carpenters and Coopers, who are just beginning to 
be of Great use to me. Please send me the following for Tools : 

Two Broad Axes. 

Two Carpenters Adzes. 

Two Handsawes. 

I doz. Handsaw Files. 

I Croscut Saw & J^ doz. Files. 

1 whip saw & Yi doz. Files. 

2 Coopers Adzes. 

Yz doz. Wimble Bitts. 

Yz doz. Taper Bitts. 

2 Coopers Adzes. 

I m 2d nails. 

I m tacks. 

6 Chizzels. 

6 sorted Augres. 

I dozen Monmouth Caps 

To Mr. William Chapman. 

Virginia, Sept. 26, 1739. 
Dear Brother 

Altho' after J have writ to you so largely from Corotomon, 
upon the Subject of a Cargo of Goods, it is not necessary to 
add anything, yet I must not omit the Opportunity of letting 
you hear from me once more under M'' Athawes's Cover to 
whom amongst other things, I have again wTit upon the same Sub- 
ject. I will please myself with the Expectation of seeing you 
and the Cargo together in the Spring. And if you do come, 
I desire you will try to do one thing for me. My Affairs re- 
quire me to travel pretty much in this Country, at which times 
carrying a Servant and Baggage, as I do, makes it very incon- 
venient. I am told that second hand Chairs may be bought 
cheap and good in your famous City. If upon looking out you 
can buy one, that is light, with two * * * only, without a 
Leather Top, and with Harness for two Horses, that is strong. 
I would be at the charge of it, provided it did not exceed ten 

94 William and Mary Quarterly 

or fifteen pounds; and a good large Umbrella. I will not go 
beyond that Sum ; but as much cheaper as you can con- 
sistent with Strength. You must take care you are not cheated, 
and have the opinion of some skilful and honest workman. I 
will order M"" Athawes to pay you, or you shall be paid in V^ir- 
ginia, as also for the few things I desired you to buy in my 
former letter for my House. I wall readily allow you the usual 
Commission for buying. I have only time to assure you that 
I am 

Your affect. Brothei; & humble Serv*. 

R. C. 
By way of Bristol in the prince of 
Orange. Capt. Japhet Bird. 
Duplicate by the Aima Capt. Strachan. 

To Mr. Edward Athawes. 

Pammonky, ^lay 4, 1740. 

I have received three letters from you, to which I will now 
give some answ^er. 

In 'that of Oct the 9th. you say you wrote to me by the 
Pretty Betty Captain Mosely last x-\ugust. But I have yet heard 
nothing of that Letter, nor do I know whether the Ship be ar- 
rived. It is probable you sent my Acco* of Sales, and Acco^ 
Current by her, which I should be glad to see having had 
none from you this long time ; except the Acco'^ of Sales of the 
two hhds sent you in the Rae & Boiling in 1738, the Receipt of 
which I have already acknowdedg'd. I am obliged by the Pains 
you took about William and Margaret Comrie's Bill of Exchange 
on Josias Bainton. Knowing ^I'" Comrie to be a careless man, 
that I might make some Provision for the Worst that could hap- 
pen, I had a Mortgage of his Land and Slaves as a Security 
for the Payment of his Bill on ^vP Bainton. So as soon as I 
re'c'd your Letter with the Protest, I took the proper Measures 
for Foreclosing the Equity of Redemption, and the Process was 
begun in my Office to that end. But afterwards to avoid the 
charges of Law w^e came to an Agreement, that the Lands & 

William axd Mary Ocarterlv 95 

Slaves sliould be vested in me in Trust to make Sale of 
them bv Public Auction at a Certain Dav criving: Six Months 
Credit. And accordingly I have since sold for good Bonds as 
much of the Estate as will make me almost whole, having lost 
nothing but my trouble, and six Months Interest of the money, 
which I gave up out of Compassion to M^ Comrie. As I sup- 
pose these Bonds vvill be discharg'd before the Ships are -all 
gone. I shall perhaps be able to make a Remittance of Bills or 
Tobaco for the money by one of them. 

Your next is Xov. 3. I have not received the Box of Stationary 
you sent m.e by Captain Malbon, nor do I hear anything of it 
altho' I have writ to him about it, and I reckon he is ahnost 
ready to Sail. As I had struck no Bargain for you when I 
rec'd. your Letter, I have desisted as you desire. I thank you 
for the Honor you have given my Bills. Reputation in Busi- 
ness is so necessary that if I have acquired any, I will endeavor 
to preserve and increase it, both here, and in Great Britain. 
Besides ]\P Comrie's Debt, I expect to remit you Bills for about 
fourscore pounds Sterling, if People perform their Engagements 
to me. But I don't know but it may be necessary for me to 
draw for about that Sum to Purchase some Slaves to cultivate 
my Lands more effectually without which we can do nothing in 
Virginia, I design to send you all my Fee Tobaco. or as much 
of it as the Sherifs shall pay me in time. And I expect some 
top Stem'd Hanover Tobaco. which I design also for you. I 
got the Hanover Tobaco so late last year, that I was forc'd to 
send it in a Bristol Xegroe. or keep it; and I fear it is lost, 
hearing nothing of it. 

Your last of 12 Dec. I rec'd yesterday. I am well pleas'd 
that my Brother is coming with the Cargo of Goods. I am 
preparing for them and hope to turn them to good Acco^ and 
I very readily agree that my Brother shall be a Partner in this 
Trade, which is but reasonable, and what I always intended. 

Before the Receipt of this I suppose you have heard that 
Major Matthew Kemp is dead. It is thought here he is on the 
wrong Side in your Books. He was very much in Debt for 
a man of his ^loderate Estate, The Secretary-, who is a large 


96 William and Mary Quarterly | 

Creditor, I believe will take upon himi the Execution of his Will. 
If any Ser\'ice of mine may be useful to you in this Matter, 
please to command it. M"" Benjamin Waller succeeds him as 
Clerk of the General Court, and told me the other day he 
intended to put all the Business he should have to be done in 
London into your hands. He is Son of Col. John Waller, of 
about 24 years of age and a very hopeful! young Gentleman. 
I have a Great respect for him and am also 

Sir, \ 

Your most humble Servant, \ 

R. C. I 

P. S. — I shall easily get James | 

Font^.ine's Protested Bill re- I 

new'd which you sent me. In- | 

clos'd is Dan'l Taylors Bill on I 

Joseph Farrell of Bristol for I 

ten Pounds Sterl. which I ', 

desire you to negotiate and ^ 

place to my Acco^ l 

By the Duke of Cumberland Capt. Harding | 

Duplicat. By the Carter, Capt. Malbon. I 

To Mr. Edward Athawes. 

Williamsburg Nov. the 2d. 1740. 
V This War, by keeping the London Fleet from us puts such 

a stop to our Trade here, that we cannot make our Remittances. 
Those who owe us money or Bills will not draw till they see 
how their Acco*^^ turn out, or till they receive their Goods. 
I have had near three hundred pounds outstanding a long time, 
most of it on Bonds, and till very lately I have not received 
one farthing. So that I was obliged to take a small Quantity of 
Cash of Colonel Lightfoot to discharge the balance of which 
I gave him a few days ago a Bill on you for ten pounds Ster- 

William and Mary Quarterly 97 

ling, which I desire you will pay. I design'd twenty Hhds of 
River Tobacco for you. but since have sent half of it to Liver- 
pool doubting whether I might not lose the Shipping of it this 
Season, if I kept it longer. I think to Order the Produce of it 
to you in the Spring, to answer a Draft I believe I shall then 
have occasion to make payable in London, I am perfectly of the 
Secretary's opinion, and have been so a good while, that it would 
be richly worth your while to have a Good Ship in York River, 
as well as Rappahannock and I hope you will be of the same 
mind. The Exemplifications of our Acts of Assembly were 
Transmitted to the Board of Trade in Captain Boiling; and I 
design to write to M'" Carter, if I have time by this Oppor- 
tunity, to forward the Confirmation of my Act by his Majesty 
in Council. I have just time to tell you that I am to be married 
this Month to a Grand Daughter of old Col. Merkvctker, whose 
Fortune consisting chiefly in Land and Slaves will be some 
Addition to mine. And as the Estate I bought is very Valuable 
Land I expect next year to send you fine York River Tobacco 
of my own making, I am 

Your most humble Servant 

R. C. 
By the Geo. William, Capt. Austell. Duplicat. by the Pros- 
perous Esther John Norcot. 

To George Carter Esqr., of the Inner Temple; To the 
Care of Mr. Edwd. Athawes Mercht. of London. 

Chericoke, on Pammunky River, 

Nov. 16, 1740. 

From a Letter of ^Mr'". Athawes, I pleas'd myself with the 
Expectation of receiving one from you upon the Subject of 
your uncultivated Lands, when you returned out of the Country, 
where he tells me you was during the long Vacation. This 
Letter was dated in August 1739, ^^^' ^^ came not to me till 

98 William and Mary Quarterly 

near a Twelvemonth afterwards. I have since sent him a list 
of your Fee simple Lands with the dates for Grants whereby 
you hold them under the Proprietor of the Northern Neck, 
amounting in the whole to 24560 Acres, desiring he would give 
it you. I can say nothing of the Quality of any of your Lands, 
which will govern the Price very much, that can't be known 
but from the Back Woods men or Surveyors. If I have any 
Opportunity to inform myself on this Point, I will not neglect it. 
I did not then give you the trouble of a Letter, being in 
hopes of answering yours, and desiring your Favor and Good 
Offices, at one and the same time. But having given me no 
occasion of doing the first, vour goodness will excuse the 
Liberty, I am going to take of doing the Last. Our General 
Assembly of last May passed an Act for docking the Intail of 
some Land I bought, and the Exemplification is since Trans- 
mitted along with the Rest to the Lords Commissioners of Trade. 
in the Dunkirk, Capt. Boiling, I have writ to Mr. Athawes a 
good while ago what I can learn of the Method of obtaining 
the Royal Assent, desiring he would mention the matter to you 
for I'^is better Information, that the Act might be put in a Proper 
Course' to that end. I am told that the Charge of this will de- 
pend pretty much upon the Skill of the Negotiator. Sir John 
Randolph, during his stay in England, negotiated several Pri- 
vate Acts, and brought into Virginia Certificates of their Con- 
firmation by the King in Council at about fifteen Pounds Ster- 
ling a Piece. M"". Cary negotiated one for Col. Randolph that 
cost twenty Pounds; and M"". Wormeley told me at Corotoman 
not long, since, that the Negotiation of his Private Act last 
year (in which the Governor Acted by some Friend in London) 
cost the same Sum. In all those Instances I suppose the Fees 
of a Sollicitor was saved, which I am told are considerable. If 
i*. lies in your way by your advice or Good Offices to facilitate 
or lessen the Charge of this Business of mine I shall be much 
obliged by the Favor. As the Estate setled by this Act (upon 
which I now reside) with that adjoyning is a vtry Beautiful 
and Valuable Estate, close upon a Navigable River, I should 

William and Mary Quarterly 99 

be glad that it were finally secured. I have desired AP. Athawes 
to pay the Expence of the Negotiation/ 

You was Proposed in Our House of Burgesses last May, 
as Agent to Sollicit a Petition of this Colony to the King in 

^ Speaking of this land ''Chericoke" in another letter written shortly 
afterwards, Richard Chapman writes as follows: "Richard Johnson Esq'" 
'Member of the Kings Council in this colony died here about one or two 
and forty years ago, Possess'd of a very considerable Estate in Lands, 
Slaves &c. in several counties in Virginia. The Land he devised in sev- 
eral Parcels to Richard, Thomas, and William Johnson, and Heirs for 
ever, and if either of them died before one and twenty, or without Heir 
of their Bodies, the Estate of him or them so dying, to go to the Sur- 
vivors or Survivor. The Devisees enter into their several Parts, two of 
them die after their Majority leaving Issue, the Elder Brother Richard 
Surviving. Then Richard dies without Issue, devising his Estate in Tail 
to his Nephews. It is a Doubt with Our best Lawyers here, what Estate 
the Testator intended the several Devisees, in the first Place. The Judg- 
ments of Our General Court havei of late years run Pretty much in favor 
of Intails. So having Purchas'd a very valuable part of the Testators 
Estate (on which I now live) of the Son of one of the Devisees, and 
there being no such thing as levying Fines or suffering common Recov- 
eries in the Kings Courts here, I got the matter Settled as to my Pur- 
chase by an Act of the Legislature of this colony, the Exemplification of 
which having been since Transmitted to the Lords commissioners of 
Trade and plantations, and the Principal Secretary of State, will I expect 
in a short time by the means of my Solicitor have the Royal Assent and 
Confirmation of His Majesty and Council, and then it will stand upon 
the foot of an Act of Parliament." 

Chapman goes on to say that Richard Johnson left also a daughter 
"by another venter in England named Judith, who was educated at a board- 
ing school in Lincoln under the care of her uncle, whom I suppose to be 
that Mr. Johnson I remember to have heard spoken of in our family. 
She afterwards was married to one* Sir Hardoff Westneys or some such 
name. It is probable Sir Hardoff and his lady are both dead, as it 
must be near forty years since* they were married." In Burke's "Extinct 
and Dormant Baronetage" it is stated that Sir Hardoff Wastneys married 
Judith, dau. and heir of Col. Richard Johnson of Bilsby in the county 
of Lincoln, but died 17 December, 1742 when the Baronetcy expired. He 
was son of Sir Samuel Wastneys who married Catharine Sandys, great 
granddan.of Edwin Sandys, Archbishop of York. Sir Edmund was a 
nephew of Sir Hardolph Wastneys, of Co- Nottingham who married Anne, 
niece of Sir Henry Chicheley, governor of Virginia from 1678 to 1680. 

lOO William and Mary Quarterly 

Council for the Importation of Salt from Lisbon &c. And M^ 
Edward Randolph was also Proposed who is now in Virginia. 
The Votes were for M"". Randolph by a small Majority; but 
it was a sudden thing, and had the Matter taken its natural 
Course, without being diverted by Art, I dare believe your 
Countrymen would have done Justice to your Merit, the Vote 
was thrown out by the Council, and the Governor was de-sir'd 
to take the Petition under his Particular Care; So there is no 

If we are to have the pleasure of seeing you in your Native 
Country, I wish you all sorts of Prosperities at your return; 
if not, I hope they will attend you where you are. I am 
determined to pass my life in Virginia, tho' I design to make 
a Visit to England when the War is ended to settle some 
Affairs, if I can have leave to execute my place by a 
Deputy in the meantime. Gratitude, Inclination, and Interest 
all oblige me so strongly to your Family, that I should be the 
most blameable Man living not to shew myself sensible of it 
in every proper Instance: And particularly I shall rejoyce in 
your Good Successes and in every Occasion of testifying how 
truly I am 

Your most Affectionate & most Obedient humble Servant 

R. C. 
P. S. — M'". Athawes has a Transcript of the Act. 

Some Extracts from Northumberland County Records. 
The IViccocoinico Indians. 
M"" Jam: Gaylard having surveyed 4400 Acres of Land for 
ye Wickocomico Indians It is ordered yt ye Indians of W^ick- 
ocomico Town pay ye said M"" Gayland for his paines therein 
2000 lb Tob° & caske als exec. And it is ordered yt M"" James 
Gaylard bring in a drawing of ye said Land to ye next 00"^^ 
20 Au. 1669. 

Denizatiofi of John Coiitanceait. 
Wm Presley maketh oath that about four or five years since 
John Coutanceau desired him to move the rVssembly for a con- 

William and Mary Quarterly loi 

firmation^of a paper granting denizations to his father Jacob 
Coutanceau by King James. But it was the opinion of the As- 
sembly that, it was better than anything they could give. The 
paper left with Mr. Francis Kirkman, but he had not yet 
received it. 8ber 1669. 

Early Courts. 

Sept. 20, 1652. Present Coll: John Mottrom, Lt Coll: George 
fTletcher, M^ Tho : Speke, M-- John Trussell, M-" Wm Pressley, 
M"" John Hollowes, M"" Walter Brodhurst, M'' Sam, 
M*" Nicho Morris com(mi5sioners). 

John Dennis to have the admin of the Estate of John Dennis 

Andrew Munroe granted a certificate for land. 

Nov. 25, 1652. Present M'" Tho Speke. M'" John Trussell, 
M*- Wm Presley I\P Nath Pope, Major Tho: Baldridge M*" 
Walter Brodhurst, M"" Sam. Smith, M"" Nich: Morris (com(mis- 

Various persons given 100 pds of tobacco for killing a wolfe. 

Persons warned against furnishing guns, powder and shot 
to Indians, under penalty of the Act of Assembly. 

The Stisquehana War. 
Northumberland County: An Account of Charges and dis- 
bursements in ye said County for the Susquehannaugh Warr, 
Sept. 1675. 
2160 Imp""'" i4,Barreils 32 Bushells of Indian Corne at 

50 11 per Bar 3600 

6000 To 12 Steares of 7 and 8 years old 700 S400 

0500 To 10 Bushels of Wheat at 0500 

0520 To 13 Bushells of Salt at 40d 0520 

0600 300-^ of Shott at 0900 

1200 12"^ of powder 12 1440 

2000 3 Boats 2 months, ye Riging & Sailes lost & Boats 

spoyled 2400 

0122 I Iron pott & potthooks 244 

450 75 Fish hhds for ye meale & water caske 0750 

102 William and Mary Quarterly 

20 200 lod Nailes & 100 of 46. Nailes , . 0020 

1200 I greate sloop to carry the men up 200 

300 I small Boate 2 monthes 0550 

36 3 Axes at 16 0048 

36 6 trayes 0036 

70 7 Ells of Canvass Baggs 0070 

5000 20 soldiers 2 monthes 

1200 Capt John Haynie their comand^ 

7605 61 soldiers i monthe 

600 John Graham Lent. . . j 

250 Dennis Carty Ensigne j 

500 John Hudnall & Wm Jolland Sergeants. j 

200 AP Philip Shapleigh to pilott up the sloop one month. j 


Ball-Mottrom. 1 

Joseph Ball & IMary his wife, daughter of Spencer Mottrom, = 

Gent, petitioned the Court agst Peter Hack and Peter Coutan- | 

ceau. exors of his will. 16 March, 1700-01. j 

Spencer Mottrom's Widow. | 

Whereas Peter Hack, Peter Coutanceau & Rodham Kenner 
Gent. Executors of Capt. Spencer Mottrom deced brought suit 
against William Howson, Gent., as marrying Sarah his widow. 
19 June, 1700. 

Spencer Mottrom's Bond. 
Bond of Joseph Ball, Richard Ball and George Ball to be 
guardian of Spencer Mottrom, son of Spencer Mottrom deceased. 
June 9, 1712. 

A Race in Northumberland County. 
At a Court held for North^ County ; the i8th day of May 
An° 1705 p^'sent Coll Geo. Cooper, Coll. Rodham Kenner, Coll. 
Peter Hack, Capt. Chr: Neale, M^ Peter Coutanceau, Capt. 
Maurice Jones Justices. 

William and Mary Quarterly 103 

Thomas Pinkarcl was attached to answer Joseph Humphreys 
in a plea ot the case and whereupon the plaintiff sheweth that 
on or about the sixteenth day of October An° 1703 on the 
race grounds called ffaire ffeils Race in S^ Stephens Parish 
in this County the said Pinkard challenged to run a horse in 
& belonging to the lower part in Lancaster County with any 
horse in this County except ^laj"" Kenner's horse and thereupon 
the pi* accepted the said challenge and the said Pinkard & the pit 
mutually consented that some horse of Lancaster County, & 
some horse of this County to be procured by the 'pit should Run 
at Scotland Race ground in this County the last Thursday in 
the month of October for Ten pounds & the said Pinkard to 
allow twenty shillings to the pit for coming to the said Scot- 
land race ground & it was agreed and consented to by both par- 
ties that the horse intended to run should be upon the ground 
aforesaid (whether faire or fowle weather) by twelve of the 
clock on the said last Thursday in October and if either pty 
should ffail to meet with the horses intended to Run on the 
Said Day perfixed by twelve of the clock as aforesaid the party 
^failing should Loose the Wager and the said pit further sheweth 
that according to his agreement he came to the said Race ground 
called Scotland with the horse intended to Run agst the Lan- 
caster horse and was therewith the sd Horse p'^cisely at twelve 
of the clock on the said fixed day and then stayed some hours, 
but the sd Thomas Pinkard did not meet the Pit nor bring nor 
send the horse intended to Run with this County horse to the 
said Race place & whereupon the pit caused the horse (in- 
tended as aforesaid to Run with the Lancaster horse) to be 
Rid over the Race ground and departed home whereupon 
the pit further sheweth that the said Thomas Pinkard 
by his said failure hath fforfeited to the pit the sum of ten 
pounds & twenty shillings in all eleven pounds &c. the plaintiff 
prays judgment (Judgment granted and an appeal allowed be- 
fore his Excellency the Gov"" and Hono^'^ the Counsell on the 
6th day of the next General Court.) 

I04 William and Mary Qcarterly 

A member of the Carnegie Family. 
Upon ye mocon of Coll: Joseph Ball, admr. of John Car- 
negie-gentleman deceased, Mr. John Claughton, Coll. Richard 
Hewes, Capt. ttrancis Kenner, Mr. John Opie & Mr. David 
Straiiglian any ffour of them are by the Court appointed to meet 
sometime before the ninth day of August next and being first 
sworn by the next Justice appraise the said Deed's Estate & 
ordered that the said Coll Ball admr. exhibit an inventory & 
appraisement thereof to the then ninth Court upon his oath. 
15 June 1709. , 

Will of the Grandmother of George Washington. 

In the name of God Amen the Seventeenth Day December 
in the year of our Lord God one thousand seven hundred & 
twenty, I Mary Hewes of St. Stephens Parish in Northumber- 
land County Widdow being Sick and Weak in body but Sound 
and perfect memory thanks be to Almighty God for the Same 
and Calling to Mind the uncertain state of this transitory life 
and that all flesh must yield unto Death when it shall please God 
to call Do make and Ordain this my last will and Testament 
first I ^ive and bequeath my soul that gave it me and my body 
to the Earth to be hurried in Decent Christian burial at the 
discretion of my executors in these presents nominated and as 
touching such worldly estate which it hath pleased God to be- 
stow upon me I give devise and dispose of in the following 
manner and forme. Imprimis I give and devise unto my 
daughter Mary Ball one young likely negro woman to be pur- 
chased for her out of my Estate by my Executors and to be de- 
livered unto her the said Mary Ball att the age of Eighteen 
years but my will is that if the said Mary Ball should dye 
without Issue lawfully begotten of her body that the said Negroe 
woman with her Increase shall return of my loving son John 
Johnson to him his heirs and assigns forever. 

Item, I give and bequeath unto my said Daughter Mary 
Ball two gold rings the one being a large Hoop and the other 
a stoned Ring. 

William and Mary Quarterly 105 

Item, I give unto my said Daughter Mary Ball one young 
mare and her increase which said mare I formerly gave her by 
word of Mouth, 

Item, I give and bequeath unto my said Daughter Mary 
Ball sufficient furniture for the bed her father Joseph Ball left 
her (viz) One Suit of good Curtains and Vallens, one Rugg 
One Quilt, one pair Blankets. 

Item, I give and bequeath unto my said Daughter Mary Ball 
two Diaper Table cloths marked M. B. with Inck and one Dozen 
of Diaper Napkins two towells six plates two peuter Dishes 
two basons one large Iron pott one frying pan one old trunk. 

Item, I give and bequeath u^nto my Said Daughter Mary 
Ball one good young raceing horse together with a good silk 
plush Side Saddle to be purchased by my executor out of my 

Item, I give and bequeath unto my Daughter Elizabeth Bonam 
one suit of White and black callicoe being part of my own wear- 
ing apparel. 

Item, all the rest of my wearing apparel I give and bequeath 
unto my said Daughter Mary Ball and I do hereby appoint 
her be under Tutiledge and government of Capt George Eskridge 
during her minority. 

Item, my w^ill is and I do hereby oblige my Executors to 
pay to the proprietor or his agent for the securing of my said 
Daughter ]Mary Ball her land twelve pounds if so much due. 

Item, all the rest of my estate real and personal whatsoever 
and wheresoever I give and Devise unto my Son John Johnson 
and to his heirs lawfully to be begotten of his body and for de- 
fault of such Issue I devise the same unto Mary Ball and her 
heirs lawfully to be begotten of her body and for default of such 
issue I give and Devise the said Estate unto my Daughter 
Elizabeth Bonam her heirs and assigns forever. 

Item, I do hereby appoint my said son John Johnson and 
my trusty and well beloved Friend George Eskridge Executors 
of this my last will and Testament and also revoke and Disannul 
all other former wills or Testaments by me heretofore made or 

io6 William and Mary Quarterly 

caused to be made either by word or writing ratifying and 
confirming this to be my last will and testament and no other 
in witness whereof I have hereunto sett my hand and scale the 
Day and Date first above written. 

The mark and seal of Mary III Hewes seal. 
Signed Sealed Published 
and Declared by Alary 
Hewes to be her last will 
and Testament in presence 
of us — 

the mark of Robt (X) Bradley 
the mark of Ralph R Smithurst 
D''.vid Straughan. 


Att a Court held for Lancaster County, the 14th day of 
November Anno Dom : 17 16. 

Capt Henry ffleett M"" Thomas Carter 

M*" John Turberville Richard Chichester Esq'' Justices 

Major William Ball. Capt. George Heale 

Mr Thomas Lee 

The County of Lancaster being indebted the sum of six 
thousand pounds of tobacco do order that a levy of five pounds 
and three quarters of a pound of tobacco by the poll be collected 
by Capt Richard Ball SheriiT of this County oflf and from every 
tithable person in this County and that he pay the same to 
the severall Creditors hereafter named, viz 

To the Hon'"ble Robert Carter Esq. for keeping the ferry 1400 
To ]Mr>. PJarbara Tayloe 1000 

To Wm Dare att'ny for the King looo 

To "Mrs Martha Howard for water, candles, and cleaning 

the Court House 800 

To the Sheriff for extraordinary service 500 

To Mr John Turber\ille for Coroners Enquiry 133 

William and Mary Quarterly 


To M"" Thomas Lee for one levy last year 36 

To ditto for one in Anno 1714 31 

To the Sheriff for 3 days attendance in each parish 200 

^ day 1200 

F' Contra Cr. 
By 1065 Tithables at 5^ ^ poll is 


Christ Church List of Tithables 

Mr. Rowland Lawson's List 

Robert Scholfield i 
John Hutchins 3 
Cap: Hen ffleet 8 
Jn° Smalhvood 2 
M'- Tho Lee 8 
Charles Kelly 3 
Wm Moore 2 
John Sage 2 
Christop"" Kirk Jr . 
Thos Kirk 2 
Tho Hubert 2 
Lilia King 3 
Elias Edmunds 6 

Tho Carter 2 
Rob*^ Carter Esq. 
Wm Nash 4 
Tho Mason 
At. Edw. Angell i 
Tho Percivall 3 
William Lawrence 
Jos. Gregory 2 
Henry Shelton 4 
Wm Oliver 3 
Rob* Kirk I 
Mch' George 3 
M^ Pasquet i 

M"" John Grayson's List 

John Johnson, 3 

Geo ffluven 5 

M' Hugh Brent, deced 6 

Jn° Wolfe I 

Jn° Hudnall 2 

Jn° Grayson 3 

Wm. Dymer 5 

Patrick Conelly 3 

Rob^ Horton i 
Jn° Ackershaw i 
Hugh Brent 3 
Rand McDough i 
Jn° Claker 6 
Ro' Bristow, Esq. 
Tho Yerby 6 
Toby Horton i 




William and Mary Quarterly 

Grills Ackerman 2 Rob^ Dennis i 

Dennis Conner i Tim Mahoan 2 

Uriah Gorton i Edw'^ Jackson 2 
Tn° Gibson 3 

Totall of this List is 74. 
Totall of Tithables in Christ Church Parish is 569. 

Saint Maryes White Chappell Parish 

List of Tithables. 

Capt Richard Ball's List 

Charles Ewell 7 
Hen Stoneham i 
Wm Dodson 3 
Jn° Aiderton 3 
Theoph Morgan i 
George tfinch 2 
John Moll 5 
Darby Dunaway 1 
Dan" Bryan I 
John Crosted i 
Wm Pittman 3 
Jno Reeves 2 
Wm Dodson 3 
John Wilkinson 3 
Wm Bertrand 6 
Tho Carpenter 4 
Edw"^ Jones i 
Peter Revier i 
Geo. Downton 2 
Wm t?rizell 2 
Wm Robertson 2 
Wm Delaney I 
Darby Callahan i 
Jno Callahan i 
James Stott 2 

Wm Bell 2 
Hen itleet jr. 4 
Jn° Cox 2 
Jn" Stanno i 
Chas. Christy jr I 
Charles Kelly Jr i 
George Home i 
Edw^ }vlager 3 
Wm Brush 2 
Tho Davis 2 
Tho Xutall 2 
Alt. Butler i 
Wm. ^lartin 5 
Isaac Currell 5 
Jn° Killgore i 
M"" Jn° Turberv-ile 10 
Rowland Cornelius i 
Dan" ^PRey 2 
Gawin More, r 
James Plummer 2 
Jn"^ Hewes 2 
Jn° Hart 2 
Murto W^ood i 
Jn° Bell Clerk 4 
Walter Heard ^ 

William and Mary Quarterly 


Wm Wood 2 
Wm Norris 2 ^ 
Charles Taylor 2 
William itieet 2 
Henry Head 3 
Symon Hickerson 2 
John Nicholls 2 
Henry Lawson 7 
Rod Gibson 6 
Jon Cox on y^ hills i 
John Swan 9 
Wm Norton i 
The Heanaugc i 
George Henry i 
Thomas Thompson 2 
Hugh Kelly i 
Rob^ Angell i 
Walter Heard 5 


Doc^"" Attkins Ouartev 3 
Epaph : Lawson 7 
Patrick Mahone ,i 
Edw*^ Gibson 11 
ffort: Sydnor 2 
Nic^ Martin 2 
Francis Hattaway 3 
John Hawkins jun"" i 
M'^ Mary Harwood 5 
James Garton i 
W^m Brent 3 
Rowld Lawson 8 
W^alter James 2 
Tho Purcell 4 
Ri. Chichester Esq 5 
Wm Thompson i 
Leonard Knight i 

of this List 201. 

Mr Tho Carters List 

Jn° Pinkard 4 
Henry Carter 3 
Sam^^ Davis i 
Eliz George 2 
Rich^ Wallace i 
Rich'^ Porter 2 
Hen Boatman 5 
Wm Doggett 2 
Ralph Briggs 2 
Frank Wright I 
EK Rawson 2 
Jn° Lewis i 
Jn° Taylor i 
ffrancis Edward 3 
Jos. Tayloe 6 
Tho Pinton 2 

Rich^ Doggett 2 
Edw"^ Carter 2 
Jn° Mullis 2 
Thomas White i 
Jno Davis i 
Rich"^ Stevens 10 
Edw'^ Mekin i 
Jn° Wright i ♦ 
James Gene i 
James Burn i 
Gabriel Thatcher I 
Walter Pasquet I 
Benj : Doggett sen'" 4 
Jn'' Kirk 2 
Tho Chat win 2 
Rich'* Cotton i 


William and Mary Quarterly 

Elenor George sen 3 
Benj* George 2 
Stephen Chilton 3 
Edwin Conway 13 
Murto Noland i 
Richard Curtis i 
Benj. Doggeli jun*" 2 
Wm. Meredith 2 
Mch" Tarkleson i 
Dumasery Pasquet I 
Jn° ffindley 
Jn° Boatman 2 
EHz Parquet 6 
Christoph'' Kirk 4 
Peter Wood 2 

James Mitchell i 
Natt Carpenter i 
Coll Corbin 19 
Wm Chilton i 
ffran ffrizell 4 
Tho Sherer i 
Giles Robertson 2 
Robert Miller i 
Jno° Sampson 2 
David fflint i 
Pet Ja Bailey i 
Edw^ Talbord i 
Rich"* Wooding 2 
Rich** Ball 12 

Totall of this List is 114. 

Capt George Heales List of Tithables 

John Roach 2 

Nich^ Butler 2 

Hugh rerry i 

James Whaley 4 

Abra. Dale 2 

John Heale 6 

Ed Tomlin 2 

Jos Brosier 3 

Bryan Puller 2 

Peter Miller 2 

Jn° Miller 3 

Jn° Voss 2 

Tho Thornton 2 

Wm Philips 2 

Wm Jacobs i 

Wm Clarkson 2 

Jn° Morris i 

Rich^ Davis 2 

Patrick Marks i 

Att Coll Carter's Quarter 6 

John Pollard 3 

Mich" Gill I 

Hen: Newby 2 

Widdow Rogers 5 

Wm Samon i 

Wm Matthews 2 

Bricum Phillips 2 

William Miller 2 

Angus Alexand'' 2 

Roger McCarrell i 

Jn° Bailey 2 

Laz. Conway 6 

Rich** Welch 2 

George Lovett i 

Sam" Bromley i 

Rawl : Chinn 12 

William and Mary Quarterly 


David Jones 4 
John Davis 2 
James Ball 11 
Jos. Ball 14 
William Heale 3 
Oswald Whaley 2 
Wm Coates 2 
Jn** Taylor 3 
James Robertson i 
Richd Cooper i 
Jn*' Stott I 
Wm Mitchell 2 
Tho Wherton 2 
John Doggin i 

Arch Robinson 2 
Jos : Neale 6 
Wm Rogers 4 
James Strachan 2 
John Brown i 
Wm ffox 25 
Bryan Stott i 
Robt Mitchell 2 
Jn° Willcox 3 
Jn° Steward i 
John Jones i 
Mad"" ffox 23 
Wm More i 
George Heale 8 

Totall of this List is 228. 


Rich^ fflint 4 
M'-^ Catlett 4 
Noah Rogers 2 
Tho: Lyne 2 
Robert Neesome i 
Wm Ladner 4 
John Grice i 
George Chewning 3 
Wm Hewitt i 
Att Wid° Chilton i 
John Pynes 4 
Walter Armes 3 
Josiah Mnssell i 
James Bry-an i 
Peter Carter 3 
Raw Downman 4 
Dan" Burn i 
Geo. Light 2 
Pat McCarrv i 

' William Balls List of Tithables 

W"^ Chilton I 
Rich'* Price i 
Edw^ Harris 2 
Widd. Davenport 2 
W™ Cornelius 2 
Thomas Sharpe 2 
Tho Cluttwood I 
W"^ Dare 4 
Arthur Clark i 
W™ Lewis I 
Darby Bryan i 
Jn° Cornelius i 
Mino. Brady 1 
Att Rob: Hopkins i 
W"^ Payne 9 
John Marshall 3 
Mathias Rose i 
Tho: Harwood i 
Dan" Gaines i 

112 William and Mary Quarterly 

James Campbell junr 2 Hen: Johnson i 

Tho: Merryman 4 W™ Wallis i 

Jn° Holland i Tho Marshall 2 

Jn^ ffarmer i R. Chichester 7 

James Quick i George Wale 5 

Owen Kelly 2 Jos. Carter L 

Cha. Mills i Jn° Lowry 4 

Jn° Barber i Jn° Brown 2 

Hen Towles 3 John Holder i 

James Campbell 3 Tho: Ward i 

Charles Pasquet i Thos New's Quarter 5 

Wm fford i Pat Smith i 

Christo Stevens i W^m Ball 22 

Totall of this List is 154. 

Totall of Tithables in St. Mar}''3 White Chapel Parish is 496. 


As working genealogists have frequently found, — to their 
chagrin often, — the ''Visitation Pedigrees" of the XVH century 
Heralds ''are not what they seem," and "implicit confidence" 
cannot be placed in them. As an instance of this, note the fol- 
lowing item. 

The Throckmorton "pedigree" in the "Visitation" of Hunt- 
higdonshire, (Camden Society Publications), written in 1613, 
and reproduced in this magazine, in Vol. 11 1, p. 46, errs in 
its earliest part, that is in the statement, (q.z\), that "Robert 
Throckmorton, son and heir of Thomas Throckniiorton, of 
Coughton, in Waruickshire," had by his wife, born "3.Iarowe," 
a son named "Richard," who, the Herald records, resided in High- 
ham Ferrars, Xorthants, and was sometime seneschal, or stew^ard, 
of Lancashire, and was brother to "Sir George Throckmorton," 
whose wife was Catherine, "da to the Lo Vaulx," and also 
brother to "Doctor Throckmorton 3 filius." That is. said Robert 
Throckmorton of Coughton. had three sons, named George, the 
heir, Richard, the steward, and the Doctor, as third son. 

William and Mary Quarterly 113 

By referring to Vol. 11., p. 243, of this magazine, you may 
learn, by an extract from Kimber's ''Baronetage," that the afore- 
said Robert Throckmorton was a man of prominence in his day, 
and was made a Knight of the Bath, about or before 1502, and 
died in a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, on which he started in 
1519, "having settled his estate." 

This extract from Kimber's work tells that this Sir Robert. 
K. B. had two wives and that his issue by the first was an only 
daughter, and by the second, who was "Catherine, daughter of 
Sir William Marrow, Kt.", (so identifying him with the Robert 
of the said Visitation Pedigree), he had four sons, namely, 
Sir George his heir, Anthony, slain at Pavia, Michael^ died in 
1553, and Richard, the fourth son "of Hingham Ferrers," men- 
tioned above. And of the daughters, seven of them, he names 
them Mary, wife of Thomas Burdet , Elizabeth, Catherine, 
Ursula, Bridget, Alice, and Margaret. And these were the 
names of the eleven children Sir Robert Throckmorton, K. B. 
There is considerable told about Sir Robert in Kimber, and 
that "he married Catherine, daughter of Nicholas, Lord Vaux." 

This "Herald's Pedigree" it appears was made in 161 3 by 
Robert Throckmorton, of Ellington, Hunts. He gave his 
father, and grandfather, Gabriel and Ricnard,' -^nd some col- 
lateral kin, and either he or the Herald recorded that said 
"Richard" was a son of Robert, the Knight of the Bath. From 
what here follow^s, we can imagine that Robert, of Ellington, 
himself a grandfather in 161 3, knew who his granfather was, 
namely Richard, of Higham Ferrars, but only made a guess at 
the parentage of said Richard, and succeeded, if that was his 
desire, in throwing considerable genealogical dust in our eyes, 
and causing his descendants in the present generation to adopt 
"a long line of unbroken ancestry," vide fo. 241, etc. lib, 11, 
"W^illiam and Mary College Quarterly." 

But the will of Sir Robert Throckmorton, K. B., of Coughton, 
Warwickshire, proved 9 Nov. 1520, after his death in the Holy 
Land, flatly contradicts all these claims. For instance, in the 
first place, he does not mention a son named "Richard," he of 
Hingham Ferrars and he says that "John," not "Sir George" 

114 William and Mary Quarterly 

was the name of his heir. That is, "To my son and heir John 

Throckmorton, married to the daughter of Sir Nicholas Vaux, 

my manor of Coughton." And, in this connection, it may be 

observed that the quoted Herald's "pedigree" says "Sir George" 

married "da to the Lo Vaulx." Further, the K. B. devised 

"To my youngest son Michael Throckmorton, my manor of 

Towsland, in Huntingdonshire." The Herald's "pedigree," or 

Robert of Ellington, did not record a son by this name to the 

K. B., but Kimber does. And "to my son Anthony Throck- 

I morton," etc., also mentioned by Kimber, but not by Robert, 

t 1613. As to his daughters, the testator "remembers" them as 

I "my daughters ^lary Burdet, Margaret, Joyce, Alice, Ursula. 

i and Anne Throckmorton." Kimber's list almost corresponds 

i to this. He also mentions his deceased wife, Elizabeth, the 

mother of Ursula. The "Doctor Throckmorton,'' placed as 

third son of the K. B. was William Throckmorton, LL. D., his 


Therefore, the deduction is. the known pedigree of the 
Throckmorton family of Virginia, begins w4th "Richardus 
Throckmorton de Hingham Ferrars, in Com. Northampt., Scnes- 
callus Ducattas Lancastriae,'' circa 1550, and the connection 
between the Throckmortons in question, of Huntingdonshire 
and W^arwickshire, is yet to be established. Of course it can 
be claimed that because Sir Robert, the K. B., did not men- 
tion "Richardus" in his will, is not conclusive proof he had no 
son by this name. But, to be so accepted, the claim would have 
to be well established, and the Herald's "pedigree" of 161 3 would 
be no help for the reasons above mentioned. 

Charles H. Browning. 
Ardmore, Pa. 

: ^ .. I'^a^lA' -pi ■- -v»\<i. vu*^^* ^^^f-/-^ ^:^*^ )t^y. /7/^- /a/>>;c/./: 

William and Mary Quarterly 115 


By Re\'. Arnold Harris Hord. 

(Continued from page 43.) 

Fifth Generation. 

22. Thomas-* Triplett (Francis^, Thomas^, Francis^) was 
a soldier in the French and Indian War. "Thomas Triplett, 
trooper,", of Fairfax County, 1756, is mentioned in "Virginia 
Colonial Militia" page 59 by Crozier. In Spottsylvania County 
records a povv-er of attorney is granted by "'Jo^^ Davies to 
Thomas Triplett of Fairfax County, Gentleman, March 24th, 
1767." Thomas Triplett was a witness to a Deed signed by 
General Washington and other vestrymen of Tniro Parish (See 
Bishop. Meade's "Old Churcheo and Families of \'irginia" Vol. 
II. page 226, 485). He was a vestryman of Old Christ Church. 
Alexandria, Va. He was a member of the Committee of Safety 
in Fairfax County, 1774, July i8th, "Virginia Magazine" 
Vol. XVIII. page 169. General Washington presided at the 
Meeting at which this Committee was chosen. 

There is an Inventory of Thomas Triplett in the Clerk's 
Office of Fairfax County, dated Oct. 24th, 1780, which was prob- 
ably his Inventory. The Will of his father. Francis Triplett, 
states that Thomas had two children: 

(46.) Betty Anne Triplett. 

(47.) Thomas Triplett. 

23. William* Triplett (Francis'*^, Thomas^, Francis^ ) was a 
resident of Truro Parish, Fairfax County. He was a Vestry- 
man of Trurp Parish, 1776-85; Church Warden 1777-1778 and 
was one of the original pew holders of old Pohick Church 
("History of Truro Parish" by Slaughter and Goodwin, pages 
122, 118, 119). He was a friend of General George Washington 
and "Mr. Triplett and family" were among the friends especially 
invited to the funeral of the General by Mrs. Washington (See 
Spark's "Life of Washington" appendix). He reconstructed 
from the old house at Mt. Vernon the mansion that is still 
standing ("Letters to Washington edited by Hamilton. Vol 2, 

ii6 William and Mary Quarterly 

page 587; Vol. 3, page 3, 28, 75, 76, loi). He married 
Sarah, daughter of Dade jMassey. She was a descendant of Col. 
Gerald Fowke and other well known Virginia families. (Hay- 
den's ''Virginia Genealogies" page 157). In Fairfax County 
there is the Will of William Triplett, dated Dec. 3rd, 1802. 
and proved Feb. 20th. 1803. It is probably the Will of this 
William Triplett. The Will mentions the following children: 

(48.) George Triplett. There is an Inventory of George 
Triplett in the Clerk's Office, Fairfax County, dated 1825. 

(49.) Thomas Triplett. 

(50.) Penelope Triplett married Jamerson. 

(51,) Lucy Triplett married Brooke. 

2y. Francis^ Triplett (Francis*^, Thomas^, Francis^) is men- 
tioned as one of the sons of Francis (7) Triplett of Truro 
Parish, in the Will of the latter proved Nov. 22, 1758. He 
was a resident of Prince William County until Fauquier County 
was taken from it. In the Journal of the House of Burgesses 
April 28, 29, 175 1, is the following: '"Petition of Francis Trip- 
lett setting forth that he entered the Prince William ^Militia 
as a Volunteer sent out last June for the protection of the 
frontier where in a skirmish with the enemy, he received a most 
dangerous wound in the right arm, for the cure of w4iich he 
was at considerable expense. Praying consideration of the House 
Resolution; passed: Francis Triplett allowed 55 pounds." He 
was in the Regiment of Colonel George Washington in 1755 
and 1756 (See "Letters to Washington" Vol. i, pages 114, 340, 
edited by Hamilton). He was also a recruiting officer at 
Alexandria, \^a., Oct. iSth', 1755. On April loth, 1765, he 
deeds cattle, etc., to James Triplett (Prince William County 
records). After Fauquier County was taken out of Prince Wil- 
liam County, he was a resident of Fauquier County. The fol- 
lowing references to him are in the records of Fauquier County : 

March 1763 Francis Triplett is engaged in a suit against 
Moses John (Minute Bk 1763-4, page 61) and he was en- 
gaged in many suits subsequently'. He is frequently described 
as "Francis Triplett, Gentleman" Minute Bk 17S1-4 pages 
3:^, 38). 

/rUli^'i^ fp'^'V-^-i-cO [liZ^aJu'^ ii'h±x.^ 

-i]%^nn:^p^ 4iniM^ c^^^^ 




IJ -iuk. C-'fi^J^ cll-u^ 

f^Hy. lA^CUi /^ 1"^^^ y ^-^" " /, 







William and Mary Quarterly 117 J 

March Court 1778 "Francis Triplett, Gentleman" is sworn 
as "Francis Triplett, Gentleman" Minute Bk 1781-4, pages 
Bk 1773 — 80 pages 309-341). He was appointed Captain of 
Militia and ^served during the Revolutionary War. taking the ; 

oath of allegiance Sept. 28, 1778 (Minute Bk IS73 — So, page ^ 

341). He was also a Vestryman of Leeds Parish, Fauquier 
County (Minute Bk 1788 — 91, page 197). He or his cousin Col. 
Simon Triplett of Loudon County may have been the officer 
referred to in the following extract from a letter from General 
Daniel Morgan to Col. Taverner Beale : "I hav^ appointed Col. ; 

Triplett to raise a Brigade below the Ridge in Fauquier and 
Loudon" (Pennsylvania ^.lagazine \^ol. I, page 488). The 
Will of Francis Triplett dated Sept. 24th, 1794, was proved ^ 

"in Fauquier County, Jan. 26th, 1795, In this Will he leaves : 

37,000 acres of the best land in Kentucky to his children. He 
mentions in his Will his wife Benedite. Her name before her ; 

marriage was Benedicta Sennett and she was the daughter of 
Robert Sennett of Charles County. Maryland. There is a deed 
recorded in Charles County, ^id. from Robert Sennett of that . 

County to his daughter Benedicta and her husband Francis ^ 

Triplett, the date of the Deed being March 17th, 1758. Robert | 

Sennett or Sinnett was no doubt a son or grandson of Garrett | 

Sennett whose name occurs in Deeds in Charles County in | 


1676 -and 1696. The Will of Robert Sennett was dated Jan. I 

1st, 1767, and he mentions son Robert and also William Trip- | 

lett, who was no doubt, William Triplett eldest son of Benedicta I 

Triplett. In Prince William County there is recorded a Deed | 

from ''Robert Sehnett, Jr.. of Charles County, Md., to Elizabeth f 

Triplett, my nie'ce, daughter of Francis and Benedicta his wife" ^ 

dated June ist, 1775. giving her a slave (Deed Bk T. page 134V ■ 
Francis Triplett left the following children mentioned in hi^ 

(52.) William Triplett. ' \ 

(53.) Hedgman Triplett. j 

(54.) Robert Triplett. | 

(55.) Elizabeth Hedgman Triplett. I 

(56.) Benedite Triplett. I 

ii8 William and Mary Quarterly 

(57.) Ann Triplett. 

(58.) Frances Emelia Triplett. 

28. Margaret^ Triplett (Francis^ Thomas^ Francis^) mar- 
ried William (f) Boylston. William Boylston was one of the 
witnessess of her father's Will. According to her father's Will 
she had one child. 

(59). Frances Boylston. 

32. SiMON^ Triplett (Francis^, William^, Francis^) moved 
to Loudoun County. He was Captain of Militia Aug. 30, 1776-7 
(See ''Council Journal" under this dajte). He may have been 
the "Major Triplett" mentioned in Gen. Daniel Morgan's Of- 
ficial Report of the Battle of Cowpens, S. C. in 1781. He was 
an intimate friend of General Washington and the letters be- 
tween them have been published, I am informed, in a Vir- 
ginia newspaper. The following extract from a letter from 
Genl. Daniel Morgan to Col. Taverner Beale of Virginia, may 
refer to him: ''Winchester 7th, June 1781, Col. Triplett. I 
have been appointed to raise a Brigade below the Ridge in 
Fauquier and Loudon'' (Pennsylania ^lagazine Vol. 21. page 
488). He was a Vestryman of Shelburne Parish, London 
County, 1776-1806 and is called "Colonel Symon Triplett'" in 
the V^estry Book (Bishop Meade's "Old Churches and Families 
of Virginia" Vol. 11 page 276). He w^as probably named from 
his father's grandfather, Captain Symon Miller of old Rappa- 
hannock County. It is said that he fitted out a Company at his 
own expense in the Revolutionary War. It is known that he 
left one son : 

(60.) Doctor William Harrison Triplett. 

36.'Daniel4 Triplett (Francis^, William^, Francis^) was 
born May 8th, 1753, married at Falmouth, Stafford County, 
Va. Elizabeth Richards daughter of John Richards and grand- 
daughter of William Brice Richards who came from Drysdale, 
England. There is recorded in Stafford ' County, a Deed from 
"Daniel Triplett and Elizabeth his wife of Falmouth, July ist, 
1780, the land sold h.r.ving been given to Elizabeth by her father 
John Richards." There is another Deed in Stafford Court, 
from "Charles Carter and wife of Shirley, Charles City County, 

William and Mary Quarterly 119 

Va. to Daniel Triplet!, ^lerchant." Daniel Triplett was one 
of the "Gentlemen Justices" of Stafford County, September 
1791. He died May 1818 and his wife Sept. 24th, 1826, in 
Norfolk, Va. John Richards, father of Mrs. Triplett was born 
in England 1734 and married Susannah Coleman Jan. ist, 1754. 
John Richards died Sept. 13, 1785. The descendants of John 
Richards now bear the names of Peyton, Barton, Botts, Green, 
etc. Daniel Triplett left childen: 

(61.) John Richards Triplett. 

(62.) Robert Triplett. 

(63.) Philip Triplett. 

(64.) Harriet Triplett. 

(65.) Elizabeth Triplett married Mr. Roberts. 

(66.) Anne Triplett. 

45. John-* Triplett (William^, William^, Francis^) settled 
on an estate which his father gave him in Culpeper County. 
There is a Deed recorded in Culpeper County dated July 19th, 
I753» from John Triplett to his brother Thomas (41) Triplett 
in which it is stated that they were sons of William (11) Triplett 
who lived in Culpeper County and afterwards in Prince Wil- 
liam County. The late Judge George W. Triplett states in his 
notes, that he, (John Triplett) '*held a commission of Public 
Sur\'eyor under George III; that he married Miss Popham, 
daughter of George Popham, a descendant of Sir Francis Pop- 
ham, who settled a Colony in New England and also of Chief 
Justice Popham of England ; and that John Triplett served 
during a part of the Revolutionary War and was present at 
the siege of Yorktown with four sons.'' He probably died 
about 1790 as his Inventory in the Clerk's Office, Culpeper County 
is dated 1790. He left the following children: 

(67.) John Triplett was an officer in the Revolution and 
lived on his estate in Culpeper County until his death. There 
is a Deed in Culpeper County from "John Triplett, Jr." I777- 

(68.) William Triplett. 

(69.) Roger Triplett was a Lieutenant 2nd Virginia State 
Regiment 1778 ('s "Historical Register"). There is 
a Deed 1786 from him in Culpeper County. 

I20 William and Mary Quarterly 

(70.) Daniel Triplett was a soldier in the Revolution. He 
was probably ''Daniel Triplett, Sergeant" who received bounty 
lands (Land Office Bk i page 149). He lived after the War 
in Culpeper County. There is a Deed in which he is the grantee 
in 1780, and another in which he is the grantor 1794 — both in 
Culpeper. Some of his descendants live in Kenton Co. Ky. 

(71.) Hedgman Triplett. 

41. Thomas'* Triplett (William-^, William^, Francis^) was 
the grantee in a Deed from his brother John Triplett, July 27th, 
1753. He lived in Culpeper County and was an Ensign in 
Colonel Thomas Slaughter's Regiment 1756 (see a reference 
to him in the "Virginia Magazine" Vol. XVHI. page 63). He 

married Hannah and his Will was probated iu 

Culpeper County in 1778. He mentions in it wife Hannah 
and his children (Will Bk B. page 253). Hannah Trip- 
lett's Will was recorded 1781. Thomas Triplett received £150 
by the Will of "Peter Hedgman, Gentleman" proved in Staf- 
ford County, Aug. 12, 1765. Judge George W. Triplett says 
that the Triplett and Hedgman families were related. Their 
children were: 

(72.) George Triplett. He may have been the Lieutenant 
George Triplett, who received bounty land for services in the 
Revolution (Bk i page 39 — Land Office). He was grantor in 
a Deed in Culpeper County 1786. 

(73-) Peter Triplett was a soldier in the Revolution and 
received bounty lands (Book 2 page 724, Land Office). He 
was a pensioner and was living in 1841, aged 88. He served 
in the Virginia State Line ("Plistory of St. Mark's Culpeper.^' 
Part n. page 128). 

(74.) Thomas Triplett. 

"(75.) Milly Triplett. 

(76.) Gean Triplett. 

(77.) Frances Triplett. 

43. James^ Triplett (William^, William^, Francis^) is 
mentioned in the records of Prince William County in a Deed 
April 10, 1765, from Francis Triplett (27). There is a Deed 
from "James Triplett" of Prince William County to John Rid- 

William and Mary Quarterly I2I 

dell, conveying to the latter 423 acres of land, beauea^hccl >o 
James Triplett by his father, William Triplett (Deed Bk Q. p^ige 
377). James Triplett was living Aug. isc, 1782 (Deed Bk J. 
page 360 Prince Wm. records). Juries Triplett was buried 
on the estate of William Triplett, his father, on Quantico 
Creek, near the Potomac River in the family burial ground 
(See Deed Bk X. page 351). James Triplett received 150 by 
the Will of ''Peter Hedgman, Gentleman" proved in Stafford 
County, Aug. 12, 1765. Judge George W. Triplett states in 
his notes that the Triplett and Hedgman families are related 
In Deed Bk U. page 361, it is stated that James Triplett had 
a son : 

(78.) Nathaniel Hedgman Triplett. On Dec. 18, 1789, Na- 
thaniel Hedgman Triplett deeds to Wm. Carr 450 acres of land 
purchased by the grandfather of Nathaniel Hedgman Triplett 
from Mr. George Brent and by said Triplett devised to William 
Triplett, uncle of Nathaniel Hedgman Triplett. He reserves 
*'one and one-half acres where Nathaniel Hedgman Triplett's 
father and friends are buried.'' (Deed Bk X. page 351; Deed 
Bk U. page 360). He is styled ''gentleman" in the records of 
Prince William County. He was a Sergeant in the Revolu- 
tionary War (See Records of the Land Office, Richmond, Va. 
Book I, page 439. He received 400 acres of land for services 
in the War). 

Sixth Generation 

52. Willi am^ Triplett (Francis^, Francis^, Thomas2. Fran- 
cisi) was an officer in the Revolution. He was a legatee in the 
Will of his maternal grandfather, Robert Sennett of Maryland. 
Jan. 1st, 1767. Probably he was the William Triplett in Heit- 
mann's "History Register" who was in Grayson 's and Gists's 
Regiments, as it is known that he; served in the Revolution. He 
received bounty lands for ser\'ices as a "Captain" (Bk 2 pages 
312, 694 Land Office). In the deposition of his sister, Mrs. 
Ann (Triplett) Hord. in the Pension Office, Washington, D. 
C. she states that she was married "in Mason County, Ky. 

122 William and Mary Quarterly 

S-tpt. 15th, 1796, at the house of Captain William Triplett, Va.'' 
Thjs probably ix';e:^ns that he was living at the time of her mar- 
riage in Mason County. Ky., but went back subsequently to 
Virginia. There is a deviosition of William Triplett in Mason 
County, Ky. ]March 14th, 1797, stating that he visited Ken- 
tucky in 1776, again in 1780, 1783, 1784 and since that time, 
except for one year, has lived in Kentucky. He was„aj Trustee 
of the town of Lewi3burg, Ky. in 1796. In ''V'irginia Mar- 
riage Bonds" by Crozier, under Fauquier County "William 
Triplett and Elizabeth Moorehead" had their bonds published 
Dec. 12, 1785. This notice may refer to him. The Will of 
William Triplett was probated in Fauquier County, May 27th, 
1822 (dated June 19th 181 2, which was probably his Will as 
he and his family at one time resided in that Country. He be- 
queaths land in Fauquier County and 500 acres on the ''Great 
Canaway." He mentions the following children : 

(79.) William Triplett. 

(80.) John Triplett. 

(81.) Jimmy Triplett ''alias Catlett." 

(S2,) Helen Taylor. 

(83.) Caty Crump. 

('84.) Isabella Hense. 

(85.) Susannah Triplett. 

(86.) Sukey Catlett "alias Triplett." 
55. Elizabeth Hedgman^ Triplett ( Francis*, Francis3,Thom- 
as2 Francis^) married her cousin Captain Thomas Triplett (74) of 
Culpeper County. I have heard from her granddaughter Mrs. Re- 
becca (Triplett) Samuel that "one day when Elizabeth Triplett 
was standing near her father's gate looking down the road, 
she saw several officers returning from the War (Revolution). 
As they approached nearer, she recognized her father and 
bi others. They were bringing with them a stranger. The 
stranger was her cousin Captain Thomas Triplett whom she 
had never seen and who became her husband. Her father and 
husband met after the battle of Cowpen^." The names of their 
children will be given under Thomas Triplett (74). 

William and Mary Quarterly 123 

56. Bexedite^ or Benedictine^ Triplett (Francis^, Fran- 
cis'% Thomas^, Francis^) married her cousin Lawrence* Trip- 
lett. Their marriage bonds were published in Fauquier County, 
April 24th, 1786. (See ''Early Virginia Marriages" page 19, 
by Crozier). Lawrence Triplett seems to have married a second 
time for there is a Deed in Fauquier County, Sept. 24th, 1792, 
from Reverend Denny Fairfax to Laurence Triplett and Alary 
his wife of Fauquier County, LawTence Triplett's connection 
with this pedigree cannot be traced. He moved to Poplar 
Plains, Fleming County, Kiy. about 1790 and left the follow- 
ing children: 

(87.) John Triplett settled in St. Louis, Mo., and was a 
merchant. He died at 87 years of age and left a daughter. 

(SS.) Lawrence Triplett married Miss Sinclair of Scott 
County, Ky. and left a large family, 

(89.) Vvilliam Triplett. 

(90.) Elizabeth Triplett married Joseph Howe of Fleming 
County, Ky. and left issue. 

(91.) Nellie Triplett married John Waddell of Mason Coun- 
ty, Ky. and moved to Lexington, Mo. 

(92.) Fannie Triplett. 

(93.) Harriet Triplett, 

57. Ann^ Triplett (Francis^, Francis^, Thomas^, Frances*) 
Mas born in Fauquier County, Va. Nov. 27th, 1774. She is men- 
tioned in her father's Will; married Elias Hord (Jesse^, Thom- 
as2, John*) Sept. 15th, 1796, in Mason County, Ky. Her hus- 
band was Captain of Scouts in Colonel Devall Payne's Regi- 
ment at the Battle of the Thames, and Ann (Triplett) Hord 
received bounty land for his services. She died in Mason Coun- 
ty, Ky., March 14, 1866. Their children were: 

(94.) Francis Triplett Hord, born Sept. 19th, 1797, father 
of Medical Director Wm. Taliaferro Hord, U. S. N. : Attor- 
ney General O. B. Hord and Attorney General Francis Triplett 
Hord of Indiana. 

(95.) Abner Hord. 

(96.) Caroline Hord. 

(97.) Annie Hord. 

124 William and Mary Quarterly 

(98.) Eliza Hord. 
(99.) Lewis Hold. 
(100.) George Hord. 

60. Doctor William Harrison^ Triplett (Simon"*, Fran- 
cis^, William-, Frances^) lived at Front Royal, Ya. and had 
a son : 

(loi.) Leonidas Triplett. 

61. John Richards^ Triplett (Daniel*, Francis^, Wil- 
liam^, Francis^) was born June 29th, 1785; married in Fred- 
ericksburg, Va. his first cousin, Louisa Richards Stone, May 
19th, 1813. They left children: 

(102.) William Stone Triplett. 

(103.) Daniel Scarditt Triplett, 

(104.) Harriet Elizabeth Anne Triplett. 

(105.) Emily Stone Triplett. 

(106.) Eveline Adelia Triplett, married Henry Arnold Hurx- 
thal, her deceased sister's husband. 

(107.) Susan Barton Triplett married Henry Arnold Hurx- 
thal of Mobile, Ala. and left no children. 

(108.) John Richards Triplett. 

62. Robert^ Triplett (Daniel*, Francis-^, William-, Fran- 
cis^) was born in Virginia about 1796, moved to Kentucky about 
1824, died in Philadelphia 1852. He married Miss Pegram of 
Petersburg, Va. She died in Owensboro, Ky. in 1848 or 1849. 
Before he was twenty years of age he had made several voy- 
ages to South America as super-cargo of a ship laden with mer- 
chandise for trade, meeting with great success. He came out 
to Kentucky in the year 1824 as agent for May, Bannister &: 
Ross who held large bodies of military lands. He was very 
successful in locating and selling for some years, generally buy- 
ing their entire surveys. On this purchase he realized a large 
fortune. He opened the first coal mines and built the first 
railroad ever built in Kentucky about 1834. He also built a 
large woolen mill and cotton factories early in the Forties. His 
home in Davis County, Ky. near Owensboro, was called "Hap- 
hazard" and was patterned after the old Virginia mansion of 
that name. During the Texan War for independence he gave 

William and Mary Quarterly 125 

his services and loaned the State, one hundred thousand Dol- 
lars. In the hard times of 1844-5-6, the perfidy of a partner 
ruined him, but with undaunted courage he made and left at his 
death in 1852, a handsome fortune to each of his children. His 
duel with the Hon. Phil. Thompson was a sensation of that 
time. Thompson was shot through the body but recovered. 
The shot cured Thompson of a lameness in walking. They 
made friends later on. Thompson said 'Triplett was a good 
surgeon but severe in remedy." He left children: 

(109.) Annie Triplett. 

(110.) Leiia Triplett; married Hon. Geo. M. Yeamans, 
U. S. Minister to Denmark and Sweden. 

(ill.) Virginia Triplett died at Petersburg, Va. about 1875, 
aged 25 years. 

63. Philip^ Triplett (Daniel*, Francis^, William,^ Fran- 
cis,^) was born in Madison County, Ky. Dec. 24th, 1799; edu- 
cated for the law ; moved to Owensboro, Davis County, Ky. 
about 1824. He married in 1825 Miss Eliza Harwood Hopkins, 
daughter of General Stephen Hopkins of Henderson County, 
Ky. and niece of Major General Samuel Hopkins of the Rev- 
olutionary War and the War of 181 2. Philip Triplett was Pres- 
idential elector in 1836; U. S. Congressman from Kentucky, 
1839-43; Presidential elector 1844, and a delegate to form the 
Constitution of Kentucky in 1849. He was a remarkably hand- 
some man and was widely known as **the blue-eyed Kentuckian." 
He died in the Spring of 1852, leaving twelve children, only 
four of whom survived, viz: 

(112.) Eliza Triplett. 
(113.) Laura Triplett 

(114.) Phillipa Triplett; married Gustavus Green of Dan- 
ville. Ky. about 1861, 

(115.) Plarriet Triplett. 

64. Harriet^ Triplett (DanieH, Francis^, William^, Fran- 
cis^) married first Mr. Burnley and second Mr. Hooe, by the 
former leaving children : 

(116.) Albert Burnley. 
(117.) William Burnley. 

126 William and Mary Quarterly 

(ii8.) Sarah Burnley. 

(119.) Mary Burnley. 

68. William^ Triplett (John-^. William-, William-, Fran- 
cis^) after the Revolution lived at Orange Court House. He 
served in the Revolution and War of 1812, and drew a pen- 
sion for wounds received. He married ^^liss Miller and left 
two children, a daughter, and a son wliose name was 

(120.) \Mlliam Hedgman Triplett. 

71. Hedgman^ Triplett (John^, AVilliam-^, William^, Fran- 
cis^) was born in Culpeper in the year 1760. He was in the 
Revolution and was present at the battles of Brandywine, Guil- 
ford Court House and the surrender of Yorktown. He re- 
ceived bounty lands for set^'ices (see A'irginia Land Office). 
He m.oved to Kentucky 1792. and settled in Bourbon County. 
Fie and his wife died within a few days of each other in 1838. 
Their children were: 

(121.) Hedgman Triplett. 

(122.) John Triplett. blown up by a steamboat in Xew 
Orleans in 1838. 

(123.) Francis Triples, died of cholera 1832. below Mem- 
phis, Tenn. 

(124.) William Triplett. 

(125.) Milly Triplett. 

(126.) Xannie Triplett. married ist ^Iv. Long and 2nd. Rev. 
Mr. Foe, a near kinsman of Adam Foe who killed the famous 
Indian "Big Foot." 

(127.) Elizabeth Triplett. married Mr. Garrett. 

(128.) ^lary Triplett married Mr. Palmer of Warner Coun- 
ty, Ky. 

(129.') George W. Triplett. 

74. Thomas' Triplett (Thomas*. William^. William^, Fran- 
cis^) resided in Culpeper County. He married Elizabeth Hedg- 
man Triplett (55) his cousin. Li Culpeper Co. ( 1789) Thomas 
Triplett markes a Deed of gift to "Betsy Hedgman Triplett his 
wife, and Hannah Triplett. his daughter.'' Thomas Triplett 
was captain in Grayson's Additional Continental Regiment and 
received bounty lands for a Captain's services. (Book 3 page 

William and Mary Quarterly 127 

36. Land Office). He and his family moved to Bourbon County. 
Ky. in 1790 or 92 and died February 1833. (See his mihtary 
record in Heitman's "Historical Register"). 

(130.) Francis Triplett. 

(131.) Thomas Triplett. 

(132.) Hedgman Triplett moved to Columbia, Ark. about 
1830, a noted lawyer. 

(133.) William Triplett. 

(134.) Hannah Triplett. 

(135.) Elizabeth Triplett. 

(136.) Eloise Triplett. 

Seventh Generation'. 

89. WiLLiAM<5 Triplett (Benedite^, Francis-*. Francis-^, 
Thomas-, Francis^) married and left two daughters: 

(137.) Mrs. J. B. McFadden. St. Louis. Mo. 

(138.) Ivlrs. William Richardson of ]\laysville, Ky. wife of 
the School teacher of Gen'l L'. S. Grant. 

92. Fannie^ Triplett (Benedite^, Francis-*, Francis^, 
Thomas-, Francis^) married Mr. Shotwell and left two sons: 

(139.) Dr. Shotwell. 

(140.) A. L. Shotwell. the merchant prince in Louisville, 
Ky. before the Civil War. 

93. Harriet"^ Triplett (Benedite^, Francis^, Francis^. Thom- 
as2, Francis^ ) married James Trimble of the Virginia Salt W^ork-. 
They had three children, one of whom was : 

(141.) Lawrence Trimble born Aug. 26, 1825. ^^lembcr of 
the Kentucky Legislature : Judge of the Equity and Criminal 
Court of the First Judicial District of Kentucky: Representa- 
tive to the 39th. 40th. and 41 st, U. S. Congresses from Ken- 
tucky. President of the New Orleans and Ohio Railroarl. 

loi. Leonidas^ Triplett (Wm. Harrison'\ Simon^. Francis-"^, 
William-, Francis^ ) had issue: 

(142.) G. S. P. Triplett of Jeffersonton, Culpeper County. 

102. William Stone*^ Triplett (John Richards', DanieH. 
Francis"^, William^, Francis^) born Aug. 28th, 1815. in Rich- 

128 William and Mary Quarterly 

mond, Va. manied Annie C. Jenifer of Charles County, Md. 
He died in Richmond, Va. Aug. ist, 1863, and left children, 
namely : 

(143.) John R. Triplett. 

(144.) Lizzie Campbell Triplett. 

(145.) Mary Jenifer Triplett married Captain Philip Haxall 
of Richmond, Va. It is said that she was a "queen -in her 
appearance and manners." To her the toast was once offered, 
''Grace, beauty and wit, make a triplet." 

(146.) Emily Stone Triplett. 

104. Harriet P^lizaheth x\nne*'^ Triplett (John Richards^, 
Daniel*, Francis,^ William-, Francis^) known as Anne Triplett, 
married Boiling W. Haxall of Richmond, Va. and had issue: 

(147.) William Haxall. 

(147.) Louisa Haxall. 

(149.) Boiling W. Haxall. 

(150.) John T. Haxall. 

108. John Richards^^ Triplett (John Richards-''*, Daniel*, 
Francis^, W^illiam-, Francis^) married Sallie Walker of St. 
Louis, Mo. where they moved in 1854. He was a prominent 
Churchman and business man. He was a deputy to many Gen- 
eral Conventions of the Episcopal Church. He left children: 

(151.) Annie Triplett. 
(152.) John Triplett. 
(153.) Mary Walker Triplett. 
(154.) Louisa Stone Triplett. 

109. Anne'^ Triplett (Robert^, Daniel*, Frances^, William^, 
Francis^) married Andrew J. White of Petersburg, \'a. One 
of their children was : 

(155.) Robert Wliite of Petersburg, Va. 

115. Harriet*^ Triplett (Philip^, Daniel*, Francis". Wil- 
liaiii^. Francis^) married Hon. J. L. Johnson, member of Con- 
gress and Circuit Judge, issue : 

(156.) Philip Johnson, M. D. who married r^Iiss Hatliway, 
granddaughter of Hon. Chas. S. Todd, U. S. Minister to Russia 
under President John Tyler. 

William and Mary Quarterly 129 

120. William HedGxMan^ Triplett (William^, John^, Wil- 
liam^, William^^ Francis^) married Miss Hansborrough of Cul- 
peper County, moved to Little Rock, Ark. in 1780, where he 
Cud at 84 years. Issue: 

(157.) William P. Triplett died in Memphis, Tenn. of Yel- 
low fever. 

(158.) John Triplett, lawyer, Fort Worth, Texas. 

(159.) Louis Thorn Triplett, murdered by Indians at Nez 
Perces, Washington Territory. 

(160.) Robert C. Triplett, Orange Court House, Va. 

(161.) Elizabeth Triplett married P. J. Bennett and lives 
at Little Rock, Ark. 

(162.) Mrs. J. G. W. Smith, Little Rock, Ark. 

(163.) Mrs. E. R. Secly, Central Park, Long Island. 
^^^164.) Mrs. Donald McKay, Nairne, Scotland. 

121. Hedgman^ Triplett (Hedgman*"*, John^, William-^, Wil- 
liam^, Francis^) left issue: 

(165.) Harrison Triplett died in Franklin County, Ky. 

(166.) Thomas Triplett, died in California. 

(167.) John Triplett, died in Triplett, Mo. 

124. Captain William*^ Tripli:tt (Hedgman^, John'*, Wil- 
liam^, William-, Francis^) born in 1798; married Dianna Bol- 
ton of Shelby County, Ky. ; moved to Piatt City, Mo. ; still 
living a few years ago, aged 95 years. 

(168.) William Triplett of Red Dog, Cal. 

(169.) Captain Black Triplett, murdered during the Civil 

129. George W.^ Triplett (Hcdgman^, John^, William-^, 
William^, Francis^) born in Franklin County, Ky. Feb. i8th, 
1809 ; married Pamela Head in 1827. he being fifteen years old 
and she fourteen. They moved to Davis County, Ky. in 1833. 
He died in 1884 and his wife in 1890. He was Public Surveyor, 
seventeen years; Representative and Senator in the Kentucky 
Legislature ; Z^Iajor Confederate Army on the staffs of Generals 
T^»'m, Hanson, Van Dorn, Forrest and afterwards Chief Quar- 
termaster of Gen. J. C. Breckinridge's Army Corps. When 
Gen'l Breckeinridge went into the Confederate cabinet. Judge 


Triplett was a member of the Confederate Congress from Ken- 
tucky; Judge of his own County after the War. He left chil- 
dren : 

(170.) Mary Triplett born 1829 married Mr. May and left 

(171.) Robert S. Triplett born 1830. 

(172.) George V. Triplett. 

(173.) Sarah Triplett born in 1832 died unmarried. 

(174.) Margaret Triplett born 1840 married IMr. Howard of 
Mt. Vernon. 111. , 

(175.) Am.elia Triplett born 1842 married Mr. Jewett of Elko, 

(176.) Octavio Triplett married Dr. Seaton and moved to 

(177.) Joseph T. Tripplett born 1834 moved to California 
in 1852 and is a resident of Elco, Nevada. He has a daughter, 
and a son who is an editor. 

(178.) John A. Triplett born 1838 has three children. 

(179.) George \V. Triplett lives at Glenwood Springs, Col. 
He was the first ]Mayor of Aspen. He has one daughter. 

13 1. Thomas^^ Triplett (Thomas^, Thomas^, William^, Wil- 
liam^, Francis^) was Clerk of Bath Co. Ky. for many years. 
Issue : 

(180.) George W. Triplett. 

(181.) Rebecca Triplett married Mr. Edward Samuel, Cashier 
of the Bank of Northern Kentucky, at Frankfort, Ky. 

(182.) Mrs. Moffitt. 

Eighth Gexeratiox. 

171. Robert S.' Triplett (George W.^, Hedgman^, John*, 
William,^ William-, Francis^) was born in Scott County, Ky. : 
married ^Nliss Louisa Vest, sister of U. S. Senator George G. 
Vest on Dec. i8th, 1S51. He has been a Representative and 
a Senator in the Kentucky Legislature. Issue: 

(183.) George V, Triplett. 

William and Mary Quarterly 131 

(184.) Robert S. Triplett lives in Texas; married Miss Weir 
of Owensboro, Ky. 

(185.) John H. Triplett of Texas. 

(186.) Graham Triplett of Owensboro, Ky. born 1865. 

179. George W."^ Triplett (Thomas'% Thomas-^ Thomas'*, 
William^, William^, Francis^) was a Captain in the Confederate 
Trmy and died at IMacon, Georgia. Two of his children \vere : 

(187.) George Triplett. 

(188.) Ophelia Triplett. 

Ninth Generation. 

183. George \^^ Triplett (Robert S.', George W.^, Hedg- 
man^, John^, William^, William'-, Francis^) is an Editor and 
Surveyor. He married ^liss Beekham of Bardstown, Ky. grand- 
daughter of Governor Charles Wickliffe of Kentucky. Issue : 

(189.) William Triplett. 

(190.) George Triplett. 

(191.) Robert Triplett. 

The following persons are also descended from this family 
but their, connection with it cannot be traced: 

Francis Fielding Coleman Triplett who married Miss 
Susan Taylor, daughter of Major Edmund Taylor, and niece of 
President Zachary Taylor. "Fie was a brilliant member of the 
Bar of Oldham County, Kentucky, and was a man of charming 
address. On his personal popularity Company II was formed in 
the First Regiment, Kentucky Volunteer Infantry in June 1846. 
He was unanimously elected its Captain and served with dis- 
tinction in the Mexican War. Under President Taylor he was 
appointed Commissioner of Pensions and subsequently published 
his 'Digest of the Pension Laws.' During the War between 
the States he declined to take the field, but with pen and on the 
stump did much to restore peace." He died in Columbia. ^lis- 
souri, whither he had moved. He left children : 

1st. Mary wife of W. G. Stanley, Esq. 

2nd. Colonel Francis Triplett, author, St. Louis, who mar- 
ried Miss Bessie Flerndon of Triplett, Mo. 

132 William and Mary Quarterly 

3rd. Goldie — married Miss Armstrong. 

4th. Edward S., unmarried. 

F. C. Triplet! of San Diego, Cal., and Major John Triplett 
of Monticello, Fla. whose widow and children live now in Cor- 
sicana, Texas. 

Register of the Land Office, 

Members of the Triplett family who received bounty lands 
for services in the Revolution : 

Daniel Tripleet, Sergeant, 200 acres, Bk. i, page 85. 
William Triplett, Sergeant, 200 acres, Bk. i, page 149. 
George Triplett, Lieutenant. 2,6662/3 acres, Bk. i, page 39. 
Nathaniel Triplett, Sergeant, 400 acres, Bk. i, page 439. 
William Triplett, Lieutenant, 2,6662/3 acres, Bk. 2, page 211. 
Roger Tripleet, Lieutenant, 666 2/3 acres. 
Roger Tiiplett, Lieutenant, 1,000 acres, Bk, 2. 
Roger Triplet, Lieutenant. 1,000 acres, Bk. 2, page 312. 
William Triplett, Captain, 1,000 acres. Bk. 2. 
William Triplett, Captain, 1,000 acres, Bk. 2. 
William Triplett, Captain, 1,000 acres, Bk. 2. 
William Triplett, Captain, 1,000 acres, Bk. 2. 
William Triplett, Captain, 666 2/3 acres, Bk. 2, page 694. 
W^illiam Triplett, Captain, 200 acres, Bk. 2 page 694. 
William Triplett, Captain, 100 acres, Bk. 2, page 694. 
William Triplett, Captain, 100 acres, Bk. 2, page 694. 
William Triplett, Captain, 100 acres, Bk. 2, page 694. 
William Triplett, 166 acres, Bk. 2, page 717. 
Peter Triplett, Private of Culpeper, 100 acres, Bk. 2, page 724. 
Thomas Triplet:, Captain, 4,6662/3 acres, Bk. 3, page 36. 
Hedgman Triplett, Lieutenant, 2,6662/3 acres, Bk. 3, page 76. 
Reuben Triplett, Midshipman, 2,4237/11 acres, Bk. 3, page 340. 
Reuben Triplett, heirs, 2424/11 acres, Bk. 3, page 411. 

William and ^Iary Quarterly 133 

Other !Memi:ers of the Trh'Lett Family who Served in 
THE Revolution : 

Captain Francis Triplett of Fauquier County (See Fauquier 
County Records) served in Fauquier Militia. Commission dated 
Sept. 28, 1778. 

In the Colonial Journal: 

Captain Simon Triplett, Fauquier Co., Aug. 30, 1776. 

Captain James Triplett, King George County, Militia July 
16, 1778. 

Peter, Daniel, FI. Peter, Nathaniel Triplett received certifi- 
cates for pay in the Militia or State Line and William, Nathaniel 
and Adam in the Continental Line. 


48. George^ Triplett (William-*, Francis-"^, Thomas- Fran- 
cis\) was Major George Triplett of "Round Hill,'' Fairfax Co., 
Va. He married Sarah Lindsay, born 1785, died 1840; she was 
a descendant of the Rev. David Lindsay of Wicomico, Va. Is- 
sue of this, marriage: 

(I.) George William Triplett of "Round Hill" Fairfax Co., 
Va. married Jane R. Dale. 

(11.) Charles Hector Triplett of Pine Bluff, Ark,, died 1887; 
married Hester A. Dunlop, issue: 

1. Sarah T. Triplett married John L. Buck. f^ 

2. Marion Triplett married Wm. Lindsay. ^ 

3. Charles H. Triplett of Pine Bluff, Ark., married Es- 1 

telle Holland. 

(III.) William Walter Triplett of Fairfax Va. married Mary 
de Bell. 

(IV.) Francis Frederick Triplett of ''Flagg Hill," Fairfax 
Co. Va. married Mary A. Wheat. 

(V.) Catherine Triplett married ist Edward Stonnel of Fair- 
fax, Va. ; 2nd Edward Washington Lind.^ay of Arkansas. (See 
this record in Browning's "Americans of Royal Descent," page 

134 William and Mary Quarterly 

51. Lucy"' Triplett (William-*, Francis-'^, Thomas^, Francis^ 
married Oct. 1799 ^Valter Darrel Brooke son of Walter Brooke, 
Captain Va. Navy 1776; Commodore and Commander-in-Chief 
of A'a. Naval Forces, 8 April 1777; resigned 30 Sept. 1778; 
died at his seat "Retirement" Fairfax Co. Va. 1798, son of 
Major Thomas Brooke of "Chickamuxen" Charles County. 
Maryland, a descendant of the Brooke and Calvert families of 
Maryland (See Browning's "Americans of Royal Descent" page 


Copied from Southern Literary Messenger, Vol. I, page 340. 

We are permitted by Richard Randolph, Esq., to publish the follow- 
ing extract from a journal kept by his father, the late David Meade Ran- 
dolph, when a student at William and Mary College in 1779 under the 
patronage of Professor Andrews. It is a curious anecdote and will be 
read with interest : 

Washington's Birth Night. 

On the 22d February, 1779, the students of William & Mary 
College', and most of the respectable inhabitants of Williams- 
burg, prepared a subscription paper for celebrating Washing- 
ton's birth night ; and the pleasure of presenting it was confided 
to certain students immediately under the patronage of Professor 

Governor Henry was first waited on, and offered the paper; 
he refused his signature! ''He could not think of any kind of 
rejoicing at a time when 'our country was engaged in war, with 
such gloomy prospects." Dudley Digges and Boiling Starke, 
members of the Council, were both waited on by the same per- 
sons, and received less courteous denials, and similar excuses. 

The ball, nevertheless, was given at the Raleigh. Colonel 
Innis, more prominent than any other member of the association- 
directed its proceedings. It was thought proper to enliven the 
occasion by discharge of cannon. There were two pieces at the 
shop of Mr. Moody that had lately been mounted. There was 

William and Mary Quarterly 135 

a Captain commanding a company of soldiers, under the orders 
of Governor Henry ; but the cannon were under no other care 
or authority at the time, than that of Mr. bloody the mechanic. 
Colonel Innis, with a party seconded by Colonel Finnic, brought 
the two pieces before the door of the Raleigh. On the way 
from the shop to the Raleigh, not two hundred yards, Colonel 
Innis saw Captain Digges passing up the street. Whilst the 
party concerned wove collecting powder, and preparing for firing, 
Lieutenant Vaughan appeared before the Raleigh with a platoon, 
demanding possession of the cannon. He was carried in; took 
some punch ; and said that he was ordered by Captain Digges 
to take away the. pieces, by force, if they were not surrendered 
peaceably. This was refused. V^aughan repeated his orders : 
He was prevailed upon to return to his quarters, and report 
to Capt. Digges. Captain Digges waited on the Governor, and 
reported the state of things ; and soliciting instructions how to 
proceed. The Governor referred Captain Digges to his own 
judgment. Captain Digges went immediately to the Arena, 
where in the pride of his power, with sixty men, he drew up 
in form ; and demanded the cannon at the point of his bayonet ! 
Innis stept up to Captain Digges, and shaking his cane at him, 
swore that he would cane him, if he did not depart instantly 
with his men! This enraging Digges — he said that if the pieces 
were not surrendered he zvould fire upon the party. Innis re- 
peating his threat, ordered Finnie to charge the cannon with 
brick bats: the mob in 'the street, and the gentlemen of the 
ball, re-echoing the order. The pieces were soon charged with 
brick bats : Innis all the while firmly standing by the Captain 
at the head of his men, daring him to fire! After some delay, 
the Captain retreated with his men ; and the evening closed 
with great joy. , 

Next day,, Innis w-as arraigned before the Hustings Court, 
for Riot! confronted by the valiant Captain Digges. During 
the proceedings, when Innis replied to the charge, Digges in 
the body of the court, and Innis in the Bar — among other par- 
ticulars characteristic of the Colonel's temper and genius, he 
swore *Tt made no odds whether Captain Digges wore a red 

136 William and Mary Quarterly 

coat, or a black coat, he would cane him !" The case was at- 
tended with no farther particulars. Innis facing the Court, 
and repeating his threats ; till at length he was dismissed, and 
triumphantly walked out of Court, attended by most of his 
friends, who had shared the honors of the preceding night. 

(Richard Randolph, from his interest in historical matters, was known 
as the "Virginia Antiquary." A sketch of Robert Andrews and his family 
may be found in Quarterly, III, p. 277. Colonel Innis was the' fiery Col. 
James Innis, one of the ushers of the Grammar School in the College in 
I775> Captain of the Williamsburg Volunteers in 1776, Lieut. -Colonel of 
the Fifteenth Virginia Regiment, and afterwards Attorney-General of 
Virginia. "Col. Finnic" was Col. William Finnic, Master of Vv'illiams- 
burg Lodge of Masons and Adjutant Quartermaster-General during the 
American Revolution. And Captain Digges was probably Dudley Digges, 
son of Col. Edward Digges and Anne Harrison. He married !vlary, 
daughter of Hon. Dudley Digges, and moved to Louisa county. — Editor.) 

Copied from Southern Literary Messenger, Vol. IIL 

pages 237-238. 


Notes (by an itinerant, Charles Campbell, the historian) 

Jamestown, Williamsburg and Yorktozvn. 

The fragment of a wall of the old church, standing soli- 
tary in a ploughed field, is all that remains of Jamestown. 

The water hereabouts is gaining on the land, and the time 
may not be far distant, when the ground on which it stood 
shall be submerged. 

As we rode along the strand of the river, I thought per- 
haps this sand has been imprinted by the foot of Pocahontas. 

The main street of Williamsburg is bounded at one end by 
the College, and at the other by the ruins of the Capitol. 

The College of William and Mary is an antiquated struc- 
ture, which Mr. JeiTerson compared to a brick-kiln with a roof 
on it. 

In front of the College stands a statue of Norborne Berk- 
ley, Lord Botetourt, one of the colonial governors. He ap- 
pears in the court dress of that day, with a short sword at his 

William and Mary Quarterly 137 

side. Inscriptions on each side celebrate the virtues of his 
Lordship. The marble is moulded by age, and the Governor's 
nose has been knocked off. 

The College Library contains somewhat less than four thou- 
sand volumes, of which many are theological. 

Some of the books were presented by Robert Dinwiddie, and 
have his coat of arms affixed, the crest, an eagle, and the motto, 
''Ubi lihcrtas, ihi patria." 

In others was inscribed the name of Major General Alexan- 
der Spotswood, another Governor of Virginia. 

Some were the gifts of the former Presidents of the Col- 
lege, and others of the Assembly of Virginia. . 

Catesby's Natural History of Carolina, Florida and the Ba- 
hama Islands, were given (as appears from a note on the first 
page, in the handwriting of Thomas Jefferson) on condition 
that it should never go out of the College. This work was 
printed in London, 1754, with color plates, in two volumes, 
folio in English and French. 

The Capitol was burnt only a few years since; the walls are 
still standing, which once resounded with' the accents of the **for- 
est-born Demosthenes, whose thunder shook the Philip of the 

The old Raleigh is the name of a tavern, one room of 
which is styled the Apollo, and in it the Assembly at one time 

In the old Church a few years ago was to be seen the 
gubernatorial pew of Sir Alexander Spotsw^ood. It was raised 
from the floor, covered with a canopy, around the interior of 
which his name was written in gilt letters. 

Two offices appendages of Lord Dunmore's palace, are still 
extant, as also the powder magazine, the contents of which 
wxre seized by Henry and his company at the dawn of the 
Revolution, It is a small round brick, edifice, with a conical 
roof, and now converted into a Baptist meeting-house. 

T* "P T* T* 

The water scenery at Yorktown is very fine — the waves of 
the wide river rippling clear and blue in the splendor of the 

138 William and Mary Quarterly 

morning sun. On the opposite side is seen Gloucester Point, 
to which Cornwalhs attempted to cross over with his army in 
boats, and was prevented by the winds. 

The beach of the river is smooth and wide for miles — a 
charming place for a ride or a walk. 

There is a cave in the solid mass of stone marl on the 
riverside, called Cornwallis's cave, in which they say, but I do 
not believe it, that his Lordship took shelter from the American 
cannon. I entered this wonderful cavern ; but alas ! there is but 
one step from the sublime to the ridiculous — Cornwallis's cave 
is converted into a hog-pen ! 

I picked up a fragment of a bombshell within the British 

The house of Governor Xelson stood just within the British 
lines; it was riddled by the American shot. Nothing remains 
of it but some scattered brick bats. 

Not more than a stone's throw from the present stage road, 
I was pointed to a stake erected on a rising ground in the 
next field; at that spot the British General surrendered his 

Convention of Virginia (of 1829-1830). 

I attended the debates of this body a fortnight. The Capitol, 
in which the Convention sat, is a fine building, nobly situated, 
more so than any other I have seen in this country. 

Richmond is a picturesque place ; the James looks beautiful 
there in a spring morning; the rocks, and islands, and foaming 
rapids, and murmuring falls, and floating mists, all light and 
glorious, under a clear blue sky. 

The Convention boasted several men of distinction — Madi- 
son, Monroe, Giles, Marshall, Randolph, Leigh, Tazewell, etc. 
Mr. Madison sat on the left of the Speaker — Mr. Monroe 
on the right. 

Mr. IMadison spoke once for half an hour; but although a 
pin might have been heard to drop, so low was his tone, that 
from the gallery I could distinguish only one word, and that 
was, Constitution. He stood not more than six feet from 

William and Mary Quarterly 139 

the Speaker. When he rose, a great part of the members- left 
their seats, and clustered around the aged statesman, thick as a 
swarm of bees. 

Mr. Madison was a small man, of ample forehead, and some 
obliquity of vision, (I thought the effect probably of age,) 
his eyes appearing to be slightly introverted. His dress was 
plain ; his overcoat a faded brown surtout. 

Mr. Monroe was very wrinkled and weather-beaten — un- 
graceful in attitude and gesture, and his speeches only common- 

Mr. Giles wore a crutch — was then Governor of the State. 
His style of delivery was perfectly conversational — no gesture, 
no effort; but in ease, fluency and tact, surely he had not there 
his equal ; his words were like honey pouring from an eastern 

HoBSON. — John Hobson was a member of the Virginia 
Company, of London, in 1609, and in 161 9 he united with 
Captain Christopher Lawne, Nathaniel Bass and others to es- 
tablish the first English settlement in Isle of Wight County. 
Not long after he came to Virginia and was captain and mem- 
ber of the council. The last mention of him is in 1637 when 
he was in England and about to sail for Virginia. What rela- 
tion he was to Thomas Hobson, who appears in the early Virginia 
Records is not known. This Thomas Hobson was in 1624 a 
resident of Charles City Corporation, in the emplo>Tnent of 
Mr. William Whitaker who treated him as his *'son and child." 
He was doubtless Thomas Hobson, Clerk of Lancaster County: 
where he appears in the records early in 1652. In 1668 Henry 
Watts made a deed of gift to his ''grandson Thomas Hobson, 
son of Thomas Hobson," but it appears that Thomas Hobson 
married a Miss Webb, who w^as probably a stepdaughter of 
Henry Watts. See will of Henry Watts (Northumberland Co. 
1670). Thomas Hobson, Jr. succeeded his father as clerk of 
Northumberland County holding that oftice until 17 16. Ac- 
cording to his deposition in 1671 he was born in 1635. He mar- 

I40 William and ]\Iary Quarterly 

ried Sarah , and had issue the following children named 

in the parish records and the county books : ( i ) Thomas, born 
August 30, 1694,: (2) Sarah; (3) William, born April 28, 1700; 
(4) John, born ^larch 4, 1701 ; (4) Eliza; (6) Letty Sina ; (7) 
Clerk (a daughter probably named such in honor of the clerk- 
ship of the county, which had been held in^the family for more 
than sixty years.) Of these children William married- in 1723 
Judith Fleet, daughter of Henry Fleet of Lancaster, grandson 
of Captain Henry Fleet — famous as an Indian trader in early 
^laryland and \'irginia. William Hobson had issue: (i) Sarah, 
born May 29, 1775; (-2) Judith (1727); (3) John, born April 
13, 1730; (4) Mary Ann; (5) Betty. 

In 1710 Thomas Hobson, second of the name, testified that 
Colonel Thomas Brereton, who died in about seven or eight 
years after he returned from the Susquehannah fort, which was 
in 1675, came to the house of his father then clerk. It is pos- 
sible that there were three Thomas Hobsons in succession clerks, 
instead of two. 

Adcock Hobson married Joanna Lawson and their descen- 
dants moved to Cumberland County. \\'hat relation was he 
to the line which has just been traced? 

Camm-BookeR. — In the account of the Camm Family in 
Vol. XIV., page 261. Aunc Canun, born Jan. 23, 1723, 
daughter of John Camm and ^lary Bullock, is said to have no 
record. But in Essex county will book her will is recorded as 
Ann Booker, wife of James Booker, (who was one of the 
signers of the Westmoreland Association in 1766). It also 
shows that she and not her sister, Elizabeth married Robert 
Pollard, who was her first husband. In her will she names 
her father, John Camm and her five children "Benjamin Clu- 
verius, Mary Madison, and Richard. Robert and Betty Pollard" 
and appoints "my (sic) Benjamin Cluverius, son-in-law^ John 
^ladison and friends Robert Hill and Samuel Garlick to be my 
trustees or executors." Witnesses: Camm Garlick Francis 
Steddy, Sam Garlick, Robert Hill. It will be noticed that Ben- 
jamin Cluverius is named as one 'of her children. Did Ann 
Cammi first marry a Cluverius? In 1765 she witnessed the will of 
Samuel Garlick as Anne Pollard. 

William and Mary Quarterly ^ 141 

CuRRiE. — Rev. David Currie was a minister of Christ 
Church Parish, Lancaster County for over fifty years. He 
came of- a good family in England and had doubtless received a 

university education. He married it seems twice: I. 

, and had ( i ) Alice, who married Leroy Griffin in 

1764; (2) Jane, who married Thomas Beale 1764. He married 
n. Elizabeth, daughter of Captain Ellyson Armistead, of York 
County, by his second wife Jane Anderson, daughter of Rev. 
Charles Anderson of Westover and Frances his wife. By this 
last marriage Rev. David Currie had issue' named in the will 
of Captain Thomas Pinkard (1782): (3) Armistead Currie, 
who married Ann Gilliam, daughter of Robert Gilliam and 
Elizabeth Skelton, his wife; (4) Frances Hill Currie; (5) 
David; (6) Ellyson, who appears to have married twice: L Jane 
Gilliam, sister of Ann Gilliam above named ; H. Elizabeth. 
Ellyson Currie was a distinguished lawyer of Lancaster county, 
and was elected to the Convention of 1 829-1 830, but died be- 
fore taking his seat. His will dated ^larch 24, 1818, was proved 
21 Sept., 1829. Li it he names wife Elizabeth, son Ellyson 
Armistead Currie, and granddaughter Sally Strachan. To El- 
lyson he gave "all my books, my watch, seal and key, which I 
purchased in Xew York when he was with me and also his 
grandfather's seal, with the family coat-of-arms, my shaving 
box with its contents, my best gun, powder flask, and shot bag, 
my gold stock button, which was his grandfather's, my sleeve 
buttons and collar studs, my snuft box, which belonged to his 
great grandrnother and the bureau, which I use for my own 
particular purpose." 

Westmoreland County, Virginia, 1653- 1912. Compiled by T. B. R. Wright, 
Richmond, Va. : Whittet & Shepperson, Printers. 1912. 
This is perhaps the latest of the good works of Judge Wright, who 
during his service as Circuit Judge has devoted much time in trying to 
stimulate the people in the different counties of his circuit, through noble 
ideals presented objectively to their notice. With this purpose in view 
he has filled the walls of the courthouses in his district with portraits 
and marble tablets recalling the great men of the past associated with 
the local history. Westmoreland County especially afforded a remarkable" 


Januaty, i9iZ 

illimn nnb flBarp 

College (Sluartevl^ 

UDtstoincal ♦ ^DaGasine. 

EDltoc: Xson O. lisler, ^. B., X X. B., 

president of 'Cailliam and O^ainz College. 

William anO ^ars Collcae, tailliameburs, V»a, 

Cop^ ot tbts dumber, Sl.OO, S3. 00 IPcr IJear 

[Satered &8 sdcond-class matt&z at Uie Post Office in WiUiamibar;.] 

Wiiimm and Mary College 

Quarterly Historical Magazine. 

Vol. XXI JANUARY, 1913 No. 3 


Records of Hanover County (Continued) ; 143-1G3 

Letters of Governor Francis Fauquier 1G3-172 

Diary! of Colonel Landon Carter (Continued) 172-181 

The Stith Family (Continued) 18M93 

The Degge Family (Continued) 193-198 

Excerpts from the Southern Literary Messenger 198-202 

Historical and Genealogical Notes 202-206 

Book Reviews 20G-210 

"SMllUam anb filbar^ College 

(auarterl? Toietortcal fiOaijasine. 

Vol. XXI. JANUARY, 1913. No. 3. 

(Continued from Vol. XXI, No. j, page 6j.) 

The Larger Book. 

Oct. 27, 1783. — Elizabeth Dabney, wife of Owen Dabney, ac- 
knowledgement to deed to Jennings Pulliam, South side 
Taylor's Creek, , 

1783. — Anderson. Richard, & wife Caty, to Anderson of Louisa. 

May 9, J 783. — Anderson, IMary to Granddau. Frances Clopton 

July 6, 1783. — Anderson, Rich'^, & Elizabeth Anderson, Bedford 
Co., to Elizabeth Priddy. 

Nov., 1784. — Anderson, John & 3vlary X, his wife of St. ^lartin, 
to Thos. Anderson. 

July, 1785. — Anderson, Rich*^ Clough, late of Hanover, now of 
Jefferson Co., appoints brother Matt. Anderson atty. 

^lay 13, 1772. — Anderson, Benjamin, & John ^leri wether, church 
wardens of St. Paul's Parish, placed out ^lary Evans, 
a poor girl. 

^^".?- 17, 1786. — Anderson Barttelot, & Nathaniel Hood, ex's of 
^ Chas. Hood to Billy Tally. 

Aug. 28, 17S6.— David Blackwell, St. Paul's, to Rich'^ of Henrico. 

July 5, 1786. — Anderson, Garland, St. Martin's, to Jas. Bullock 
ex. Ed^ Bullock. 

144 William and Mary Quarterly 


March, 17S7. — Anderson, Mary, St. Paul's, widow, to David 
Cochran, of ^ the town of New Castle, Hanover County, 
100 a. adj. Dr. John Shore's land (which he bought of 
Col. Rich*^ Johnson, wh. -was ;formerly the land of 
George Taylor) John Thompson, also land bought of 
Luke Anthony. The above delivered to Sam^ Grant 
land per order from Wm. Cochran, son of David Coch- 

1786. — Thos. Jackson, of Louisa Co., & Ann his wife, Nicholas 
Mills of Hanover, David Anderson of Hanover, mer- 
chant, Elizabeth his wife, Ann Dinguid of Powhatan, 
widow, Wm. Dinguid of Buckingham 8z Lucy his wife, 
Wm. Hogan of Louisa, & 3.1ary his wife, & Ann Mills, 
widow of Charles ^lills, appoint Wm. Anderson of 
America Square, City of London, their atty to recover 
from Richard Neave, of New Broad Street London, to 
call acct. the adm. of D'' Josiah Cole & Wm. Z^Iowatt. 

Apr. 2, 1787. — Matthew Anderson to David Anderson, Jr., land 
in Louisa (both sides Pamunkey River, 535 a. adj. land 
of Col. John Harvie. The executors of Thos. Paulett, 
Rich** Anderson, Jr., Wm. Philips & Jno. Ambler ; also 
500 acres on Foster's creek, Louisa Co., bounded by 
lands of Chas. Hudson, Thos. Underwood, & Thos. 

July 3, 1788. — John Garland to his nephews John Ingram, Jr., & 
Thomas Robinson Ingram, sons of John & Ann Ingram, 
of Borough of Norfolk. 

Nov. 6, 1788. — Wm. Anderson Gent, app*^ Sheriff. Security Bart- 

' telot Anderson, Parke Godall, Thos. Tinsley & Benj. 

Toler, bound to Geddes Winston, John Lawrence, Elij : 

White, Chapman Austin, Edmund Anderson & Wm. 

Norv^ell, Justices. 

Dec. 13, 17S8. — Michael Anderson to Moses Harris. 

Oct. 13, 1788.— Geddes Winston to W"^ Radford. 

June 3, 1789. — Thos. Johnson & Constantia, his wife of Henrico 
Co. to Pleasant IMartin of St. Paul's. 

William and Mary Quarterly 145 

June 12, 1789. — To W™ Perkins and Jos. Cabell, Jr. of Bucking- 
ham whereas Thomas Anderson & Sarah his wife did 
sell 2'j April last past to David Anderson of Albemarle 

Jan. 6, 1790. — Power of att'y of Rich'^ Anderson to Nathaniel 
Pope, Harry Laurence & Jno. Clough. 

Aug, 23, 1790. — To Jno. Thos. & Edmund Anderson of Hanover : 
''whereas David Anderson sold iVug. 6, 1790, & his wife 
Amediah, sold W°' Laurence &c." 

Aug. 12, 1789. — Barttelot Anderson to Matt. Anderson. 

^^P^- 5j 17^9- — Garland Anderson to his son John B. Anderson of 
St. Martin's Parish. 

Aug. 20, 1 79 1. — John Anderson & Martha, his wife, to Maddox 
Stanley, adj. Thos. Stanley, Sr., Peter Fitzgerald, Little- 
berry Stanley, Thos. Stanley, & Sam' Harris. 

Aug. 3, 1 791. — Thos. Anderson, of Buckingham Co., to David 

Nov. 3, 1788.— Ivich^ Anderson k Catherine, his wife, to W"" 
Smith of Louisa. 

Sept. 12, 1 791. — Nathaniel Anderson, Jr., to W"^ Anderson, 
Aiskew Berkett & W"' Fowke, merchants & partners of 
the city of London, lots in Hanover Town. 

]May 13, 179T. — Nelson Anderson, of Louisa, to his son Alex. 
Anderson on Chickahominy 450 a. 
John Anderson, & Susan X his wife, to brother Matthew 
Anderson. Wit: Michael Anderson. 

May 5, 1785. — John Laurence, Thos. Trevilian & John Winston 
bond to John Syme, Elij : White, Barttelot Anderson, 
Geo. Clough, & Parke Goodall, Gent. Justices. 

Apr. 4, 1787. — John Austin, Jr. to John Winn, Jr. 
''"Apr. 2, 1790. — John Austin for love he bears the children of John 
Anthony (of Campbell Co.) & Susan his wife. 

^lar. 19, 1790. — Frances Austin to Paul Wool folk. 

Dec. 4, 1790. — W" Austin, of Bedford County, to John Austin, 
Jr., of Hanover. 

146 William and Mary Quarterly 

May 31, 1791. — John Austin, Jr. & Sally his wife, to W"' Wing- 
field & Rhoda Davis (where W™ Austin, the elder, 

June 19, 1791. — To Chapman, Austin, W"" Norvell, Justices of 

Hanover. e 

,^ Mar. 3, 1785. — Luke X x\nthony, Sr. St. Paul's, to son-in-law 

John Perkins 4 negroes. 
Nov. 3, 1785. — Luke X Anthony, St. Paul, to John Anthony 

his son 4 negroes. ' 
Nov. 3, 1785.— Luke X Anthony, St. Paul, to Lucy Thacker 3 

Jan. 7, 1785. — Charles Anthony to Benj. Bowles. 
Dec. 29, 1784. — W"" Armstrong, of Louisa, & Ann his wife, to 

Jonathan Black. 
Dec. 29, 1785. — James Armstrong, of Louisa, & W"' Armstrong 

& Rebecca Armstrong, widow of Ellis Armstrong, dec"^. 

Nov. 3, 1785. — Dudley Brown & Elizabeth his wife, executrix 

of the will of Nathan Abbot, her late husband dec*^, and 

W"^ Claybrook & ^.latthew Abbott executors of said 

Nathan to W"' Thacker. 
Feb. 2, 1786.- — John Anthony to his son Jesse Armstrong, of St. 

Paul's Parish ; same to his daughter Lucy Seay, wife 

of John Seay, of St. Martin's Parish. 
Sept. I, 171 1. — Jesse Anthony, & his wife Mary, of Hanover, to 

\Y^ Green Payne, of St. Paul's, on Grassy Swamp 

516 a. 
Feb. 18, 1786. — W"' Allsup, of St. Paul, to Isaac Perrin 170 a. 
Oct., 4, 1787. — Eliz'b X Alvis' receipt for Payment by W"' 

Thomas 1/3 of tract of land sold by her late husband 

David Alvis, of Planover, to Moses Harris. 
Apr. 6. 1789. — W°^ Archer of Buck Co., North Carolina, to 

Elisha Archer of Hanover 424 a. 
Nov. 6, 1790. — Peter Adams, of New Kent, to T^Iichael Jones of 

Amelia 100 a. adj. W" Jones, Geddes Winston, Burnet 


William and Mary Quarterly 147 

Apr. 3, 1783. — Edward Burnett, & wife ^largaret, to John Mere- 
rith 6 a., a part of said Burnett's homestead on Mate- 
dequin Creek. 

Dec. 27, 1783. — Daniel Boatright to John Starke (negro). 

Sept. 4, 1784. — Edward Bass, & Judith, his wife, of Chesterfield, 
to Thos. r^Iarks of Hanover 144 a. adj. Thos. Wing- 
field, Chas. Carter. & said Thos. ]^,Iarks. 

■Mar. 15, 1784. — James Bootright, of St. Paul, to his son John 
Bootright 90 a. ; bounding on Trueheart. ^lacon Melton. 

Sept. 30, 1784. — Isaac Burnett, & Jane, his wife, to John Jones 
137 a. 

Nov. 4, 1784. — X Bootright to his son Sam^ Bootright 

Xov. 18, 1784. — Tobias Atkinson, of London. Notary Public, 
witnesseth that Mr. Thomas Brewster, of the city of 
London. & Mr. Thos. Harrison, residing in same city, 
partners, have appointed attorney ]\Ir. Malcomb Hart, 
of Hanover Town, in State of \'a. 

Xov. 15, 1785. — Edward Butler, & Elizabeth, his wife, to ^lary 
Jones 300 acres. 

April 17, 1785. — Edw. Butler, & wife Elizabeth, to Mathias Ab- 
bott, land on ]\Iechumps Creek, formerly belonging to 
Thos. \\'aler adj. Chas. Carter & others. 

^lay 15, 1785. — X'elson Berkeley 8z Elizabeth Wormeley his wife 
St. Martin's, to Edmund Taylor, beginning at Berkeley's 
& Taylor's corner. Thos. Price. ]\Iargaret Wright. Rat- 
tlesnake Branch. 

Sept. 30, 1784. — Isaac Burnett. & Jane, his wife, to Jno. Jones 
137 1/2 a. 

Feb. II, 1788. — Alexander Craft'ord X Burnett, 8z Elizabeth his 
wife, St. Paul's to Littleberry Wade, Jr., 70 a. adj. 
Rich*^ Hooper, W^ Bowes, Julius Love's Creek, Little- 
berry Wade, Jr. 

Oct. 6, 1788. — Alexander Burnett Crafford, & Elizabeth, his wife, 
St. Paul's, to Walter Turner 71 a. over the road lower 
end of St. Paul's, "Tucker's Road," on Littleberry 
Wade, Mary Carter's Road, Riclv^ Hopper. 

148 William and Mary Quarterly 

Dec. 7, 1790. — Between John Burnett^ & Elizabeth X, his wife 
to Isaac Burnett. 

Feb. 7, 1790.- — W™ Barnett, & Frances, his wife, of Louisa, to 
David Jones, of St. Martin's, "J^^^'^'^P^^g" Swamp," a 
part of Taylor's Creek, John Chisholnie's line, Dabney 

Feb. II, 1789. — Samuel Beall of James City Co. to Alexander 
Macaulay of York Town, lot in Town of Hanover 
bought by said Beal from Hardin Burnley, Geo. Brack- 
enridge & Geo. Pottie. , 

Feb. 3, 1792. — John Bassett (bond given by Hubbard Taylor to 
Thomas Hinde 4 Feb. 1790, & by him conveyed to John 
Bassett) sells a negro to W"^ Darracott, for use of Aviary 
Hinde, wife of said Thos. Hinde. 

July 4, 1792. — James Belscher, Sr. of Surry Co., surviving ex- 
ecutor of Patrick Belscher, dec*^, to W"" Massie, of New 
Kent ; whereas Patrick Belscher, formerly of Louisa, 
made his will dated Dec. 20, 1763. in Louisa, and left all 
his property to his daughters Mary and Margaret, &c. 
He sells to W"^ ^lassie 925 a. of said Belscher's land 
called ''Half Sink,'' in Hanover Countv. 

July 5, 1792. — Thos. Burfoot, of Chesterfield, atty for John Wat- 
kins, release to Henry Watkins. 

Mar. 15, 1784. — James X Bootright, of St. Paul, to son John 
Bootright land I bought of Thos. Melton. 

Mar. 15, 1785. — Edward Butler & Elizabeth his wife, of Han- 
over, to IMary Jones of King William 300 a. 

Apr. 7, 1785. — ditto to ^latthew Abbott y^ acres. 

Mar. II, 1787. — Edward Butler, of Wilkes Co., Georgia, ap'p'ts 
friends Thos. Trevilian & W"^ Claybrook, of Hanover, 
his attorneys. 

Apr. I, 1788. — X'elson Berkeley, of Handver, to son Edmund 
Berkeley, Jr., on Little River, adj. Gen^ Nelson, 500 a. 

Apr. 2, 1790. — N'elson Berkeley, & Elizabeth, his wife, to John 
Thornton 299 a., Fork church, Taylor's corner. 

William and 2^Iary Olarterly 149 

Jan. 7, 1785. — Chas. X Barker, sr., St. Paul's, to Jno.. Barker's 
St., ''in consideration of keeping my brother Geo. Bar- 
ker 3 years^ 6 months/' 15 acres lower end of county. 
John Barker, Littleberry Via. 

July 15, 1785. — Isaac Brown, of town of Xew Castle, merchant, 
to Colin Riddock,, of same town, 2 lots & 1/2 acre of 

Nov. 3, 1785. — Dudley Brown, & Elizabeth, his wife, executrix 
of Nathan Abbott, her late husband, W"' Clay brook ik 
Matthias Abbott, Executors of said Xathan, to W^" 
Thacker. ''Xathan Abbott by his will, left all his prop- 
erty to his wife for life & then to his children." 

June I, 1786. — Joseph Brown & Molly, his wife, to Chas. Rice, 
of Caroline, 42 3/4 acres. Beginning at W"^ Clay- 
brook's, Isaac Winston, &c. 

June I, 1786. — John Brown, of Hanover, to Benj. Brown, of 
Richmond City, adj. Garland Anderson. Dudley Brown. 
W^' Gilliam, Isaac Winston, & John Brown. 

Mar. 5, 1789. — Susannah Brown, of Hanover, to her son John 
Brown (negroes). 

June 25, 1789. — John Brown, of Hanover, to James Brown & 
James Strange 600 a., bounded on South by Thos. Xel- 
son, East by W"^ X^'elson, on X^'orth by Garland Ander- 
son, W'^.Thacker & Isaac Winston, on West by said 
John Brown. Witness John Winston. 

Sept, 2, 1790. — W^ Brown & Sarah X his wife, of St. Paul's, to 
X'elson Hundley adj. Jean Hundley & Elizabeth Hup- 

Apr. I, 1790. — Dudley Brown, St. ^Martin's, to Chas. Thompson, 
merchant, 100 acres. 

Oct. 26, 1790. — Dudley Brown to John Bullock 800 acres, Buck 
Fork river. 

Jan. 6, 1785. — Hardin Burnley, of town of Hanover, & Catharine 
his wife, to John White, of King W™, St. David's Par- 
ish, on Richmond road, 340 acres. 

Aug. 4, 1785. — James Duane, mayor of Xew York: "Herndon 
Burnley & Catherine, his wife, appeared before me. &c." 

150 William and ]Mary Quarterly 

June 17, 1786. — Zack Burnley, of Orange Co., to his daugliter 
Elizabeth Burnley — negroes. 

Mar. I, 1788. — Hardin Burnley, Jr., of Orange Co., to Paul Thil- 
man of Hanover: whereas Hardin Burnley, the elder, 
late of Hanover Co., dec*^, by his will in Hanover '"I 
give to my grandson Hardin Burnley, son of Zachariah 
Burnley 800 a. where T now live to be taken off the 
upper end'' & also gave 700 acres the remainder of said 
tract "to his grand daughter Mary Bell Burnley,'' & 
whereas the s'd Hardin Burnley, Jr., by Zachariah Burn- 
ley, his father & agent, did 4 Sept., 1784, agree to sell 
said 800 a. to Paul Thilman, lateer of Hanover, Dec*^, 
& whereas said Paul Thilman by his will did give the 
said 800 a. to Paul Thilman, later of Hanover, dec*^, 
go to Aviary Bell Burnley — said Paul Thilman, Jr., by his 
guardian Paul Woolfolk adj. Mr. Sam' Guest's, Bas- 
sett's Run ; Witness Zach Burnley, Martin Johnson, 
Thomas Buckner, Alex. Plenderson, Thos. Buckner. 

Jan. I, 1788. — James X Brooks to his son Nathan' Brooks 15 a. 
adj. Mr. Geddes Winston, James Brooks, Jr. & Nathan' 

Oct. 3, 1787. — Richard Brooks & Lucy X, his wife, to Nelson 
Berkeley, 65 a. Little River & said Nelson Berkeley. 
John Day. Witness Nelson Burnley, Jr., W" Graham 
^ 8z Carter Berkeley. 

July 7, 1785. — John Wingfield & James Bullock, attorneys for 
Thomas Bullock, to John Brown. 

July 24, 1786. — James Bullock, ex^°^ of Edward Bullock, to Gar- 
land Anderson, at Dudley Brown's Beaver Dam Creek, 
Geo. Breckenridge's. 

Mar. 17, 1768. — Whereas James Bullock, & Nancy, his wife, sold, 
March 4, 1788, to Jno. Phillips, sr. (wife's examina- 

Dec. 21, 1790. — Jno. Bullock, Sr. to Jno. Bullock, Jr., land on 
Mouth of Woody Creek, John Bullock, Richard Ander- 
son, Davy Anderson, &c. 

William and Mary Quartf:rly 151 

June 2S, 17S5. — W"' Barnes & Alary, his wife, of Parish of BHss- 
land. New Kent, to W"^ Place, of St. Paul's, Hanover, 
on Black Creek, Littleberry Wade's, Turner Slaughter. 

Nov. 3, 1785. — W"^ Bowe, eldest son 8c heir & ad'm of Nathan* 
Bowe, dec*^, to Jno. Wing-field, Sr. of Georgia, 98 a. 
taken from lower end of Daniel Fitz Patrick, dcc*^, 
Road from Hanover C. H. to Richmond. The late 
Hardin Burnley dec'^ John Clay, dec*^. 

Aug. 29, 1785. — John Barnat, of Goochland, to James Crew, of 
St. Martin's 25 a. , 

Aug. 28, 1786. — David Blackwell, St. Paul's, to Richard Plooper, 
of Henrico, 186 a. Line between said David Blackwell 
& his brother Robert, thence along Burnett's, James 
Daniel & W"^ Bowes (or Row's). 

Feb. 18, 1788. — To examine Robt. Blackwell & Mary his wife 
& W"" Hardin on 31 ]\Iay, 1787 sold James Hooper 
44 3/4 acres on Goodey Hale. 

Oct. 8, 1791. — Robt. Blackwell, of Woodford Co., Kentucky, to 
Jno. White of Planover — negroes & cattle. 

Dec. 20, 1786. — Elisha Bates, of Northampton Co., North Caro- 
lina, to John Austin, Sr., of Hanover, South of Brandy 

Dec. 20, 1786. — Elisha Bowles, of North Carolina, Northampton 
Co., to Hezekiah Bowles, of Hanover, called 'Thomas 
Bowles Tract'' 36 a., St. Paul's, by late survey of Air. 
Chapman Austin, on Brandy Branch. 

May, 10, 1785. — John Blair, of City of Williamsburg, & Jean, his 
wife, to James Harris, of Caroline, 864 a. St. Alartin's, 
bounded on North by Pamunkey River, by Bullfield, 
tract belonging to General Thos. Nelson, on E. by John 
Terry on West by Chapman Austin. 

Oct. 20, 1786. — Thomas Burton, & wife Fanny, of St. Paul's, to 
Thos. Payne li St. Martin's 100 a. joining W"" Bowles, 
Chas, Quarry, W"' Payne, John Crenshaw, & Chas. 
Tate's, being land purchased by said Thos, Burton's 
father, & wh. he fell heir to. 

152 William and ^Iary Quarterly 

June 21, 1/86. — John Keeling & Robert Burton & Agatha Burton, 

his wife, Granville Co., N. C, & John Thilman of Va. 

to Daniel Dejarnette, of i^Iiddlesex, 366 a. called "Fall 

Point" Pamunkey, on Thos. Nelson. 
May 18, i787.~Jacob Blithe, of St. Paul's to Mary Ann Parker, 

widow, — marriage contract. 
Apr. 7, 1 79 1. — Jacob Blythe & Alary Ann X Blythe to James 

Oct. 17, 1787. — Jeremiah Byars, & Elizabeth, his wife, to James 

Byars 100 a. & 1/2 mill, called ,Xew Alarket, Mill, for- 
merly owned by James Byars, & by him given to his son 

Feb. 17, 1788. — ditto of St. Martin's to Thos. Price, on Road 

to Xelson Berkeley's fork church. 
Dec. 7. 1787. — Whereas Richeson Brooks & Lucy his wife on 3^*^ 

Oct., 1786 sold to Xelson Berkeley, &c. 
Mar. 15, 1788. — Examination of Rachel, wife of James Byers, &c. 
Feb. 8, 1790. — James Byars & Rachel, his wife, to Pleasant Ter- 

rjll Mill on Little River. 
June 2, 1789. — Jno. Bailey, & Eliz. his wife, to Benj. Oliver on 

Beaver Dam Creek. 
Mar. 17, 1789. — Susan Bailey, of St. Paul's, to her son Jno. 

Bailey 74 a. upper part of tract called Pole Green adj. 

Benj. Pollard & W"^ Jones. 
June 15, 1790. — Thos. Bingham, & Sarah, his wife, of Hanover, 

to Chas. Vest 9 a. Thornton. 
Jan. 30, 1 791. — W"' Barrett & Rev. Robert Barret to Xelson 

Mar. 21; 1789. — Susan X Bailey, & Jno. Bailey, of St. Paul's, to 

Frances Wicker, wife of Benj. Wicker, for love & affect. 

& better support of s'd Frances Wicker 74 2/3 a. in St. 

Paul's called Pole Green — lower part adj. David Rich- 
1784 — John Barnett of Goochland to Micajah Crew of Hanover, 

adj. Alicajah Crew's, Izard Bacon, John Price, & Wilson 

Miles Gary. 

William and Mary Quarterly 153 

Mar 21, 1789. — Susan X Bailey, & John Bailey, St. Paul, to Sarah 
Barker, wife of W'" Barker, for love affection & better 
support of said Sarah Barker, 74 2/3 a., Middle Part of 
224 a. called Pole Green adj, David Richardson, W"" 

Auo^. I, 1799. — Micajah X Butler, of St. Paul, to John Parker 154 
a. adj. Jno Parker, Jno. Shelton, Thos. Tinsley, David 
Gentry & Bartelot Tyler's dec"^, now Thos. Tinsley. 

Apr. 2, 1790. — N^elson Berkeley & Elizabeth his wife to John 
Thornton 250 a. beginning" at Fork church. 

Feb. 8, 1791. — Peter Bibbs & Elizabeth, his wife, to Henry Davis 

250 a. y 

Feb. 3, 1 79 1. — Elkanah Baughan, & Ann, his wife, to W"" Hall 
100 a. adj. Jas. Goodman, Chas. Smith, David TuUoh, 
Chas. Yeaman. 

X'ov. II, 1783. — Ambrose Castlen to Ann Turner marriage con- 
tract between the two. 

Dec. 4, 1784.— Thos. Clarke & Nathan Talley (with Thos. Rich- 
^^ ardson & John Jones) bond as inspector of Page's ware- 


Aug. I, 1785. — Jas. Clarke, of St. Paul, & Mary, his wife, to 
Robert Fleming — lot in town of Hanover. 

Mar. 15, 1791. — Zachariah Clarke & Lucy, his wife, of St. Paul, 
to Thos. Butler, of King W"^, 351 a. Mattedequan creek 
& David Richardson, W"' Wicker, Alex. Stewart, & Jas. 

Nov. 4, 1788.— David X Clarke to Robert White land on North 
Fork of ]Mattedec[uin creek — being land sold by Geo. 
Meredith. Sam^ Roberson. 

Sept., i790.~Geo. Clay, of St. Paul, to Henry Watkins certain 
property to be used for support of said Geo. Clay, &c. 

Feb. 28, 1789. — Richard Chapman, adm^^^ of John Carter (will 
annexed) and Armistead Carter, eldest son of said Jolm 
Carter, to William Wliitlock, place called Carter's Island, 
in St. Paul's, on Chickahominy, 60 a. Beginning at 
Edward Chappels, &c. 

154 William and Mary Quarterly 

Aug. 29, 1788. — W"" Johnson, Esq., of i'^ part, and Mary Cobbs, 
spinster, of 2^ part, marriage contract. 

June 30, 1790. — Andrew Castlin, & Ann Castlin, of St. Paul's, to 
Eliz^ Chapman adm^""" and widow of Richard Chapman, 
dec*^, beginning at oak at the church, Bumpass Road, 
lately surveyed by John Street, surveyor of Hanover, 
Ann Castlin, wife of John Castlin. 

Mar. 3, 1784. — John Christian, & Judith, his wife, to Henry 
Burningfield 100 a. adj. Austin Morris, Peter Christian. 

Oct. 7, 1790. — John Clay's administrator to Henry Watkins 464 
a. on ^Nlechump creek, formerly Geo. Hudson's, &c. 
Nathaniel Wilkinson, surviving executor of John Clay 
dec^, John Watkins & Mary, his wife, to Henry Watkins 
"Whereas by a decree of the High court of Chancery 13 
Nov. 1787 in a suit brought by the said Nathaniel Wil- 
kinson & Ricli*^ Chapman, since dec*^, ex'"'"^ of ye said 
John Clay dec'^, Geo. John, Henry & Peter Clay, sons & 
devisees of said John Clay, against the said John Wat- 
kins & Mary his wife, Henry Watkins & Elizabeth his 
wife, & Augustine Eltham, it was ordered that 464 acres 
the land devised by the will of Geo. Hudson (formerly 
in the occupation of the sd Jno. Clay) St. Paul's Parish, 
Machumps Creek, 464 acres. 

Aug. 25, 1787. — John Christian, & Judith, his wife, to Billy Tim- 
berlake 195 3/4 a., North fork of Stag creek, St. Paul 
Parish — on ^vlorris' Mill Road adj. Lee's estate, Peter 
Christian, John Ragland. 

Sept. 3, 1787. — John Christian, & Judith, his wife, to Peter Chris- 
tain 83 a. Begin'g at Rob'^rt Lee's Stephen Davis, Geo. 
Proctor's & Blackwall's. 

Sept. I, 1787. — John Christian to Nathan Tinsley, Peter Ragland, 
& Ison Walton, his securities in Bond — Apr 20, 1782 — 
to John Wingfield (negroes). 

Oct. 10, 1787. — John Christian ap'p't Park Goodall & John Priddy 
his atty. 

William and AIary Quarterly 155 

]May 5, 1791- — Peter Christian, & Sarah, his wife, of St. Paul's, 
to, Matthew Pate 103 a. in St. Paul's, Wheeler's Slash, 
Mat. Pate, Daniel Cameron, Johnson, Howard, Oilman, 
Morris, Henry Burningfield, Timberlake. 

July I, 1784. — Charles Crenshaw, of Charlotte Co., & Martha, his 
wife^ Richard Crenshaw, of Cumberland Co., & Anne X 
Crenshaw (mother of s'd Chas. & Ric^*^), of Fluvanna 
Co., to John Shelton 400 a. was w^illed to the s'd Chas. & 
Rich'^ by their father James Crenshaw, dec*^, adj. Thos. 
Crenshaw, Jno. Ambler, on the River. 

^lar. 1, 1786. — John Crenshaw & Elizabeth, his wife, to John Har- 
vie, of Richmond City, 2 tracts — 160 & 32 a. The 160 a. 
bought by James Crenshaw 22 Sept. 1784, from Philip 
Pryor, adj. Gentry, Christian, Thomson, Symes, on 
Stonehouse creek &c. The other said 32 a. bought of 
James Cawthorn 2 June 1757 on Stone horse creek. 

Jany 11, 1787. — Joseph Crenshaw to John Fretwell for the bene- 
fit of [Meredith G. Crenshaw, Pattie Crenshaw & Ann 
Crenshaw, orplians of W"^ Crenshaw (i negro & child). 

^lay 31, 1790. — Chas. Crenshaw, John Crenshaw, Nathan Cren- 
sl^aw, Sukey Crenshaw, &: Temperance Crenshaw ; chil- 
dren of Chas. Crenshaw, dec*^. Division of his estate 
as per his will &c. 

Feb. 23, 1783. — John Clayton, Sr., to his son John Clayton, ap- 
pointed atty &c. 

Jan. 23, 1785. — Joseph Cross, Jr., & Sarah, his wife, to Matthew- 
Anderson & Rich*^ Clough Anderson 213 acres in St. 
[Martin's parish. 

Dec. 7, 1790. — Joseph Cross, Sr., of St. Paul's, to John Cross, 
Jr. for 5 shillings 298 a. adj. Park Goodall, Foulding 
creek, Henry Cross Tinsley, being where said Jos. 
Cross, Jr. now lives. 

Dec. 7, 1790. — Joseph Cross, Sr., of St. Paul's, to John Cross, 
Jr. for 5 shillings 298 a. in St. Paul's, on Folding creek, 
adj. Samuel Priddy, Sam^ Cross. 

Dec. 7, 1786. — Jos. Cross, Jr. & Sarah, his w'ife, to Jas. Watson 
170 a. River & adj. Rob- Anderson. 

156 William and ^Iary Quarterly ; 

Oct. 29, 178S. — Jos. Cross, Sr., of Hanover, to Stepney Davis 120 
a. East side Licking" Hole creek adj. Richard Littlepage 
(formerly Cutbird H. Roland). \ 

Dec. 26, 1790. — Jos. Cross, Sr., of St. Paul's, to Jos. Cross, Jr. 
for 237i, 395 a. adj. Jos. Xix, the widow Bumpass, An- 
thony Haines, Rowland. Said land he bought of Jno. i_ 
Nix. - i 

1791. — Henry Cross, of St. Paul's, to Sam^ Priddy 26 a. adj. j 

David Rowland, Sam^ Priddy, Winston's road. 1 

July 7, 1791. — Jos. Cross, Jr., & Sarah, his wife, to Oliver Cross j 

298 a. adj. Peter Christian, John Cross, said land now 
occupied by said Oliver Cross. \ 

June 4, 1789. — Jos. Cross, Jr., & Sarah, his wife, to Stephen j 

Hayne's 33 a. Stagg creek. I 

Dec. I, 1790. — Jos. Cross, Sr., to Richard Crenshaw 130 a. Lick- \ 

hole creek. | 

Dec. 4, 1790. — Jos. Cross, Sr., to John Crenshaw for 5 shillings • \ 

187 a. both sides Stoney Run, adj. Shirley & Tinsle\\ j 

Oct. 4, 1790. — Julia Crutchfield, of Hanover, to Fanny Brand, \ 

daughter of Jos. Brand & Fanny Brand, for love & \ 

affection for said Fanny. 5 

Jan. 13, 1785. — John Carter & Elizabeth, his wife, to John Crutch- i 

field the elder 134 a. in St. Paul's excepting the bury- \ 

ingground. f 

Feb. 26, 1785. — John Carter & Rebekah, his wife, of St. Paul to | 

little Benj. Wade, Jr., 5 acres on creek adj. James | 

Caddie. I 

Apr. 5, 1786. — -Mary Carter, widow, & Robert Carter & Xancy, 1 

his wife, to David Whitlock 187 1/2 a. adj. little Benj. \ 

Wade, Thom, Meux, Jno. Blackwell dec'^. I 

Feb. 28, 1789. — Richard Chapman, adm'^°'' with will annexed, of \ 

Jno. Carter dec*^, and Armistead Carter, eldest son of ^ 

said John Carter to W'^ Whitlock called '"'Carter's ; 

Island." I 

Sept. 5, 1771. — William Coles, of St. Martin, to his daughter \ 

Mary Payne for life, then to my grandson William 
Temple Payne, 176 a., I bought of W"^ Winston, Jr. 


dec'* adj. said W"^- Coles, Aylett, said Winston, Jno. 
Gray, School House. Witness Lucy Coles, Isaac Win- 

July I, 1783. — John Cockburn, of Hanover, to John Jones, of 
King \\'illiam, for 1 00,000 lbs. of Tobacco, House & 
lot, in New Castle Town. 

July 6, 1786. — Edward Cook, of Hanover, to Gwyne Jones, of 
New Castle Town, 3 lots in New Castle &c. 

Jan. II, 1786. — Timothy Chandler, of Caroline Co., to Jno. 
Thomson, of Hanover, 138 a., being land v/hereon Rich- 
ard, the father of said Timothy, formerly lived adj. 
Gen. Thos. Nelson. 

Nov. 30, 1786. — W™ X Cawthorn to Elizabeth Wilson i acre. 

Dec. 26, 1787.— W'-^ X Cawthorn to W" Payne, of St. Paul. 

^lar. 31, 1790. — Cliristopher Cawthorn & ^Margaret, his wife, of 
Albemarle, to Jeremiah Glinn 135 a. St. Paul adj. Thos. 
& John Bowles, Dabney, Mdnrow. 

Mar. 15, 1791. — Christopher Cawthorn & W"" Cawthorn, of Albe- 
marle Co., to Jno. ^lonrow, 17 a. on Waters of AVild 
Horse — on Solomon's Branch adj. Dabney. 

June 5, 1787. — Reuben Coutts, of Chesterfield, to W"^ Reynolds, 
of Richmond City. 3^Iill which formerly belonged to Jno. 

June 19, 1787. — Wilson Allies Cary, 8c Sarah, his wife, of Eliza- 
beth City Co., to Benj. Forsythe & St. ^lartin's 960 a. 
called ^'Scotch Town'' adj. Dr. Shore, Daniel Richard- 
son, Izard Bacon, Nelson Berkeley. 

Feb. 7, 1788. — David Chisholm appt's Nathaniel Pope his att'y. 

Mar. 23, 1790. — Walter Chisholm, & Sarah, his wife, to James 
Henry 405 & Henry Joyce. 

Mar. 4, 1780. — W"^ Craghead, of Lunenburg Co., surviving 
exec^°^ of will of Hastin ]Marks. dec^ to W"^ Pollard. 
Jr. (Peter Marks his son also exec'"'") His will direct 
property to go to his wife Mary & after death to all his 
children, excepting James ^larks & Hastin Marks. 

Mar. 25, 1788.— W^ Cloplon to Elisha Meredith 53 a. & 113 

158 William and Mary Quarterly 

Aug. 4, 1788. — Jno. Cunningham, of New Castle, to W"^ Mar-' 
shall, of King W"' Co. (horses). 

Oct. 6, 1788.— Alex. Burnett Crafford & Elizabeth, his wife, of I 

St. Paul's, to Walter Turner — acres, over road called | 

Tucker's road, adj. Littleberry W^ade, Richard Hooper, | 

Mary Carter's road. (Note, this deed is signed by I 

Alex. Burnett Crafford & by Alex. Crafford Burnett | 

with the latter scratched out. It is entered under Bur- _ | 

nett — and other places in the records show that he f 

signed himself & was known as? Alex. C. Burnett & % 

Alex. B. Crafford.) | 

July 2, 1788. — James Crew, of Hanover, app't his daughter | 

Unity Stanley, wife of Thos. Stanley. | 

Oct. 4, 1784.— W°^ Mitchel, & Sarah, his wife, & W"^ Childress ^ 

& Frances, his wife, of Prince Edward, & Rob- Flip- ] 

ping & ^lary his wife, of Amelia, to Dr. Robert Hang- t 

man 173 acres adj. Timothy Terrell, Geo. Bracken- | 

ridge, Gen^ Thos. Nelson. J 

July 26, 1787. — Whereas Jno. Parke Custis hath by deed 3 Dec. ) 

1778 to John Stark, Jr. 235 a. & whereas Eleanor Stuart } 

I "late" wife of said Parke Custis can not &c. We re- J 

quest you to go to said Eleanor, get her relinquish- 
ment to her dower in estate of her late husband John ^ 
Parke Custis. I 
To Robert Hooe & Jno. Fitzgerald, Jr. Justices of Fairfax | 
Co. _ ' - I 

Sept. 19, 1788. — Peter Casley to FLenry B. Jones. - | 

Apr. I, 1790. — W"" Harris, and W™ Nelson, of Hanover, only | 

acting executors of James Cosby, dec^. to W'"" ]\Iinor | 

(whereas said Cosby did publish his will 11 March, 
1789) 572 a. North side of Little River adj. Dr. James 
Nelson, W"^ Cally, Henry B. Jones, ^ Mr. Watts. 

June 30, 1790. — Andrew Castlin & Ann, his wife, to Elizabeth 
Chapman, administrator of Richard Chapman. 

Apr. 5, 1792. — Jno. Cocke & Sarah, his wife, of Caroline Co, to 
W"' Cocke of Co. 2^2 a. 

William and ^Iary Quarterly 159 

Jan. 17, 1792. — Bartelott Smith, Barnett Smith, Geo, , Smith, 
Thos. Smith, Joel Watkins, Wyatt S. Coleman & Sally 
X Coleman to Isaac Winston North branch of Pamun- 
key, being a part of 100 a., formerly belonging to 
Frances Smith, who in her will devised to several lega- 
tees &c. 
Adj. Geo. Smith, Col. John Winston, Piny branch^old 
Mill Dam. 

May I. 1783. — Owen Dabney & Elizabeth, his wife, of St. ]^Iar- 
tin, to , 50 a. South Side Taylor's Creek. 

July 29, 1784. — Owen Dabney & Elizabeth, his wife, of Hanover 
to John Hope, Jr. 190 a. on Taylor's Creek adj. Jen- 
ning Pulliani, David Henderson, James Dabney. 

Apr. 3, 1788. — Geo. Dabney appt's Nathaniel Parke, attV. - 

June I, 17S3. — W™ Daingerfield & Susan, his wife, of New Kent 
to Rich^ Anderson 414 both sides Turkey creek, adj. 
John Glenn, Thos. ^lassie (formerly owned by Peter- 
son Bullock).'. 

Feb. 17, 1784. — Tolaver Davis, & Mary, his wife, to W™ Taber 
(all of Hanover) 3 a. begin at Chas. Carter's, South 
fork of Mechump creek, North fork of ^Mechump. 

Sept. 2, 1784. — Lewis Cookson Davis, & Sarah, his wife, of St. 
Martin's, to John Hargrove of St. Martin's 113 a. north 
side Little River, adj. Thos. Anderson, Matt. Brmvn. 

Oct. 4, 1787. — W^^ N Davis & Sarah X, his wife, to Jeremiah 
Byars ''New Market Mill," & land there to adj. Thos. 
Trevilian. Jeremiah Byars on Little River. 

Jany 6, 1791. — Charles Davis, of Hanover, to Waltham Davis 
100 a. on ^Mechump's creek adj. Chas. Davis to Hix's 
old road, Pettus Ragland, Lankford, C. H. Road. 

Nov. 3, 1781.— W^ Duvall, & Ann, his wife, to Thos. Meux. of 
New Kent, 606 a. on Locust creek, in counties of Han- 
over & Louisa (bought by said Duvall of ]^Iaclin & John 

Feb. 7, 1788.— W°^ Duval authorizes :Mr. Nathan'l Pope, Jr.. Mr. 
John Lyons, Mr. John Walden, :\Ir. John :\linor, Jr., to 

i6o William and Mary Quarterly 

appear & defend him in motion to be made by John 

Thomson &c. 
Maj. 12, 1785. — Abraham Durham and Sally, his wife, to W"^ 

Whitlock 50 a. on Chickahominy. 
May 6, 1785. — Haldenby Dixon, & Elizabeth, his wife, to Robt. 

Payne 25 a., being of said Haldenby Dixon's home- 
stead, adj. Robert Payne. 
July 2, 1786. — Mr. Alexis Francis Douchy, merchant in Dun- 

kerque, (France ?) to require of Adrian Wiscart & 

Augustine Deneuville. 
Nov. 5, 1787. — Dudley Digges, Jr., to Cary Wyatt, house in 

Hanover town. 
Apr. 4, 1791. — James Davenport, Jr., & Dicey, his wife, to W'" 

Ashley, of Spotsylvania, 150 a. Begin'g where said 

James Davenport, Jr.'s branch enters the Pamunkey — 

adj. Kannaday's & John Sea's. 
Oct. 6, 1 79 1. — Sorrow Dinene, of Goochland, to Jesse x\nthony, 

of Spotsylvania — land bought of W"^ Turner in upper 

end of Hanover adj. John Winston. Signed Sorrow 

Dinene, Franky Dinene. 
Dec. 7, 1786. — W™ England to Richard Crenshaw^ 209 a. adj. 

W°^ King, Capt. Cross, James & Ed. Lankford. 
April I, 1790, — W"" England, Jr., of St. Paul's, to John Priddy, 

Jr., 100 a., left by his father & formerly owned by Ed- 
ward England adj. said Priddy, Gideon Ragland, North 

side Licking Hole Creek. 
May 18, 1772. — Benj. Anderson & Jno. Meriwether, chiirch- 
' wardens of St. Paul's, placed Mary Evans a poor girl 
' with Jno. Bridgewater. 
Oct. 24, 1786. — Paul Epperson, of St. Martin's, to his son John 

Epperson land, where Paul Epperson lives. 
May II, 1789. — Sam^ Earnest, & Dolly, his wife, & Rose, his 

mother, of St. Paul's, to Jane Hundley 161 a, part of 

what was formerly Geo. Earnest's. 
Dec. 31, 179T. — Sam^ Earnest, of Hanover, to Thos. Starke 


William and Mary Quarterly i6i 

Aug. 7, 1789. — \V°^ Elmore, & Sarah, his wife, St. Paul to 
Richard Littlepage 100 a. on Stoney Creek, the same 
bought of Echo Thacker adj. Benj. Bowles, Jas. Bailey, 
Lucy Thacker, W^ Jones & John Mansfield. 

Sept. 2^], 1783. — Obadiah X Farmer, & Sarah, his wife to 24 — 
adj. Hancock. 

Nov. 2, 1784. — Rebecca X Henson, Chas. Yeamans & Obadiah 
X Farmer to Thos. Smith 48 a. adj. Fountain & Hill. 

May 6, 1784. — Edwin Fleet & Frances, his wife, to W"" Harris, 
of King W"", being 1/2 of land owned by Jno. Pierce 
& which was allotted to Edward Fleet at the division of 
said Pierce's land, & wh. the said Fleet was entitled to 
by courtesy, said place called Diamond Hill. 

Oct. 13, 1784. — John Fitz Patrick, of Pitsylvania Co., to Nathan 
Bowe, WlTeelright, 150 a. in St. Paul's on Ashcake road, 
adj. Henry Watkins & Jno. Wingfield. It being the 
land that Daniel Fitz Patrick left to his son John Fitz 

June 30, 1785. — Thos. Foster to Bartelot Anderson lots in Han- 
over Town. 

Oct. 19, 1785. — Samuel Fox, & Peter Foster, in right of their 
wives Rhoda Fox & Mary Foster, daughters of Richard 
Pickering, dec'd, to Thos. Swift, who was security for 
Lucy Pickering, dec*^, the widow & adm^°^ of said Rich- 
ard Pickering. 

Aug. 10, 1786. — Benj. Forsythe to Neal McCook 94 3/4 a. on 
Pamunkey River — road from Cruezen Store to Rocky 

May 14, 1788.— Benj. Forsythe, of St. Martin's, to Chas. Dab- 
ney on South Anna adj. said Dabney. 

Aug. 6, 1786. — James Fontaine to Isaac Winston North Fork of 
Beaver Dam creek adj. Thos. Smith former line John 
Winston. Witness N. Berkeley, W. Fontaine, W™ 

]Nray 7, 1789. — W^' Fontaine app'ts Nathaniel Pope, his att'y, to 
act in case Jas. & Thos. Dean bring suit vs. him. 

i62 William and Mary Quarterly 

Jan. 7, 1790. — W°' Fontaine & Arm Fontaine, his wife, of St. 
Martin's to Timothy Goodman 31 1/2 a. old Mill road 
in Bartelot Henchey's line, on Beaver Dam Creek. 

June 19, 1790. — Eliza Fontaine & Edward Fontaine to Solomon 
Lowry 149 a. called Tins, South of North Branch of 
Pamunkey River^ for bounds refer to deed by W"^ 
Tins to Peter Fontaine. 

Nov. 22, 1784. — To Justices of Prince Edward. 

W° Mitchell, Robert Flippen & W°^ Childress deed 4 Oct. 
. 1784 to Dr. Robt. Honeyman 173 a. St. Martin's, Sarah, 
wife of said Mitchell, Mary, wife of said Flippen & 
Frances, the wife of said Childress, as she could not 
come to court, order to be & were examined by the 
justice of Prince Edward Co. 

Feb. 21, 1790. — Samuel Fox & Rhoda, his wife, of Hanover, to 
James Parsons 200 a. which said Fox now Hves on at 
Mattidequin Creek, at Chas. Talleys line. Pancake 
Branch, Jeremiah Wade. 

Mar. 4, 1790. — Samuel Foster, of Hanover, to Frances Ratcliffe, 
of Richmond City, 100 a. in St. ^Martin, sold land bought 
by said Fox from Thos. Swift church road in W^ 
Thomson's line, Locust Creek. 

{To he Continued.) 

William and Mary Quarterly 163 

From the Bancroft Transcripts, Library of Congress. 

Lieut Gov. Fauquier to the Board 
of Trade, 7 April 1766. 

W^^'burgh April 7*^ 1766. 
jNIy Lords , 

I have now before me the two letters your Lordships have 
honoured me with of the S^^ and 29'^'' of November last; that of 
the 29*^ I did not receive till the i^* instant. 

Your Lordships intercession with His Majesty in favor of 
the two unhappy convicts whom I took the liberty to recom- 
mend to His Majesty's most gracious mercy through the channel 
of your right Hon*"^^ Board, demands my most sincere thanks, 
which I shall alwavs enumerate anions: the favors I have at vari- 
ous times received from you. 

By the letters I have had the honor to send to your Lord- 
ships it will appear that I am not in the least disappointed in not 
obtaining His Majesty's leave of absence from my government 
in these times of trouble & confusion; it was what I expected 
and even desired. 

I have enclosed 'to your Lordships copies of two letters I have 
rec^ this morning; the one a copy of a letter wrott to me by 
Captain ^lorgan of the Hornet sloop of war, the other the copy 
of a letter s'ent by one Captain Smith to Captain ^Morgan com- 
plaining of' extreme ill usage at Norfolk; by which your Lord- 
ships will be able to form a judgment of the lawless and riotous 
-State of this Colony at present, which had behaved quietly for 
some time. I shall communicate them to a full Council which I 
expect to meet on Thursday next, and take their advice what is 
to be done, and in the mean time have sent Captain Smith to the 
King's Attorney. 

I also inclose to your Lordships a Newspaper published last 
Friday, in which vou will see the association at Norfolk printed 

164 William and Mary Quarterly 

at large, and tliis as I have been credibly informed by various 
hands, is not the only one in the Country. Indeed I have been 
privately shewn the copy of one under a promise I would not 
betray the person or ask a copy of it. The ringleaders of that, 
I believe, reside chiefly in the Northern Neck and entered into 
it on accot. of ^Ir. Ritchie a mercht. who acted impolititickly and 
who has suffered severely for his imprudence. This Associa- 
tion I believe is encouraged by the family of a gentleman who 
has his views to the Chair, whenever the Assembly shall meet 
and thinks his opposing Government a likely means to seat him 
in it. IMr. Ritchie's story is printed at large in the Maryland 

From the i^^ of November we have been without any news- 
paper, till very lately. The late printer to the Colony is dead, 
and as the press was then thought to be too complaisant to me, 
some of the hot Burgesses invited a printer from ^Maryland. 
Upon which the foreman to the late printer, who is also a candi- 
date for the place, has taken up the newspaper again in order to 
make interest with the Burgesses. ; 

Your Lordships would have made me extremely happy if you 
had thought it advisable to have been more explicit in selection 
to the Speakership and Treasurership. But as your Lordships 
have honored me with a discretionary power to take the first 
favorable opportunity of dividing them, your Lordships may be 
assured I will act to the best of my judgment to promote His 
Majesty's service, both now and hereafter ; and if I should be i 

so unfortunate as to find your Lordships dift'er from me in that I 

judgment, I must trust to your wonted candor to excuse me. I 

I am with the greatest respect and esteem ■ 1 

My Lords • i 


Your Lordships most obed*^ 1 

obliged and devoted serv*^ \ 

Fran: Fauquier. - 

William and ^Iary Quarterly 165 

To the right Hon^'^ the Lords of Trade. 
Enclosures in the above. 

1766 Apl 5. Capt. Morgan to Gov. Fauquier. 
1766 Apl 3. Capt. Smith to Capt, ^lorgan complaining of 
a gross outrage committed upon him. 

1766 Apl 4. Copy of the Virginia Gazette Xo. 776. 

I p. B. Capt. J. ^Morgan to Gov. Fauquier 

Trade Virginia ^ 5 April, 1766. 

198 L. 49. 

(Enclosed in Gov. Fauquier's letter to the Board of Trade.) 

Hornet in Hampton Road 5th April 1766. 

Herewith I send you a copy of a letter wrote to me by an 
innocent man. On Saturday the 29th of the last month there was 
about thirty of some of the principal people of Norfolk spent 
the night 'at a tavern, the present Mayor ^P Calvert being one 
of them, took them with him to his house where they brought 
day light on. The next day I was told that some of the com- 
pany had put up an advertisement for the Sons of Liberty to 
meet at the Court House on Monday at 11 o'Clock, which was 
the next day. They accordingly met and chose a Committee, 
President, M^. Davis, Parson of the parish ; Secretary. Capt Paul 
Loyal; :\Iembers, M"" Bush Clerk of the County, M^ Holt lawyer, 
M*" Anthony Lawson d° and M"" Parker merchant in Norfolk. 

Voted, That the Parliament imposing taxes on America is 
unconstitutional and illegal; and therefore determiined, in case 
the Stamp Act is to be inforced, that they will stand by each 
other in order to oppose it with all their might; M"" Paul Loyd, 
coming from the Northward having declared that notwithstand- 
ing the \*irginian5 were the first who attempted to oppose the 
Stamp Act were now became mute and pusilanimous, while the 

iG6 William and Mary Quarterly 

people of the other Colonies asserted their rights like Sons of 
Liberty, which had likewise behove them to do. 

In consequence of the above Declaration the Committee were 
appointed in order to sit ; M^" Bradley motioned for your Honor 
to be compelled to call an Assembly and proceed to the business 
of the Colony without admitting the Act to take place. 

I heard no more of their proceedings until last Thursday, 
when the poor innocent unfortunate Captain Smith appealed to 
me. When you hear the treatment they gave him, it will shock 
you as it did me. The man don't tell half the story in his letter 
that I have heard from others. ]\Ir. George Veal that he men- 
tions in his letter, is a worthy ]\Iagistrate for this County and 
worth your Honor's notice. 

There is not a man of Portsmouth side the water, I believe 
that will sign their paper, except it be M'' John Goodrich a 
merchant of Portsmouth, who seems to me to be troublesome as 
you will find by a complaint sent to your Honor by Captain 

You will perhaps think it very extraordinary that I should 
find a difficulty in proving all this that I have sent unto you, but 
so it is here as everybody is afraid of their lives that are loyal. 
But as my duty as a servant of the Crown, a subject and well 
wisher to Governor Fauquier, commands me to do it, and shall 
continue endeavoring to get whatever inteligence 1 can, if it 
should be of any service to you shall be happy. 

It is needless for me to make use of what little interest I have 
with your Honour for poor innocent Captain Smith, as I am con- 
vinced your benevolent heart will see him done justice to. Upon 
my honor he never made any information to me, and I am ready 
to make oath of it, he was and is an utter stranger to me. 
I am with the greatest respect 

Your most obedt. hble servt. 

rp ^ T-, . Jer Morgan. 

To Governor Fauquier "^ ^ 

A true Copy 

Fran Fauquier. 

William and Mary Quarterly 167 

Capt'^ William Smith to J. Morgan Esq. 
3 April 1766. 

(Enclosed in Governor Fauquier's letter to the Board of Trade.) 


jVP John Gilchrist merchant in Norfolk who is one of the 
owners of the schooner I commanded, sent for me to Norfolk to 
sign bills of Loading for the goods I received on board the vessel, 
and as I was stepping ashore, the said John Gilchrist, Matthew 
and John Phripp, James Campbell and Captain Fleming seized 
me first and carried me to the ^larket House, and accused rne of 
informing you against the Snow Vigilant, Peter Burn Com- 
mander, for having smuggled goods on board, which your Honor 
knows I never mentioned to you ; and tho' they could find no 
evidence against me, they bound my hands and tied me behind a 
Cart, and 'M^ Maximilian Calvert, ^layor of the Town, instead 
of suppressing the insult, encouraged it and threw stones at me 
himself. Then they hurried me to the County Wharf and be- 
dawbed my body and face all over with tar and afterwards threw 
feathers upon me ; they then put me upon a Ducking Stool and 
threw rotten eggs and stones at me, by which means I have 
almost lost the sight of my eyes. Then they carried me through 
every street in the town, and came abreast of the Hornet Sloop 
of war under your command, bidding defiance, and threatning 
if your Honor was ashore they would treat you in the same man- 
ner. Afterwards they carried me back to the ^Market House with 
two drums beating, shewing all imaginable demonstrations of joy, 
and all the principal gentlemen in town being present, especially 
AP John LaWrance who ordered me to be thrown into the water 
lashed fast to the Ducking Stool with a rope round my neck, 
there to be drowned, had not Captain George Veale told them 
they would suffer for it. x\t last they loosed me, and John Phripp 
threw me headlong over the wharf, wdiere I 'was in imminent 
danger of being drowned, had not a boat taken me up when I 
was just sinking, being able to swim no longer. 

I am now got over to Portsmouth, and humbly beg you will 
take the above into your consideration, and take me into your 

1 68 William and Mary Quarterly j 

protection to spare the little remains of life they have left me, 
for I expect nothing else but present murder. I have now almost 
lost the sight of my eyes, and use of my limbs, and I humbly beg, 
as a subject of Great Britain, that you will commiserate my case 
and assist me. \ 

I am with great respect I 

Your Honors most obed* serv^ ' j 

William Smith. ' | 

Portsmouth | 

3 April 1/66 ' I 

To Jer. Morgan Esq. '■< 

A true Copy , ■ 

Fran: Fauquier > 

Lieut. Gov"" Fauquier to the Board 
of Trade. 12 Sept 1766. 

W^^burgh Sept. 12^^ 1766. 
My Lords 

I have received from M"" Pownall the several gracious Acts 
pass'd last Session of Parliament in favor of His Majesty's sub- 
jects in America. The generosity & kindness of the Mother 
Country to the Colonies, shewn forth in these Acts demand the 
most dutiful returns of loyalty gratitude and submission which 
it is possible for a people to shew on such an occasion. It is my 
duty and shall be my endeavor to inculcate this disposition in the 
members of the Assembly, which is to meet in November. 

I am desired by M"" Wormeley to lay his case before your 
Lordships and to request your interposition with His Majesty that 
he may have liberty to resign his office of Comptroller of the Port 
of Rapahannock River in favor of his son who was originally 
designed to hold that office. The case my Lords is this. When 
M'' Ralph W^ormeley the younger by means of his friendship with 

William and Mary Quarterly 169 

a schoolfellow, a son of L*^ Holland, while he was in England, 
obtained of the Hon. AP Grenville then at the head of the Treas- 
ury, a promise of this place, which his father also of the name 
of Ralph was to act in, as his deputy, till the young gentleman's 
return into this Colony. The appointment by mistake was made 
out in the name of Ralph Wormeley, without the addition of 
Junior, by which the place is now actually in the father. 

I have nothing to add to this account of the matter, but that 
AP Wormeley is a gentleman whom I should have pleasure to 

I am with great regard and esteem 

My Lords 

Your Lordships most obed*^ 

obliged and devoted serv*^ 

Fran : Fauquier. 

To the Right Hon'^^^ the Lords of Trade &c. 

Lieut. Gov^ Fauquier to the Board 
of Trade 17 Dec^ 1766. 

W^^^burgh Dec^ 17^^ 1766. 
My Lords 

In answer to your Lordships favor of the i^^ of August 1766 
which I did not receive till the 9^^ Inst. I am to inform you that 
there is but 'one manufactory of the least importance carried on 
in this Colony, which is, the making of Iron both in pigs and 
barrs, which receives no publick encouragement, and which when 
made is chiefly exported to Great Brittain. But to give your 
Lordships a true knowledge of this matter, it is necessary I 
should add that every gentleman of much property in land and 
negroes have some of their own negroes bred up in the trade of 
blacksmiths, and make axes, hoes, ploughshares, and such kind of 

170 William and Mary Quarterly 

coarse work for the use of their plantations. I do not know that 
there is a white-smith or maker of cutlery in the Colony. 

There are Shoemakers which make ordinary shoes for the 
use of the Planters, and a few hatmakers which make hats of 
pure beaver, which are really fine, and which the gentlemen grow 
fond of for their own wear ; but these are made in very small 
quantities, and none exported. 

The Planters wives spin the cotton of this country and make 
a strong coarse cloth, with which they make gowns &c for them- 
selves and children ; and sometimes they come to this town and 
offer some for sale. Of this cotton they make coverlids for beds, 
which are in pretty general use through the Colony. 

During the time of uneasiness, on account of the Stamp Act, 
there was a strong attempt made to convert their hemp into 
osnabrigs, but I believe that scheme is quite at an end on their 
discovering that they could import them much cheaper than they 
could make them. And this must always be the case as long as 
they have plenty of land. 

By this plain account your Lordships will observe that there 
are but few manufactures of any kind carried on, and those that 
arC;, are for the consumption of the inhabitants, who do and will 
import all matters of elegance & conveniency; for the nature of 
the people is such that they are too indolent to engage in manu- 
factures or work of any kind. 

I had almost forgot to mention that they daily set up mills to 
grind their wheat into flour for exportation. 

I am with the greatest regard and esteem 

My Lords 

Your Lordships most obed^ 

obliged and devoted serv^ 

Fran: Fauquier. 

To the Right Hon^'^ the Lords of Trade &c. 

William and Mary Quarterly 171 

Lieu^ Gov Fauquier to Sec^ the Earl 
of Shelburne 2"] April 1767 

No. 2. W"^burgh April 27*^ 1767. 

My Lord 

On the 12^^ Ins' I prorogued the x\ssenibly when they had 
finished the business of the country. The whole sessions was 
conducted with great heat both on ace* of private dissensions and 
publick divisions ; and I am afraid that grateful and pacific tem- 
per which the friends of the Colonies expected from them did not 
prevail to so great a degree as was wished, tho' they have been 
so prudent as to have nothing appear on their Journals; so that 
I am legally ignorant of what might drop in debate from some 
of the young hot headed unexperienced members. The cool old 
members by their great steadyness & moderation will, I am in 
great hopes, regain that lead in the House which they formerly 
had, but at present it is lost. This general turn of the country 
I thought it my duty to apprize your Lordship of. 

The Acts of this part of the Sessions are now transcribing, 
those of the former part before the adjournment at Christmas 
I shall have the honor to transmit to your Lordship in a few 

I am with the greatest respect and esteem 

My Lord 

Your Lordships most obed^ 

and devoted servant 

Fran : Fauquier. 

To the Earl of Shelburne one of 

His ^la*^ Principal Sec^ of State 

172 William and Mary Quarterly 

(Continued from Vol. XX., p. 185.) 

16, Tuesday, July, 1776. — I sent last night to M' xViry after 
9 last night to know the occasion of the illumination, and rec'd 
a paper containing an extract from a Paper going Express to the 
Congress, giving an acco* of an engagement with 9 men of war 
mounting 268 guns, w^hich no doubt attempted to force a battery 
in Charles Town, Carolina, ppd to resist the landing of an army. 
The ships had 103 men killed besides 2 captains & 38 wounded 
besides one captain who lost an arm. One ship abandoned & 
burnt by the enemy about 10 shattered as not to be repared in 
this Part of America ; all the ships lost all their anchors being in 
a hurry obliged to cut and run. One vessel lost her bowsprit. 
They had but 2/3 allowance in fresh Provisions and in want of 

This acco*^ brot by some Americans on board taken at different 
times by the men of war who deserted during the engagement, & 
made oath before one John Cullock to the above particulars — 
Note 500o£ was offered for Gen'l Lee's head, who commanded 
the w^hole. The enemys engineer had been in the tavern at 
Charles Town and visited all the fortifications. We had only 20 
men killed and 22 w^ounded. More Particulars will be more satis- 
factory and we may say from this acco*^ that God was on our side, 
a thought worth rejoicing for. We must have good Engineers 
on our side at Charles Town. 

John Beale told me last night that at Gwyns Island 18'^ shot 
w^ent between Dunmore's thighs and cut a boatswain in two behind 
him. I dont doubt this shot cooled his latitudinous virility for 
that night at least, and I will hope that some wound of this sort 
has disabled him if not killed him. I wonder who feels the water 
hot now, himself, or the Virginians! 

♦This instalment is taken literally frcm the Diary and is not 

William and Mary Quarterly 173 

Cool still, and no rain. N'othing certainly can grow, under 
this Northerly dominion of this element the air. But it is enough 
barely to Exist when such barbarous enemies are defeated in 
their expectations to destroy us. Providence who directs all 
things will not forsake the cause of justice. 

My people mowing my wheat at the Fork & elsewhere are 
now cutting down the spelt and after that the oats. 

John Beale gone home. Colston &: the devil my son gone to 
Capt. Beale's to dinner. 

I understand by J. Beale the wench Peg who died here last 
was in his time subject to gross ulcers and was cured often by 
me. She had a brother and a sister wch all died then from a 
mere family disorder, indeed, presumptively the yaws or heredi- 
tary pox. 

Rode cut. Light grounds may make corn & tobacco with a 
very little rain; but it seems as if stiff grounds cannot without 
more than it seems that we are likely to have. As to cotton I see 
drilling stands the only chance, because near 3 feet rows shade 
each other. 

19, Friday, July, 1776. — If it was not for reminding myself 
and others how often a merciful being steps out of that order 
(to wit) number, weight and measure in what he created all 
things, it would not be worth the Paper used to take notice wdien 
it rained or did not. But to keep ourselves in a dutiful applica- 
tion to throne of mercy, I must observe we are extremely dry, & 
so it seems I am at all my Plantations wch I have heard from, 
wch is all but the Park O' above, under the Care of Leonard 
Hill. There I don't know^ how they are. In Northumberland 
very drie, at Rippon Hall corn &c dying for want of rains. At 
Ring's Neck, indeed, I hear they do look a little better. But God 
be praised, I do also hear it is not so with everybody. Some are 
happy in this heavenly blessing, so I hope it will not be quite a 
famine ; besides we have our wheat to depend on ; and it will be 
prudent to sow as much as we can, as our seed time will be soon 
upon hand; and in Gods good time, we may have rain. Indeed 
every appearance yesterday looked very promising, for it, till lust 

174 William and Mary Quarterly 

last night, I saw the red wing signal at N.W. wch freqt observa- 
tions had told me would drive away every moist cloud, and so if 
did. , But as by every accot, we hear of our success in driving 
off our enemies, we may presume that whilst heaven suffers us 
to be checked in our extravagant fancies of our over skill in hus- 
bandry, She may possibly be in another manner securing our 
happiness, in the Preserving assistance in that she gives to our 
natural rights, our freedom. George Reynolds sent yesterday 
2y2 bushels of wheat to be ground & bolted desiring it may be 
manufactured as before & he will pay the next time for the whole 
barrel it was done as I desired. 

19, Friday, July, 1776. — We have been ever since the day be- 
fore yesterday carting in our oats, note it was presently after we 
had begun to mow them. 

I promised Vl^ Colston two of my heifer yearlings. I think 
they are really fine creatures. There is something in that Gentle- 
man that I admire (?) And I think my daughter both prudent & 
lucky, as I believe her love for indulgence quite agst her great 
good sense would make her miserable with a man of a less steady 
turn of mJnd. He very politely offered me a few gallons of his 
spirit wch was all he had to spare. I am much obliged to him for 
it ; for by Captain Shields letter to me by Nathan there is no rum 
to be had under 20 / the gallon, but some is expected that possi- 
bly may be sold at 10 / which he will buy of if not forbidden. I 
shall come to admit it, if it is not to be got before peach distilling 
times; for I am certain 10/ is dearer than fine claret ever was, 
and nothing but real necessity can justify any mans buying it. 

This day came Joseph Norris and attempted to Produce his ^ 
own affidavit that he did not open my letter. I cant but say the 
Magistrate was weak that gave him such an oath in his own case. 
The law does not suppose a man honest enough to do so, and 
never allows him to do so. I have told him I would not keep 
him in my business if he did serve me for nothing. He owns he 
ordered the boy not to go to Pullens first. By the by Pullen was 
gone away before this happened. 

Pd. this Norris £12 cash for which I took his rec^ 

Pd. This day a pewterer from Middx recommended here by 
M"" Giberne for new casting 22 plates at a bit a plate i 3/9. I 

William and Mary Quarterly 175 

dont think his work well done ; but it seems our parson paid the 
same and for no better work. 

Nat brot me from town a handful of thrashed barley, very 
large grain indeed, which he says he got of the late Speakers peo- 
ple. It seems that gentleman had a small vial full given him from 
wch he raised four if not five bushels of seed. I will endeavour 
to do the same, but then it must be in my garden or I am certain 
it will be destroyed as was my Sicilian wheat and Poland oates 
this year. 

My grandson George three days ago counted my sheep and 
there were just 138, rams and all, besides the fatned sheep. I 
thought there had been more but I do suppose under godson Tom 
some died v/ith* his ever speaking of it, being either too proud 
or indolent ever to open his mouth to me. I am really glad since 
that fellow has behaved so Proudly, Sulky and carelessly that he 
has gone away. I am certain that I am daily too tried by four in 
my house (to wit) father, mother, son and daughter, yet I dont 
so incessantly and absurdly m.eet it as I used to do, for it used to 
be evident these used to be pleased with his conduct, and where 
they could not with- the least pretense justify anything they always 
were excusing it. Besides my grandson G. has shown me that 
without so indolent a companion, he can be really diligent and 
careful, for I am certain he has done all and more than ]\Iaster 
Tommy ever did; and if he goes on so to conduct himself he 
shall be benefitted by what I really intended this graceless godson 
of mine shd have had; for tho' I never plainly said what I shd 
do for him, yet I always did encouraged and bid him see what 
care and diligence had done for Beale. Indeed, at my death or 
some more Proper time I shd have done more than give a bare 

20, Saturday, July, 1776. — Dry and warm. Heavenly father 
always more ready to give than we to deserve Permit me to say 
to thy unspeakable goodness Lord have mercy upon thy poor 
offending creatures. 

21, Sunday. — Dry but with no small hopes of a blessing to 
relieve us. 

176 William and Mary Quarterly 

Last night my cart came up from John E. Beale for iron pots 
to make salt out of the Bay water, wch cart brot me 8 bush'^ 
oysters. I ordered them for family and immediate use. As we 
are obliged to wash the salt we had of Col'^ Tayloe, I have or- 
dered that washing to be carried into the vault and every oyster 
dipped into it over all and then laid down on the floor again. 

Beale writes me that by bricking up his pots he makes with 
two only, one not holding but 41/2 gals, a gallon of salt per day 
and that is much whiter than it used to be and I'll answer for it 
with less expense of wood. I shall send the pots down tomorrow, 

John Beale had complained to me about my fellow Jacob as 
being a ringleader to their running out of the slaves and every 
Species of roguery. I had ordered him to be sent up to me and 
by this cart, but as he says nothing about him by this cart, he has 
either forgot it or dont intend to send him up. 

There fell something this day wch a Jemony ( ?) fop would 
have called a rain ; but an honest planter could only say it was a 
small sprinkle, however my cultivated plants seemd all to praise 
the Lord in their joyous endeavors to be refreshed with it. 

W. Barber came as a contractor to buy beef and Pork of me. 
I told him I had none, for I should lose by killing beef *now. 
Others have to appearance been happy in the evening rains, and 
I am thankful for that. 

22^ Monday & dry ; but my corn has somehow a very green 
look. Last night B. Beale gave me a letter from Chantilli. It 
seems he had been there to look out for other business. I askd 
why he did not let me know it, that I might also have been on 
the Providing scheme ; he sayd I bid him provide himself, and 
so I have done before, but then when he went hunting for one 
place he always askd me to lend him my horse ; but now he should 
go. I would not keep him even for nothing. I see both he and 
Tom Parker claim a right of imposing (on) me and if I repri- 
mand either of them then they want to be discharged. Let them 
go in Gods name. I know good treatment and the wages I give 
will get anybody and one to oblige me more than he has lately 
done. And so joy go with him. 

William and Mary Quarterly 177 

Out of the 8 bushels oysters I had six pickled and two bushels 
for dressg. But I was ask'd what Beale sent oysters up in July. 
I answered it was my orders. Who would eat oysters in July said 
the Mighty man ; and the very day shew'd he not only could eat 
them but did it in every shape raw, stewed, caked in fritters and 
pickled. But he had a father to reprehend, and he would per- 
sonate the Hypocrite rather than not do it. 

Guthrie sent this day for my consent to sell our Smith for 
£30 payable in October to one Steward (Stuart ?) of Augusta. 
I wrote him I would give him I5£ for his half deducting half the 
first cost out as I was bound as security for the whole. If he 
agreed to it I would take him with the things I furnished, settle 
the account and set him to work here. I know John Guthrie very 
well now. 

However incredible this relation may be of any animated part 
of the creation except the brutes, I hereby call God to witness 
the truth of it. Col° Robert Wormeley Carter, who surely has 
been somehow changed since born of his mother, though this day 
at dinner though at my own table and with my own victuals, see- 
ing me take a little vinegar out of the cucumber plate called out 
to his daughter to put some more vinegar and pepper in, for his 
father had taken it all out as he always does. I vow to God I 
had not more than half a teaspoonful to acidulate some oyster 
broth. I have dreaded what this filial disobedience will get to. 
I must be provided with pistols ; for I am certain no resolution of 
mine can otherwise guard agst the consequence. Lord, is not 
the 5^^ command, honor thy father and mother, and is this honor, 
gracious God? 

The first' Monday in April was April fool day sufficiently ex- 
emplified at our Court House. And the first Monday in next 
month will be a second day of the sort in this new government. 

Nat brot from the widow Lucy Downman 2 gall of brandy 
sd to be old, for which it seems I gave 8 shillings the gallon. 
Such is the disposition to gain even of a woman who has been 
bedrid. Even she can prey upon the necessities of others. To- 
morrow I am to get some rum at 10 shillings the gallon of a per- 

1^8 ^ William and Mary Quarterly 

son no better in infirmities. So that even the last movemt is to 
be distingui.>5hed by a gripe on necessity. 

23, Tuesday. — A pleasant morning and some rain in the night 
which I most sincerely thank the god & my God of mercies for 
and I hope it has been a good drink to the choaking crops, 
though B. Beale says there has been but little. f 

25, Thursday, July, 1776. — A little sprinkling in the .night 
after incessant lightning for a long while. 

Gardener Johnny catchd on Tuesday night riding a horse by 1 

my grandson returning from fishing, though locked up and tied 
neck and heels with his hands behind him, was broke out and 
has not been seen or heard of since. 

Began the day before yesterday to hoe and drill my home flax 

patch with , a tedious Job yet vastly advantageous. We J 

shall scarce finish it this day. j 

Ploughing last night my home tobacco in the watling pasture. I 

Stacking up my wheat at last. Col'' R. H. Lee came to the ' 

district commee thoug'h no comie met. It seems the chairman of 
Lancaster calld a meeting this day at Northumberld Courthouse. 
Note this ought to have been done months ago but it seems his 
neglect is to be cured by an insult. I resolved not to go there. 
These fools are in a most contentious mode, and they shall find '■. 

themselves mistaken in the object of it, for a man whose good I 

conscience is his spreading view has a better shelter than they \ 

can effect. 1 

I askd Lee who came home with me if he did not remember 
who gave the first breath for Liberty in America ; he said he well 
remembered it : and it was an absurdity to give it to P. Henry, 
the Gov'', for he actually was not at the assembly though they 
gave him the reputation of it. I miay truly say Hanc ego priuius 
tentavi tulit alter honores. This man only assisted in the resolves 
after the stamp act came in by the advice of another. ^ 

Wind NW. as usual and probably all will be drie again. i. 

Our first dish of Indian pease this day though of the most for- 
ward sort I ever knew and as early planted as could be for the 
frosts and I believe in as good ground as common, such has our 
dry and cold weather been. 

William and Mary Quarterly 179 

A strange dream this day about these runaway people. One 
of them I dreamt awakned me ; and appeared most wretchedly 
meager and wan. He told me of their great sorrow, that all of 
them had been wounded by the minutemen, had hid themselves 
in a cave they had dug & had lived ever since on what roots they 
could grabble and he had come to ask if I would endeavor to get 
them pardoned should they come in, for they knew they shd 
be hanged for what they had done. I replied a good deal. He 
acknowledged Moses persuaded them off and Johnny his wires 
father had helped them to the milk they had to wit 4 bottles. 
He was to have gone with but somehow was not in the way ; 
declared I had not a greater villian belonging to me. I cant con- 
ceive how this dream came into my brain sleeping, and I dont 
remember to have collected so much of a dream as I have done 
of this these many years. It seems my daughter Judy dreamt 
much of them too last night. I am just weak enough to fancy we 
shall soon hear abt them. 

26, Friday, rain somewhere yesterday has according to the 
course of this year made it cool here by a northerly wind, and 
of course dry. 

It seems Mr. Giberne thinks it cheaper to give toll and grind 
his wheat without bolting than grinding at 6*^ a bushel ; for he 
sent first his 6^^ but it seems by mixing firsts and seconds to- 
gether his bread was not white. I cautioned agst it and advised 
the sending bags, firsts, seconds and bran. Nat did so & tells 
me 2 of wheat gave him i bushel bran, very little seconds & 
abundance of firsts, and this for 12^. 

26 Friday, July, 1776. — i\Iy sons farmer came here this day 
to assist in stacking and showing my people how wheat ought to 
be stacked. A cap for him who pleases to put it on. Of all the 
demonstrations that we give in life of our indolence in disposi- 
tion, there does not seem to be a greater proof of it than our 
uneasiness in being long in a place even when we are pretending 
to relax from our cares at home. And thus we trifle away the 
time, instead of improving it now and then in some useful read- 
ing or conversation, but instead of that we either moor our- 

i8o William and MxVry Quarterly 

selves to an idle gaming table or figit about from house to house, 
and, if this affords even a relaxing laugh, the fatigue and trouble 
taken to purchase it is worth more candles as the French say 
than the enjoymt can procure. 

It seems these 4 men of War & their tenders which went 
from Dunmores gang last Saturday on the Maryland side of St. 
Marys up the Potowmeck got as high as the house of Wm. Brent 
in Stafford and finding they had not been saluted from the shore 
as usual when the channel ran close by it, I suppose, from the 
musquitry, they concluded they were not expected there and 
ventured on shore and set fire to that plantation : and fired some 
cannon shot at Fendall's in Maryland opposite to it, wch did a 
great deal of damage. I make no observations of the cause of 
these shores being unprovided agst them, because if the report 
is true the proprietors must have been fools or sting\' asses. But 
as to the manoeuvre, as it is, it seems, the direction of the min- 
istry, if they can't otherwise bring us to a submission to their 
supreme purposes, then to destroy all they can. I say this is 
with me doubtful whether it is not a demonstration of much 
stupidity as it is of malice. For. is it the people they want to 
destroy (1 ?) to be sure if they cannot conquer that must be mali- 
cious ; without the least profit and that at a prodigious expense, 
for what is burnt pays nobody. Do they want the people to sub- 
mit? Let every one Judge whether he who is burnt out of house 
and home can with life alone submit, when his Possessions are 
all destroyed by the person wanting his submission. Certainly, 
this is a species of forgiveness never heard of before ; and can 
only contain a replete despair. Do they want to conquer the 
country? What can it be for, if the inhabitants of it are first to 
be destroyed in their possessions. Can they now seat a mere 
desolate wilderness when the very pretense of this attempt was 
a load of debts they with difficulty lived under. In short, though 
every part of it may be a contrivance of the devil, yet his policy 
is great (ly) wounded by so certain an event of folly. If this 
does square with the usual saying founded on observation, noth- 
ing can : Quos Dens viilt perdere prius Dcmentat. Indeed, the 

William and Mary Quarterly i8i 

God of Justice seems to have given them up to the effect of their 
own injustice; and can we doubt but it is his merciful intention 
that we shall succeed agst such foolish devils, though we now 
and then suffer by their barbarities. 

But to my astonishment I have heard & weakness reasons 
otherwise. They look upon it to be a Principle in war to distress 
the enemy all they can as a general Principle in every war & 
compare our doing so to the Indians, as a proof of the goodness 
of the Policy. But observe without expect'g to Profit by the 
Indian Possessions, yet we drove them back to preserve our own 
settlemts froni their prowling and Plundering. They can annoy 
us (if) not prevented. But could America annoy G- B. I be- 
lieve not. There then is the point in prudence, those who can 
be and are bad neighbors we ought to destroy. But it is wisdom 
or folly to be at a vast expense to go such a frightful distance 
as 3000 miles over the sea only to destroy a people when we see 
we cannot conquer them. It is said by driving us back they can 
settle the land deserted, but as the argument arises from the 
directions to destroy where they can't conquer cannot these driven 
back for want of houses come and attack those who cant con- 
quer them when they have new homes to live in whilst they are 
settling. Indeed, I am sorry to hear such argumts. As to saying 
without doing this America may go and destroy G. B. it is directly 
going farther into the womb of time than man, confined as he is, 
dares venture. 

By Dr. Christopher Johnston, Baltimore, Md. 

The Stith family appears to have been long settled in the 
parish of Kirkham, in Lancashire, and both the parish registers 
and the wills show that the Stiths were quite numerous in -that 
locality. A careful search, however, fails to show any unmis- 
takable trace of the Virginia immigrant, and it is probable that 
his immediate family had moved elsewhere, perhaps to London. 

i82 William and Mary Quarterly 


The arms of the family are to be found in Papworth s Ordi- ^ 

nary, in Burke's General Armory, and on the book plate of the ) 

Rev. William Stith, President of William and Mary College. \ 

They are: Argent, a chevron engrailed, between three fleurs- ^ 

de-lis sable. '; 

I. Major John: Stith^ came to Virginia before 1656, and ; 

had a grant to himself and Samfiel Eale, of 500 acres of land on ^ 

the north side of James River, in Charles City County, 15th Feb- - | 

ruary, 1663 (7-^7. Land Rec, Book 5, p. 268). He also had grants I 

of 550 acres 29th July, 1664, and 636 acres nth May, 1675 , 

(William and ]\Iary Quarterly, X.. 249; XIIL, 121). Other 
tracts he acquired by purchase, and at his death left a very con- 
siderable landed estate. In 1656 he was lieutenant, according to , , 
some existing fragments of the Charles City records. In 1676 
he was a captain in the Charles City County militia, and was \ 
actively engaged, on the government side, during Bacon's Rebel- 
lion {Va. Magazine, III., 251; I\'., 6). In June, 1676, an act 
was passed by Bacon's House entitled : "An Act to disable John ; 
Stith and Edward Hill from holding office" (Hening, II., 364). 
The preamble recites that Col. Hill and Lieut, (sic!) Stith took 
advantage of their positions as officers and magistrates to create j 
misunderstandings between the governor and people, and were 
the cause of oppressive taxes and other grievances. They were ; 
therefore disqualified from holding any office, either civil or \ 
military. This partizan act was subsequently repealed. In May, j 
^^77^ John Stith was one of the persons commissioned to take | 
depositions in regard to the grievances of the people of Charles ) 
City County {Cal. St. Pap. Colonial, 1677-1680, Nos. 267-297). , \ 
In 1680 he w^as major of the Charles City County militia, one of ; 
the magistrates of the county, and a practicing lawyer, and, ' - 
1685- 1 686, ^^ represented his county in the Plouse of Burgesses 
{Va. Magazine, I., 226-252; XV., 322). Under date of loth 
X'ov., 1893, ^^^- R- -■^- Brock writes: *T have gleanings from the 
despoiled Charles City County records establishing that Lieut. '\ 
John Stith married, in the latter part of 1656, Jane, the widow 
of Joseph Parsons (his, Parsons', second^vife, since he had an 

William and Mary Quarterly 183 

infant child by a former marriage). Jane's was also a second 
marriage, her first husband having been Tliomas Gregory. In 
1663, John Stith was made the guardian of Judith Parsons, the 
orphan of Joseph Parsons, vice Edward ^losby deceased." Airs. 
Jane Stith was Hving in 1686, and it is probable that John and 
Jane Stith had a daughter who married Thomas Hardaway, 
since there is a patent in 1686 to John Stith endorsed by John 
and Jane Stith to Thomas Hardaway, and the name Stith Harda- 
way descended regularly in the family. Alajor John Stith was 
probably living in 1692 when his son is caljed John Stith, Jr., 
but must have died very soon after. ]\Iajor John Stith and Jane, 
his wife, had issue, with perhaps others: 

2. i. Capt. John Stith,- mar. i\Iary Randolph. 

3. ii. Lieut. -Col. Drury Stith, d. 1741 : mar. Susanna Bathurst. 

4. iii. Anne Stith, mar., 1681, Col. Robert Boiling. 

2. Capt. John Stith^ (John^) had patents, 29th April, 
1692, for 470^ acres in Charles City County made out to *'Capt. 
John Stith, Jr. (Va. Land Patents, Book 8, p .240), and (of same 
date) for 595 acres on the south side of Chickahominy River, 
in James City County {ib.. p. 237), addressed to "John Stith, 
Jr." 2 1st April, 1695, "Capt" John Stith" had a patent for 595 
acres on the south side of Chickahominy River (ib., p. no), 
probably a confirmation of the preceding patent issued 29th April, 
1692. Capt. Stith was High Sheriff of Charles City County in 
1 69 1 (Palmer's Calendar, L, 27), and he was a Burgess for the 
county 1692-1693 (Col. Va. Register). The date of his death 
is uncertain.. He w^as living in I7I4(\V. & M. Quarterly. \^, 
178) and, according to the statement of the Rev. Hugh Jones, 
he died before 1724, when his wndow was matron at \\'illiam and 
Mary College. Capt. John Stith married Mary, daughter of Col. 
William Randolph, of Turkey Island, and Mary (Isham) his 
wife, and they had issue: 

5. i. Rev. William Stith," b. 1707; d. 19th Sept., 1755: mar. 
Judith Randolph. 

ii. Mary Stith, mar, Commissary William Dawson. 

3. LiEUT.-CoLoxEL Drury Stitii- (Johu^) had a patent, 
24th April, 1703, for himself and Samuel Eale, for 680 acres iii 

184 William and Mary Quarterly 

Charles City County (Patents, Book 9, p. 539). He was one of 
the Justices of the county in 1714 (Va. Magazine, II., 3), was 
High Sheriff 1719, 1724-1725 {Palmer's CaL, I., 195-6; Va. 
Magazine, III., 251), and was commissioned county surveyor 
1st March, 1720 {Palmer s Cal., 1., igS). He married, probably 
about 1694 or earlier, Susanna, daughter of Lancelot Bathurst, 
of New Kent County, son of Sir Edward Bathurst, of Lech- 
lade, Gloucestershire, England. Susanna's brother, Lawrence 
Bathurst, mentions in his will (dated 29th December, 1704. 
proved nth February. 1705) his three brothers-in-law William 
Tomlin, Francis ^leriwether and Drury Stith. The Order Book 
of Charles City County has the following: ''January Court 
1741 : — The last will and testament of Lieut. Col. Drury Stitli, 
deceased, was presented in court by Susanna Stith and William 
Stith two of the executors therein named, and was proved by 
the oaths of the witnesses" etc. Evidently the two executors 
were the widow and a son of the testator. L^n fortunately 
the will no longer exists, having been lost through the destruction 
and spoliation of the Charles City County records during the 
Civil War. -Mrs. Susanna Stith is mentioned in the Charles City 
records in 1744 and in 1745 (Order Book, 1737-1750, pp. 310, 
352). Lieut.-Col. Drury Stith and Susanna (Bathurst) his 
wife, had issue: 

6. i. Lieut.-Col. Drury Stith, ^ of Brunswick County; d. 1740. 
ii. William Stith, of Charles City County ; one of his father's 

executors, 1741 ; Justice, Charles City Co., 1746-1749; d. intestate 

7. iii. Lieut.-Col. John Stith. 

4. Anne Stith^ (John^) became, in 1681, the second wife of 
Robert Boiling, the immigrant ancestor of that family in Vir- 
ginia. He was born 26th December, 1646, arrived in Virginia 
2d October, 1660, and, in 1675, married for his first wife Jane, 
daughter of Thomas Rolfe and granddaughter of Pocahontas. 
By this marriage he had a son, John Boiling, born 27th January. 
1676. Robert Boiling died 17th July, 1709 (Wm. & ^.Iary 
Quarterly, V., 275-'6; Boiling Memoirs; Slaughters History 
of Bristol Parish). By his second wife, Anne (Stith), he had: 

William and Mary Quarterly 185 

i. Robert Boiling.^ b. 25th Jan'y, 1682; d. 1749; mar. 27th 
Jan'v, 1706, Anne Cocke^ and was ancestor of the Boilings of 

ii. Stith Boiling, of Surry Co., b. 28th March, 1686; mar. 
Elizabeth, widow of John Hartwell, of Surry Co. (d. 1714)- 
Stith Boiling's will was proved in Prince George Co. August 16, 
^'J2'j, and it names sons Stith, Alexander, John and Robert. 

iii. Edward Boiling, b. ist Oct., 1687. 

iv. Anne Boiling, b. 22d July, 1690. 

V. Drury Boiling, b. 21st June, 1695. 

vi. Thomas Boiling, b. 20th March, 1697/8. 

vii. Agnes Boiling, b. 30th Nov., 1700. 

5. Rev. William Stith" (John,^ John^) was born in 1707, 
and died 19th September, 1755. He matriculated, 21st ^lay, 
1724, at Queen's College, Oxford, and is entered in the register 
as 17 years old and the son of "John Stith of the V^irgin Islands'' 
(Foster's Aliitnui Oxonicnses). He received the degree of B. 
A., 27th February, 1727/8. and that of Isl. A., 20th November. 
1730 (ibid.). After his return to Virginia, he was elected, in 
1731, master of the grammar school of William and ^lary Col- 
lege and chaplain to the House of Burgesses. In June, 1738, he 
was called to the parish of Henrico, in Henrico County, and while 
residing at the parsonage there, near Varina, he wrote his "His- 
tory of Virginia," which was printed and bound in the city of 
Williamsburg. In August, 1752, he was elected President of 
William and Mary College, over which he presided until his 
death. A sketch of his life will be found in 'The Vestry Book 
of Henrico Parish," editor, R. A. Brock (p. 180). See also ''Old 
Churches and Families of Virginia ;" Campbell's History of Vir- 
ginia; William and Mary Quarterly, L, 136; V., 244; VI., 
127, etc. He married, 13th July, 1738, his cousin, Judith Ran- 
dolph, daughter of Thomas Randolph, of Tuckahoe. They had 
issue : 

i. Judith Stith,-* d. unmarried 17th June, 1773. ' 

ii. Elizabeth Stith, d. s. p. 1792; mar. Dr. William Pasteur, 
of Williamsburg, and had a son William Stith Pasteur (b. 12th 
November, 1762, who seems to have died young). 

iii. Marv Stith, d. unmarried 1816. 

i86 William and Mary Quarterly 

6. LiEiiT.-CoL. Drury Stitii^ (Drury,- John^) was probably | 

born about 1695, and lived for some time in Prince George | 

County ;. later in Brunswick County. loth September, 1722, | 

Robert Boiling, of Prince George County, and Anne, his wife, '{ 

convey to ''Drury Stith, Jr.," of said county, 892 acres of land l| 

on the north side of Sappony Creek, the consideration being 5 l' 

shillings and "the natural affection he bare unto the said Stith" I 

(Prince George County, Book i, p. 557). This expression im- | 

plies close relationship and is therefore a valuable bit of evidence. "I 

Drury Stith appears to have acquired a very considerable amount j 

of land. 2 1st November, 1724, ''Mr. Drury Stith Jun'r" has sur- | 

veyed for him 1,200 acres on Sappony Creek. And again, nth ■ 

February, 1725/6, '"Capt. Drury Stith" has surveyed for him, I 

including his old land, 3,496 acres (Prince George County, Book | 

I, pp. 816, 1025). A patent soon folowed. 13th October, 1727, I 

there is a patent for 3,596 acres on Sappony Creek, Prince | 

George County, to Drury Stith, Jr., of the same county (V^a. j 

Land Patents, Book 13, p. 192). In this year his wife Elizabeth j 

(Buckner) joins him in a deed. 5th June, 1727, Drury Stith, I 

Junior, of Prince George County, and Elizabeth his wife, give | 

to Henry Harrison, of the county of Surry, Gent., a mortgage of T 

600 acres on Sappony Creek, part of a tract on which said Drury I 

lives, and which was conveyed to him by Robert Boiling, of j 

Prince George County, Gent. (Prince George County, Book i, | 

p. 1027). In 1726, Drury Stith was a Justice of the county •, 

(ibid., I, 940), and also in 1720 (Va. Magazine, XX., 90). In f 

1727, he was still captain [Chamhcrlaine's Bristol Par., p. 35) ; | 

but he was colonel (or rather lieutenant-colonel) before 1735 | 

{ibid., p. 83)'. The records of Brunswick County show that he \ 

produced his commission as Clerk of the county and qualified for \ 

the position at a court held nth of I^Iay, 1732, and the same I 

year he was the county surveyor, holding both positions until his I 

death {Va. Magazine, XIII., 281). He was also interested in | 

copper mining, and Col. William Byrd, in his "History of the | 

Dividing Line" (II., 3), gives a humorous account of Col. Drury 1 

Stith and his mine. The Brunswick records show that at a court ! 

William and Mary Quarterly 187 

held 6th June, 1740, an attachment obtained by Drury Stith, 
Gent, and Clement Read ''abates by the death of the said 
Drury," and at this term Sterling Clack qualifies as clerk. At 
a court held 3d July, 1740, letters of administration on the estate 
of Drury Stith, Gent., were granted to Drury Stith, Gent., who 
entered bond and qualified. Lieut. -Col. Drury Stith married, 
about 1 717, Elizabeth, daughter of Maj. William Buckner ,(d. 
1716), of Yorktown (Wm. & Mary Quarterly, VII., 57). 
They had issue (dates of birth from Bristol Parish Register): 

8. i. Col. Drury Stith,* of Brunswick County, b. c. 1718; 
d. 1770. 

9. ii. Griffin Stith, of Northampton County, b. 28th Novem- 
ber, 1720; d. 1784. 

10. iii. Buckner Stith, of Brunswick County, b. c. 1722: d. 

iv. John Stith, b. 20th March, 1724; d. unmarried 29th ^tay, 

V. Bathurst Stith, b. 19th September, 1729. 

11. vi. Thomas Stith, b. 29th December, 1731 ; d. 180 1 ; Bur- 
gess for Brunswick County 1769- 1774. 

7. LiEUT.-CoLoxEL JoHN Stith^ (Drury,^ John^), like his 
bi other Drury, acquired a considerable amount of land in Prince 
George County. 13th July, 1719, Richard Smith, of Prince 
George County, conveys to John Stith, of Charles City County, 
370 acres of land on Sappony Creek (Prince George County, I., 
Z':^2). Again, 8th October, 1723, Robert Boiling, of Prince 
George County, and Anne, his wife, convey to John Stith. of 
Charles City County, 1,019 acres on Sappony Creek, adjoining 
the tract on which Drury Stith, Jr., lives {ihid., I, 646). In 
1725, a chapel is to be built on the plantation of :\Ir. John Stith 
upon Sappony Creek (Chambcrlavie's Bristol Par., p. 21,). He 
was Burgess for Charles City County 1718, 1723, 1726 (CoL Va. 
Reg,), and in May, 1737, he took the oaths as Lieut.-Colonel of 
Charles City County (Order Book, i737-'5o, p. 2). On account 
of the frag-mentary condition of the records the date of Col. 

i88 William and Marv Quarterly 

John Stith's death does not appear, but he was living in 1740, 
and was certainly dead in 1759. He married Elizabeth, daughter 
and coheir of Rev. Charles Anderson, rector of Westover Parish, 
Charles City County, 1694- 17 18, as appears by the following 
extract from the Charles City Order Book, i737-'5o (p- 152) : 
March Court 1740 — A bond from John Stith and Elizabeth his 
wife, one of the daughters and coheirs of Rev. Charles i\nderson 
deceased, to Thomas Pinkard and Frances his wife, Jane Ander- 
son (afterward second wife of EUyson Armistead) and Char- 
lotte Anderson, also daughters and coheirs of said deceased, 
proved on the oaths of Wm. Stuart and John Hales, and ordered 
to be recorded. In 1759, James Pleasants has a suit against An- 
derson Stith (son of John Stith, of Charles City County,) and 
Booth Armistead, executors of John Stith. This would seem to 
indicate that Lieut.-Colonel John Stith had died not long before, 
probably in 1757 or 1758, and Booth Armistead, one of his 
exedutors, may have been his son-in-law^ (see Wae. & ^vIary 
Quarterly, VH., 182). In any case, Lieut.-Colonel John Stith 
and Elizabeth (Anderson) his wife had, with probably other 
issue, a son: 

12. i. Anderson Stith,* d. 1768; mar. Joanna Bassett. 

8. Col. Drury Stith* (Drury,^ Drury,- John\), was born 
about 17 18, and died in 1770. In 1740 he was administrator of 
his father's estate, and his parentage is shown by the following 
extract from the records of Lunenburg County: 5th February, 
1746, Drury Stith, of Brunswick County, Gent., and Martha his 
wife, convey to Robert Jones a tract of land formerly granted to 
said Stith's father Drury Stith, Gent., on 27th September, 3 
George II. [i. e., 1729]. Drury Stith qualified, 5th June, 1740, 
as Surveyor of Brunswick County, and gave bond for the same 
office in December, 1751 (Brunswick County Records). He was 
High Sheriff of the county 1757, and was a Justice 1747, 1756, 
1765, etc. (ibid,). He qualified as Major of Horse 3d July, 1746, 
was commissioned Colonel of Foot in 1753, and was Colonel of 
the county militia in 1759 (ibid.). He represented his county in 
the House of Burgesses 1748-1754 (Va. Magazine, VIII., 251- 

William and Mary Quarterly 189 

2S5)- Col. Drury Stith died in 1770, leaving a will dated, 25th 
June, 1770, and proved 25th February, 1771. He was twice 
married. His first wife, IMartha, joins him in a deed in 1746; -^^ 
his second wife was Elizabeth (Jones) widow of Thomas Eld- 
ridge, of Prince George County. The marriage contract of Col. 
Stith and Mrs. Eldridge, dated 5th December, 1762, is recorded 
in Brunswick County. The will of Mrs. Elizabeth Stith, who 
had no children by this marriage is dated in January and was 
proved 25th February, 1771. Col. Drury Stith and Martha, his 
first wife, had issue : 

13. i. Drury Stith.^ 

14. ii. Buckner Stith. 
iii. Thomas Stith. 

iv. Edmund Stith, d. unmarried 1789. 
V. Elizabeth Stith. 
vi. Katherine Stith, mar., September, 1756, William Stith. 

9.. Griffix Stith* (Drury,^ Drury,^ John^) was born 28th 
Xovember, 1720, and died in 1784. He produced his commission 
and qualified as Clerk of Northampton County 9th August, 1743 
(Northampton County Records), retaining the office until 1783, 
when he was succeeded by his son William. He w^as elected, 
3d December, 1774, a member of the Committee of Observation 
for Northampton County (Wm. & Mary Quarterly, V., 247), 
and was also a member of the County Committee in 1775 {Va. 
Magazine, XIV., 54). His will, dated 24th March, 1783, was 
proved loth November, 1784. Griffin Stith married, 19th Au- 
gu-^t, 1743, Mary Blaikley (b. 17th January, 1^26/7), daughter 
of William Blaikley (buried 30th May, 1736), of James City 
County, and Catherine Kaidyee (b. 1698; d. 25th October, 1771) 
his wife, daughter of William (d. 1718) and Martha Kaidyee, of 
York County. Griffin Stith and JMary (Blaikley) his wife, had 
issue : 

i. Catherine Stith,^ b. 5th August, 1744; d. 23d August, 1744. 
ii. Elizabeth Buckner Stith, b. i6th July, 1745; mar. John 


igo William and Mary Quarterly 

iii. John Buckner Stith, b. 3d January, 1747; d. 226. Decem- 
ber, 1766. 

iv. Mary Blaikley Stith, b. 20th January, 1750; d. s. p. 14th 
November, 1822; mar. Thorowgood Smith, of Accomac County, 
Va., Mayor of Baltimore 1805-1808. 

V. Griffin Stith, b. 24th August, 1753; d. 1794; mar. and left 

15. vi. Drury Stith, b. 19th July, 1755; d.. i6th July, 1789. 
vii. William Stith, Clerk of Northampton County, 1783-1794; 

d. 1794; mar. Sarah, dau. of Isaac Smith and Elizabeth Custis 
Teackle his wife, and had issue. 

16. viii. Susanna Stith, b. 1759; d. 31st March, 1838; mar. 
Christopher Johnston. 

ix. Lucy Stith, mar., 6th July, 1797, Mark U. Pringle, of Bal- 

X. Janet Carson Stith, d. unmarried. 

10. Capt. Buckner Stitii* (Drury,^ Drury,- John^), of 
Rock Spring, Brunswick County, was born about 1722 and died 
in 1 791. The Brunswick records show that he qualified, at Au- 
gust Term, 1753, as captain in the county militia. He was the 
author of an elaborate essay on tobacco culture, republished in 
Richmond in 1824. His will, dated i8th May, 1789, was proved 
25th July, 1791. Capt. Buckner Stith and Susanna his wife, had 

17. i. Col. John Stith,^ b. 24th March, 1755; d. 1808. 

18. ii. Col. Robert Stith. 

19. iii. Richard Stith, of Brunswick County, d. 1819; mar, 
Jane ^Maclin. 

20. iv. Buckner Stith, d. 1800; mar. ist., 1786, Elizabeth 
Jones; 2d., 1788, x-\nn Walker. 

V. Ann Stith, mar., 1781, William Eaton, of North Carolina. 

21. vi. Catherine Stith, d. gth August, 1795; mar., 4th No- 
vember, 1790, Robert Boiling, of Petersburg. 

vii. Griffin Stith, mar. widow of Samuel Washington, and had 

William and Mary Quarterly 191 

viii, Susanna Stith, mar., in 1772, /\ndrevv Meade, of Octa- 
gon, Brunswick County. 

Susanna, widow of Captain Buckner Stith, died in October 
or November, 18 10. Her will, dated 4th October, was proved 
25th November, 18 10. 

11. Maj. Thomas Stith-* (Dtury,'^ Drury,'^ John^), of 
Brunswick County, was born 29th Decemebr, 1729, and died in 
1801. He was a Burgess for Brunswick 1769- 1774 (Coi Va. 
^^^g')f was one of the Justices of the county, 1765-1784, and was 
county surveyor in 1783 (Brunswick County Records). He 
qualified, 27th April, 1772, as Major of the county militia {ibid.). 
He married Holly Baily, the marriage bond being dated 5th Au- 
gust, 1780; it is possible, how^ever, that she was not the mother 
of all his children, but that he had been previously married. His 
will, dated 2d June, 1796, was proved 27th July, 1801. Maj. 
Thomas Stith had issue : 

i. Jane Stith. ^ 

ii. Rebecca Stith. 

22. iii. David Stith, d. 1806. 

iv. Susanna Stith, mar., 1796, Andrew^ Rhea. 

v. Henry Stith, mar., 1809, Mary N. Spain. 

vi. Obadiah Stith. mar.. 1806, ]^Iary C. Hunnicutt. 

vii. Andrew Stith, mar., 1807, Polly Matthews. 

viii. Naomi Stith. 

ix. Ezra Stith. 

X. Abner Stith. 

12. Maj. Anderson Stith* (John,"' Drury,- John^) was a 
practicing lawyer in Charles City County in 1755, and he quali- 
fied as Major of the county militia loth April, 1756 (Charles 
City County Records). He married Joanna Bassett, daughter oi 
William Bassett, of Eltham, New Kent County, and died in I7<'>8 
in King William County. His executrix, Joanna, advertised for 
salt his late dwelling place on the Pamunkey, in the fl^L^inia 
CfO-ctfe, 3d ^[arch, 1768. His widow. Joanna, was living in 
1774- ^laj. Anderson Stith and Joanna (Bassett) his wife, had 

192 William and Mary Quarterly 

i. Col. Bassctt Stith/' of Halifax, N. C. ; mar. Mary Long. 
ii. Elizabeth Stith, d. unmarried at Halifax, N. C. 
iii. John Stith, moved to Georgia. 

13. Capt. Drury Stith^ (Drury,* Drury/ Drury,- John^), of 
Brunswick County, qualified 27th April, 1772, as captain in the 
county militia, and was a vestryman of St. Andrew's Parish in 
1780 (Brunswick County Records). He married, in September, 
1788, Faimy, daughter of Allen Love, and had issue: 

23. i. Robert Stith,^ of Brunswick County ; mar. ^lary Good- 
wyn, of Dinwiddie County. 

ii. Helen Stith, mar. Henry Stith, at one. time ^[ayor of Xew 

iii. William Stith, d. unmarried. 

14. Lieut.-Col. Buckxer Stith^ (Drury,^ Drury,'^ Drury,- 
John^), of Brunswick County, qualified as a Justice of the county 
27th September, 1784. He took the oaths as Major of militia, 
28th September, 1789, and as Lieut. -Col. 26th September, 1794. 
He married Anne Dade, sister of ^lajor Langhorne Dade, of 
Litchfield, King George County, and had issue : 

i. Tt^omas Stith,^ removed to Kentucky. 

24. ii. Anne Dade Stith, b. 1780; d. April, 1846; mar., 23d 
November, 1797, Robert Boiling, of Centre Hill, Petersburg. 

25. iii. Maj. Townshend Stith, consul to Tunis, 1823; mar. 
Kath. Potter. 

15. Drury Stith^ (Griffin,* Drury,' Drury,- John^) was born 
in Northampton County 19th July, 1755. and died in Brunswick 
County 1 6th July, 1789. He qualified as clerk of Brunswick 
County 26th March, 1781, and took the oaths 23d ]\Iarch, 1789, 
only a few months before his death, as clerk of the District Court 
for the counties of Brunswick, Greeneville, Lunenburg, and 
Mecklenburg (Brunswick County Records). 'He married Mary 
Jacobs, of Northampton County, and had issue : 

26. i. Drury Stith,^ b. 1782; d. 4th February, 1843. 

William and Mary Quarterly 193 

ii. Griffin Stith, student at William and Mary 1802 j Judge of 
General Court of Virginia 19th August, 1816; d. unmarried 
June, 18 1 7. 

2^. iii. John Stith, d. about 1823 ; mar. Nancy Gary. 

iv. Ann Stith, mar. Wright Southgate, of Norfolk, V'a. 

V. Polly Stith, d. unmarried. 

16. Susanna Stith^ (Griffin,* Drury/^ Drury,- John^) was 
born in 1759 and died 31st March, 1838. She married, in 1779, 
Christopher Johnston (b. October, 1750; d. 6th March, 1819), 
of Baltimore, Md. They had issue : 

i. Maria Stith Johnston,® b. 6th March, 1781 ; d. unmarried 
8th August, 1875. 

ii. John Johnston, b. nth February, 1783; d. young. 

28. iii. Janet Johnston, b. 4th September, 1784; d. 2d Sep- 
tember, 1816; mar. Rev. James Inglis. 

iv. John Griffin Johnston, b. 7th October, 1786; mar. Ariana 

V. Robert Neilson Johnston, b. 29th October, 1788: d. s. p. 
3d September, 1845; ""^^r. his cousin, Maria Pringle. 

vi. Susanna Johnston, b. 6th January, 1791 ; d. unmarried 
1 8th November, 1871. 

vii. Elizabeth Johnston, b. i6th April, 1793 ; d. young. 

29. viii. Elizabeth Johnston, b. 31st July, 1795; d. ist No- 
vember, 1864 ; mar. John Muir Hepburn. 

30. ix. Christopher Johnston,^^b. i8th May, 1800; d. 2d Sep- 
tember, 1835 ; rnar. Eliza Gates. ' ' ^ -^ 

(To he Continued.) -'^\^ 


The investigations made from time to time in the British 
records are constantly proving the respectability of the emigrants 
to Virginia. The following shovs^s the origin of the Degge 
family. This name Degge has been corrupted into Degges and 

194 William and Mary Quarterly 

Digges, and under these different spellings (Degge, Degges, 
Digges) descendants of John Degge, the original emigrant, are 
still to be found in \^irginia and in the South and West. 

On page 982, Vol. III., of Faniiliae Minonim Gentium (Har- 
leian Society Publications) appears the following pedigree: 

Thomas Degge, of Strongshall, in County Stafford, England, 
near Uttoxeter, where he is buried, married Dorothy, daughter 
of George Critchlow, of Wellescote, County Derby, whro died in 
the third year of Charles I. (1627). They had issue: (i) Sir 
Simon Degge, one of the Justices of the ^larches of Wales. He 
married twice: (i) Jane, daughter of Thomas Orrel, of Staf- 
fordshire, and (2) Alice, daughter of Anthony Oldfield, of near 
Spalding, widow of either James or W^illiam Trollope. By his 
second marriage he had a grandson Simon, aged 16 in 17 10. 
(2) Robert, of Strongshall, married a daughter of John Rowley 
of the Ribs (?) (3) Isaac, of Nantwich, Skinner, married Rose, 
daughter of John ^Marshal, of Wisbeche. They had three chil- 
dren : John, Simon and Mary; (4) Catherine married George 
Walklett, of Staffordshire. A man of this name was a leader in 
Bacon's Rebellion, and this identity of name suggests kinship. 
Possibly he was a grandson. . 

The following will is extracted from the District Registry of 
the Probate Division of His ^Majesty's High Court of Justice at 
Chester, Cheshire, England: 

In the name of God, Amen. This is the last will and Testament 
of me Mary Degge of Namptwich in the County of Chester Spinster, 
being sound and perfect of mind and memory God be praised for the 
same I doe make and ordam this my last will and testament as follow- 
ing First I comite my spirit into the hands of God who gave it me, 
my body to be decently buryed in Namptwich Church by my Father and 
Mother and Aunt and my other relations if ]\Ir. Church at Tonston will 
give me leave, if not by my brother in his buriall place in the Church 
Yard in as deep a grave as they can well make, and I would have a 
sermon the text in 31 Psalm and the 5th verse "Into thy hands I com- 
mend my spirit For thou hast redeemed me O Lord thou God of Truth" 
if not one this text noe Sermon for it is above forty years since I made 
choice of it and with these words as if my last I comite my self into 
the hands of Jesus Christ my Redeemer every night I sleep in whom 
is my whole trust and comforte Item I give and bequeath to my nephew 

William and ^Iary Qcarterly 195 

John Deggc, son of my brother John Degge, one duble pestole of gold 
one sermon book write by my Father an essay of Friendship Devine 
Poems by Speed Doc Hamm.onds Practicall Cateshisms Item I give 
and bequeath to my nephew Simon Degge son of my brother John Deggc 
one Portugalle Piece of Gold one large Herball a booke of tith write 
by Sr. Simon Degge a book of Sermons a Collection of Nativitis Sr. 
George Whartons works Item I give and bequeath to my nephew 
Marshall Degge son of my brother Jo'hn Degge one piece of Portugalle 
Gold my Seall w^^ ye Degge & Marshall Armes the Practis o'i Piety 
ye Jews conspiracy against ther King, Exposion one ye Church Catechisme 
Item I give and bequeath to my nephew Charles Degge son of my 
Brother John one broad piece of gold St. Augustine Meditation's Bishop 
Andrews devotion conference by Gilbert Burnet Item I give and bequeath 
to my nephew James Degge son of my brother John one broad piece of 
gold a book write by Henry ye 8th against Luther and ye Method of 
private devotion Item I give and bequeath to my nephew William 
Degge, son of my brother John, one broad piece of Gold a book one 
Lent and meditations one eternity Item I give and bequeath to my 
nephew Anthony Degge Son of my brother John one broad piece of gold 
Bishop Halls case of consience ye following of Christ by Thomas A. 
Kempis Item I give and bequeath to my niece Rose jMorgan daughter 
of my brother John Degge one broad piece of gold w^^ a Septer one 
gold ringe with 7 white stones. The Art of contentment bound up w'-^ 
2 other Shelock one death Bishop Sands Sermon Doctor Fcaileys 
Fountain of tears Item I give and bequeath to my niece Mary Degge 
daughter of my nephew Simon Degge son of my brother John two 
broad pieces of gold one gold ringe enamelled w^^ black marke T M 
one silver proringer markt M D a thick one one silver spoon wh my 
name att length a new one my eare rings my silver bodkin my silver 
bucklet in my best shoues ; one pair of fine flaxen sheets markt M D 
2 bredths and halfe one pair of fine holland Pillibers markt R. D. ye 
whole Duty of Man. Ye Ladys calling my Common Prayer Booke Item 
I give and bequeath to my niece Rebeckah daughter of my nece Rose 
Morgan one , broad piece of gold one gold ringe markt J M ^^^^ a 
a death's head in black one silver poringer markt A ]M and oiie silver 
spoon markt A M my psalter a book called ye New Years gift D<x-ter 
Collets Devotions Item I give and bequeath to my nephew John Degge 
son of my brother Simon Degge ye bed bolster pillow curtain- conter- 
pain and blankets and all belongings to ye bed I' lye one A paire of 
sheets and a paire of pillobrs markt wh J D ye brase pote y^ is set for a 
boyler in ye brewe house ye great goeburns in ye kitchen ye great table 

in ye kitchen ye great leather chaireinye parlor and ye sum of pounds 

of lawfull money If he dyes or doth not perform his Fathers will to his 
sisters then to be divided betweene his sister Margaret and Rose or two 

196 William and Mary Quarterly 

ye longest liver Item I give and bequeath to my nece Margaret Axton 

daughter of my brother Simon Dcgge ye sume of pounds of lawful 

money, a silver cupe w^^ one handle a silver sugar boat a silver spoon 
■yvth jny name att Length 2 little spoons markt M D one gold ringe \v'^^ 
a white deaths head Randle • Church : my great Bible Doctor Collets 
Devotions advice to a friend ye Devote Communicant my great cabinet 
one little black cabinet my dressing box halfe my pictures my great 
looking glass a chushen of my mothers work two pillows markt M D 
a little ovall table coper tea pot a green celler of bottles Item I give 
and bequeath to my nece Rose Degge daughter of my brother Simon ye 

sum of pound of lawful money one silver tankard a paire 

of silver salts one spoon markt A ^I 2 little ones markt E P one gold 
ringe w^^ a white deaths head Markt \V D my own picture a little black 
cabinet my combe box ye looking glass in my closet the green curtains 
rug chairs fether bed bolster all as belongs to it a pair of pillows stript 
ticks ye table \\^^ a drawer in it a Bible of my Mothers work the 
Governm.ent of Ye tonge ye weekly preparation Item I give to }\Iary 
Bailey for her true and honest service my clothes I weare every day 6 
pewter plats markt R D one pewter dish ye brase kettle in ye chimney 
ye brase skelet w^^ 3 feet and forth shillings in money Iten I give and 
bequeath to John Baley son of Charles and Mary Bailey Five pounds to 
put him out to prentice or to be paid to him at ye age of twenty one Item 
I give and bequeath to Charles Bailey ye sum of Ten Shillings this 7 
pounds ten to be paid out of ye moneys Charles Bailey owes me ye rest 
of the moneys which will remain due from Charles Bailey to me I give 
to Margaret Axton and Rose Degg to take it as he can pay it and not 
trouble him. for it Item I give and bequeath all my wearing clothes and 
apparell of all sortes to my three neces in Virginia Rose ^lorgan daughter 
of my brother John and Rebeckah Morgan her daughter and to my 
nece Mary Degge daughter of my nephew Simon Degge and my house- 
hold goods and house linings which is not named two be devided between 
my five neces Rose Morgan Rebeckah ^Morgan Mary Degge Margaret 
Axton Rose Degge and the rest of my books which are not named to 
be deviede between my 2 brothers sons and what money is left in gold 
or silver after legacyes paid and the funerall charges and debts paid if 
I owe any I give it to my nece Margaret and Rose Degge and the rest 
of my books which are not named to be devided between my 2 brothers 
sons Item I give and bequeath to Ann Shacklock her weding ringe and 
if she pay twenty shillings to Margaret Degge twenty to Rose Degge 
when they shall deliver to the said Ann Shacklock the two rings above 
named which I have given them Item I give and bequeath to Mr. Jolm 
Comberbach one broad piece of gold to buy him a ringe Item I give and 
bequeath to ^Mr. Mathew Meken one broad piece of gold to buy him a 
ring and lastly I do nominate and desire the said Mr. Comerbach and Mr. 

William and Mary Quarterly 197 

^Teken Executors of this my last Will and Testament my brother told 
mc y^ they were godfathers to John and Margaret Soe I make it my 
last request that they will take care of the children they haveing nuc 
friends near-e them this I desire should be performed as my last will and 
Testament In Witaess Whereof I the said Mary Degg have hereunto 
put my hand and seall the 13th day of September in the year of our 

Lord 1716 Mary Degge Item I give and bequeath to my niece 

Mary Degge daughter of my nephew Simon Degge five broad pieces of 
gold 2 of my best holland shifts 2 of my best flaxen shifts and ^all my 
pach work quilt chairs cushens and all the rest; my silver bodkin thimble 
buttons for my sieves buckles for my shoes, my c flourished apron and 
night vail hood and head clothers handkerchiefs and rufles pairc of flne 

flaxen sheets 2 breath and half markt pair of fine pillebers markt 

R. D. the rest that is not named to be devided as above said In Witness 
whereof I the said Mary Degg have hereunto put my hand and seall 
the 21 day of September in the year of our Lord 1716. 

Wittncss :Mary Degge 

L S 

I have sent ye ring to my Lady Sanderson and Ye ]Medle to her 

Proved in the Consistory Court of Chester, on the 19th April 17J2. 

It is evident that the maker of this will, Mary Degge, is the 
Mary mentioned in the pedigree as the daughter of Isaac Degge, 
of Nantwich, Skinner, and Rose, his wife, daughter of John 
Marshall of "Wisbeche." She was a niece of Sir Simon Degge. 
She refers to her "three neces in Virginia: Rose Morgan, (.laugli- 
tcr of my brother John and Rebecca Morgan her daughter, and 
Mary Degge, daughter of my nephew Simon Degge." In tho^e 
days "nieces'' and great-nieces" were not distinguished, but both, 
designated as ''nieces." From this will, it seems that her brother 
John Degge had seven sons: John, Simon, Marshall, Charles, 
James, William and Anthony. Her brother Simon had a s'^^n 

The Virginia family begins with John Degge, who patented 
lands in Virginia in 1673. He was evidently John Degge, br^>t]^er 
of the testatrix. It was evidently his son John, whose inventory 
recorded in Middlesex County, Virginia, in 1726, menti<.ins a 

198 William and ^Iarv Qcarterly 

silver seal, which was probably the seal given to Marshall Degge 
by Mary Deggc's will. 

Among the descendants of this John Degge, of Virginia, the 
rather distinctive names of Simon, Anthony and Isaac repeatedly 
occiir, and a branch of the family in \'irginia still holds a very 
ancient copy of a Degge coat-of-arms bearing date 1483 (see 
Quarterly, II., pcige 29). 


(^Continued from last number ) 

Copied from the Southern Literary Messenger, Vol. VI. 

pages 76-77. 


''Murray's Travels.'' 

We now approach the only part of the book perhaps which 
is calculated to wound the feelings of any one whose name is 
mentioned, or who is so described as to be quickly recognized. 
In justice to Mr. ^^lurray we quote at length: 

"I availed myself with much pleasure of the hospitable offers of one 
or two gentlemen, who,e acquaintance I had made in Richmond, of pay- 
ing them a 'visit- I disembarked accordingly about sixty miles down the 
river, and received a kind welcome in the house of one of the oldest fam- 
ilies in the State. Here I remained four or five days ; and if the wishes 
of the friendly and excellent host, or of his guest, had been alone to be 
consulted, I might have remained there as many weeks, so agreeable was 
the domestic circle in which I found myself, and so pressing were the in- 
vitations to prolong m.y stay. In Virginia, as in England, a country- 
house is a very hot-house of acquaintance, and ripens it much earlier than 
the common garden of society; and the hospitality of Virginia is de- 
servedly celeDrated. 

"Proceeding down the river about fifteen miles. I paid another visit 
to two gentlemen, brothers, who v.-ere connections of my former host. 

William and Mary Quarterly 199 

Indeed, a great many of the residents on the James River are, from in- 
termarriage and division of old estates, mutually connected ; and the 
cousinship of the old families of the Byrds, Carters, Randolphs', and Har- 
risons is almost as widely extended as a similar relation in the high- 
lands of Scotland. They seem upon the most friendly terms — are con- 
stantly interchanging visits, without ceremony or invitation; and their 
hospitality to strangers is not surpassed in any country that I have seen. 
Here, too, I saw again walls adorned with the powdered heads and laced 
coats of our common ancestors. I sat at dinner beneath the sweet-smile of 
Pope's Miss Blount, from the pencil of Sir G. Kneller; while Lord Orrery, 
Lord Albemarle, and the Duke of Argyle. frowned from canvass of re- 
spectable antiquity. The illusion was carried yet farther by the Anglicism 
of the names of their residences — such as Shirley, Brandon, Berkeley. &c. 

"As these were the first plantations, or farms, which I had as yet 
seen cultivated on a large scale by slave-labor, I naturally paid much 
attention to the appearance of the land and its cultivators. I shall not 
interrupt this narrative portion of my journal by any remarks on the gen- 
eral question of slavery, but shall confine myself to a simple record of 
the facts which came under my observation during this excusion — reserv- 
ing to another occasion the discussion of a subject which is confessedly 
the most important, the most disagreeable, and the most difficult that can 
engage tlie attention either of the politician or the moralist in the United 

''From what I had already seen of the social qualities of the gentle- 
men at whose houses I was a visitor, I was rather gratified than sur- 
prised to witness the comparative comfort and good usage enjoyed by 
their slaves. The huts in which they reside are constructed of wood, 
and divided in the centre by a compartment, in which is fixed a chimney, 
to convey the smoke from' each division; their food (consisting chiefiy of 
fish, broth, maize, cooked after various fashions, bacon, &c.) is whole- 
some and sufficient: their clothing, coarse, but suited to their necessities, 
and to the climate : their labor compulsory and constant, but not beyond 
their power. During the days that I spent in the neighborhood, I did 
not see any corporal punishment; but each overseer was armed with a 
cowhide ; and one. with whom I held a long conversation regarding the 
detail of his occupation, informed me that he was obliged constantly to 
use the lash, both to the men and the women : that some he whipped 
four or five times a-week, some only twice' or thrice a-month : that all 
attempts to make them work regularly by advice or kindness were unavail- 
ing, for their general character was stubborn idleness ; and that many 
who were cheefful, and even appeared attached to the family, would not 
work without occasional hints from the cowhide. He owned he was ex- 
tremely sorry that the race existed in Virginia, destroying as they must 

200 William and Mary Quarterly 

the market for white man's labor; adding his conviction that his em- 
ployer's estate would produce more clear revenue if every negro were re- 
moved from the State, and the property divided into farms under lease. 
The grounds for this opinion were the heavy original outlay in the pur- 
chase of slaves (the price of an able-bodied male being, at an average, 
150 I,) — the expense of their maintenance — the perpetual losses incurred 
by their dying, running away, falling sick, and other casualties, the weight 
of which in free countries falls upon the laborer." 

We have no doubt Mr. ^Murray understood the overseer so 
to speak ; if he did not misapprehend him, then it is evident 
that that functionary was exaggerating, to enhance the idea of 
his own importance and authority, or, not less probably, was 
disposed to quiz one whom he perhaps thought, from his ques- 
tion, no better than an abolitionist. However this may be, we 
assert confidently that, with reference to no estate in \'irginia, 
however large would the assertion even approximate to the 
truth. We do not believe it would hold good as to any es- 
tate in the south or southwest, where slavery exists under a 
more unmitigated form than in \'irgrnia. 

We find by the papers that one of the gentlemen has come 
forward to deny, so far as he is concerned, the statements al- 
luded to. Mr. B. Harrison speaks for himself. For his relatives, 
we may say that, in the considerate and humane treatment of 
their slaves, and in conscientious regard to their physical com- 
forts and spiritual interests, the proprietors of Brandon are 
not excelled by any gentlemen in the country. We have no 
right, even to repel aspersions, to go into details to establish 
these facts. Suffice it to say, that to no one estate would we more 
readily refer the Trans-Atlantic or Northern Abolitionist. 

"To THE Editor of the Enquirer, 

Clarke Co., Virginia, September 6th, 1839: 

"Dear Sir, — In the connexion v/hich so lately existed between your- 
self and my friend, George E. Harrison of Brandon, will be found my 
apology for troubling you with this letter. In a Book of Travels in 
America, recently published, by the Hon. C. A. Murray, is contained an 
account of his vi?it to the estates of Berkeley and Brandon, on the Tames 

William and IMary Quarterly 201 

River. At one or the other of these places, it seems he held a conver- 
sation with an overseer; the substance of which, if true, is calculated to 
throw indeHble disgrace on the planters and farmers of the South, and 
especiall}' on the proprietor of Berkeley or Brandon. To his conversation 
I ask your particular attention. 

""To understand this m.atter thoroughly, it may be as well to stale, 
that I first saw ^Ir. ^lurray in Richmond at the house of a brother of my 
wife, where he was received on the most social terms. By one of the 
ladies of the family, I was told he had expressed a wish to visit some of 
the old family seats on James River — and at her instance he was invited 
to Berkeley. Regarding Mr. Murray as a gentleman, he was received into 
my family, and treated as such: and it is but an act of justice to say, that 
I was extremely pleased with him, believing that I had rarely met with 
one so intelligent and unassuming. He remained with us five or six 
days — and, on one occasion told me that his principal motive for visiting 
the country was to see the condition of the slaves, and he was m(35t 
agreeably surprised to find them treated with a degree of humanity and 
kindness which he had not expected: and he further added, that if they 
could forget that they were slaves, their condition was decidedly better 
than that of the great mass of labourers in Europe : if not the words, such 
was the substance of his remarks, after having spent several days witli ns. 

"From Berkeley, Mr. Murray was furnished with a boat to vi-it 
Brandon, and carried with him letters of introduction to my friends and 
relatives, Messrs. George E. and William Harrison. From this state- 
ment, you may imagine my utter astonishment on reading the conversa- 
tion said to have been held with an overseer relative to the treatment of 
our negroes. 

"I am not at all disposed to question Mr. ^vlurray's veracity, nor 
should I do it in relation to any fact witnessed by himself; but a^ it re- 
spects the overseer's statement, that I will venture to pronounce as false 
throughout — nor do I in truth believe such cruelty is practised on any 
estate in Virginia. For the manner in which the Brandon servants are 
treated, I have but to refer you to the letter of the late Mr. George E. 
Harrison to the present Secretary of the Navy. For myself. I do most 
positively aver, that when I left home on the first of September, but one 
grown negro on the Berkeley estate had suffered corporal punishment 
during the present year, and his offence was stealing. 

"As my overseer is a Quaker, he seems quite as averse to any un- 
necessary severity as I am; and, at this moment, I verily believe there 
is no such thing as a cowhide on my estate. The truth is, in relation to 
this formidable weapon (although a disgusting object with me)', yet with 
that class from which overseers are taken, it is frequently u>'ed as the 

202 William and Mary Quarterly 

cheapest kind of horse-whip; and, on the larger estates, the overseers are 
required to be generally on horseback. 

Very respectfully, I am, 

Benjamin Harrison. 

[In a letter published subsequently in the Messoiger, VI. 
^'/2., ]vlr. Murray stated facts which showed that he had not 
spoken with much accuracy regarding slave conditions in Vir- 
ginia. He particularly exempted the estates of Shirley, Bran- 
don and Berkeley from his strictures, ,and instead of "each 
overseer being armed with a cowhide'' he could specify only 
one, and it was by no means certain that this overseer was 
not ''kidding" him. At any rate he was glad to accept the 
statement of Mr. Harrison that the information imparted to 
him was "'probably inaccurate in every particular." 

]\Ir. Murray was a grandson of Lord Dunmore, the last 
royal governor of Virginia. He visited the United States in 
1834 and performed an extensive tour. His account of his 
travels is marked on the whole by excellent sense and taste ; 
though on the slave question, like most English visitors, his 
abhorrence of slaverv carried him into misstatements. — Editor.] 


CiiEATwooD, Chitwood, Chetwood. — Was William Cheat- 
wood, of Powhatan County, mentioned in the Government Cen- 
sus for Virginia in 1790, as head of a family of eight white souls 
in 17S3, the father of the following: ("i) William Cheatwood, who 
married ^lary Cottrell (born in 1776) ; (2) Daniel Cheatwood, 
who married, first, ]\Iiss Porter; secondly, Miss Goode, of Am- 
herst County, about 1811. John Cheatwood, who married Nancy 
Hatcher in Bedford County, in 1808. (3) Joel Chitwood, who 
m>arried Sallie Short. He lived in Bedford County ; later in 
Franklin County. (4) Alice Cheatwood, of Bedford County, 

William and Mary Quarterly 203 

died a spinster in 1851. (5) Miss Cheatwood, who, married 


Was William Cheatwood, of Powhatan County, the same \\"i\- 
liam Cheatwood who appears as Revolutionary soldier from \'ir- 
ginia in auditor's accounts, \'ol. XVIIL. page 6S2? In Bedford 
County records the name is frequently spelled Chitwood and 
Cheatwood in the same document. Xo doubt both forms are 
corruptions of Chetwood or Chetwcde. Joel Chitwood appears 
to have been a brother or near relation of the others. — Dr. 
Blanche M. Hai}ics, Three Rivers, Michigan. 

Godwin. — My grandfather's name was Richard Wilkerson. 
Godwin: he was married to Sarah Lyn Perry in 1840. His death 
occurred at Xew Orleans during the yellow fever epidemic in 
1867. He had three brothers: William Copeland, Joseph, and 
Thomas Wilkerson Godwin. These were the sons of John A. 
and Lilias Godwin, whose deaths occurred in 1840 and 1845. 
From there back, we know nothing definitely. — Mrs. Sciiora 
Godzi'in Pattoii, X'orth Yakima, State of Washington. 

Todd. — In the Chart of the Todd family, published in 
Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Xo\. III., page So, 
the line of Betty Todd, daughter of ]\Iajor William Todd and 
Martha Mcari^, is not carried out. Dr. Charles Henry Todd, of 
Owensboro. Kentucky, writes as follows: "Benjamin Hubbard 
married Elizabeth Todd, daughter of ^lajor William Todd and 
r^Iartha \'icaris. of King and Queen County. \'irginia. Tlieir 
daughter, Ann Hubbard, married Col.- James Taylor, the motlier 
of General James Taylor, of X'ewport. Kentucky. Elizabeth Todd 
was the sister of Richard Todd, of King and Queen County. \'ir- 
ginia, father of Judge Thomas Todd of the U. S. Supreme Court, 
and grandfather of Col. Charles Stewart Todd. Minister to Rus- 
sia. Judge Thomas Todd's mother was Elizabeth Richards, and 
her sister ]^Iildred married the father of William Coleman,- of 
Williamsburg, Bursar of the College, and in whose family Judge 
Todd's son. C. S. Todd, stayed while a student of the college 
in i8o7-'o9." 

204 William and Mary Quarterly 

In Quarterly, Vol. VL, page 244, Col. Hubard gives Mrs. 
Van Voast as authority that his ancestor James Hubard mar- 
ried Ann Todd. Mr. B. B. Minor shows this to be an error in 
Vol. v., page 211, Hubard and Hubbard were two distinct 

]Mathe\vs. — Who was the w'lie of Baldwin Mathews 
(1670-1737) ? I think Mary Bushrod, daughter of Thomas Bush- 
rod and Mary Piersey, widow of Thomas Hill.. Am I correct? 
Who was the W'ife of Captain Francis Mathews, son of Gov- 
ernor Samuel Mathews? Was Governor Samuel Mathews of 
royal descent? — Mrs. Lister Witherspoon, Versailles, Kentucky. 

Park Smith, of Virginia. — Near Jericho, Henry County, 
Kentucky, is the old John Smith family graveyard, and in it is a 
broken tombstone lying flat on the ground, with the following in- 
scription on it: 


son of 





Dec. 8, 1855 

In the 82i^<i y"" of his age. 

John Smith married Mary Storrs Russell, daughter of Lieu- 
tenant John Russell, of the Revolutionary Army, and they lived 
in Planover County, Virginia, until 1805, when they removed to 
Henry County, Kentucky. Probably connected with Ballard 
Smith. Information desired in regard to Park Smith and his 
ancestry, also in regard to his wife and her ancestors. — Henry 
Strother, Fort Smith, Arkansas. 

BoLLiNG Stark (see Quarterly, TV., 271,) served in many 
high offices of Virginia. He was the son of William and Mary 

William and Mx\ry Quarterly 205 

Boiling Stark, and was born September 20, 1733; member of the 
Convention of 1775, of the State Council, and State Auditor. 
He died in Richmond in 1788, and his will, dated November 20, 
1787, was proved June 2, 1788, in Henrico County Court, June 
2, 1788. He names the following children: (i) William, to 
whom he gave 2,000 acres out of 5,000 located for him by Col. 
James Harrod on the Ohio; (2) Boiling King, to whom he gave 
another 2,000 acres out of the same grant; (3) Belfield th^ re- 
maining 1,000 acres; (4) Frances Bland; (5) Ann; (6) Eliza- 
beth; (7) Clarissa Rothery. Legacies of negroes, plate, tobacco, 
stock, cattle, etc. Has a plantation in Sussex County, which he 
leaves to his wife for life, afterwards to go to his son Belfield. 
Mentions Brother Robert in South Carolina. Appoints friends 
Daniel Fisher and Robert Walker and sons William and Belfield 
exor's of his will. Col. Boiling Stark married probablv three 
times: (i) Miss Burwell, by whom he had Burwell Stark, of 
Dinwiddie County; (2) Elizabeth Belfield, born in 1732, by 
whom he had the children named in the will, and (3) Ann, 
w^idow of Hugh Orr, of Williamsburg, whom he married in 1785. 
(Quarterly, XH., 274.) 

Wharton. — Information wanted regarding Col. Samuel 
Wharton of the Revolutionary army. He went to South Caro- 
lina from Fredericksburg, Virginia, where he married Maude 
Sullivan, of Charleston. They removed to Laurens District, S. 
C, where they lived and died. They are buried near Waterloo 
in that county. 

Who were Colonel Wharton's parents ? Family tradition says 
his father was Sir George Wharton, who lived in Fredericksburg 
and is buried there. — Mrs. Peter A. Boyle, No. 1228 Tremont 
Avenue, Davenport, Iowa. 

[A Samuel Wharton is named as son in the will of Charles 
Wharton, of King George County, dated November 13, 1766, and 
proved March 5, 1767. A Charles Wharton is named in the will 
of Samuel Wharton, of Spotsylvania County, in 1738, as brother 
of the testator, and of William Wharton, Zacheus Wharton, and 

2o6 William and Mary Quarterly 

Joseph Wharton. A Samuel Wharton, of Spotsylvania County, 
married Ann Williams, December 6, 1737 (Spotsylvania County 
Records). Also in the same records is a deed (1770) of Joseph 
Wharton, of Orange County, son of Samuel Wharton, of King 
George, deceased. There is in Spotsylvania County a deed in 
1782 from Garrett ]\linor, which mentions "Joseph Wharton and 
Mary his wife, and Samuel Wharton his son." — Editor.] 

The Oxly School of Politics. — There is in the College 
Library a pamphlet of seventy-two pages entitled: *'A Syllabus 
of the Lectures Delivered to the Senior Students in the College 
of William and Mary on Government. By John Augustine 
Smith, President and Professor of floral and Political Philosophy 
in that institution." Published at Philadelphia (1817) by W. 
Fry, Printer. In the Preface is this clause: "From the only 
political chair in the Union the purest principles of republicanism 
should undoubtedly be promulgated." 

This is a statement that no other college in the L'nion had a 
chair of Government in 181 7. The author takes the ground that 
sovereignty resides in the people and cannot be transferred, and 
that governments wield only delegated powers. He considers 
that the right to vote should be bottomed on the possession of 


Ancestral Records and Portraits. A compilation from the Archives of 
Chapter I., The Colonial Dames of America. In two volumes. 
The Grafton Press. Publishers. 

The above is the true title of the beautiful volumes, which were 
designated incorrectly in the last issue. They were not a compilation 
from the archives of the "Colonial Dames of America," as stated, but 
from the archives of "The Colonial Dames of America" — a distinct 
organization. The pedij^rees are of a high order, and are the work of 
the best genealogists in Maryland. The patriotic ladies of that great 
State have done a most valuable work in recent years in publishing 
correct history. 

William and Mary Quarterly 207 

History of Plymouth Plantation. 1620-1647. By William Bradford. In 
two volumes. The IMassachusetts Historical Society, 1912. 

This is the fifth edition of this highly valuable work, and we are 
told in the preface that the text is here printed in its entirety for the 
first time. It is a magnificent publication, and reflects the highest credit 
on all concerned in it. 

The Descendants of Captain Thomas Carter. Thomas Carter, of -"Bar- 
ford," Lancaster County, Virginia. By Joseph Lyon Miller, M. D., 
Thomas, West Virginia. 

The first account of this family by Dr. Miller appeared 1 . the 
Quarterly, Vols. XVII., 275; XVIII., 47-58, 89-103, 235-251; XIX., 
116-137, 1S4-194; XX., 173-186. It proved that there existed, side by 
side with the Carters of Corotoman^ a numerous family 'of Carters, 
descended from a Captain Thomas Carter, eminently respectable for 
their marriage connections and offices held by them. Through this publi- 
cation, the subject nas been elaborated by Dr. Miller into a very hand- 
some book, which is undoubtedly a most valuable addition to the 
genealogical and biographical works known to the public. 

Cease Firing. By Mary Johnston, with illustrations by N. C. Wythe, 
Houghton, Mifflin and Company, Boston and New York. 1912. 

This is the sequel to Miss Johnston's "Long Roll," in which she 
so interestingly described the personality of Stonewall Jackson. It is 
possible that in this new book she has attained to a closer conception of 
her two military heroes, Joseph E. Johnston and Robert E. Lee. Great 
as they both were, their moral and military motives had nothing con- 
tradictory about them, and can be readily described. But with Jackson 
it was different. Equally a master of the military art, Jackson was at 
one mom.ent the quiet unobtrusive gentleman, with peculiarities of ways 
and action prompting some light remark on the part of those who saw 
^im, and the' next he was a god of war, riding the whirlwind and 
directing the-storm. Religious, humane and gentle under the usual way 
of life; in the crisis of action he saw only what success demanded, 
became the unyielding disciplinarian, and spared neither himself nor 
his soldiers. As in the former work, a pretty love-story runs through 
her pages, but its course meanders through an environment of battle 
and death, and fire and thunder. 

The narrative begins in December, 1862, with the march in the 
driving rain of a detachment of Confederate troops ^to Vidalia, and 
closes with the fatal retreat to Appomattox an April, 1865. And iin 
the interval, we are told of Vicksburg and Chickamauga and Gettys- 

2o8 William and Mary Quarterly ? 

burg and Richmond in the struggle of contending armies, as only Miss 
Johnston can tell the story. x 

Genealogy of the Baskcrz'illc Fanvly and Some Allied Families, Includ- 
ing the English Descent, from 1266 A. D. By Patrick Hamilton 
Baskerville, Richmond, Va. : William Ellis Jones Sons, (Inc.). 

This is another successful attempt to connect a well known Vir- 
ginia family with a splendid English heritage. Like most Virginians, 
the Virginia representatives of the Baskervilles had cared little for 
ancestry. They were content to feel that they were gentlemen.. Twenty 
years ago few persons knew anything of John' Baskerville,. the Virginia 
emigrant. A few years later more attention was directed to him. The 
student of histor}', passing over the York County books, found that he 
was clerk of York County, and the thought immediately occurred, as in 
Case of the other early names, that the establishment of his Englifh 
ancestry would furnish a test by which to judge of the character of the 
Virginia settlers in general. Then the rise of the numerous patriotic 
orders in America stirred up the general study of pedigrees. Plere is a 
sample of the result — a full and careful history of the Baskervilles and 
the establishment of a direct and honorable lineage of seventy-two gen- 
erations througli unbroken male descent from father to son! The bock 
has not only a great family interest, but a historic interest, and the 
compiler of the v>'ork is to be congratulated upon the result of his labors, 
which ^ave been great. 

The Monroe Doctrine. By T. B. Edgington, A. U., LL.D., of the Bar 
of Memphis. Boston : Little, Brown and Company. 1905. 

The Editor is grateful to Mr. Edgington for a copy of this instruc- 
tive and interesting work on the bold doctrine known as the "Monroe 
Doctrine," put forward by James ^Monroe in his celebrated message in 
1823, when the United States was yet a feeble povvcr. In spite of 
having been disavowed by many prominent statesmen in Congress, and 
declared ds only applicable to the condition of things at the time v.hen 
there was danger from the formidable so-called "Holy Alliance," this 
doctrine has grown constantly in public favor till it has taken its place 
in party platforms. Mr. Edgington, therefore, thinks it comparatively 
unimportant whether tlie language of the message first originated with Monroe, or John Quincy Adams, as sometimes suggested. It 
set forth, as a m.atter of fact, the unwritten constitution of the govern- 
ment, which was founded in 1776, and long before 1823 it found partial 
expression in the state papers of Presidents Washington, Jefferson and 

William and Mary Quarterly 209 

I do not know that Mr. Edgington thinks that this vie.w of its 
origin diminishes the credit of Mr. IMonroe. It cannot be denied that 
he, and not Mr. Adams, nor even President Washington, put the half- 
conscious feelings of the people in type, and under his own signature 
formulated their complete enunciation in a message which challenged the 
astonished attention of the world. This is enough glory for one man. 

It is a fact, not referred to by Mr. Edgington, that when Mr. 
Calhoun, in .1824, scx)n after Monroe's message, was asked by Judge 
Francis T. Brooke; ''Whether it was President ]\Ionroe or his Cabinet, 
who were in favor of that passage in his message, which declared to 
the 'Holy Alliance' that America would not be . indifferent to any 
attempt to aid the Spanish government to prevent the enfranchisement 
of the Sout'h Amierican powers then at war with Spain," he replied: 
"That it was the President's ovv'n sentiment, and though he was a slow 
man, yet give him time and he was a man of the best judgment he had 
ever known!" (Quarteriy, Vol. XVII,, p. 4.) • 

Mr. Edgington has some instructive chapters on the application of 
the doctrine to questions which have arisen with foreign powers, such 
as the Panama Congress in 1825, the British title to Honduras, the 
controversy over the Bay Islands, the Isthmian Canal question, the 
^Maximillian Empire, and .'the boundary of Venezuela. It is all very 
interestingly told, but there is a sense of incompleteness in the enumera- 
tion of his topics, for he makes no reference to the application made of 
the doctrine by several of the Presidents — notably, President Tyler, 
rgainst the aggressions of Great Britain on the Hawaiian Islands in 1842, 
and en Texas in 1844, when Britain attempted to defeat annexation. 

His last chapter on "General Observations" contain some thoughts 
on the past and future aspects of the doctrine, most of them valuable 
and suggestive, but I regret to say that he overdoes his subject. His 
claim that the ^Monroe Doctrine is coeval with the Republic, may be 
allowed, but should it not have seemed to him a little far-fetched to 
take the sowing of the first seed back to the foundation of the Puritan 
colony at Plymouth in 1620? In spite of the great names of Washington. 
Jefferson, !^Iadison and ]\Ionroe, which he invokes as among the chief 
sponsors of the Monroe Doctrine, that great colony from which they sprang 
and which planted at Jamestown in 1607, proved the inspiration of all the 
rest, is given no share whatever in "sowing the seed." Had Mr. Edging- 
ton only read Alexander Brown's "First Republic in America," and his 
'"Genesis of ihe United States." he would hardly have ventured to make 
the statement that: "With the exception of a small English colony at 
Jamestown, which died out and in part returned to England and became 
dispersed, the Plymo'ith Rock colony was the first." Had he also read 
Charles Francis Adams' "^lassachusetts, Its History and Its Historians." 
or bestowed even a cursory examination on the town records of New 

210 William and Mary Quarterly 

England, he would hardly have ignored the Jamestown settlement and 
■given the Puritans the absorbing merit of ''sowing the seed of civil and 
religious liberty," which are now the controlling forces of our nationr.l 
life. It is merely stating a fact written all over tneir history, that down 
to 1776 the institutions of New England, with the exception of those 
of Rhode Island, too small to have influence, were hostile to nearly 
every idea of, "civil and religious liberty." The towns were dominated 
by little religious oligarchies, who resorted to every form of persecution 
and who, by m.iking citizenship a mere elective privilege, by restricting 
the franchise, and by complicating the forms of election, continued the 
same men in power from year to year and often for life. (See Professor 
Baldwin's "Early History of the Ballot in Connecticut," American His- 
torical Society Papers, Vol. IV., p. 81.) 


April, I9J3 

rv V r 

am unb fiftarp 

CollcQC iSluavterl^ 

Ibietorical ♦ HDaaasine. 

president of TRIliUiam and /Sar? CoMcac. 

*caillism an5 ^ar^ College, 'CiHUliamsbura, >t>a. 

dopy ot tbis Humber, SI, CO. 

$3.00 iper pear 

[Baeerod &« Mcond-clau mattor at tbe Poet Offlc* iu WiUlamtbarsr.l 

Vol. XXI APRIL, 1913 No. 4 


William and Mary College ^ | 

Quarterly Historical Magazine. f 

The Breaking of the Light.... 211-220 ] 

Abolitionism and Southern Independence 221-223 ] 

Extracts from the Diary of Edmund Ruffin 224-232 \ 

The Virginia Legislature and the Stamp Act 233-248 j 

Notes from the Journal of the House of Burgesses, 1712-1726 249-257 j 

Arrivals from Virginia in 1656 258-262 j 

Bray-Johnson ;... 263 | 

Wright Family 264-265 ^ 

Brodnax Family 265-269 I 

The Stith Family 269-278 j 

Old Letters of Francis Makemie 278-283 | 

Excerpts from The Southern Literary Messenger. 283-291 I 

Historical and Genealogical Notes 292-294 | 

William anb flfiav^ CoIIcqc 

(Sluartcrlij Tbietorical fiDagasine^ 

Vol. XXI. APRIL, 1913. No. 4. 


In no other department of hnman industry has there been re- 
cently in the L'nited States more gratifying results than in the 
writing of history. The noble spirit of free enquiry is abroad, and 
the light of truth is breaking through the clouds of prejudice 
and falsification that have hitherto beclouded the view. History. 
which has been the personification of error, promises hereafter 
to be the glorification of truth. 

As the Northern writers were by far the greatest sinners 
formerly against the truth, so I am glad to state that they 
are now in many ways the most shining missionaries in com- 
batting error. All along the line the old ideas are being 
repudiated, and everywhere more candid and generous views are 
being expressed. New England, which has been the greatest 
sinner of all "against the light," is now the leader under the new- 

The change is immense, the attack is general, and begins with 
the colonial days. Instead of religious freedom formerly uni- 
versally ascribed to colonial New England, some writers of emi- 
nent character contend that there existed nothing but religious 
persecution,! and instead of democracy in the towns, an aris- 
tocracy, based upon a suilrage of the most limited character. - 

1 See Charles Francis Adams. Massachusetts, its Historians and its 

- Weedcn says that ''the institutions of New England were democratic 
in form but artistocratic in the substance of the administration" — Social 
and Economic History of Nczv England. Long before Weed'en. Rev. 
Mr. Stone had described the poHtical character of Massachusetts as a 
■■>reaking aristocracy in the face of a silent democracy." 

212 William and ^Iarv Quarterly j 

Then against the view that Xew England was the champion of 
the African's rights and of national integrity, some writers of 
New England origin have taken quite the opposite ground. 
What is the explanation of this? Why is it that Northern writers 
are repudiating former views and convicting their section of 
wholesale error j^ The answer is not far to find. The Northern 
conscience has immensely developed and the ideals were never 
so high as now. 

Previous to 1861 the civilization of the North ran in narrow- 
grooves. Commercialism was ascendant, and the narrow con- 
fines of the counting-room prevented enlarg'ed views on many 
subjects. The ante- war New Englander loved to regard him- 
self as a cool and reasoning animal, but, in truth, he was quite 
as fiery and violent as the much abused South Carolinian.^ His < 

impetuous nature is written over all the history of past times — 
in the mobs of Boston, in the language of his diarists and news- 
paper editors, and in the speeches of his orators. In spite of '- 
libraries and schools, the passions of the New England people, 
in common with those of the North in general, when aroused. 
were bitter and relentless beyond example and cruel and un- 
civilized. In the great illumination which distinguishes the - 
Northern section, it is now frankly confessed that the methods \ 
adopted by the Federal government in its conquest of the South 
. have few equals for harshness in modern warfare. -- 

Thus, a'fter the affair at Fort Sumter, the newspapers of 
the North appeared to be transported into an almost insane 
resentment, and many of them coimselled the most demoniac 
retaliation. By an act of Congress, approved July 17, 1862, and 
published with an approving proclamation by Lincoln, and bv 
other acts, death and confiscation of property were denounced 
on eight millions of people in the South, and all their abettors 
or aiders in the North. Although the character of the South 
as a belligerent was fully confessed by the Federal governm.ent' 

1 An eminent Xew England genealogist recently remarked to the 

editor, that wherever he met in the South with a particularly violent 

talker, he was almost =ure to find that he was a descendant of one of 
the original New England settlers in the South. 

William and Mary Quarterly 213 

in the institution of a blockade, exchange of prisoners, and other 
military acts, the authorities proceeded, whenever it was pos- 
sible, to act outside of the usual international law recognized 
under such circumstances. Lincoln denounced as pirates South- 
ern privateersmen, and as guerillas regularly commissioned 
partisans. Private property was everywhere seized without any 
compensation, and within the areas embraced by the Union lines 
the oath of allegiance was required of persons of both sexes 
above sixteen years of age, under penalty of being driven from 
their homes. 

As the war went on, the measures employed by the Federal 
government became more and more drastic and severe. It 
became the policy to starve the South into submission by whole- 
sale destruction. To prevent the armies of the South from 
being recruited, the exchange of prisoners was abandoned, 
and despite the entreaties of the Confederate government, who 
were only too anxious to be relieved of them, Federal soldiers 
were permitted to lie for months in Confederate prisons; and 
when it fared hard with them, the Federal authorities pretended 
indignation and visited the same and even greater hardships 
upon Confederates confined in Northern prisons — located, though 
these prisons were, in a land of plenty. Finally, the campaigns 
of Hunter and Sheridan in the Valley of \"irginia under 
stringent orders from General Grant, and the march of Sherman 
through Georgia, paralleled the deeds of the Goths and \^andals 
in their onslaught upon the civilization of Rome.^ Lincoln was 

1 Mr. Adams' comments upon these campaigns may be seen in his 
'"Some Phases of the Civil War." Studies Military and Diplomatic, 
pp. 265-269. In "Lee's Centennial," Ibid, p. 2)2' he says: "It is appalHng 
to reflect what in all probability would have resulted,'' if Lee. instead of 
surrendering at Appomatox, had adopted the single alternative left him, 
"disbanded his army and began an irregular warfare." "With a million 
men, inured to ivar, on the national mxister rolls, men impatient of further 
resistance, accustomed to license and nozv educated up to a belief that 
War zvas Hell, and that the best way to bring it to a close tvas to 
intensify Hell — zvith such a force as this to reckon ivith. made more reck- 
less in brutality by the assassin's senseless shot, the Confederacy need have 
looked for no consideration, no mercy. Visited by the besom of de- 
struction, it ivould have been harried out of existence. Fire and sri'ord 
s'cceeping over it, tvhat the szi'ord spared the fire would have consumed." 

214 William and Mary Quarterly 

fully informed of these atrocities and made no move to prevent 
them. It seems a harsh statement, but one that is fully borne 
out by the facts, that, despite their apparently civilized sur- 
roundings, the leading Northern officials, from the President 
down, were, as a rule, men of the coarsest moral fibre. There 
were, to be sure, many notable exceptions, such as George B. 
McClellan and Charles Francis Adams, Sr, 

In the measures pursued by Mr. Lincoln during the war, with 
the sanction of the Northern States, I must express my inability 
to perceive, even at this distance of time, any proof of humanity 
or special claim? to civilization. Nor in the policy afterwards 
pursued by Congress with reference to the conquered States- — 
the policy of ''reconstruction," as it was called — a euphemism 
for negro domination — was there anything to support the belief 
that the Northern people, for a long time after the war, had 
any just conceptions of real statesmanship. That policy w^as a 
contrast in every way to the British management of affairs in 
South Africa after ihe Boer war. It was brutal, senseless, and 
an attempt to reverse the very laws of nature, and is now uni- 
versally condemned by the present juster sentiment in the North. 

The civilized spirit now prevailing has found expression 
especially through Charles Francis Adams, Gamaliel Bradford, 
Jr., John D. Long and Samuel W. McCall — all of Massa- 
chusetts. The addresses of Mr. Adams: "Some Phases of the 
Civil War," "Lee's Centennial," and ''The Ethics of Seces- 
sion," and Mr. Bradford's critical articles on Southern generals, 
published in the Atlantic Monthly, show a noble appreciation of 
the superiority of truth to every other consideration. The third 
gentleman, Mr. McCall, an eminent member of Congress, was 
frank enough on last emancipation day in Boston to say that 
the North was just as much responsible for slavery as the South. 
The fourth named, Governor Long, in a paper read November 
last before the Massachusetts Flistorical Society, declared that, 
"as one result of this later more liberal sentimient towards the 
South, the conflict is no longer regarded as so much a rebellion 
as a civil war," and he asks: "Will not that be the final historic 

William and Mary Quarterly 215 

The form of Governor Long's question expects an affirma- 
tive answer, but would this be the correct answer? It is not 
long since that the Northern contention was that the States 
never had any sovereignty and the words "treason" and "rebel- 
lion" were freely applied to the action of the Southern States 
in seceding. Certainly "civil war" is a much politer term than 
either of these designations, but will it be the historic verdict? 
That it will not seems to me to be impossible from Governor 
Long's further statement, which contains undoubtedly a historic 
truth: "There is little doubt that in the, earlier days, of the 
government it was the accepted opinion that the Federal govern- 
ment had no power to coerce a State, and that each original State 
had a sovereigii right to withdraw from the L^nion." 

The right of secession being, according to Governor Long, 
the early belief, on the strength of which the States gave their 
assent to the Constitution, how could anything happening sub- 
sequently, short of a constitutional amendment, change the rights 
of the States? And how can the war of 1861 be considered a 
civil war, when each State as a distinct nation was entitled 
to sovereign rights" There was no armed division in the North 
and none in the South, and so there was no civil war in either, 
unless tlie condition of things in ^Missouri and Kentucky may be 
reckoned such. In the light of Governor Long's remarks, the 
war was an international war, waged by the North for the eon- 
quest of the South, and this, it seems to me, must be the his- 
toric verdict. 

But Governor Long finds a justification for the war in the 
attack made, upon Fort Sumter. In doing this he says that the 
South '^gave the same justification for war as a foreign nation 
might have done." But what are the facts on his own assunm- 
tion of State sovereignty? South Carolina had withdrawn from 
the Union, and the right to the eminent domain entitled her to 
everything within her borders. No independent State as South 
Carolina claimed to be could view without great concern for its 
own safety and honor the holding by a foreign power of a 
formidable fort, with its guns commanding its metropolitan 
city. The very retention of the fort was a cause of war on the 
part of the Federal government, but South Carolina, in spite o.f 

2i6 William and Marv Quartp:rlv 

her imputed hotheadedness, restrained herself and for several 
months took no aggressive step. Then what did Mr. Lincoln do? 
He proceeded to send a heavy armament to reinforce the fort 
and gave notice to Governor Pickens that he would use force 
if necessary to land the supplies and reinforcements. The 
opinions of Mr. Lincoln's cabinet officers are on record. Five 
out of seven members took the ground that the act of sending 
troops to Fort Sumter would "provoke war" and ''begin hostili- 
ties.'' Mr. Lincoln began the war, and firing on Fort Sumter 
became, on the part of the South Carolinians, a necessary act 
of self-defence. 

Neither does it follow (once granting the right of secession), 
that firing on a Federal fort without provocation justified the 
Federal government, under international law, in proceeding to a 
war of extermination and conquest. Punishment and indemnity 
were all that the government was justified in regarding, and 
the attack itself was not so heinous as to put every alternative, 
except subjugation, out of consideration. The South made vari- 
ous overtures for peace, and they were rejected. 

''But," says Governor Long, "it was a war the North at 
once recognized as a war for union, freedom and human rights — 
a war of which Mrs. Howe's verses were the battle hymn ; and 
then came that melting of the old parties into patriotic blend as 
the national integrity was at stake.'' This is patriotic rhetoric, 
but is it the language of a perfectly cool-headed historian? 
Now here are a few questions : How could the war have been 
for "L^nion," if for the binding force of consent there was 
substituted the binding power of force ; if for the right of State 
sovereignty there was substituted the supreme will of the 
Federal government? Fusion must not be confounded with 
L^nion. How could it have been for ''freedom and human 
rights," when under "the war powers" assumed by Lincoln and 
his congress, the guarantees of the Constitution ceased to exist, 
and hundreds of free citizens of the North were arrested on 
bare suspicion of sympathy with the South and confined for 
months in loathsome dungeons? Surely previous to 1861 no- 
body in the South had pretended to deprive any one in the 
North of his freedom or rights. 


But perhaps Governor Long refers to the negroes, and he 
means to say that the war was waged for their emancipation. 
This certainly is not history. At the outset of the war every- 
body in the North denied that this was the object of the war. 
It surely is not necessary to mention ]\Ir. Lincoln's messages or 
his letter to Horace Greeley which must be well known to Gov- 
ernor Long. Lincoln's proclamation of emancipation, reluctantly 
issued after two years, was an acknowledged military measure. 
The leading idea was to stir the slaves up to a servile insurrec- 
tion and to destroy the Confederate armies by the menace of 
immediate danger at home. 

That the war finally resulted in the emancipation of the 
slaves is no more a proof that the war was begun or waged for 
it, than that if the Confederate States, in the stress of circum- 
stances, had proclaimed the freedom of the slaves — a policy 
which Jefferson Davis had come to sanction in his instructions 
tc Duncan F. Kenner, sent to Great Britain towards the close 
of the war. In those instructions Great Britain and France were 
to be assured that the Confederate States would abolish slavery 
if their independence was recognized.^ It is a curious fact 
that in 1863, when that '"melting of old parties into patriotic 
blend,*' of which Governor Long so eloquently speaks, had been 
tremendously shaken, and all through the North men were 
resisting the drafts and denouncing Lincoln as a tyrant and the 
war as ''a failure," Moncure D. Conway, an agent of the aboli- 
tionists of the North in London, assured the Confederate com- 
missioner, ^Ir. ^lason, in behalf of his constituents, that if the 
South would agree to abolish slavery they would compel the 
Federal government to recognize its independence. As a matter 
of history, the abolitionists were the only sincere advocates of 
immediate emancipation, and, as shown by this correspondence, 
they were evidently far from considering that the war as late 
as 1863 was being waged in the interest of the slaves. - 

1 The correspondence of Duncan F. Kenner now in the Library of 
Congress contains proof of this statement in Kenner's own handwriting. 

- See the corre'^pondence of Conway and Mason published in this 

21 8 William and Mary Ocarterlv 

How things would have turned out had the South suc- 
ceeded in its aspiration for independence can only be a matter 
of conjecture. As an original proposition union is always pre- 
ferable to division, but the Union, in 1861. was as ill-joined an 
affair as the statue of Nebuchadnezzar. The South and the 
North were then really two distinct nations, thoroughly alienated 
from one another, and the conflict between them, as long as they 
remained together, was "irrepressible." Had no question of 
State sovereigntv existed, the South, with its large population 
of eight millions, occupying a territory half as large. as Europe, 
was entitled on natural principles to independence. It does 
seem almost a mockery that the little States of Central America 
and the negro republics of San Domingo and Hayti should have 
jiad recognition at Washington and the right of independence 
have been denied to the far more powerful South, which ad- 
mittedly waged one of the greatest struggles on record. More 
serious still was the repudiation by the Federal government of 
its own original theory as set forth in the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence that all government was based on the consent of tl:e 

Som^e things seem assured. Had the South succeeded, it 
would have had its own law^s suited to its own condition, and 
it would have developed along its own lines. As it is, it has 
been forced to conform itself to the conditions of the Northern 
section and to be m.erely tributary to the interests of that 
section. Brought in direct relations with the rest of the world, 
slavery, if it had survived the war, would have felt the general 
condemnation more acutely, and there is no reason to suppose 
tliat the evil would have been of long continuance. As to its 
relations with the Northern Confederacy, it is reasonable to 
assume that the South's peace conditions would not have been 
more disturbed than have been the peace conditions of the 
United States with Canada, which extends along the whole of 
our Northern border. Above all. success would have saved 
the South from the extensive demoralization incident to all con- 
quests. No one supposes that the new South compares with the 
old South in moral force and vigor ; and while in the North 
since the war there has been a marked rise in the character of 

William and Mary Quartp:rly 219 

its public men. in the South, on the other hand, there ha,*? been a 
marked decline. It may be stating an unpleasant truth, but 
it is one supported by the census, that the South in material pros- 
perity relatively to the North, is far behind wliat it was in 1861. 
It has more schools for the people, but far fewer highly edu- 
cated and accomplished men. This, it is hoped, will not 
always be. 

However, it is fortunate that the future will take cafe of 
itself as the past has always done. Had the American colonists 
tailed in their contest with Great Britain, as at times it ap- 
peared they would do, even with tlie powerful assistance of 
I'Vance, all hope would not have been extinguished. There is 
no reason to suppose that any English colony would ever have 
experienced the condition of a Spanish satrapy. Probably after 
a few years, under a change of party and the growing sense of 
liberty in England, the rebellion itself would have fallen into 
disrepute in America, and the present age might have wit- 
nessed a united empire of all the English-speaking people, with 
the capital not at London but at New York. Perhaps through 
this overwhelming power the hope of universal peace would now 
be a reality. 

But the United States were more successful than the Con- 
federate States, and two great empires took the place of one, 
and still the world moved. In certain ways, doubtless, much 
was gained. And so the permanent division of the Union in 
1861, peaceably and constitutionally accomplished, with the sav- 
ing of so much valuable property and precious blood, and the 
maintenance of national character in each section undiminished, 
would not have been without its comforting features. Certainly, 
if, in 1776, because of the unjust and unconstitutional taxes im- 
posed by the British government, a union with England was 
no longer compatible, in 1861, when the North and South had 
nothing in common, further connection was no longer desirable 
or convenient. The Southern people are genuine in their pro- 
fession of loyalty to the present government, but, it is also 
niy belief, that if the Southern cause had succeeded, there would 
have been few voices in the South to-day uplifted against the 
new nation. For nothing succeeds like success, and fear of 

220 William and ]Marv Quarterly I 

the Northern power would have proved the bond of the Southern 

But speculations like these are not history, which should record 
facts, and I repeat that it is a matter of real congratulation 
that the light is breaking at last in the North. i\ll hail to 
Massachusetts and her gallant Adams, and Lodge, and Bradford, 
and Long, and ^IcCall, who stand forth as the standard bearers 
of the truth in the dawming of the new^ day. What if, when the 
historic sun of New England approaches its zenith, the hall of 
the venerable Massachusetts Llistorical Society may be covered 
with the debris of shattered idols, a higher cause Vv-ill be served 
than that of prejudice, misconception and untruth. John 
Brown was once the hero of New England, but the murderous 
and barbarous character of this old zealot have left him, in the 
present day, few^ admirers anywhere. At present Abraham Lin- 
coln is magnified, and certainly he is a great improvement upon 
John Brown. But the extravagant claims put up for him by 
Mr. Bradford and Northern writers in general are in conflict 
with all his vacillating relations to his cabinet, his bungling selec- 
tion and direction of his generals,^ his extreme military policy 
towards the South, his truculent dealings with foreign powders, 
and his coarse personal behavior. One of the achievements for 
the Massachusetts historian yet to attain is to get over the hys- 
teria occasioned by Lincoln's assassination and to settle down to 
a just appreciation of his abilities and character. 

1 John C. Ropes, of Massachusetts, in his "Story of the Civil War" 
says that "though Lincoln was utterly without any intelligent grasp of 
the fundamental principles by which the conduct of all military operations 
should be regulated," he reserved to himself and his Secretary of War, 
Stanton, the whole direction of the armies. Ropes is particularly severe 
regarding the discourtesy which Lincoln showed to his generals. To 
an intimation of this kind, coming from General Halleck, Lincoln's chief 
of staff, who professed to speak for the President, General Rosccrans 
replied in language befitting a United States general : "To threats of 
removal or the like, I must be permitted to say that I am insensible.'* 

William and Mary Ql'artekly 221 


The following correspondence between Moncure D. Conway 
and James 'M. 2^Iason was published in the London Times soon 
after it occurred: 

Conway to ]Mason : 

Aubrey House, X'otting" Hill, 
London, W., June 10, 1863. 

Sir : I have authority to make the following proposition on 
behalf of the leading anti-slavery men of America, who have 
sent m.e to this country : 

If the States calling themselves "The Confederate States of 
America" will consent to emancipate the negro slaves in those 
States, such emancipation to be guaranteed by a liberal Euro- 
pean commission, the emancipation to be inaugurated at once, 
and such tim.e to be allowed for its completion as the commis- 
sion shall adjudge to be necessary and just, and such emancipa- 
tion once made to be irrevocable, then the Abolitionists and anti- 
slavery leaders of the X^orthern States shall immediately oppose 
the prosecution of the war on the part of the L^nited States 
Government, and, since they hold the balance of power, will 
certainly cause the war to cease by the immediate withdrawal of 
every kind of support from it. 

I know that the ultimate decision upon so grave a ptaposi- 
tion may require some time ; but meanwhile I beg to be informed 
at your early convenience whether you will personally lend your 
influence in favor of a restoration of peace and the independence 
of the South upon the simple basis of the emancipation of the 

Any guarantee of my own responsibility and my right to 
niake this offer shall be forthcoming. I am sir, yours &c, 

^loncure D. Conway. 
J. M. Mason, Esq. 

222 William and Mary Quarterly 

Mason to Conway: 

No 24 Upper Seymour Street, 
Portman Square, June 11, 1863. 
Sir: I have your note, of yesterday. The proposition it con- 
tains is certainly worthy of the gravest consideration, provided 
it is made under a proper responsibility. Yet, you must be 
aware, that, while you know fully the representative position 
I occupy, I have not the like assurance as regards yourself. 

If you think proper, therefore, to communicate to me who 
those are on whose behalf and authority you make the proposi- 
tion referred to with the evidence of your '"'right to make this 
offer," I will at once give you my reply, the character of which. 
however, must depend on what I may learn of your authority in 
the premises. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

J. M. M^son. 
Moncure D. Conway, Esq. 

Conway to Mason : 

Aubrey House, Notting Hill, W., 

June 16, 1863. 
Sir: Your note of the nth has been received. I could easily 
give you the evidence that I represent the views of the leading- 
Abolitionists of America, but with regard to the special offer 
which I have made I have concluded that it was best to write 
out to America, and obtain the evidence of my right to make it 
in a form which_will preclude any doubt as to its sufficiency. 
I shall then address you again on the subject. 

I am, &c. Moncure D. Conway. 

J. M. Mason, Esq. 

Mason to Conway: 

No 24 Upper Seymour Street, 
Portman Square, June 17, 1863. 
Sir: I have received your note of yesterday. You need not 
write to America to "obtain the evidence" of your right to 
treat on the matter it imports. Our correspondence closes with 

William and ]\Iary Ql'arterlv 223 

t'lis reply. It was your pleasure to commence it — it is mine to 
terminate it. 

I desired to know who they were who were responsible for 
your mission to England, as you present it; and who were to 
confirm the treaty you proposed to make for arresting the war in 
America^ on the basis of a separation of the States, with or with- 
out the sanction of their Government. But such information is 
of the less value now, as I find from an advertisement in 'the 
journals of the day that you have brought to England letters 
of sufficient credit from those who sent you to invite a public 
meeting in London, under the sanction of a member of Parlia- 
ment, who was to preside, to hear an addre-s from you on the 
subject of your mission, with the promise of a like address from 

This correspondence shall go to the public, and will find its 
way to the country a class of the citizens of v/hich you claim 
to represent. It will, perhaps, interest the Government and the 
soi-disant '"loyal men" there to know, under the sanction of 
your name, that the '"leading anti-slavery men in America" are 
prepared to negotiate with the authorities of the Confederate 
States for a "'restoration of peace and the independence of the 
South on a pledge that the Abolitionists and anti-slavery leaders 
of the Northern States shall immediately oppose the further 
prosecution of the war on the part of the United States Gov- 
ernment, and since they hold the balance of power will certainly 
cause the war to cease by the immediate withdrawal of every 
kind ot support from it." 

As some reward, however, for this interesting disclosure, 
your inquiry whether the Confederate States will consent to 
em.ancipation on the terms-stated shall not go wholly unan- 
swered. You niay be assured, then, and perhaps it may be of 
value to your constituents to assure them, that the Xorthern 
States will never be in relation to put this question to the South, 
nor will the Southern States ever be in a position requiring them 
to give an answer. 

I am, sir. your ob't serv't, 

J. M. Mason. 

Moncure D. Conway, Esq. 

224 William and Mary Quarterly 

President Davis and Retaliation. 

August 6th Thursday (1863). * * * * Grant had gar- 
risoned Xatchez with 3000 men, & New Carthage wth 2500. 
Plunderers from these garrisons were daily robbing all the ad- 
jacent country. I have refrained from noting sundry difficulties 
in regard to the exchange of prisoners &c growing out of the 
threats of our President to retaliate for Yankee murders of our 
men, & some others of their worst outrages — & still more from 
his total failure to execute such proper & necessary retaliation, 
even in a single case. The subject v.-as disagreeable to me, 
because of my vexation at the morbid tenderness, & the im- 
becility of President Davis — & moreover would have occupied 
too much space. 

Flis course has been to threaten retaliation, either generally 
or specially, to select & confine the subjects in some cases — & 
then to do nothing. If the persons so selected for retaliation, for 
murders & gross illegal outrages by the Yankee forces, had been 
imm.ediately put to death, all the world would have recognized 
the propriety & necessity for the retaliation, & its conformity 
with the laws of war. If then, afterwards, the Yankee authori- 
ties had put others of our. prisoners to death in return, it would 
have been a new & gratuitous act of sheer & simple murder, to 
be judged of & met accordingly — & which they would not have 
dared to commit. But 2^P Davis' delays & failures to execute 
his threatened acts of retaliation, have naturally encouraged the 
Yankee government to oppose them by other threats of special 
vengeance. And thus they restrain M'" Davis by his fears, in 
addition to his own morbid sensibility. 

Two of our officers were captured in ,Ky. & put to death for 
enlisting soldiers in that state. M'" Davis, with unusual prompt- 
ness, had two Yankee officers of like rank, selected by lot from 
the Yankee prisoners, to be put to death in retaliation. But 
instead of its being done in 24 hours, as was done with our mur- 
dered officers, they were merely kept confined, "to await the 

William and Mary Quarterly 2J5 

President's order for their execution," which would never have 
been issued, even if the later circumstances had not rendered it 
impossible. The Yankee government thereupon ordered to be 
confined, underground, Gen. W. H. Lee, the son of our com- 
mander in chief, & Capt. Winder, whom they before held as 
prisoners, to suffer death whenever their condemned officers 
should suffer. Of course, as M'" Davis pays respect to the 
enemy's threats of ''retaliation," though he pays none to his 
own, he is now placed in the dilemma that he cannot execute his 
sentence without at the same time ordering the execution of 
Gen. Lee & Capt. Winder. 

Passing over the judicial murder of Munford in N. O. of 
the 10 innocent citizens of Mo. by Gen. McNeil, & others of 
the worst of Yankee murders, I will merely here refer to a class 
of cases of the highest importance. After the inauguration of 
the Yankee policy of emancipating our slaves, inciting them to 
insurrection, & engaging them in military service, our presi- 
dent threatened that all white officers captured in command of 
negro troops should be put to death. And whether by such 
proclamation or otherwise, (which I now forget,) it was under- 
stood that all negro slaves who had deserted their service to 
their masters, & gone to aid the Yankees, & were captured in 
arms, should be liable to suffer death. ^ To this fate they were 
justly entitled on three several grounds — as deserters to the 
enemy — as spies & guides, which all such were, if occasion 
required — & as traitors to our own government. Yet I have 
not heard of a single captured negro soldier having been put 
to death (as ought to be in every case,) nor of any Yankee 
officer, captured in command of negro troops. Yet captures of 
both kinds were made lately at the attempt to storm Battery 
Wagner, & probably elsewhere. When large number? of fugi- 
tive (or stolen) slaves were recaptured, by our troops, at 
Brasheur City & elsewhere, they probably were restored to their 
owners, or otherwise returned to their previous condition of 
slavery. Now the fruits of President Davis' weak & childish 

1 Similar penalties were threatened by the Americans during the 
Revolution on account of desertion of slaves to the British. 

220 William and Mary Quarterly 

policy of forbearance & mercy have been developed & exposed in 
a proclamation of Lincoln jnst pnblished & here appended. In 
this he declares that every colored soldier, in the Yankee forces, 
who may be captured & killed, or "enslaved," there shall be put 
to death, for the one case, or for the other confined to hard labor, 
a captive C. S. soldier. So that even the restoring a recap- 
tured negro, who had been made a soldier, to the service of the 
master whom he had c serted, or from whom he had been for- 
cibly carried oft, will subject a C. S. prisoner to labor in a Yan- 
kee State Prison for life. And while lawful and barely even 
retaliation i> declined by our tender conscienced president, & 
if not declined, is to be so heavily avenged or amerced by 
Yankee measures, the Yankee authorities declare & carry out 
the most unlimited measures of what they term '"retaliation," 
for acts of commission or omission by communities or individ- 
uals, (or perhaps by nobody,) in using our own means for our 
own & lawful self defence, of person or property. 

Thus, lately, because the Yankee gunboat De Kalb was 
blown up by a torpedo in Yazoo river, placed there to prevent 
the invasion by the enemy, Adm. Porter states that he seized 
3000 bales of cotton belonging to the neighboring proprietors, 
because they did not notify him of the danger. It is true that this 
alleged cause is of no practical account, as the cotton would have 
been stolen by the Yankees even if this pretext had not existed, & 
the alleging of which only served to present in a blacker aspect 
thQ Yankee doctrine & policy of retaliation. It has long been 
acted upon by the Yankee authorities, & submitted to by ours, 
that whenever a steamer is fired upon, or a railway train cap- 
tured, or a very striking guerilla action performed by our 
troops, though regularly organized & commanded, the Yankees 
have avenged their loss, or injuries, by burning the neighboring 
towns or villages, or farm structures, & general destruction & 
laying waste of the property, for as many miles as they dared to 

But extreme, destructive, & outrageous in injustice & in 
cruelty as have been such crimes committed by Yankee authority 
&- action, the practical system & policv is exceeded by the assump- 

William and AIary Quarterly 22^ 

tioiis of a recent general order of Gen. Halleck's here appended. 
According to this order, "every citizen, or rebel soldier in dis- 
guise," who may ""'commit depredations upon the railroads now" 
used by the U. S. government, "will be arrested & confined for 
punishment." Further: "The people z^'itJiin lO niilcs^ of the 
Orange & Alexandria R. R. are notifies, that they will be held 
responsible in their persons & property for any injury 'done to 
the road, trains^ depots & stations, by c'izens, guerillas, or per- 
sons in disguise, & in case of such injury, they will be impressed 
as laborers to repair all c/aniages.. If these measures should not 
prevent depredations, the entire iuhabitaiits of the di^Hriet of 
country along the rail-road will be put across the lines, & their 
property taken for convenient uses." Thus our people are for- 
bidden, under the penalties of slavery or starvation of their 
families to obstruct our own roads to prevent their being used 
by invaders to destroy the property of the country. Also our 
soldiers, under regular command, are equally prohibited & 
threatened, if in what Yankee authorities may choose to term 
"disguise," or, otherwise than in regular uniform & equipments — 
such as not one half of our soldiers can show, at any time. 
And further — not only the actors in such lawful & proper, & 
praiseworthy modes of defending their homes & their country 
are to be so punished, but all the inhabitants, of all sexes, ages, 
&: conditions, within to miles distance of the whole road — & of 
whom, of necessity, not one in a hundred could possibly have 
any previous intimation of any such ''^depredations," much less 
be actors therein. 

Yet this most atrocious & also the most impudent of all 
Yankee orders, will have important effects for their service. 
First, it will strike terror into all the threatened inhabitants, 
& prevent even the patriotic & brave aiding such means for 
defence, & inducing the timid or disaffected to serve as spies & 
informers. I doubt whether this order may not have further 
operation in paralyzing even our military ''depredations" on our 
railroads. Our merciful & scrupulous president, if acting accord- 
ing to his usage, ought to forbid all such acts of defence by our 

1 Italics in the original. 


military, to avoid bringing tlie enemy's destructive vengeance 
on the innocent people of a large extent of country. If such 
respectively, is to be the policy of the two opposed powers, our 
government might as well yield at once to Yankecdom. 

For, practically, the operation of the two policies combine to 
produce three general results — that we are to bear patiently, 8c 
without resistance, every unlawful injury & outrage that the 
enemy may choose to use, or intiict on us, & in no case to use 
just retaliation, for fear of inducing our enemy to increase their 
outrages, & to inflict on us still more intolerable punishment & 
vengeance. Full retaliation on our part for all of the enemy's 
outrages & violations of the laws of war — even if that stern 
course should have resulted in a war of extermination, would 
have been more merciful to our people, & far more beneficial for 
our defence, than the miserable & contemptible course of patience 
& forbearance pursued (after threats,) by President Davis. 

Federal Devastatiox. 

June 2nd (1864) Thursday. Edmund returned from Peters- 
burg — after a night without any sleep, waiting at the Junction, 
& then walking 10 miles, from Amelia C. H. He had done all 
he could to aid Letty under the crushing burden of her troubles. 

5 of her negroes, men and boys, had gone to the Yankees, who 
had also taken oil some wagon loads of stores &c. The cattle, 
sheep & hogs, were brought to Petersburg, but with great difti- 
culty, & at great expense & loss. Edmund had heard nothing 
more of ^^larlbourne. 

All the country of Prince George to within 7 or 8 miles 
of Petersburg, had been plundered & laid waste — &. a large pro- 
portion of the negroes carried ofT. The same policy is uni- 
versal now, wherever the Yankee troops have complete sway — 
to plunder or destroy everything that is food for man or beast, 

6 to lay the whose face of the country waste, desolate, & inca- 
pable of yielding the least support. Except that the dwellings 
are not usuafly burnt, & the women <Sc children & infirm old men 
(there are few other residents,) are not forced to leave by any 
more forcible coercion than destitution, & the prospect of starva- 

William and Marv Quarterly 229 

tion, the Yankee forces, under general orders from the Yankee 
government, are e\'er}\vhere carrying out the policy of Louis 
XIV. in desolating the Palatinate — & which comparatively very 
limited area of desolaiion, in its then unparalleled cruelty & 
atrocity, has blackened the memorv of its author to this time.^ 

Lincoln's War Policy. - 

Sept. 13-^ (1864) >:^ ^ * ^ =*" In some remarks of 
Lincoln, published (& appended,) he asserted that ''there are 
now in the service of the U. S. near 200,000 able-bodied colored 
men, mosr of them under arms, defending & acquiring L'nion 
territory." He charges against the Democratic party that they 
would refuse to employ these negro troops — & that without their 
aid "'"the rebel arm.ies cannot be destroyed by Democratic strategy. 
It would sacrifice all the white men of the Xorth to do it." 
This is a precious confession — that, without the aid of the south- 
ern negroes, the nortliern assailants vrould be powerless against 
the South. He adds — "Abandon all the posts now garrisoned by 
the black men. take (these) 200,000 from our side Sz put them 
in the battle field or corn-field against us. (which he maintains 
the Democratic policy would induce,) & we should be compelled 
to abandon the war in three weeks" — — — — ''Xo 
human power can subdue this rebellion without the use of the 
emancipation policy, & cz'cry otJicr policy calculated to zceaken 
the ynoral & physical forces of the rebellion." One of these 

1 General P. H. Sheridan, at a dinner given by the German Chan- 
cellor in 1870, remarked that, besides crushing the enemy's army, the 
proper strategy in war was '"'to leave nothing to the people but their 
eyes to weep with over the war." And General Sherman to the same 
effect subsequently said, "and I resolved to stop the game of guarding 
their cities, and to destroy their cities ; to make every man, woman 
and child in the South feel that * * * they must die or submit." 
Lincoln, whom the Northern people ■ have praised for hi> humanity, 
gave his endorsement to the same policy, when, in some remarks in 1864, 
cited by Mr. Ruftin. he declared that "emancipation and cz'cry other 
policy calculated to weaken the moral and physical forces of the 
rebellion" were necessarj- for the purposes of subjugation. 

230 William and Mary Quarterly 

measures of policy is the recent order of Sherman , for banish- 
ing all the white population of Atlanta.^ "''^ *=:<**** 

Exchange of Prisoners. 

Sept. 23 1864 " '•' "^ It is now more than a year since the 
Yankee government suspended the further exchange of prisoners 
of war — & but few exceptional cases of exchange have .occurred 
since. The excuse ofitered by the Yankee authorities for their 
violation of the previous contract. & cartel, for exchanges, which 
had been in regular practice, v/as that our government refused 
to recognize as prisoners entitled to be exchanged, any cap- 
tured negroes, who were known to be the slaves of owners in 
the C. S., absconded or kidnapped & made soldiers in the Yankee 
army — but returned them to their former masters. There are 
said to be about 100 prisoners only, of this description now in 
our prisons — & probably there never have been 500. The Yankee 
authorities claim that these absconding & rebellious slaves shall 
be released to them by exchange, as prisoners of vv'ar — & until 
that demand shall be acceded to, thev refuse to miake any ex- 
changes. In consequence of this suspension, the prisoners have 
accumulated until they now amount to from 35.000 to 50.000 
on each side — & each side to hold the greater number 
than the other. 

It has been supposed that the true reasons for tlie refusal of 
the Yankee government to exchange, were, the superior worth of 
our men as soldiers, not only as of better material. & of far 
more value as citizens, but also as being veterans & enlisted for 

1 In his letter concerning Atlanta to Lincoln, through General 
Halleck, the chief of -raff. Sherman wrote: '"If the people raise a howl 
against my barbarity and cruelty. I will answer that war is war and 
not popularity seeking. If they want peace, they and their relatives 
must stop the war." — Sherman's yfcmoirs. Vol. II.. p. 11 r- The logic 
of Sherman's letter seems to expose him to deserved censure, because 
he did not put the whole 15.000 inhabitants of Atlanta to death. Doubt- 
less slaughter would have proven a more effective method than ban- 
ishment of terrifying their relatives into peace. Sherman's principles 
of war fully justified the reintroduction of the inqui-ition and the tor- 
ture of the dark ages. 

William and Mary Quarterly 231 

tlie war — while tlieirs were comparatively worthless as individ- 
uals, & many enlisted for lOO days only, & many whose time of 
service had already expired. Further the cost of feeding pris- 
oners is three or four times as g-reat in the C. S., as in the 
Northern States, which caused a great balance of disadvantage 
& loss to the C. S. But if there was any doubt of the motives 
before, it has been removed by the avowal of Gen. Sherman, in 
a recent correspondence with Gen. Hood in the proposal of the 
latter (Sept. 8th) to exchange the prisoners made & held by 
the respective armies, or of their captures — ''the exchange to be 
made man for man. & the equivalents to be allowed as regarded 
by the stipulations of the cartel." This proposal Sherman 
accepts at once (8'^ inst) & without conditions or objections 
stated — for so many of the C. S. soldiers prisoners who had not 
already been sent too far northward, & out of his jurisdiction. 
He added thereto an enclosed postscript, that he had, subject to 
such exchange, above 1500 prisoners remaining. On next day, 
9^^', he writes again, stating more explicitly the number on hand 
at 1810, oflfictrs & men, which, he adds, (making new condi- 
tions not named or ever heard of before,) "I will exchange for 
a like number of my own men, captured by you in this campaign, 
zi'ho belong to regiments Zi'ith me, & zijho can resume their places 
at once. I am not willing to take equivalent belonging to other 
annies than my own, or zvJio belong to regiments zvhose times are 
out, & Zi'ho have been discharged."^ To this letter, Gen. Hood 
answered at length, declining further action under the negotia- 
tion, on the grounds of Sherman's violation of his first engaged 
faith — of general propriety & justice — & further, & of itself a 
sufficient reason, that even if he could pass by the other & 
greater objections, he could have no means of knowing, & so 
excluding the soldiers who had served their engaged time, or 
who had belonged to other commands. 

Whatever is the interest of Gen. Sherman in these respects 
is also the interest of every other army commander, & of 
course for their whole military service. And Sherman here not 
only clearly avows (what was obvious enough before.) that it 

1 Italics in the original. 

2^2 William and Mary Quarterly 

is not inducive to his interest, or to that of the niililary ser- 
vice in general, to exchange for captured Yankee soldiers whose 
times of service had expired, (or was nearly ended,) but he 
admits, & clanns the policy in practice. It is supposed that more 
than half of all the Yankee prisoners we now hold, mostly 
after long imprisonment, are either such as have served their 
full terms, or have nearly reached that limit of service, & whose 
release would add nothing to the strength of the Yankee armies. 
It will be far more profitable to leave the many thousands of 
these men to die of misery & disease (& as Yankees falsely 
charge, of hunger,) in our prisons, & until then to be fed at the 
expense of the South. But besides the injustice thus practised on 
their enemy, & violation of expressed & implied pledges & 
obligations to their enemy, & in general, was ever such enor- 
mous & shameful inhumanity perpetrated by any government 
(much less a popular government,) on its own soldiers & citizens? 
From Gen. Hood's refusal to continue a negotiation in which 
Sherman had so grossly broken faith, I had supposed that no 
exchanges would be made. But the last report states that looo 
of our men had been brought to the intermediate point for 
exchange, so the arrangement must have proceeded, to some 
extent, & as at first agreed upon — as it is impossible that Hood 
could have succumbed to Sherman's change of conditions. 

William and Mary Quarterly 233 

Communicated by E. J. Miller, Chico, California. 

In March, 1764, the EngHsh Parliament passed resolutions 
expressing its intention to impose a stamp tax on the colonies. 
When this news reached America it caused much comment, and 
discussion. Yet the nature of this discussion was such that the 
royal officials generally thought the stamp act, if finally passed, 
would go into operation without much opposition. Doubtless 
this would have been the case had not there occurred some things 
out of the ordinary to arouse the colonists to a full sense of 
the meaning of the proposal and to incite them to violent opposi- 
tion to the measure. Those extraordinary events occurred in the 
Virginia House of Burgesses, and centered about the rise of a 
new leader, Patrick Henry. It is the purpose of this paper to 
give an account of those events and to show^ how the spirit of 
the Virginians helped to arouse in all the colonies a spirit of oppo- 
sition to Great Britain. 

News of the proposed act reached Virginia early in the 
summer of 1764. The Assembly was not then in session, and 
did not come together till October 30th of that year. Mean- 
while, however, the Committee of Correspondence,^ in June and 
July, recorded itself as much alarmed at the proposed stamp 
and other taxes on the colonies. Montague, the agent in Eng- 
land, was ordered to oppose the proposal with all his influence, 
as far as he might venture, to insist on the injustice of taxing 
the internal trade of the colony without its consent." Pie was 
also directed to secure and send to Virginia copies of the Vir- 
ginia charters to be kept among the records. The letter of July 
28,' expressed much concern over the attempt of Parliament to 

1 This subject was discussed by the Editor in an article published in 
Quarterly, XVII., 146 (January, 1910). 

2 Virginia Magazine of History, XII., 6, Records of Com. of Cor- 

^ Ibid., 8-14, Records of Com. of Correspondence. 

234 William and Mary Ql'arterlv 

tax the colonists. The following quotation shows the attitude 
of the connnittee : 

''The Proposal to lay a stamp Duty ujx^n Paper & Leather 
is truly alarming; should it take Place, the immediate etfects of 
an additional, heavy burthen imposed upon a People already 
laden with Debts, contracted chietiy in Defense of the Common 
Cause & necessarily to continue by express Stipulation for a 
number of years to come, will be severely felt by us & dur Chil- 
dren; but what makes the approaching storm appear still more 
gloomy & dismal is, that, if it should be suflfer'd to break upon 
our Heads, not only we & our Children, but our latest Posterity 
may & will probably be involved in its fatal Consequences. It 
may, perhaps, be thought presumptions in us to attempt or even 
to desire any Thing wdiich may look like a restraint upon the 
controlling Power of Parliament; We only wish that our just 
Liberties & Privileges as free born British Subjects w^ere once 
properly defin'd & we think that we may venture to say that 
the People of \'irginia, however they may have been misrepre- 
sented, would never entertain the most distant Inclination to 
transgress their just Limits. That no Subjects of the King of 
great Britain can be justly made subservient ("subject" erased) 
to Laws without their personal Consent, or their Consent by their 
representatives we take to be the most vital Principle of the 
British Constitution ; it can not be denyed that the Parliament 
has from Time to Time, where the Trade of the Colonies with 
other Parts was likely to interfere with that of the Mother 
Country, made such Law^s as were thought sufficient to restrain 
such Trade to what was judg'd its proper Channel, neither can 
it be denied that, the Parliament, out of the same Plenitude of 
its Pozi'er, has gone a little step farther & imposed some Duties 
upon our Exports ; but to fix a Tax upon such Part of our Trade 
& concerns as are merely internal, appears to us to be taking a 
long & hasty stride & we believe may truly be said to be of the 
first importance." 

They go on to say they desire not to be rude, but to use 
every legitimate means to prevent this action of Parliament 
and they think, in the light of what the colonists have just done 

William and Mary Quarterly 235 

in the war, it is not what they ought to expect. The agent is 
urged to oppose the phui with aU his power and to get other 
agents to work with him. 

Before sending this letter, another, dated i\pril nth, was 
received from Montague, and this caused the following post- 
script to be written : 

''Every ^Mention of the parliam'ts Intention to lay an Inland 
Duty upon us gives us fresh Apprehension of the fatal Con- 
sequences that may arise to Posterity from such a precedent; 
but we doubt not that the Wisdom of a British parliam^ will 
lead them to distinguish between a Power and Right to do an 
act. No man can say but that they have a power to declare that 
his Majesty may raise Money upon the people of England by 
Proclamation, but no man surely dare be such an Enemy to his 
Country as to say that they have a Right to do this. We con- 
ceive that no ^lan or Body of ]Men, however invested with power, 
have a Right to do anything that is contrary to Reason & Jus- 
tice, or that can tend to the Destruction of the Constitution. 
These things we write to you with great Freedom and under the 
greatest Concern, but your Discretion will teach you to make a 
prudent rise of them, 

"If a Sum of ^loney must be raised in the Colonies, why 
not in a constitutional Way? & if a reasonable apportion""^ be 
laid before the Legisl' of this Country, their past Compliance 
with his Majesty's several Requisitions during the late expen- 
sive War, leaves no room to doubt they will do every thing 'that 
can be reasonably expected of them." 

The governor sent to the Assembly the resolution of Parlia- 
ment to lay a stamp tax, probably on the first day of the session 
in October, 1764. The next day, November ist, the speaker laid 
before the Burgesses a letter concerning the tax on the sugar 
trade, which he had received the preceding July, from a com- 
mittee of the House of Representatives of Massachusetts. This 
letter was ordered to lie on the table, and on the 6th the letter 
and the communication from the governor were referred to the 
committee of the whole house. Letters to and from the acient were 


236 William and [Mary Quarterly | 

siready in the hands of that committee. Xovcmber 14th the com- 
mittee reported resolutions directing that an addre-s be presented 
to the King and memorials to the Lords and Commons, which reso- 
hitions were adopted, and a special committee^ was appointed to 
prepare the drafts. Xovember 30th this committee reported as 
directed, and the drafts were considered in the committee of the 
whole house and reported with amendments on December 14th 
and adopted. The authorship of the resolutions, and- of the 
address and memorials, seems in doubt. The resolutions as 
amended and passed were in substance as follows :- 

I. That an address be sent to the king asking his protection 
in their natural and civil rights, "Which Rights must be violated 
if Laws, respecting the internal Government, and Taxation of 
themselves, are imposed upon them by any other Power than 
that derived from their own Consent, by and with the Approba- 
tion of their Sovereign, or his Substitute," and stating that as 
a people they had been loyal and zealous in meeting the expenses 
of defense of America, and that they would be willing to meet 

1 This committee was Mr. Attorney (Peyton Randolph). Rich. Hen. 
Lee, Landon Carter. Mr. Wythe, Edmund Pendleton. Benj. Harrison, Mr. 
Cary, Mr. Fleming, and later ^Ir. Bland. Jour, of Burg., 1764 (p. 2^7) : 
in Appendix A to Wm. Wirt's Life of Patrick Henry. Thomas Jefferson 
says Peyton Randolph wrote the address. W. W. Henry, in his Life of 
Patrick Henry. I., 61, says this address and the memorials were written 
by Rich. Hen. Lee. Wirt seems to think the memorial to Parliament was 
written by Pendleton or Bland. Jefferson says Wythe wrote the "Remon- 
strancc' to the '"Honorable the Knights, Citizens and Burgesses of Great 
Britain, in Parliam-ent assembled." Wythe's colleagues on the com.mittee 
hesitated to accept his first draft "as wearing the aspect of treason and 
smoothed its features to its present form." See Wm. Wirt's Life of Pat. 
Henry, Appendix A. The committee of nine may have been a sub-com- 
mittee of the committee of the whole house. See also Virginia Magazine of 
History, IX.. 368. [See Quarterly, XX., 185. 186, for a statement of this 
controversy. It also appears that Col. Landon Carter claimed the author- 
ship. — Editor.] 

^Virginia Magazine of History, IX., 364-'8 ; Wm. Wirt's Life of Pat. 
Henry, Appendix A. These two documents do not agree in wording, 
though, to a large extent, they do in substance. They are meant to be 
one the resolutions for the memorial and the other the memorial itself. 

William and Mary Quarterly 237 

their proportion of any necessary expense for the defense of 
America, *'as far as the Circumstances of the People, already dis- 
tressed with Taxes, would admit of, provided it were left to 
themselves to raise it, by modes least grievous." 

2. That a memorial be sent to the House of Lords asking 
them as hereditary guardians of British liberty and property 
''not to suffer the People of this Colony to be enslaved or 
oppressed by Laws respecting their internal Polity, and Taxes 
imposed on them in a ^Manner that is unconstitutional." 

3. That a remonstrance be sent to the House of Commons 
"to assert, with decent Freedom, the Rights and Liberties of the 
People of this colony as British Subjects; to remonstrate that 
Laws for their internal Government, or Taxation, ought not to 
be imposed by any Power but what is delegated to their Repre- 
sentatives, chosen by themselves ;" and to suggest that England's 
proposed policy might force the Mrginians to manufacture the 
things they now buy from England. 

4. That the Committee of Correspondence answer the letter 
from r^Lissachusetts, assuring that colony that the Virginia 
Assembly, is alive to the danger to the right of self-taxation, 
*'and that the Assembly here will omit no ^Measure in their 
Power to prevent such essential Injury from being done to the 
Rights and Liberties of the People." 

Such were the resolutions which w^ere the authority for, and 
the basis of the address, memorial, and remonstrance. 

The Committee of Correspondence sent these resolutions 
and documents to its agent and directed him to lay them before 
the respective divisions of the English government, and if the 
Commons should refuse to receive the remonstrance, he was 
directed to publish the substance of it and scatter it over the 

Some further statement concerning the contents of these docu- 
ments themselves will give a better idea of how the colonists 
were arguing on their relations to the mother country. It vviil 
also help us to see their similarity to Patrick's Henry's famous 

238 William and Mary Quarterlv 

resolutions. The lines in italics are very similar to, and in some 
iristances the words are the same, as Henry resolutions.^ 

As has been said the address asked for protection of colonial 
rights. The words were, "we entreat that your Majesty will be 
graciously pleased to protect your people of this colony in the 
enjoyment of their ancient and inestimable right of being gov- 
erned by such laws, respecting their internal polity and taxation, 
as are derived from their own consent, zvith the approbation of 
their Soz'ereign or his substitute; a right zvhicJi. as men and/ 
descendants of Britons, they Jiave ever quietly possessed, since, 
first, by royal permission and encouragement, they left the 
mother kingdom to extend its commerce and dominion." 

The memorial to the Lords said that as descendants of 
Britons they possessed the rights and privileges of Britons, and 
that they could not be deprived of these without injustice. 
*'Your memiOrialists conceive it to be a fundamental principle 
of the British constitution, without which freedom can no where 
exist, that the people are not subject to any taxes but such as are 
laid on them by their owm consent, or by those who are legally 
appointed to represent them : property must become too pre- 
carious for the genius of a free people, which can be taken from 
them at the will of others, zvho can not knozv zvhat taxes such 
people call bear, or the easiest mode of raising them; and who 
are not under that restraint, zi'hich is the greatest security 
against a burdensome taxation, zvhen the representatives them- 
selves must be affected by every tax imposed on the people. 

"Your memorialists are therefore led into an humble con- 
fidence, that your lordships will not think any reason sufficient 
to support such a powder, in the British Parliament, where the 
colonies can not be represented ; a power never before con- 
stitutionally assumed, and which if they have a right to exercise 
on any occasion, must necessarily establish this melancholy truth. 
that the inhabitants of the colonies are the slaves of Britons, 
from whom tliey are descended ; and f romi whom they might 

^ Wm. Wirt's Life of Pat. Henry, Appendix A. The \\nt'> in italics 
are not italicized in the original, but are marked to call attention to their 
similarity in wording to Henry's resolutions. 

William and Mary Quarterly 239 

expect every indulgence that the obligations of interest and 
affection can entitle them to. 

"Your memorialists have been invested with the right of 
taxing their own people from the first e.-tablishment of a regular 
government in the colony, and requisitions have been constantly 
made to them by their sovereigns, on all occasions when the 
assistance of the colony was thought necessary to preserve the 
British interest in America; from whence they must conchide, 
they can not now be deprived of a right they have ^o long en- 
joyed, and which they have never forfeited.'' 

The meniorirJ further stated that ''the late war made a debt 
of nearly one-half million dollars; this with the Indian wars, the 
low price of tobacco, lack of specie, and the late restrictions upon 
the trade of the colonies, rendered the circumstances of the people 
extremely distressful, and which, if taxes are accumulated upon 
them, by the British Parliament, will make them truly deplorable." 

The memorial continued: "Your memorialists can not sug- 
gest to themselves any reason why they should not still be 
trusted with the property of their people, with whose abilities, 
and the least burthensome mode of taxing (with great deference 
to the superior wisdom of parliament), they must be best 

"Your memorialists hope they shall not be suspected of being 
actuated on this occasion by any principles but those of the 
purest loyalty and affection, as they always endeavoured by their 
condtict to dem.onstrate, that they consider their connection with 
Great Britain, the seat of liberty, as their greatest happiness. 

"The duty they owe to themselves and their posterity, lays your 
memorialists under the necessity of endeavouring to establish 
their constitution, upon its proper foundation ; and they do most 
humbly pray your lordships to take this subject into your con- 
sideration with the attention that is due to 'the well-being of the 
colonies, on which the prosperity of Great Britain does, in a 
great measure, depend." 

The remonstrance referring to the fact that a proposition 
had been made in committee of the whole of Parliament of the 
preceding March that it might be proper to charge certain stamp 
duties in the colonies, said : 

240 William and Mary Quarterly | 

"The council and burgesses of Virginia, met in general 
assembly, judge it their indispensable duty, in a respectful man- 
ner, but with decent firmness, to remonstrate against such a 
measure ; that at least a cession of those rights, which in their 
opinion must be infringed by that procedure, ma\- not be inferred 
from their silence, at so important a crisis. 

"They conceive it is essential to British liberty, that laws, 
imposing taxes on the people, ought not to be jnade Zi.'itJiout 
the consent of representatives chosen by tJiemselves, Zi'ho, at 
the same time that they arc acquainted ztnth the circumstances 
of their constituents, sustain a portion of the burthen laid on 
them. The privileges inherent in the persons who discovered 
and settled these regions, could not be renounced or forfeited Irv 
their removal hither, not as vagabonds or fugitives, but licensed 
and encouraged by their prince, and animated with a laudable 
desire of enlarging the British doivAmon, and extending its com- 
merce ; on the contrary, it was secured to them and their descend- 
ents, with all other rights and immunities of British Subjects, 
by a royal charter, which hath been invariably recognized and 
confirmed by his ]\Iajesty and his predecessors, in their com- 
missions to the several governors, granting a power, and pre- 
scribins: a form of legislation ; accordins: to which, laws for tlie 
administration of justice, and for the welfare and good govern- 
ment of the colony, have been hitherto enacted by the governor, 
council, and general assembly ; and to them, requisitions and 
applications for supplies have been directed by the crown." 

The remonstrance then cited several acts, passed in the thirty- 
second year of the reign of Charles II, by the General Assembly 
of Virginia, to raise revenue to support the Virginia government, 
which acts were prepared in England, but sent to Virginia for 
passage by the Assembly. The Assembly amended and passed 
the acts, and as the act of England was a recognition of the 
right of the Assembly, and of the Assembly only, to put taxes 
upon the people of Mrginia, the remonstrants were not able to 
see by what right they could be deprived of that power, and be 
taxed by a Parliament in which they were not, and could not, 
constitutionally be represented. It continued : 

William and AIary Quarterly 241 

''And if it were proper for the parliament to impose taxes 
on the colonies at all, which the remonstrants take leave to think 
would be inconsistent with the fundamental principles of the 
constitution, the exercise of that power, at this time, would be 
ruinous to Virginia, who exerted herself in the late war, it is 
feared beyond her strength, insomuch that to redeem the money 
granted for that exigence, her people are taxed for several years 
to come : this, with the larger expenses incurred for defending 
the frontiers against the restless Indians, who have infested her 
as much since the peace as before, is so grievous, that an in- 
crease of the burthen w^ould be intolerable: especially as the 
people are very greatly distressed already from the scarcity of 
circulating cash amongst them, and from the little value of 
their staple at the British markets." 

The document then proceeds to argue that such an act would 
be destructive of the interests of Great Britain, for since the 
trade of the colony was confined to England, and since so long 
as land was cheap, America must be agricultural, the trans- 
portation of agricultural products and exchange of them for 
English manufactures, would make prosperous English shipping 
and English merchants and manufactures, and if the colonists 
were reduced to extreme poverty by unfavorable legislation, they 
might be forced to manufacture for themselves and thus end this 
trade. The remonstrance concluded : 

''From these considerations, it is hoped that the honorable house 
of commons will not prosecute a measure which those who may 
suffer under it, can not but look upon as fitter for exiles driven 
from their native country, after ignominiously forfeiting her 
favors and protection, than for the posterity of Britons, who 
have at all times been forward to demonstrate all due reverence 
to the mother kingdom ; and are so instrumental in promoting 
her glory and felicity : and that British patriots will never con- 
sent to the exercise of any anti-constitutional power which, even 
in this remote corner, may be dangerous in its example to the 
interiour parts of the British empire, and will certainly be detri- 
mental to its commerce." 

In spite of these protests and those of the other American 
colonies and agents, in March, 1765, the Parliament passed the 


Stamp act, to go into effect November ist, the -ame year. When 
the news reached America there was raised a mighty protest. 
The Virginia Burgesses, under the lead of Patrick Henry, took 
such action as to place that colony in the forefront of opposi- 
tion to England during the years immediately following. 

Mr. Henry had been elected to fill a vacancy in the House 
caused by a resignation. He took his seat May 20, 1775, and 
within three days found himself taking a vigorous part -in the 
proceedings of the Assembly. The House of Burgesses had up 
to that time been completely dominated by a powerful group of 
men, belonging for the most part, to the aristocracy, and living 
in the older and more settled portion of the colony. Mr. Henry 
came from the mountain frontier region and represented the 
people of that part of the province most remote from the sea- 
coast. He might also be said to have more nearly represented 
the common people of the lower counties than did their more 
aristocratic Burgesses. The first measure on which Mr. Henry 
took a decided stand was the question of establishing a public 
loan office, which it has been thought had for its chief purpose 
the relief of some of the aristocratic members from their finan- 
cial embarrassments, and especially the saving of the speaker and 
treasurer, who was a defaulter, from ruin. ^Ir. Henry surprised 
the old-time leaders bv his vigorous denunciation of this scheme. 
Though it passed in the House, it failed in the Council.^ The 
net result of Henry's stand was that he antagonized the old 
leaders and made himself the head of a group of Burgesses less 
aristocratic and more radical than the old leaders. 

From this tim.e on Henry had a following in the House, and 
when the old leaders did not seem disposed to take further action 

1 W. W. Henry, Life of P. Henry. 77-8. [The biographers of ^Ir. 
Henry have made too much of this incident of the Loan office. The strong- 
hold of the so-called aristocrats was the Council, and yet the Council 
turned the proposition down, after it had passed the House. The charge 
of corrupt intentions appears to have been an afterthought of William 
Wirt, and is not mentioned in any of the literature of the day. After the 
Speaker and Treasurer (Robinson) was dead, and his imputed defalcation 
exposed, the scheme of a Loan office was revived by Col. Richard Bland. 
and met exactly the same fate. The House approved it and the Council 
rejected it. See Quarterly, XX., p. 228. — Editor.] 

William and Mary Quarterly 243 

against llie >tamp act, which now became a reaUty, Patrick 
Henry, exercising- his new leadership, came to the front with his 
now famous resolutions. Before offering* the resolutions he had 
shown them to George Johnston and John Fleming, Burgesses, 
who had promised to support him. George Johnston, supported by 
Patrick Henry, induced the Burgesses to go into committee of 
the whole house to consider the stamp act.^ ]\Iay 29th Henry 
offered before this committee his famous resolutions. He inoved 
their adoption ; Johnston seconded the motion, and after a long 
debate six resolutions were adopted in thq committee. , These 
resolutions Henry had drawn up "alone, unadvised, and unas- 
sisted, on a blank leaf of an old law book."- \\'hen the resolu- 
tions were reported to the house they were opposed most vigor- 
ously. However, five resolutions were adopted, but the fifth one 
was carried by only one majority. This was expunged the next 
day while Henry was absent. The old-time leaders opposed the 
resolutions on the ground that the action previously taken by the 
Burgesses in sending the address, memorial and remonstrance 
was equivalent, but milder and more conciliatory in form, and 
to that action they had not yet received an answer ; therefore it 
was unwise, they said, to do anything further at that time. 
Henry replied that the tax was about to go into effect and they 
must act immediately. 

The six resolutions proposed in the committee of the whole 
were printed in some of the newspapers as the ones adopted by 
the house, and were so considered for a time, but in his will 
Patrick Henry gave five that seem to differ somewhat from the 
newspaper series, and he said these five were adopted. They 
included the one expunged from the records, and which, there- 
fore, does not appear in the Journal. Henry's resolutions were 
as follows: 

''Resolved, That the first adventurers and settlers of this his 
Majesty's colony and dominion brought with them, and trans- 

1 For account of this and adoption of the resolutions, see W. W. 
Henry, Life of P. Henry, I.. 80. ct scq.; Wm. Wirt's Life of Pat. Henry, 
76-7; Va. Mag. Hist., X.. 8-12; Jour, of Burg.. May. 1765. 35^-3^- 

= W. W. Henry, Life of P. Henry, I., 81. 

244 William and Mary Ql'artlrly 

mitted to their posterity, and all other his Alajesty's subjects 
since inhabiting- in this his Majesty's said colony, all the privi- 
leges, franchises, and immunities that have at any time been held, 
enjoyed, and possessed by tiie people of Great Britain. 

''Resolved, That by two royal charters, granted by King 
James the first, the colonists aforesaid are declared entitled to 
all the privileges, liberties and immunities of denizens and 
natural-born subjects, to all intents and purpose as if they had 
been abiding and born within the realm of England. 

''Resolred. That the taxation of the people by thei'uselves, or 
by persons chosen by themselves to represent them, who can 
only know what taxes the people are able to bear, and the easiest 
mode of raising them, and are equally affected by such taxes 
themselves, is the distinguishing characteristick of British free- 
dom, and without which the ancient Constitution cannot subsist. 

''Resolved, That his 3^Iajesty*s liege people of this most 
ancient colony have uninterruptedly enjoyed the right of being 
thus governed by their own Assembly in the article of their 
taxes and internal police, and that the same hath never been for- 
feited or any other way given up, but hath been constantly recog- 
nized' by the kings and people of Great Britain." 

In addition Patrick Henry gives the fifth, which was adopted 
but expunged next day, as follows : 

"Resolved, therefore. That the General Assembly of this 
colony have the only and sole exclusive right and power to lay 
taxes and impositions upon the inhabitants of this colony, and 
that every attempt to vest such power in any person or persons 
whatsoyer, other than the General Assembly aforesaid, has a 
manifest tendency to destroy British as well as American 

The resolutions as printed in newspapers and as probably 
reported by the committee of the whole were preceded by the 

"IVJiereas, The Honorable House of Commons, in England, 
have of late drawn into question how far the General Assembly 
of this colony hath power to enact laws for laying of taxes and 
imposing of duties payable by the people of this, his ^lajesty's 

William and AIary Olaktlrly 245 

most ancient colony ; for settling and ascertaining the same to all 
fiitm-e times, the House of Burgesses of this present General 
Assembly have come to the following resolves :" 

The first resolution was the same in Henry's and the news- 
paper copy, save in a few slight variations in wording and 
punctuation, which did not change the meaning. The differences 
might easily be due to a revision of the language. The same 
thing might be said of the second resolution, which thougli 
slightly different in wordings, had the same meaning in both 
sets of resolutions. . The first and second resolutions of the 
house journal dift'ered in wording slightly from both the others. 

The third one given by Henry (as above) does not appear in 
the newspaper form at all, but in modified form is the third 
resolution in the journal. 

The fourth of Henry's was essentially the same as the third 
of the newspaper, save Henry's had "uninterruptedly" before 
"enjoyed." The resolution sent by the committee of cor- 
respondence to the agent in England had '"without interruption 
enjoyed." The printed journal agreed with this last on this 
point, but in- another place show^s a marked difference, as will he 
seen by comparing the following journal resolution with Henry's 
fourth resolution (see p. 244) : 

"Resolved, That his ^lajesty's liege People of this his most 
ancient and Loyal Colony, have without interruption enjoyed the 
inestimable Right of being governed by such lazi's, respecting 
their internal Polity and Taxation, as are derived from their 
ozi'H consent, ivitli the approbation of their Sovereign, or his 
substitute; and that the same hath never been forfeited or yielded 
up, but hath been constantly recognized by the Kings and People 
of Great Brittain." 

The lines in italics, for the most part, are not in Henry's 

Henry's fifth resolution does not appear in the journal, be- 
cause it passed by but one majority and was expunged on 
the day following its passage. However, this resolution does 
appear with important modification'^ in the newspaper report. 

246 William and Mary Quarterly 

"Resolved, therefore, That the General Assembly of this 
colony, together zvith his Majesty or his substitutes, have in their 
represejitative capaeity, the only exclusive right and power to 
lay taxes and imposts upon the inhabitants of this colony; and 
every attempt to vest such power in any other person or persons 
whatever than the General Assembly aforesaid, is illegal, iineon- 
stitutional, and unjust, and has a manifest tendency to destroy 
British as well as American liberty.^ 

The newspaper report had two additional resolutions, as 
follows : ' • 

"Resolved, That his Majesty's liege people, the inhabitants of 
this colony, are not bound to yield obedience to any law or ordi- 
nance whatever, designed to impose any taxation whatsoever 
upon them, other than the laws or ordinances of the General 
Assembly aforesaid. 

"Resolved, That any person who shall, by speaking or writ- 
ing, assert or maintain that any person or persons, other than 
the General Assembly of this colony, have any right or power 
to impose or lay any taxation on the people here, shall be deemed 
an enemy to his Majesty's colony. "- 

1 Henrj', Life, 91-2; Frothingham's Rise of Republic. 180. This is the 
resolution which was rescinded May 31. The italics are mine, save the 
first two words, and mark passages in the newspaper resolutions not in 
those of Henry. 

2 "Prior Documents" printed in London, 1777? as quoted by W. W. 
Henry, Life of P. Henry, 93, say these additional resolutions ''were not 
passed but only drawn up by the committee," and Henry thinks that 
"means 'they were reported by the committee of the whole to the house." 

Mr. \V. \V. Henry does not seem to have noted the lack of agree- 
ment in the resolutions attributed to the conmiittee of the whole, and those 
recorded by his grandfather and in the Journal. He does note, p. 88, a 
difference in language, but does not note absence of 3rd in committee 
report. It seems in the debate in the burgesses there must have been some 
changes made. The journal states that some amendments were made 
(Henry, L, 85). 

The report of Governor Fauquier states (Henr>-, 89) that he under- 
stood the gentlemen ha'' two more resolutions in their pockets, but did not 
produce them because of the difficulty of carrying the fifth (by one vote 

William and Mary Quarterly 247 

But it is possible Henry had used some of tlie old memorial 
in framing his resolutions. As is said above, Henry's resolu- 
tions met with strong opposition from the old-time leaders, 
those same leaders that a few days before he had antagonized 
on the question of a public loan office. It was on this occasion, 
while debating the fifth resolution, that Henry made his famous 
reference to Caesar having had a Brutus and Charles I a Crom- 
well, etc.. that caused the old leaders to cry treason. According 
to the report of the governor, there were but thirty-nine, out of 
one hundred and sixteen members present, and Henry's large.-t 
inajority was a vote of seventeen to twenty-one, while the fifth 
resolution was carried by but a single vote. The great majority 
of the members had left for home, otherwise assuredly the fifth 
resolution would have received a larger vote. 

A careful examination of these resolutions will show the 
marked differences between those recorded by Henry and those 
of the newspaper report. Also some of the ideas, and even the 
phrases, appearing in the previous memorial are so nearly identi- 
cal with the third resolution as passed by the Burgesses,^ though 
not given in the list reported by the committee of the whole 
(as published in the newspapers), that it seems plausible that 
the old conservative leaders may have revived, in form of an 
amendment, some of the old memorial of the preceding Novem- 
ber. They had argued that the memorial and remonstrance were 
as good as Henry's resolution, that they were more conciliatory 
in tone, and were yet unanswered, and that there was, therefore. 

only). These were probably the last two of the committee report. The 
governor also says on Friday, the 31st, there was an attempt to strike out 
all the resolutions, but was successful in striking out the 5th only. The 
representatives from the upper counties were the ones who supported 
Henry; those from the older and wealthier portions generally opposed. 

John Marshall, in his Life of Washington, says the resolutions were 
all passed in the commitee, but the last two were lost in the house; E l- 
mund Randolph makes the same statement in his History of Virginia. 

Gordon's History of American Revolution, both the London edition 
of 1788, L, 169-71, and the American edition, 1801, L, 1 17-18. have resolu- 
tions 3 and 4 worded differently from Patrick Henry. 

^See italics, pp. 238, 240. 




no need for Henry's resolutiuns. They had formulated the old 
memorial and now secured some amendments to the resolution 
reported by the committee of the whole. This seems to be a 
possible explanation of the origin of the third resolution as 
recorded k\ the journal of the house and Henry's resolution 
though not found in the newspaper list. The assembly was dis- 
solved June 1st, the day after the expunging of the fifth resolu- 
tion. While there is nothing in the journal to indicate 'that the 
resolutions had anything to do with the dissolution, they cer- 
tainly did, as the governor gave this as the reason in his report 
to the Lords of Trade. ^ When we consider the sentiments 
expressed in these resolutions and the evident boldness of the 
action and speeches in adoption, it is clear that not concilation 
and compromise but surrender was demanded from the British 
government. Only a lack of ability to see and understand these 
actions can account for the blind and dogged persistence with 
which that government continued its policy of taxation, although 
it repealed the stamp act. Instead of healing the wounds they 
kept them in a constant state of irritation and added new injuries. 
The immediate result of the publication of Henry's resolu- 
tion was the arousing of the colonists everywhere to intense 
opposUion. not only to the stamp act, but to taxation by Parlia- 
men in general. Because they are so familiar to readers of 
revolutionary history, the discussion of the w^idespread organiza- 
tion of opposition, the vigorous protests, the violence toward the 
stamp distributors, and the stamp act congress, which are all 
? part of the results of Virginia's action, need not be repeated 
here. It is sufficient to say that the adoption and the publica- 
tion of Henry's resolutions made tame submission to taxation 
by parliament impossible. Those resolutions centralized and 
organized a movement leading to the revolution. 

1 \V. W. Hen^^^ Life of P. Henry. 88-9. 

William and Mary Quarterly 249 

BURGESSES, 1712-1726. 

Oct. 22, iyi2. — Robert Buckner, coinmis:^ioned by Governor 
Spotswood, took the oath as clerk of the House of Bur- 
gesses ; Peter Beverley elected Speaker. 

Oct. 24, 1712. — Peter Jones, in behalf of himself and the rangers 
under his command in the county of Prince George, 
petitions for their claims. Similar petition of William 
Edmunds, lieutenant of rangers in Surry County. 

Oct. 25, 171 2. — Petition of William Timson for allowance on 
account of attending the last three General Courts and 
hanging Elizabeth Gordon. 

Oct. 2y, 1712. — Petition of Christopher Smith in behalf of him- 
self and eleven men more for ranging; petition of James 
Adams as interpreter of the Pamunkey and Chicka- 
hominy Indians. 

Oct. 29, 1712. — Claim of John Brodnax, keeper of the public 
Goal in Williamsburg. 

Oct. 31. 1712. — The committee of the whole recommends that 
Susanna Allen be paid for dieting 81 French prisoners 
captured from a French privateer by an English guard 

Nov. I, 1712. — Petition of Christopher Smith, lieutenant of 
rangers in King William Co., for the value of a house 
(horse?) lost in the country's service. 

Nov. 4, 17 1 2. — Tuscarora Indians confined in the public Goal. 

Nov. 5, 1 71 2, — Frederick Jones, who some years ago removed 
two slaves out of this colony into North Carolina, his 
plantation having been totally ruined by the hostilities 
there ; asks permission to bring his said negroes back 
again without paying duty ; granted. 

Nov. 20. 1 71 2. — Thomas Baxter and ten men under his com- 
mand mentioned as rangers in Stafford County. 

Nov, 24, 1 7 12. — The House refuses any more money for build- 
ing Bruton Church than the 20o£ voted in 17 10. 

250 William and Mary Quarterly 

Nov. 25, 1712. — Henry Gary, one of the overseers for the build- 
ing of the Governor's house. Account allowed. 

Nov. 10, 1713. — Petition from Philip and Margaret Jones for a 
reward of forty pounds for killing two Tuscarora 

Nov. 12, 1713. — Petition of Mr. Secretary Gocke and Ghicheley 
Corbin Thacker clerk of the Secretary's office. 
Petition of Thomas Thornton for pay as a lookout on the 

Nov. 21, 1 71 3. — An engrossed bill to enable William Smith to 
dispose of certain entailed lands in New Kent, on set- 
tling other lands in King William to the same uses. 

Nov. 23, 1 7 14. — A petition of George Walker, searcher in the 
Lower District of James River. 
Claims of Edward Row, John Brodnax, Samuel Triplet 
and Miles Gary. 

Nov. 2y, 1 714. — Resolved that John Gottrell of the Gounty of 
Northumberland for words reflecting upon the House 
and publicly abusing George Eskridge, gentleman, a 
member of this House, be sent for ; also John Haney 
of said county for abetting him; and John Ingram, \\\\- 
liam Jones, Samuel Heath and John Goping of North- 
umberland and Thomas Garter, of Lancaster, as wit- 

Nov. 30, 1 7 14. — Mr. George Marable, the member from James 
City Gounty, questioned for abusing members. Excused 
on his declaring no ill intent. 

Dec. 3, 1714. — Petition of Charles Barret for visits, attendance 
and physick administered to prisoners in the public goal. 

Dec. 9, 1714. — John Gottrell and John Haney discharged. 

Dec. 10, 1 7 14. — ]Mr. John Tyler attended the house with his 
accompts for the Governor's House for the time that 
he was overseer of that building. 

Dec. 14, 1714. — Petition of Francis Tyler, messenger of the 
House. (This officer performed the duties of sergeant- 
at-arms not yet created.) 

William and Mary Quarterly 251 

Dec. 24, 1714. — Mr John Tyler's accompts of the Governor's 
House reported to show a balance of 238£ los. id. due 

Aug. 3, 17 1 5. — Daniel ]\IcCarty elected Speaker. 

Aug. 4, 1 71 5. — Rev. Benjamin Goodwin chaplain, ]\Iiles Cary 
clerk of the Committee on Propositions and grievances. 
Petitions of ^vlr. Philip Lightfoot, ]\ir. Christopher Jack- 
son, ]Mr. George Keeling, yir. Richard Littlepage,- Mr. 
Thomas Butts, and Mr. Alexander Walker, justices of 
New Kent Co., who refused to certify certain petitions 
of the people of their county, complained of. 

Aug. 7, 171 5. — John Boiling, of Henrico, for a breach of privi- 
lege in beating Mr. Richard Cocke, a member, sent for 
in custody, and ^Nlr. Francis Epes and ]\Ir. John Willcox, 
mariner, summoned as evidences. 

Aug. 12, 1715. — Mr. James Shields, messenger of the House, 
by commission from the Governor. 

Aug. 2^, 171 5. — Gov. Spotswood charges that the Plouse of Bur- 
gesses aspires to greater authority than was ever pre- 
tended to by the House of Commons 

April 23, 1718. — Daniel McCarty elected Speaker. -*''"' 

April 2;^\ 1718. — Thomas Eldridge, commissioned clerk of the 
House of Burgesses by the Governor^ took the oath as 

April 23, 1718. — Gov. Alexander Spotswood's address extolling 
the prosperity of the colony. The levy in former times 
was often annually 100 lbs of tobacco per poll, but 83 
pounds per poll is the total sum levied in eleven years. 
Rev., Hugh Jones admitted as chaplain. 
Mr. Godfrey Pole and Mr. Mathew Kemp pray to be ad- 
mitted clerks of the committee on Propositions and 
grievances. Mr. Godfrey Pole is selected. 

April 25. — Claims of Henry Tyler, sheriff of Xork County, and 
Thomas Xutting, sheriff of York County. 

April 26, 1 718. — Petition of ^Ir. W'illiam Kimball for allowance 
as interpreter to the Sapony Indians. 
Petition of Harry Beverley and others for a law to build 
a bridge over Dragon Swamp. 

252 William and Marv Ql:arterlv 

April 28, 1 7 18. — Thomas Eklridge resigns as clerk, and John 
Randolph, commissioned by the governor, was sworn 

May 7, 1718. — Petition of Richard Hickman for an allowance 
for writing a copy of the Laws of 1711, for the use of 
the General Court. 

May 15, 1718. — Address of the Burgesses to the governor regard- 
ing the unjust treatment of Moses Price and other \'ir- 
ginia soldiers sent to the assistance of South Carolina. 

May 19, 17 18. — Petition of Thomas Barrett in regard to the Bill 
for better regulating the ferry across Chickahominy 

May 20, 1718. — Proposals for founding scholarships in William 
and Mary College. 

May 2"/, 17 18. — Petition of John Randolph for 20,000 lbs tobacco, 
his annual salary as clerk of the H. of B., at the rate 
of ten shillings a hundred. 

May 24, 1 7 18. — Claim of James Servant presented. 

May 29, 1718. — Resolution of the House to appropriate i6o to 
be laid out by John Clayton in a suitable monument over 
the remains of Governor Edward Nott in Bruton 
Churchyard, none having hitherto been erected. In- 
scription thereon to be devised by him. 

Nov. 12, 17 18. — Petition of Henry Briggs, for an allowance as 
interpreter of the Nottoway, Meherrin and Nansemond 

Nov. 14, 17 18. — Reward offered for the capture of Capt. Teach 
(Blackbeard) and his officers and crew. 

Nov. 18, 17 18.— Petition of John Armistead of New Kent to sell 
certain entailed lands. Referred to next session. 

Nov. 21, 1718. — The Governor complained of for appointing 
George Walker, a known Quaker, to execute the office 
of a naval officer in the Lower District of James River. 

Nov. 24, 171 8. — xA. petition of Thomas Jones for himself and 
the rest of the late \Trginia Indian Company to be 
reimbursed for maintaining the Indian hostages and 
guard at Christana. 

William and Mary Quarterly 253 

Xov. 8, 1718. — Spotswood oilers to ])et the House of LUirgesses 
iiooo that their charges against him would be decided 
unjust by any impartial person. 

Nov. 2, 1720. — John Holloway elected speaker. William Robert- 
son clerk of the General Assembly. 

Nov. 5, 1720. — Petition of William Kimball and Henry Briggs 
Indian interpreters. 

Nov. 12, 1720. — Petitions from New Kent and Princess Anne 
that free schools may be erected and maintained in each 
county, out of the public funds. 

Nov. 14, 1720. — Petition from Surry County that the importation 
of negroes be prohibited. 

Nov. 19, 1720. — Petition of John Tyler for an allowance for 
his negro Priainus, who had his right arm shot ofif and 
was otherwise badly injured as he was firing the great 
guns the 20th October, 1719, the anniversary of his 
^lajesty's coronation. 

Nov. 2T,, 1720. — Proposition from John Plolt. owner of Hog 
Island, for keeping the ferry at Hog Island and build- 
ing a bridge over the creek dividing the Island from the 

Nov. 24, 1720. — Spotswood's message about a lighthouse at 
Cape Henry. The Speaker (John Holloway) com- 
plained of ]Mr. Philip Lightfoot for accusing him of 
betraying his county in advocating its division. Light- 
foot sent for. 

Nov. 2/, 1720. — Mr. Lightfoot attends the house and explains 
his words. 

Dec. 2, 1720. — Mr. Lightfoot required to read a paper apologetic 
of his language to the Speaker. 
Passage of the Bill to add that part of James City County, 
west of the Chickahominy to Charles City County and 
make the Chickahominy the dividing line, and to con- 
solidate the parts of the parishes of Westover and 
Weyanoke, on the north side of James River, and that 
part of Wallingford parish on the west side of Chicka- 
hominy into one parish — Westover, 

254 William and Mary Quarterly 

Dec. 9. — Christopher Jackson enip)o\vcred to lay out the lots 
at Archer's Hope Creek and to have 10 pds and the 
trees cut down. 

Dec. 3. — The address of the Council and House of Burgesses to 
the King for building a fort at each of the passes in 
the great mountains. 

Dec. 16. — ^lessage 01 Governor Spotswood that he had sent Capl. 
John ]\Iartin to St. x\ugustine to protest against the 
depredations of some Spanish privateers off the coa-t 
of Virginia. Asks that Capt. Martin be paid for his 
losses and expenses. 

Dec. 20. — The House resolves to give Capt. John Martin £200 for 
his good services on the St. Augustine expedition and to 
distribute £200 among the widows of such as went under 

Dec. 21, 1720. — Address of the House of Burgesses regarding 
the employment of William Byrd as their agent in 

May 9, 1722. — ^lessage of Governor Spotswood regarding the 
advantage of raising naval stores for England, and 
, treaty with the Five Nations. 

May 15, 1722. — A petition of John Blinco to dock entailed lands 
in Northumberland. 
A petition of John Brush for allowance for a hurt received 

in firing the Great Guns on the 28th of May. 
A petition of Richard Hickman praying to be allowed his 
usual salary and expenses for keeping the Capitol and 

May 18, "1722. — Miles Gary, Jr.. admitted clerk of the Committee 
for Public Claims, in place of his father ^liles Gary, 
who is very sick. 

May 23, 1722. — ^lessage of Gov. Spotswood regarding the money 
expended by the late Virginia Indian Company for re- 
pairing Fort Christanna, maintaining the guard there, 
and supporting the Catawba Indian hostages. Recom- 
mend? the payment of the accounts submitted ])y Thomas 
Jones in behalf of the Company. 

William and Mary Quarterly 255 

May 26, 1722. — Petition of Richard Hickman for a, flag and 
cushions for the Capitol. 

May 28, 1722. — Petition of the inhabitants of Williamsburg that 
the House apply to the governor to incor[X)rate the said 

June I, 1722. — Joint address of the Council and Burgesses to 
Gov. Spotswood soliciting him to preside in the- pro- 
posed negotiations at New York with the Five Nations. 

June 3, 1722. — Joint address of the same to tlie governor for 
the incorporation of Williamsburg, the capital city of 
this colony. 

June $, 1722. — One hundred and eighty pounds to be delivered 
to Mr. John li olio way, ^Ir. John Clayton and Ivlr. 
Archi : Blair for the purchase of a mace, a gown for the 
speaker, a gown for the clerk of the House of Burgesses, 
and a Bible and a common prayer book in folio, forty 
common prayer books in octavo, five doz. cushions of 
green cloth and three dozen leather chairs for the use 
of the Assembly, a bell for the Assembly and Gen' Court, 
and a flag for the capitol. 

June 7, 1722. — The governor prorogues the House with a eulogy 
on their "good temper, generosity and deference." 

yiay 9, 1723. — Plugh Drysdale, Governor, John Holloway, 

May 14, 1723. — John Lomax and other freeholders of Essex 
complain of Col. Joseph Smith, who refused to sit in 
court and certify their grievances. 

May 16, 1723. — The Speaker lays before the House the treaty 
lately made with the Northern Indians. 
Message of the governor relating to a threatened negro 

Petition of John F'ox, son of Henry Fox, for confirming 
his title to lands purchased by his grandfather John 
West of the Pamunkey Indians. 

May 28. 1723.— Petition of Sarah Brechin to dock a feetail in 

256 William and }»Iarv Ol'arterly 

June 7, 1723. — William Hopkins attends the House in custody 
of the messenger to answer for abusing Mr. Kemp a 
member of the House. Assuming an insolent attitude 
he was ordered to ask pardon of the House and Mr. 
Kemp, on his knees. He refused, and was ordered to 
remain in custody. 

June 8, 1723. — An order that William Hopkins be led through 
the town by the doorkeepers of this House attended 
by the constables of the town from the Capitol Gate 
to the College Gate with an inscription upon, his breast : 
"For insolent Behaviour at tlie Bar of the House of 
Burgesses, when he was there as an offender and with 
obstinacy and contempt disobeying their order :" And 
in case he shall refuse to walk that he be tied to a 
cart and drawn thro' the town and be afterwards com- 
mitted to the public Goal in Williamsburg. 
Petition of William Hopkins that he be permitted to 
undergo the censure of the House, according to trie 
order of yesterday. 

June 10, 1723. — ^Ir. Hopkins kneels at the bar of the House 
and acknowledges his offences and apologizes in words 
drawn by direction of the House. He is then discharged 
from custody. 

June 5, 1723. — The House pa-ses the Bill to dissolve the parish 
of \\'ilmington and to add the same to other parishes. 
^Ir. John Holloway, Mr. John Clayton and Archibald 
Elair empowered to agree with workmen to build two 
'stacks of chimineys with two fireplaces at the Xorth 
end of the Captol. 

May 12, 1/26. — A commission to Philip Finch from the Gover- 
nor to be *'Sergeant-at-armis and mace-bearer" of the 
House of Burgesses recorded. (This is the first crea- 
tion of such an office. The officers of the House 
previous to this time were speaker, clerk, messenger, 
and doorkeepers.) 
Message of Governor Drysdale recommending assistance 
to the College. 'Tt lies in a languishing state and want^ 

William and ]\Iarv Ol'artp:rlv 257 

help to found their full number of blasters, \vhich 
when once perfected will make a Noble Seminary not 
only for the Education of your young Gentlemen in 
the Liberal Arts and Sciences but for furnishing your 
churches with a sett of Sober Divine? born of your- 
selves and bred among you, Advantages of greater im- 
portance than at present you may be aware of." 

]\Iay 20, 1726. — A petition of Henry Gary for pay, having been 
employed by the supervisors of the Gapitol to make 
new posts and gates for the Gapitol yard. 

May 2"^, 1^26. — Petition of John Garter, Esq., Secretary of this 
Golony, in relation to Lands in James Gity Gounty and 
Northampton appropriated upon the first settlement of 
the Golony to the office of Secretary of the Colony. 
Desires that he and his successors may hold the said 
lands during continuance in office and make leases for 
21 years or three lives. 
A petition of Elizabeth Gocke, of Henrico, widow, and 
James Gocke, her eldest son and heir, to dock the fee 
tail in 100 acres called Curies, m the Gounty of Henrico. 

June T, 1726. — The following officers paid: Mr. John Randolph, 
clerk of the House of Burgesses ; Mr. William Robert- 
son, Glerk of the General Assembly ; ^Ir. Godfrey Pole, 
. Clerk of the Committee of Proposition and Grievances; 
Mr. Miles Gary, Glerk of the Committee of Public 
Claims ; ]Mr. Philip Finch, sergeant-at-arms and mace- 
bearer; ^Ir. Le N^ve^Chaplain ; Mr. Richard Hickman, 
doorkeepcT'^f the Council ; Nicholas Wager, Robt. Dyer 
& William Francis, doorkeepers attending the House. 

June 2, 1726. — Address of the Council and Burgesses to the 
King. Among other things thev say that they had laid 
a duty on liquors imported, except from Great Britain, 
and appropriated 200 pounds per annum, for the sup- 
port of the College, asking the King to contribute also, 
as King ^^'illiam, Queen Aviary & Queen Anne had 

258 William and Mary Quarterly 


Add. M. SS. 34015, Vol. II., British Museum. 

{Continued from Quarterly, XX., 186.) 

Communicated by Lothrop Withington, Esq., 30 Little Russell 
Si'. W. C, London, England. 

5TH OF May, 1656. 

Mark Warkman of London, Merchant, landed at Dover ye 
4th present out of ye Honor of London John Price Comander 
from Virginia and came this day to London and lodgeth at ye 

house of Francis Cannfeild at ye Kinges Arraes in ye 

old Change in ye parish of Augustines and saith his voyage 
being ended he intendeth to remayn here. 

5TH OF May. 

Thomas Fenton, Servant to Phillip Fostir^ of Ratclifte in 
ye parish of Stepney in ye Countie of ^Middlesex landed at Dover 
ye third present out of the golden Lyon of London, Rogir 
Heminge Comander from Virginia and came to London on ye 4th 
and is in ye Service of his said Mastir. 

1 Philip Foster had extensive dealings with Virginia, and had. during 
his business, many agents or factors there, several of whom settled in Vir- 
ginia. He is generally spoken of as "Captain," and had probably per- 
formed several voyages on his own account to this side of the water. In 
1671, John Bracegirdle, who died in York County, "V^irginia, was factor 
of "Capt. Philip Foster of South Lambeth in County Surry, England." 
In 1675, "Samuel Weldon of London iSlerchant," was sent over by him to 
dispose of his servants, goods, and other merchandize, in case his ''present 
factor, Samuel Hill, in Virginia should be disabled by sickness or death." 
Samuel Weldon came over and was the founder of the family of that 
name in the South. In 1676. Foster sent over Samuel Deane. In 1682. 
he sent a power of attorney to William Sherwood, a well-known lawyer in 
Virginia. At the time he was still residing at Lambeth, in Surry. 


6th of May. 

Henry Coo of London, ^lerchant landed at Dover ye 4th 
present out of the Thomas and Anne of London, Jolin Fox'- 
comander from \'irginia and came to London on the 5th and 
lodgeth at ye huuse of William Hurst Victualler at the black 
horse near Queen hive in Chandos street, and saith that his 
business is to make sale of the Tobacco he brought over witli him 
and likewise to fitt himself for a return as he shall decide. 

7TH OF May. 

Luke Pitley born in London late a planter in Virginia landed 
at Dover ye 4th present out of ye Honor of London, Capt. Price 
Comander from Virginia and on ye 6th came to London and 
lodgith at his mother's house in Bridewell dock in ye parish of 
Bride and saith that his business is to see his friends, and is not 
certain how he shall dispose of himself. 

7TH OF May'. 

Edward Bookir^ of London, Merchant, landed at Dover ye 
4th present out of ye Honor of London, Capt. John Price 
comander from Virginia and came to London on ye 5th and 
resideth at his house in Tower Street and saith his business is 
to make sale of the Tobacco he hath brought over and to imploy 
-himself in a way of Trade. 

lOTH OF May, 1656. 

Robert Jones Englishman factor in Virginia landed at Dover 
the 4th present out of the William and John of London, Capt. 
Richard Holman Comander from Virginia and came to London 

2 Captain John Fox, after performing many voyages, settled in Vir- 
ginia and founded a widely extended and well-known family. (See Fox 
Family in Quarterly, XX., 262.) 

3 Edward Booker was probably the founder of the Booker family of 
Virginia. (See Quarterly, VII., 49, 50; Virginia Maga::ine, VTL, 95, 209, 
322, 429.) 


26o William and Mary Quarterly 

on ye 9th and lodgeth at the house of Evan Prichards at ye red 
Lyon in Grubstreet and saith yt having brought a quantitie of 
Tobacco over with him his business is to make sale of the same 
and to employ himself in his affairs relating to Virginia. 

■* Hugh Stanford and Anthony Stanford, his brother, are frequently 
mentioned in the Virginia records. The former died in York County, 
Virginia, in 1658, leaving an estate in money £135 14s. 5d., and in tobacco, 
123,205 lbs. 

' Richard Foote settled in Virginia and founded a distinguished family 
represented in recent history by Hon. Henry S. Foote, of Mississippi. 
(Firgiyiia Magazine, Vols. H. and VH.) 

14TH OF May, 1656. I 

Hugh Stanford"* of London, Merchant landed at Dover the 
4th present out of the honor of London, Capt. John Price 
Comander from Virginia and came to London on ye 6th and 
lodgeth at ye White Swan in Shoe lane in the parish of Bride and 
saith that his business is to make sale of Tobacco by him im- 
ported and to negotiate his affairs in order to his intended return 
to Virginia. 

14TH OF July. I 

Richard Foot^ of London, ^vlerchant, landed at Deal in Kent 
the nth present out of the golden faulcon of London^ Samuell 
Tillman Master from Virginia and came to London the 12th and 
saith that having been a factor in Virginia for Mr. Nicholas 
Howard, Merchant in ]^/Iorelields is now returned and hath 
brought certain Tobaccos from thence and is to pass Accounts 
for his factoridge, but could give noe Account of his lodging. 

14 OF July, 1656. 

Thomas Jordan factor to William Barrit of London, ^ler- 
chant landed at Deal in Kent the nth present out of the golden 
faulcon of London Samuell Tillman Master from Virginia and 
came to London the 12th and lodgeth at ye house of the said 
William Barrit ^Merchant at ye George in Bridstreet and saith 

William and Mary Quartkklv 261 

that he is come over with goods from X^irginia and intendeth 
to reside here as a ^^lerchant. 

14TH OF July. 

John Opey of London, Merchant, landed at Deal in Kent the 
nth present out of the golden Parrot of London, Jeremy Wilson 
^lastir from Virginia and came to London the 13th and lodgeth 

at ye house of Henry P Woollin draper at ye Golden 

Griffin in Grace church street and saith that his business is to 
make sale of such Tobaccos as he brought over with him and to 
fitt himselfe for his Return to Virginia again. 

15TH OF July, 1656. • ; 

Henry Thacker/ Planter in Virginia, landed at Dover ye 
nth present out of the James of London, Nathaniell Cook, 
Comander from \'irginia and came to London the 12th and 
lodgeth at ye house of Francis Cannfield Tobacco seller in ye old 
Change in ye parish of Augustines who saith his business is to 
sell such Tobaccos as he hath brought over with him and that 
afterwards he intendeth to go to Norwich there to remain 
amongst his friends. 

i6th of July. 

Baker Brook/ Planter in Virginia landed at Deal in Kent 
the nth present out of the golden faulcon of London, Samuell 
Tillman blaster from Virginia and came to London the 13th and 
lodgeth at ye house of Mrs. Blithman widd. at the Pellican in 
Bride Lane in the parish of Bride London and saith that he hath 
lived at \^irginia about 6 yea res and that at the request of his 
Brother who sent for him he is come into England to his friends. 

^ Henry Thacker resided in ^Middlesex County, Virginia, and an ac- 
count of his family is given in Hayden's Virginia Genealogies, p. 235. 

" Baker Brooke became a member of the Council of Marjdand. There 
were two other Brookes in Virginia and Maryland, who came from Lon- 
don about this time, Henry and Nicholas Brooke, brothers, who had ex- 
tensive dealings with the two colonies. 

262 William and Mary Quarterly 

iSth of Jcly, 1656. 

John Lugir of Amsterdam English ^Merchant landed at Dover 
the 15th present out of the Pacquet boat from Dunkirk and came 
to London the 17th and lodgeth at the house of John Dennis 
hosier at ye red Cross in fleet streete in the parish of Bride and 
saith that having shipped goods at Amsterdam for London from 
thence to be transported by English shipping to \^irginia,his busi- 
ness is to see them Shipped accordingly, he having a Sonn living 
at Virginia, 

19TH OF July. 

Robert Tittill of London, Merchant, landed at P in 

Sussex the 6th of June last out of the Charles of London, Samuel 
Cooper Master from Virginia and came to London the 7th and 
lodgeth at ye house of William Terrill in Chandos street in the 
parish of little Allhallows and saith that his business is in a way 
of T^Ierchandizing to and from \^irginia. 

William and Mary Quarterly 263 


A record of the Williamsburg Chancery Court saved from the 
lire, which destroyed three years ago all but the walls of the 
courthouse, shows that Col, Philip Johnson (Quarterly, XIII., 
267) married twice: I. Elizabeth Bray, daughter of Col. Thomas 
Bray, of "Littletown," James City County (Littletown was the 
estate' on the James River next to King's Mill ) and had issue : 
(i) James Bray Johnson, student at William and oMary College 
from 1760 to 1768, who married Rebecca Cocke and left an only 
daughter and heiress Elizabeth, who married Chancellor Samuel 
Tyler; (2) William Johnson (made an affidavit in Richmond 
City in 1798) ; (3) Elizabeth, who married Ilill (made affidavit 
in Charles City Co., in 1798) ; (4) Thomas, probably died before 
1798, as he is not mentioned in the records at that time; (5) 
Rebecca, who married William Norvell, of James City Co. (both 
living in 1798) ; (6) ^Martha, who married Samuel Scott (both 
living in 1798) ; (7) Anne, probably died before 1798. He mar- 
ried II. and had issue: (8) Sarah, who married 

Richard Lester (both living in James City Co., in 1798; (9) 
James, under age at that time and a student of William and 
Mary College about 1795. He subsequently removed to Isle of 
Wight County and in 1812 was a member of the A'irginia House 
of Delegates, and a member of Congress from 18 13 to 1820, 
when he resigned to accept the position of Collector of Customs, 
of the port of Norfolk; died at Norfolk, Virginia, December 
7, 1825. 

In 1738 Dr. Peter Hay presented a petition to the House of 
Burgesses in behalf of himself, Philip Johnson, and Oriana Little- 
page for compensation for a negro slave (belonging to the estate 
of William Johnson, deceased), who died of a long confinement 
in jail. It miglit appear from this that Grissell Hay, wife of Dr. 
Peter Hay, Oriana Littlepage, wife of Richard Littlepage 
(Hayden. Va. Genealogies, 398), and Col. Philip Johnson were 
children of William Johnson, of King William County, deceased 
before 1738. 

264 William and Marv Quarterly 


Comnuihicated by C. Harding Walker, Heathsville, \'a., from 
the Family Record. 

Richard Wright came from England. He married Elisabeth 
Wigginton, and owned Cabin Point, which he sold and removed 
to Locust Hall. He had two children : Francis, a son, and Elisa- 
beth, who married Fleet Cox, by whom she had four sons — Peter, 
James, John and Fleet, and two daughters — ^-^^lary, who married 
Robert Middleton. and Elisabeth, who married Edward ^Downing. 
Francis, the son married first Aviary Fleet Cox, by whom he had 
a son, Presley, who married Elisabctli }^Iiddleton, and a daugh- 
ter, Nancy, who married Mathew Rust. The second wife of 
Francis Wright was also named Elisabeth ^liddleton : by whom 
he had three sons, Johnson, Benedict and William. Johnson mar- 
ried Mary Dawson ; Benedict married Elisabeth Rust, by whom 
he had a son, Mottrom, and a daughter. Maria. His second wife 
was Hannah Claughton (daughter of James Claughton and 
Hannah, his wife), by whom he had four children, Ann, Elisa- 
beth, Francis and James. 

William Wright (the third son of Francis Wright and 
Elisabeth Middleton) was born August the 28, 1774. He mar- 
ried ^lary Presley Claughton (daughter of James and Hannah 
Claughton. and sister to the wife of his brother, Benedict), who 
was born November 19, 1775. They were married May the 6, 
^79~S (The last figure is indistinct in the old record, though it 
seems a 5). By this marriage there were six children, Jame^ 
Cox, Hannah, William, Jane ^liddleton, Joseph and Mary 
Presley. William and Joseph died early. James Cox married 
Catherine Claughton and had issue. Jane M. married Charles 
L. Bell and left issue. Mary Presley married Porter Robinson 
and had issue. Hannah, the eldest daughter, was born April 
the 4, 1803, and married Benedict Walker January 20, 1825, by 
whom she had nine children — seven sons and two daughters, 
who are the subjects of the accompanying family record. 

Wrights V. Oldham et als., WU, Leigh, 306. 

/ , 

1 1: ..^ 

William and ]\Iarv Quarterly 265 


t Elisabetli, wife of Richard Wright, survived her husband, and 

married Dr. McFarland. They built the house at Locust Hall. 

where she died in her eighty-eighth year/ 


{Continued from Vol. XIV., p. 58.) 

Reprinted with Corrections from \'ol. XIA'., 135-139. 

Additional information enables the Editor to correct that 
part of the Brodnax pedigree which has to do with the descend- 
ants of Edward Brodnax, of Charles City Co. 

3 Edward Brodxax {IVilUajn'^) , of Charles City Co., mar- 
ried, it is said, three times: (I) wife's name unknown, (II) 
Mary Brown, (III) Elizabeth Hall. She married 2dly. Edward 
]\Iunford. May i, 1769, Edward ]\Iunford and Betty, his wife, 
of Halifax Co., X. C, sold land on Tomahun Creek, Charles 
City Co., Va., "devised for life to Betty Brodnax. now Mun- 
ford." Issue of Edward Brodnax 19 IVilliam Brodnax. A deed 
in Lunenburg County, August 13, 1756, from IVilliafn Brodnax, 
of Dinwiddle, to Robert Ruffin. of same place, names said Wil- 
liam as son of Edward Brodnax, 20 Henry. There is no direct 
evidence that Henry was the son of Edward Brodnax, but as 
William Brodnax, of Jamestown had no issue by this name, this 
seems to be a necessary inference. 21 Elizabeth, married \^ivian 
Brooking. 22 Edward, married Rebecca Dansy, 23 Ann. She 
doubtless the Ann Brodnax, who married Robert ]\Iunford. of 
Amelia County, in 1755. (Ql'ARTERly, XIX., 176.) 24 Rebecca 
married Alexander Walker, and had Edward Brodnax Walker, 
who died in Mecklenburg Co., without issue. 

1 Note by the Editor : These Wrights were evidently descendants of 
Richard Wright, merchant of London, and Anne Mottrom, daughter of 
Col. John Mottrom. of Northumberland County. Va. Richard Wright, 
"who came from England" to Northmnberland County. Virginia, was pro- 
bably a grandson of the Richard Wright, who really came from England. 
See UVight Family, Qu.\rterly, XVI.. 53. 

266 William and Mary Quarterly 

19 Wjlll-km^ Brodnax {Edzvardr William^) married (1) 
Mary, daughter of Thomas Cowles, of Charles City Co. (See 

Quarterly, XVI., p. 240.) Issue: 25 Mary, married 

Mulford (Munford?), and had Mary, who married Judge John 
Schley, parents of Governor William Schley. He married (II) 
Mary Ward, daughter of Seth Ward and had issue : 26 Ann, 
2y Rebecca, 28 Benjamin, born August 28, 1772; 29 Samuel, 
born March 24, 1774: 30 William, married in 1793 Ann Brooking, 
daughter of \^ivian Brooking; 31 Edward, married Frances 
Brooking, daughter of Vivian, in 1801. (Quarterly XV., 263.) 
In 1799 Samuel Brodnax conveyed 900 acres on Tomahun Creek 
in Charles City County. William'^ Brodnax died in Sussex 
Co., March 13, 1775, and in 1777 his widow, Mary, married 
Richard Gregorv, son of Roger Gregorv. (See Quarterly, 
XII., 17.) 

20 Henry^ Brodnax {Edzvard,- IVilliam^) married (I) Ann 
Holmes, sister of Col. John Holmes and had issue : 32 W^illiam, 
born March 3, 1762; 33 Elizabeth Poiver, born ]\Iarch 2, 1765, 
34 Henry Power emigrated to Kentucky and was judge there 
He never married. Henry^ Brodnax married (II) Frances Bel- 
field, daughter of Thomas Wright Belfield, and wadow of Free- 
man W'alker, and had issue: 35 John Belfield, 36 Frances mar- 
ried Francis Webb, 37 Rebecca, 38 Susan, 39 Mary Ann. (The 
last three unmarried.) 

32 W^iLLLiM* Brodnax {Henry, ^ Edward,'^ IVilliani,^) mar- 
ried Mary Walker, daughter of Freeman Walker and his wife 
Frances Belfield, and had issue: 40 (Gen.) IVilliani Henry 
Brodnax, 41 Freeman, never married; 42 Merizvethcr Bathurst. 
Mary Brodnax, the wife of William Brodnax, married 2dly. 

40 Gen. W^illlam Henry' Brodnax (Henry,*' William,^ 
Edward,"^ William^) married Anne Eliza Withers, and had issue: 
43 David Walker Brodnax, 44 Martha Priscilla, 45 Dr. John 
Brodnax, 46 ?vlarv Louisa, 47 William Meriwether Atkinson 
Brodnax. General Brodnax died in 1834. 

42 Meriwether Bathurst^ Brodnax {Henry,*' William,^ 
Edzvard,^ Wdliani^) married Anne Eliza Walker and had issue: 

William and AIary Quarterly 267 

^8 Dr. Robert Walker Brodnax, 49 Ann, married Daniel Lyon, 
50 Elizabeth, married Dr. N. F. Rives. Meriwether Krodnax 
lived in Petersburg. 

48 Dr. Robert^^ Walker Brodnax {Merizvetlier/ Hcnry,^ 
William,^ Edzcardr IVilliam^) married Cornelia A. Batte, and 
had issue: 51 Aleriwether Bathurst, 52 Alexander Batte (dead), 
53 Lucy Baskerville (dead), 54 Elizabeth Wilkins, 55 Robert 
Walker, 56 Sallie Parham, 57 John Wilkins, 58 Anne Wall^cr, 
59 Daniel Lyon, 60 Cornelia Batte (dead), 61 William Holmes 
(dead), 62 Ellen. 

33 Elizabeth Power"' Brodnax (Henry,^ Edivardr Wil- 
liam^) married John G. Woolfolk, and had issue: 63 Jourdain, 
married Elizabeth Winston ; 64 John, married Louisa AIcGruder ; 
65 Ann Holmes, married William Grymes Alaury, and had 
issue : Robert Henry, John Walker, William Lewis, Charles 
Brodnax, James Ludwell, Ann Hite, Lucy Pollard Hunton, 
Frances, married James M. Burke; Maria, married James 

35. John Belfield"' Brodnax {Henry, ^ Edward- IVilliaiti^) 
married Sallie ?vlaria Woolfolk, and had issue : 66 Dr. Robert 
Henry, of Vicksburg; 67 John Francis, 68 William Belfield, 69 
Mary Arin, 70 Elizabeth, 71 Edward Alexander, /2 Charles 
Woolfolk, 73 Edward Augustus, 74 Thomas Wright. 

Descendants of John Brodnax. 

L John Brodnax, older brother of William Brodnax, of 
Jamestown, was born in 1668 (his deposition recorded in Hen- 
rico Court), and first settled in Henrico County, where he 
married ]\lary Skerme, daughter of William and Mary Skerme. 
He removed about 1694 to Williamsburg, when he carried on 
the business of a goldsmith. His will was proved August 17, 
1719, and names issue: 2 Robert, 3 William, 4 Winfield, 5 Mary 
Ann, and 6 Sarah. As he directed that his sons, William and 
Winfield, should '"be sent to England and to be bound out to such 
trades as my executors hereafter shall adjudge fit," it is not 
believed that John Brodnax has any descendants to-day in \ ir- 
ginia of the male line. 

268 William and Mary Quarterly | 

Excursus : Walker FaxMily. ; 

Rev. Alexander Walker was a minister in Surry County 
in 1702. He was probably father of David Walker, of Prince 
George, and of James and Henry Walker, of Charles City Co. 
David Walker, of Prince George County, and ^lary, his wife, 
had issue: (i) Alexander, born Oct. 3, 1727; (2) Robert, born 
Oct. 10, 1729; (3) David, born March 6, 1731 ; (4) ^Ia,ry, born 
March 6, 1731, twin with David; (5) Freeman, born Sept. 3. 
1734 (Register of Bristol Parish, Prince George Co.), (6) James. 
Of these Freeman Walker lived in Brunswick Co., and made his 
will Oct. 19, 1765, which was proved June 22, 1766. It names 
sons, Alexander and Thomas Belfield Walker, and brothers. 
James, Robert and David Walker, and wife, Frances. Witnesses : 
Gronow Owen, Thomas Maclin, James Walker. 

In Charles City County Henry \\'alker and Coll. Edward 
Brodnax presented in 1745 the will of James Walker for proof. 
Jane, Richard and Alexander Walker, orphans of James Walker, 
deceased, chose Henry Walker for their guardian in 1747. 
(Charles City County Records.) Of these Alexander Walker 
married Rebecca, daughter of Edward Brodnax, and had issue, 
Edward Brodnax Walker, whose will was proved in ^lecklenburg 
County Oct. II, 1773. Rebecca (Brodnax) Walker married 
2dly. Henry Delony, one of the justices of Mecklenburg County. 
His will was proved in 1785, and names children, Edward, Mary 
Parsons, Lucy, wife of Robert Brooking (son of Vivian Brook- 
ing), William, and Fanny. The following account was prepared 
by John Webb, born Mch. 20, 1799, died August 19, 1794, son 
of Francis and Frances Belfield Walker Webb : 

*'My grandfather. Freeman Walker, married Frances Bel- 
field, of the Northern Neck of Virginia. He settled at a place 
called Stephen's Green, on Buckskin Creek, Dinwiddie Co. He 
had two sons and three daughters. He died in the prime of life. 
!My grandmother married a second time, Henry Brodnax, a 
widower with three children, namely: William Brodnax. Henry 
Brodnax, and a daughter Elizabeth Power Brodnax, who mar- 
ried John G. Wool folk, and a daughter married to Holmes, of 
Bowling Green. By Flenry Brodnax, my grandmother, had four 

William and Mary Quarterly 269 

children. Mary Walker, her eldest daughter by her first mar- 
riag-e, married William Brodnax, oldest son of her (the dau's) 
stepfather, Henry Brodnax, by his first wife. They settled in 
Brunswick Co., and had three sons who lived to be grown. She 

married second Adams. Her first son ( i ) Gen. William 

Henry Brodnax married and settled in Brunswick Co.. and died 
in 1834 unmarried: (2) Freeman Brodnax died unmarried; 
(3) Meriwether (Bathurst) Belfield Brodnax, died in 1832, 
leaving one son and two daughters, all grown and living in 
Petersburg, Va. My grandmother's children by 2d marriage 
were (i) John Belfield Brodnax, married (Sallie) Maria 
Woolfolk, of Bowling Green, Va. They had six sons and 
one daughter. He died in 1824, his widow and dau. both died 
soon afterwards. One of the sons, a very eminent physician 
(Robert Henry Brodnax), died in V'icksburg, }^Iississippi, in 
185 — , leaving a widow and five daughters; (2) Rebecca Brod- 
nax, eldest daughter, died unmarried; (3) Susan Brodnax, died 
unmarried; (4) Mary Ann Brodnax, died unm.arried ; (5) 
Frances, married Francis Webb." 


(Continued from Page 193.) 

By Dr. Christopher Johxstox. 

17. Col. John Stith^ (Buckner,* Drury,^ Drury,- Jolm^) 
was born 24 ^larch 1755, and died in 1808. He entered tlic 
service as Lieutenant, and was promoted in the course of the 
war to the rank of major, taking part with distinguished gal- 
lantry in the battles of Trenton, Princeton, Brandywine, German- 
town, and IMonmouth. He was captured at Charlotte in 1780, 
but was exchanged and returned to duty with his command. 
He is usually styled Colonel, but this was probablv a brevet 
rank. Col John Stith and Ann his wife, who died in 1824, 
daughter of Lawrence Washington of Chotank, King George Co.. 
liad issue (order uncertain) : 

270 Wjlliam and Mary Quarterly 

i. Needham W. Stith/' d. 1840; mar. Lucy G. Haskins. 

31 - ii. Putnam Stith, mar. ]Mary Poythress Epes. 

32. iii. Lawrence Washington Stith, mar. Ann Laval f 

Montgomery. | 

iv. Buckner Stith, d. young. | 

V. Cincinnatus Stith, mar. jMiss Fletcher of Alabama. | 

vi. Louisa Ann Stith, mar., 6 Sept. 1827, John R. Womack. I 

vii. Ariana Stith, mar., 27 June 1805, Warner Washington. ] 

viii. Helen Stith, mar. Thomas Hungerford of King | 

George Co. . | 

ix. Sarah Stith, mar. 1819 Wm. Blount Irby of Nottoway. ? 

18. Col. Robert Stith^ (Buckner,^ Drury,-^ Drury,- John\) 
died in 1791. His will, dated 14 i^Iay 1788, was proved 6 Oct. 
1791. He married ^lary Townshend Washington, daughter of 
Lawrence Washington, of Chotank, King George Co., and sister : 
of his brother. Col. John Stith's wife. They had issue : | 

i. Susan Stith^, mar. Thornton. ' 

ii. Frances Townshend Stith, rnar., 13 April 1803, Thomas 

iii. Elizabeth Stith mar. June 1800, George 

iv. ]\Iary Stith, mar. 1° Rev. John Parsons, 2 
of Pr. George Co., 3" Byrd Page of Hanover Co. 

V. Ann Stith, mar. David Meade of Octagon, Brunswick Co. 

vi. John Stith, mar. 1°, June 1799, Maria sister of David 
Meade of Ociogan, 2° Sarah B. Mason of Gunston. 

vii. Putnam Stith drowned in Flampton Roads, when a young- 

19. Richard Stith^ (Buckner,"* Drury, -^ Drury,- John^) ox 
Brunswick Co., died in 1819. His will, dated 18 July 1818, wa- 
proved 28 Oct. 1819. He married Jane Maclin and had issue: 

i. Dr. William Stith,*^ killed in a duel in IVtiss. 

ii. Eliza Stith mar. t° Dr. Withers, 2° Chambliss. 

iii. Richard Stith, mar. 1° Mrs. Mason (maiden name 
Cutler), 2° ^liss Parham. 

iv. }^Iinerva E. Stith, mar., 18 Dec. 1827, Edward Johnson. 
V. Dr. Irwin Stith, mar. Eliza Calvin. 

William and Mary Quarterly 271 

vi. Judge Maclin Stith, mar. 1° Martha dau. of Col. Frank 
Epes of Nottoway, 2° Matilda S. Mills of St. Louis, Mo. 
vii. Dr. Leouidas Stith, mar. Miss Wright of St. Louis, 
viii. Julian Stith, d. young. 

20. BucKNER Stith^ (Buckncr,"^ Drury,^ Drury,- John^ ) 
died in the latter part of 1800, probably in December. His will, 
dated 20 June 1796, w^as proved 26 Jan'y 1801. Buckner Stith 
married 1°, Feb'y 1786, Elizabeth Jones. 2°, 1788, Anne Walker. 
By his first wife he had : 

i. Elizabeth Jones Stith,^ mar. Robert TurnbuU (d. 1839) 
clerk of Brunswick Co. 181 6-1839. 

By his second wife Anne Walker he Had issue-: 

i. David Buckner Stith, mar. Miss Pegram of Dinwiddie Co. 

33. ii. Dr. Ferdinand Stith, mar. Corn^^lia Dickenson of 
Nashville, Tenn. 

21. Catherine Stith^ (Buckner,^ Drury, ^ Drury,- John^ ) 
died 9 Aug. 1795. She married, 4 Nov. 1790, Robert Boiling 
of Centre Flill, Petersburg, and had : 

i. Rebecca P. Boiling,^ d. 26 Dec. 1845; uiar., July 1817, 
John Blackwood Strachan M. D. 

ii. Lucy Ann Boiling, d. s. p. 1844 ; mar. N. Snelson. 

22. David Stith^ (Thomas,-^ Drury," Drury,- John^) died 
in 1806. His will, dated 2 Feb'y 1806, was proved 28 July fol- 
lowing. By his wife Ariana he had: 

i. Mary Maclin Stith.« 

ii. Emily Stith. 

21. Robert Stith^ (Drury,^ Drury,* Drury,^ Drury ,^ Johni) 
of Brunswick Co. married ^lary Goodwyn and had issue : 

i, Maria Roberta Stith^ mar. Judge John H. Johnson of 
Coweta Co., Ga. 

ii. Rosa Percival Stith, mar. Thomas Shannon of Ala. 

iii. Mary Goodwin Stith, mar. Samuel Mobley of Rome, Ga. 

iv. Amanda Stith, mar. Henry Bynum. killed at Cerro Gordo, 

V. Alethea Olive Stith, d. unmarried. 

vi. Emeline Slokum Stith, mar. Rev. W'm. Sinmicns of Floyd 
Co. Ga. 

2'j2 William and Mary Quarterly 

vii. Drury I'uckner Stith, d. unmarried, 
viii. Robert Stith, surgeon in Mexican War. 

24. Anne Dade Stitii*^ (Buckner,^ Drury,'* Drury,^ Drury, = 
John^) was born in 1780, and died April 1846. She married. 
2}^ Nov. 1797, Robert Boiling of Centre Hill, Petersburg, and 
had issue : 

i. Ann Robertson Boiling,' d. s. p. i -May 1828; mar. John 
N. Campbell D. D., of Phila. 

ii. Martha Boiling, mar. 1°, June 1828, ^lartin Slaughter of 
Culpeper Co., 2° E. C. Freeman of Culpcper. 

iii. Robert Buckner Boiling, mar., 29 Nov. 1831. Sarah 
]\Ielville, only dau. of John and Sarah S. Minge of Sandy Point, 
Charles City Co. She d. 20 July 1854. 

iv. George W. Boiling, mar. Martha S. dau. of Wm. N. &; 
Margaret Nicholls of Georgetown, D. C. 

25. Maj. Townshend Stith^ (Buckner,'^ Drury,* Drury. ^ 
Drury,- John^) was consul to Tunis in 1823. He married 'Kath- 
erine daughter of Cheslyn Potter of Philadelphia, and had: 

i. Boiling Africanus Stith. "^ 

ii. Florence Stith, mar. Dr. Elisha Brandegee of Berlin. 

iii. Victoria Sprague Stith. 

26. Drury Stith® (Drury, ^ Griffin,* Drury," Drury,-, JohnM 
was born 1782, and died 4 February 1843. He married, in 1802, 
Mary Ann daughter of Christopher McConico, a prominent 
merchant of Petersburg and its Mayor in 1784, by his first wife 
Ann Bacon. Drury Stith and Mary Ann (]\IcConico) his wife 
had issue: 

i. Mary Ann Stith," b. 1803; d. s. p. July 1880; mar. 1° Wm. 
Parsons, 2° Gen. Daniel Claiborne Butts. 

ii. Andrewetta Stith, b. 1806; mar. 1° John Taliaferro. 2° 
Christopher Branch. 

iii. Drury Sidney Stith, d. unmarried, 1836. 

iv. Jane Griffin Stith, b. 14 Aug. 1819; mar. 16 June 1836, 
Erasmus Gillfield Hinton, and they were the parents of the 
late Judge Drury B. Hinton. 

V. Edwin Starke Stith, mar. Susan Clarke. 

William and Mary Quarterly 273 

2"/. John Stith*^ (Drury/ Griffin/ Drury," Drury,- JohnO 
of Petersburg, was a wealthy tobacco niercliant. but ultimately 
failed in business and died about 1823. lie married, 3 May 1807, 
Nancy Gary daughter of Gol. Miles Gary and Griselda Buxton 
his wife of Bonny Doon, Southampton Go., \'a. She was born 
about 1 787- '88, and married, secondly, Belfield Starke of Green- 
ville Go., Va. John Stith and Xancy (Gary) his wife, besides 
other children who died young, had issue : 

i. Wilson Gary Stith," b. i8o8-'o9, and went South when his 
father failed. 

ii. Lavinia Stith. d. about 1862; mar. Robert Turnbull ot 
Lawrenceville. Brunswick Go., and had (a) Alice Turnbull, (b) 
Mrginia Turnbull mar Glaiborne. 

28. Janet Johnson'' (Susanna,' Griffin,"* Drury,^ Drury,- 
John^) was born 4 Sept. 1784, was educated at the ^loravian 
School, Bethlehem, Penna., and died 2 Sept. 1816. She married, 
25 Nov. 1S02, Rev. James Inglis, pastor of the First Presby- 
terian Ghurch. Baltimore. ]^Id. They had: 

i. Susan ^laria Inglis," d. unmarried. 

ii. William Cowper Inglis. d. unmarried. 

iii. James Inglis, d unmarried. 

iv. Mary Blaikley Inglis, d. unmarried. 

V. Rev. George Salmon Inglis, of ^lendota. Ills. ; mar. 
Keziah R. ]^Iartin, and had issue: 

vi. Hon. John Anchencloss Inglis, b. 26 Aug. 1813: d. 2f) 
Aug. 1878 ; Ghancellor of South Garolina. and drew up ordi- 
nance of Secession ; Judge of Orphan's Gourt & Prof, in the Law 
School, Baltimore, Md. ; mar. Laura Prince & had issue : 

vii. Janet Swan Inglis, d. young. 

29. Elizabeth Johnston'^ (Susanna,^ Griffin,"* Drury,^ 
Drury,- John^ ) was born 31 July 1795, and died i Xov. 1S64. 
She married. 14 April 1818. John ]vluir Hepburn, son of Samuel 
Chew Hepburn of I'pper Marlborough. Prince George's Co., 
Md. They lived in (jcorgetown, D. G. and had issue: 

i. Jane Johnston Hepburn," d. s. p. 15 Jan'y 1900; mar. Rush 
Dallam of Harford Go. 

ii. Anne Leeke Hepburn. 


I 274 William and Mary Quarterly 

iii. Samuel Chew Hepburn of New Orleans, La. ; d. 

iv. Susan Stith Hepburn, d. s. p. 1909; mar. Robert Darnall 
Muir of Vicksburg, Miss. 

V. Eliza Johnston Hepburn, d. 21 Nov. 1900; mar. Prof. 
Mordecai'Yarnall of the U. S. Observatory, Washington, D. C. 
(d. 1879). They had an only son Dr. J. Hepburn Yarnall. 

vi. Mary Muir Hepburn, mar. Warren Clarke Benton of 
New York, and has a daughter ^lary Hepburn Benton. 

34. vii. Anne Leeke Hepburn, mar. Rev. J. D. Powell of 
Portsmouth, Yr. 

viii. Catherine Eloise Hepburn, d. young. 

35. ix. Maria Augusta Hepburn, mar. George Allen of 

30. Christopher Johnston^ (Susanna,^ Griffin,"^ Drury,'^ 
Drury,- Johni) ^y^-s born in Baltimore 18 ]May 1800, and died in 
Cincinnati, Ohio, 2 Sept. 1835. He married, 20 Nov. 182 1. 
Eliza daughter of Capt. Lemuel Gates L'. S. A. of Harvard, 
Mass., and Lydia Whittemore his wife of Boston. Mass. Chris- 
topher Johnston and Eliza (Gates) his wife had issue: 

36. i. Christopner Johnston,^ M. D., b. 27 Sept. 1822; d. 11 
Oct. 1891. 

ii. Maria Stith Johnston, d. young. 

iii. William Hyde de Neuville Johnston, d. young. 

37. iv. Isabella ]Marr Johnston, mar. Hugh ^IcBirney Esq. 
and left issue: 

38. V. Henry Morris Johnston, mar. 1° Frances Fuller, 2° 
^lary Leidy. 

vi. jNIaria Stith Johnston. 

31. Putnam Stith*^ (John,^ Buckner,* Drury, •'' Drury, - 
John^) mar. ]\Iary Poythress Epes, daughter of Col Francis 
Epes, of Nottoway. Their issue : 

i. Francis Epes Stith,^ mar. Miss Bennett of New Orleans. 

ii. Sarah A. Stith. 

iii. John W. Stith. 

iv. Eliza E. Stith. 

V. Cincinnatus Stith, killed at Gettysburg, 1863. 

William and Mary Quarterly 275 

vi. Susan B. Stith. 
vii. Putnam Stith of Blackstone, Va. 
viii. Mary P. Stith, mar. Rev. George C. Sutton. 
ix. Rosalie B. Stith. 

X. William I. Stith, mar. Fanny J. Woodson of Lunenburg 
Co., Va. 

32. Lawrence Washington Stith^ (John.' Buckner,* 
Drury/ Drury,- John^) mar. Anna Laval Montgomery, daughter 
of Gen. Jacynth Laval Montgomery of Charle>ton, S. C and 
had issue : , 

i. Rebecca Louisa Stith," mar. Wm. Paxton. 

ii. John William Stith, mar. . 

iii. James Henry Stith. Captain C. S. A. ; mar. Cas- 

tleton & had one child: (a) James Stith. 

iv. Ann Rebecca Stith, mar. Capt. James R. Yergcr of 
Jackson, Miss. 

33. Dr. Ferdinand Stith ^ (Buckner,'^ Buckner,* Drury,-'^ 
Drury,- John^ ) married Cornelia Dickenson and had issue : 

i. Madeline Stith," mar. Col. George Trueheart. 

ii. Flora Stith. 

iii. Ferdinand Stith, mar. Sallv Hawkins of Tenn. 

34. Anne Leeke Hepburn' (Elizabeth,^ Susanna,^ Giiffin,'* 
Drury^) married Rev. J. D. Powell of Portsmouth, \"a. and 
had issue : 

i. Leigh Richmond Powell/ U. S. N. 

ii. Eloise Hepburn Powell. 

iii. Lucy Lee Powell. 

iv. Anne Dalrymple Powell. 

V. John Dalrymple Powell. 

vi. Eliza Stith Powell. 

vii. William Alexander Powell. 

viii. John Hepburn Powell. 

35. INLaria Augusta Hepburn^ (Elizabeth,''' Susanna.^ Grif- 
fin,* Drury^) married George Allen of Philadelphia, Penna. 

Their issue: 

i. Eliza Hepburn Allen. ^ 
ii. Geor2:e Allen. 

276 William and Mary Quarterly 

in. Mary Hancock Allen, 
iv. Eloise Rush Allen. 

I 36. Pruf. Christopher Johnstox' M. D. (Christopher/^ 

I Susanna,'' Griffin/ Drury'') was born in Baltimore, Md., 2"; 

I Sept. 1822, and died there 11 C)ctober 189 1. He was Professor 

I of Surgery in the University of Maryland, was a member of a 

number of scientific associations, and a delegate to the Inter- 
national iMedical Congresses held at London, in 1881, and at 
Copenhagen in 1884. Fie was a frequent contributor to ^ledical 
literature, and was an expect microscopist at a time when the 
microscope was but little used. He married, 26 Sept. 1855, 
Sarah Lucretia Clay, daughter of Benjamin Price Smith Esq. 
of Washington, D. C. She was born in Loudoun Co. Va., 12 
Jan'y 1835, and died in Howard Co., ]Md. 7 July 1879. Prof. 
Christopher Johnston and Sarah L. C. (Smith) his wife had 

39. i. Christopher Johnston,^ b. 8 Dec. 1856; mar. Madeline 
T. Tilghman. 

40. ii. Benjamin Johnston of Whistler, Ala. 
in. Eliza Gates Johnston, d. young. 

41. iv. Matilda Price Johnston, mar. Rev. Percy St. M. 

V. Robert Clapham Johnston. 
vi. Susan Stith Johnston, d. young. 

vii. Henry Morris Johnston, formerly a Lieutenant in the 
Philippine Scouts; mar., June 1912, Lilly Johnson Poor. 

37. Isabella Marr Johnston^ (Christopher,® Suanna,^ Grif- 
fin,* Drury^) died 15 August 1911 in Chicago, Ills. She married 
Hugh McBirney Esq., who died 3 Nov. 1911, and they had issue: 

i. Joseph Lord McBirney,*^ d. 24 Dec. 1902 ; twice married 
but had no issue. 

42. ii. Hugh Johnston McBirney; mar. Mary Elizabeth 

iii. Isabella Virginia McBirney d. young. 

iv. Christopher Johnston McBirney, d. young. 

ii William and Mary Quarterly 277 

V. George Day McBirney, mar., 14 Dec. 1897, Louise dan. 
of Albert M. Gilbert of Chicago, and they have one son — (a) 
Hugh McBirney, b. July 1900. 

38. Henry Morris Johnston" (Christopher,^ Susanna,^ 
Griffin,* Drury"') of Chicago, Ills., died 29 March 1900. He 
married, 1° Frances Fuller of x\thens, Ohio, 2° ]Mary Elizabeth 
Leidy of Cincinnati, Ohio. By his first wife, Frances Fuller 
he had a daughter: 

43, i. Frances Fuller Johnston, mar. FI. S. Robbins. 

By his second wife, Mary Elizabeth Leidy he had : 

ii. Hugh McBirney Johnston, mar. Ethel dau, of Charles 
Hurlburd Esq. of Chicago. 

iii. Morris Leidy Johnston, mar. Grace dau. of Albert 
Douglas Esq. of Chilicothe, Ohio. 

39. Christopher Johnston^ (Christopher," Christopher,*^ 
Susanna,^ Grithn"^) was born in Baltimore 8 Dec. 1856. He was 
educated at the L^niversity of Virginia and received the degree 
of ^l. A. there in 1879. In 1880 he graduated as M. D. at the 
University of Maryland and practicel medicine for some time, 
but entered the Johns Hopkins University, in 1888, and devoted 
himself to the study of Oriental languages. From the Johns 
Hopkins he received the degree of Ph. D. and, after successive 
promotions, was appointed, in 1909, Professor of Oriental His- 
tory and Archaeology in that university. During the Spanish- 
American War, in 1898, Dr. Johnston served as First Lieu- 
tenant in the Fifth ^Maryland Infantry, U. S. V^olunteers. Fie 
married, 2 June 1897, ■Madeline Tasker Tilghman daughter of 
Capt. Richard Lloyd Tilghman U. S. N. of Grosses, Talbot 
Co., Md. Their issue: 

i. Agnes Riddell Owen Johnston.® 

ii. Sarah Clapham Smith Johnston. 

iii. Christopher Johnston. 

iv. Madeline Tasker Tilghman Johnston, d. young. 

V. Susanna Whetenhall Johnston, d. young. 

40. Benjamin Johnston^ (Christopher,^ Christopher,* 
Susanna,^ Griffin*) is Chief draughtsman in the M. & O. R. R. 

278 • William and Mary Quarterly 

Co., whose offices are at ^lobile, Ala. He lives at Whistler, Ala., 
a suburb of INIobile. He married, 10 Oct. 1888, Jane Elizabeth 
Hallivvell of \\'histler, and they have, 

i. 'Benjamin Halliwell Johnston,^ mar., 19 12, Mabel Fisher of 
Citronelle, Ala. ^ 

ii. Severn Teackle Johnston. 

iii. Sally Halliwell Johnston. 

iv. Elizabeth Johnston. 

41. Matilda Price Johnston^ (Christopher," Christopher,® 
Susanna,-^ Griffin*) married, 13 Dec. 1892, Rev. Percy St. 
iMichael Podmore. Their issue : 

i. Doris Matilda Johnston Podmore.^ 
ii. Clara Rhoderena Buckley Podmore. 

42. Hugh Johxstox McBirney^ (Isabella/ Christopher,* 
Susanna,^ Griffin"^) of Chicago, Ills., married ^lary Elizabeth 
Camp^ll and they have issue: 

i. Annie Laurie McBirney.^ 
ii. Isabelle ^IcBirney. 

43. Fraxces Fuller Johnston'^ (Henry ]\I.,' Christopher,' 
Susanna,-^ Griffin"*) married Henry Spencer Robbins, a distin- 
guished lawyer of Chicago, Ills. Their issue: 

i. Margery Robbins,^ mar., 12 June 191 2, Kenneth Sawyer 
Goodman of Chicago, Ills. 
ii. Dorothy Robbins. 
iii. Isabella Robbins. 
iv. Frances Spencer Robbins. 


The following letters are recorded in a suit ai)pearing on the records 
of Essex County at Tappahannock. The Francis Makemie who wrote 
two of them was the minister of that name to whom is given the credit 
of establishing Presbyterianism in America. This gentleman was born 
near the town of Ramelton, County Donegal, in 1658. He studied for 
the ministry at Glasgow University, where in February, 1676, he was a 
student in the third class. In 1681 he was licensed to preach by the Pres- 

William and Mary Quarterly 279 

bytery of Laggan, Ireland, and in 1682 was ordained by them as a mis- 
sionary to America. He travelled in Maryland, Virginia and Barbadoes, 
trading as well as preaching. In 1690 his name figures in the records 
of Accomac County, Virginia, where he was engaged in the WesjL India 
trade, and where in 1692 four hundred and fifty acres of land were granted 
to hitn. Here he married Naomi, daughter of William Anderson, a 
wealthy merchant. Until 1698 he resided chiefly in Barbadoes. and dur- 
ing that time had a controversy with George Keith, and published several 
pamphlets on religion. In 1698 he returned to x\ccomac, where -he was 
licensed to officiate "in his own dwelling house in Pocomoke near the 
Maryland line, and at Onancock five miles from Drummond town, or 
the house next to Jonathan Livesey's." He organized a congregation at 
Snow Hill. iSIaryland. and for that and four other congregations in the 
vicinity. Makemie ministered for several years. In 1704 he went to 
London, and on his return brought back two other missionaries, who, 
along with Makemie himself and four others, formed at Philadelphia in 
the spring of 1706 the first Presbytery organized in America. He was 
made Moderator of the Presbytery. In 1707 he was arrested at Newtown, 
Long Island, 6'n a warrant issued by Governor Cornbury for preaching 
on the 19th of that month without permission in a private house m New 
York. He was tried and acquitted, but required to pay heavy cost. The 
opposition of Governor Cornbury continued after the trial, the. Governor 
writing of him as "'a preacher, a Doctor of Physic, a merchant, an attor- 
ney, a counsellor at law, and which is worst of all a disturber of gov- 
ernments." In 1708 he died at his residence in Accomac, Virginia- The 
Dictionary of National Biography mentions several letters as written by 
him. The Essex County Records add two more, as discovered by the 
Editor, to the number. 

The suit in Essex County concerns certain lands, which were con- 
veyed to Robert and William Halsey on May 5, 1682, by Randolph Segar 
and Mary his wife. 


Virginia, May the 16*'' 1704. 
Mr. Halsey 

S"" These come to Inform you that your father hase bine 
dead in Jenewarye next tow yeares & he has made no will nor 
any of his blood heare to Inherit neither Landes g-oodes nor 
Chattels so that administration of his Estate is granted to me 
& upon y^ apprasement off his Estate it Dide amount about 
one hundred & ten pounde &, ass for your father's lande, heare 

28o William and Mary Quarterly 

is one Mr. Thomas Merewether has gotten & Escheat for it 
pretending- that there is no hare for' It but ass I have it in pos- 
session & iff yoii thinke ffite to come to it I wolde have you to 
send me a power to kepe it in possession for you or if you thinke 
fitt to sell it if you thinke fite to Impower me I shall do my 
best endeavour in y^ sayle of it ffor your advantage but I 
wolde desire you to ^end me a power one way or other with 
what spede you can or Else y^ possession off it will be taken 
away from me & for aught I know itt is like it will cost you 
the price off the Land, before you will (have,) it. Again, 
which is all that off'ers at present ffrom, S'", your assured friend 
& Sar^ unknown. 

James Boughan. 

To ]Mr. Robert Halsey, to be left at Mrs. Anne Kay at 
the harp in ft'ritness rentes in London. The p^sent Jan""^ 22"^ 
1717. Proved by John Boughan son of y^ said James to be 
his father's handwriting. 

\'irg^ Wmsburg 9^" 9^^ 1705. 

Mr. Robert Halsey 

S'" I had a tedious and sick voyage and could not Informe 
you last fleet any think of your affair, but this comes by a 
single ship bound for Bristoll & comes to informe you I brought 
hither three witnesses in my sloop besides myselfe to prove 
your papers at y^ first Generall Court, which will be some charge 
to you and I came to Court seasonably ; for Boughan after 
he had prevented }\Ir. ]\Ierryweather his Escheating your Land, 
by produceing to y® J^^^'y oi Inquisition your letters to your 
ffather, he immediately escheates for himselfe, and finding your 
400 acres in the Escheat, list, I made a motion to y^ Court to 
stop his proceedings which was accordingly done, soe that I 
fear trouble from him ; and I must draw^ bills on you for my 
charge, which I hope you will answer. Co" Churchill is now 
a councell'' and will not take any personall trouble upon him, 
but countenances the thing, and soe my trouble must be the 
greater living at so great distance by water. I am afraid the 

William and Mary Quarterly 281 

notary has not particularly described your ffather, by not call- 
ing him Tanner living at P^iscataqua Creek in Rappahannock 
you may expect a further account x~^ y" ffleet my service to M'' 
Parkhurst and let me know if he has or [is] likely to receive 
money for y^ Catechisms/'' I am your most hum1:)le servant 
FFRANCis Makemie, Direct your letters to me at Accomack 
in Virginia. 

To Mr. Robert Halsey to be found at M"" Thomas Park- 
hurst at y^ three crowns & bible, Cheapside, London. 

Virg^ James River y^^ 4 1706. 
Mr. Robert Haljey 

S*" I wrote you formerly, which I liope came safe to hand, 
informing you that when I went to Wmsburg to prove and record 
your papers, 1 found ]\P Boughan excheating your Land aftC:* 
he had prevented AP Merryweather doing so by producinge 
your letters to your father to y^ court or Jury of inquest, and 
I came searviceable to put a stop to it, and I have been 
lately with M"" Boughan who owns my power, and seems very 
ready to surrender and account, we went to y^ Land which 
he says is 300 acres tho as I wTote you I found in the Excheat 
list is 400 which he says is a mistake. The plantation is a ruined 
place, and Boughan seems inclinable to buy it, but greatly un- 
dervalues it, tho I believe I shall find a better Chapman as 
soon as I have a power to dispose thereof, & y^ sooner the 
better, Co" Will"^ Churchill is a council^ and so great to be 
Employed & declines being concerned, so that y^ whole matter, 
and all charges lyes upon mc and I have made some di.;burse- 
ments all ready which few would at such distance have under- 
taken, without Efifects in their hands, & having disbursed money 
for carrying the witnesses proving & recording your Papers, 
as Mr Lay field y^ barer can In forme you, and I shall send ^ 
y^ next an ace* of particulars w'^h I cannot now% being abroad 
in y^ fleet. When v/ith Maj' Boughan he showed me the In- 

* In 1691 Makemie published his "Catechisms" in which he attacked 
some of the tenets of the Quakers, and was answered by George Keith. 

282 William and Mary Qlarterly 

ventory of Personall Estate and liis account of Disbursements 
and I find little of that coming to you but their are four 
particulars about personall Estate we could not agree about 
and a3 an Esyer way then former to stay with sloop and 
we consented to refer }'' 'Decision of them to that County Court 
and as an Easyer way then former to stay with sloop and 
hands till y^ Court, I employed a Gentleman of my, acquain- 
tance an attorney to propose it to Court & receive their opinion 
which when done that part will be soon settled, I found a 
poor shoemaker on y^ land & desired him to live there till fur- 
ther order, he paying y^ Quitt Rent.s I have drawn upon you 
for money I am already out of pocket, and must be more be- 
fore I get away and hope you will honour and pay a bill for 
8 £ sterl twelve shillings I have endorsed to ^P Layfield and 
if you send a full power to sell your land send it by ^P 
Layfield & let him & some wnth him bee witness. 

I am in hast your srvt ffrancis Makemie. To Mr. Robert 
Halsey at M' Parkhurst at the Bible & three Crowms %^ ^P 
Sam' Layfield. 

Virg^ Sept. 12, 1708. 

S'' while M'' Makemie lived he employed me to sue for y^ 
account of your ffather Halseys Estate here, w*^^ I did & sent 
him an account of it long before his Death, but finding that 
M"" r^Iakemie had done nothing before his death but perhaps 
sent you >-* copy of y® Reciepts w"^*^ I sent him, 1 was unwilling 
you should still lye out your money, so told Co'^ Churchill 
of it, Toyned in our Lre of Attorney but he told he had all 
along refusd to meddle & would not concern him.self, I there- 
fore desired him to give me your power of doing it, which he 
did &- so comes y^ Inclosed bill of Exchange. Your Land here 
lyes neglected, I understand there is a man lives upon it that 
pays no rent nor takes any care of repairs, M'" Boughan that 
draws this bill has a mind to buy it, he says, & has writ to 
you of it, there are some Tobacco Debts which are still due, 
& now I have power shall get received for you this winter & 

William and Mary Quarterly 283 

send to you, if I can be further serviceable you may ,(if you 
please) make use of your humble servant 

Robert Beverley. 

But you must send me a full Lre of Attorney. 

To M"" Robert Halsey, Stationer in London %^ Conrad Hunt- 


Copied from Southern Literary Messenger, Yo\. II., pages 

(We have rather accidentally met with these two poems. The Belles 
of Williamsburg, and The Sequel to the Belles of Williamshurg, both writ- 
ten and circulated in that place in 1777. These pieces are believed to 
have been either composed by two different gentlemen, or to have been 
the joint production of both. As we cannot, however, assign to each his 
due share, we do not think ourselves at liberty to mention their names — 
which (although the authors in question are now no more,) are still dis- 
tinguished names in Virginia.) 

The Belles of Williamsburg. 

Wilt thou, advent'rous pen, describe 
The gay, delightful, silken tribe, 

That maddens all our city ; 
Nor dread, lest while you foolish claim 
A near approach to beauty's flame, 

Icarus' fate may hit ye. 

With singed pinions tumbling down. 
The scorn and laughter of the town, 

Thou'lt rue thy daring flight ; 
Wliile every miss with cool contempt, 
AfTionted by the bold attempt, 

Will, tittering, view thy plight. 


Ye girls, to you devoted ever, 
The object still of our endeavor 

Is somehow to amuse you ; 
And if instead of higher praise, 
You only laugh at these rude lays, 

We'll willingly excuse you. 

Advance then each illustrious maid, 
In order bright, to our parade, 

With beauty's ensigns gay ; 
And first, two nymphs who rural plains 
Forsook, disdaining rustic swains. 

And here exert their sway. 

Myrtilla's beauties who can paint? 
The well turned form, the glowing teint. 

May deck a common creature ; 
But who can make th' expressive soul 
With lively sense inform the whole, 

And light up every feature? 

At church ]\Iyrtilla lowly kneels, 
No passion but devotion feels, 
No smiles her looks environ ; 
But let her thoughts to pleasure fly, 
The basilisk is in her eye 

And on her tongue the Syren. 

More vivid beauty — fresher bloom, 
With teints from nature's richest loom 

In Sylvia's features glow ; 
W^ould she Myrtilla's arts apply, 
And catch the magic of her eye, 

She'd rule the world below. 

286 William and Mary Quarterly 

With pensive look and head recLned, 
Sweet emblems of the purest mind, 

Lo there Cordelia sits ; 
On Dion's image dwells the fair — 
Dion the thunderbolt of war, 

The prince of modern wits. 

Not far removed firom her side, 
Statira sits in beauty's pride, 

And rolls about her eyes ; 
Thrice happy for the unwary heart. 
That affectation blunts the dart 

That from her quiver flies. 

Whence does that beam of beauty dawn? 
Wliat lustre overspreads the lawn? 

What suns those rays dispense? 
From Artemisia's brow they came, 
From Artemisia's eyes the flame 

That dazzles every sense. 

At length, fatigued with beauty's blaze. 
The feeble muse no more essays 

Her picture to complete ; 
The promised charms of younger girls, 
W^hen nature the gay scene unfurls, 

Some happier bard shall treat. 

William and Mary Quarterly 287 

Sequel to the Belles of IVilliairisbiirg. 

Ye bards that haunt the tufted shade, 
Where murmurs thro' the hallowed glade, 

The Heliconian spring — 
Who bend before Apollo's shrine. 
And dance and frolic with the nine, 

Or touch the trembling string — 

And ye who bask in beauty's blaze, 
Enlivening as the orient rays 

From fair Aurora's brow, 
Or those which from her crescent shine. 
When Cynthia w^ith a look benign, 

Regards the world below — 

Say, why amidst the vernal throng, 
Whose virgin charms inspired your song 

With sweet poetic lore, 
With eager look th' enraptured swain, 
YoT Isadora's form in vain 

The picture should explore? 

Shall sprightly Isadora yield 
To Laura the distinguished field. 

Amidst the vernal throng? 
Or ,shall Aspasia's frolic lays 
Frpm Leonella snatch the lays, 

The tribute of the song? 

Like hers I ween the blushing rose, 
On Sylvia's polished cheek that glows, 

And hers the velvet lip. 
To which the cherry yields its hue, 
Its plumpness and ambrosial dew 

Which even Gods might sip. 

288 William and Mary Quarterly 

What partial eye a charm can find 
In DeHa's look, or Delia's mind, 

Or Delia's melting grace 
Which cannot in Miranda's mien, 
Or winning smile or brow serene, 

A rival beauty trace? 

Sweet as the balmy breath of spring, 
Or odors from the painted wing 

Of Zephyr as she flies, 
Brunetta's charms might surely claim. 
Amidst the votaries of fame, 

A title to the prize. 

What giddy raptures fill the brain. 
When tripping o'er the verdant plain, 

Florella joins the throng! 
Her look each throbbing pain beguiles, 
Beneath her footsteps Nature smiles, 

And joins the poet's song. 

Here even critic Spleen shall find 
Each beauty that adorns the mind, 

Or decks the virgin's brow ; 
Here envy w^ith her venomed dart 
Shall find no vulnerable part, 

To aim the deadly blow. 

Could such perfection naught avail? 
Or could the fair Belinda fail 

To animate your lays? 
For might not such a nymph inspire 
W^ith sportive notes the trembling lyre 

Attuned to virgin praise? 

William and Mary Ql'Arterly 289 

The sister graces met the maid, 
Beneath the myrtle's fragrant shade, 

When love the season warms ; 
Deluded by her graceful mien, 
They fancied her the Cyprian queen, 

And decked her with their charms. 

Say then why thus with heedless flight, 
The panegyric muse should slight 

A train so blythe and fair, 
Or why so soon fatigued she flies 
No longer in her native skies. 

But tumbles through the air. 

(The writers of 'The Belles of Williamsburg" and 'The Sequel to the 
Belles of Williamsburg" were respectively Dr. James jSIcClurg and Judge 
St. George Tucker. — Editor.) 

290 William and Mary Quarterly 

Copied from Soiithcni Literary Messenger, Yo\. 11. page 9. 

H alley's Comet — 1760. 

By Miss E. Draper. 

Good George the Third was sitting on his throne — 
His limbs were healthy, and his wits were sound; 

In gorgeous state St. James' palace shone — 
And bending courtiers gather'd thick around 

The new made monarch and his German bride, 

Who sat in royal splendor side by side. 

Pitt was haranguing in the House of Lords — 
Blair in the Pulpit — Blackstone at the Bar, 

Garrick and Foote upon the Thespian boards, 
And pious Whitefield in the open air — 

While nervous Cowper, shunning public cares. 

Sat in his study, fattening up his hares. 

Sterne was correcting proof-sheets — Edmund Burke 
Planning a register — Goldsmith and Hume 

Scribbling their histories — and hard at work 
Was honest Johnson ; close at hand were some 

Impatient creditors, to urge the sale 

Of his new book, the Abyssinian tale. 

Italia smiled beneath her sunny skies — 

Her matchless works were on her classic walls; 

They had not gone to feast the Frenchman's eyes — 
They had not gone to fill Parisian halls : 

The Swiss was in his native Canton free, 

And Francis mildly ruled in Germany. 

Adolphus reigned in Sweden ; the renown 

Of Denmark's Frederic overawed her foes ; 

A gentle Empress wore the Russian crown ; 
Amid the gilded domes of ^Moscow rose 

The ancient palace of her mighty Czars, 

Adorn'd with trophies of their glorious wars. 

William and Mary Quarterly 291 

Altho' the glory of the Pole was stain 'd^ 

Still Warsaw glittcr'd with a courtly train, 
And o'er her land Augustus Frederick reign'd; 

Joseph in Portugal, and Charles in Spain — 
Louis in France, while in imperial state 
O'er Prussia's realm ruled Frederic the Great. 

In gloomy grandeur, on the Ottoman throne 

Sat proud Mustapha. Kerim Khan was great 

Amid fair Persia's sons ; his sword was one 

That served a friend ; but crush'd a rival's hate ; 

O'er ancient China, and her countless throng, 

Reign'd the bold Tartar mighty Klian Long. 

America then held a common horde 

Of strange adventurers with bloody blade, 
The Frenchman ruled — the Englishman was lord;, 

The haughty Spaniard, o'er his conquest sway'd — 
While the wild Indian, driven from his home, 
Ranged far and lawless, in the forest's gloom. 

Thus was' the world when last yon Comet blazed 

Above our earth. On its celestial light 
Proudly the free American may gaze : 

Nations that last beheld its rapid flight 
Are fading fast : the rest no more are known. 
While his has risen to a mighty one. 

(This was written at the appearance of the comet in 1835. The mem- 
ory of its last. visit to us in 1910, when the earth passed through its tail, 
is still fresh.— Editor.) 

292 William and Mary Quarterly 


Anderson. — On page 264, Vol. XIX., appears : *'It may have 
been his daughter Catharme Fox, who married Col. Richard 
Clongh x-\nderson, of Louisa, on April 24, 1780, & had issue, etc." 
Substitute CoJ. RicJiard Anderson for "Col. Richard Clough x\n- 
derson," and we have the correct reading of the register. Col. 
Richard Clough Anderson was of Hanover County, and later of 
Kentucky, the son of Robert Anderson (b. 1712) and Elizabeth 
Clough, dau. of Richard Clough and Ann Poindexter. (New 
Kent Register, p. 47.) At the time of Col. Richard Anderson of 
Louisa's marriage to Catharine Fox, Col. Richard Clough Ander- 
son was lying in a hospital in Charleston dreadfully wounded (in 
the assault at Savannah), and on May 12th he was a prisoner in 
the hands of the British. In Kentucky he married a sister of 
Gen. George Rogers Clark, and made a second marriage with 
Sarah Marshall a cousin of the first wife. By the first marriage 
he had a son, Col. Richard Clough Anderson, who was a graduate 
of William and Mary College, and by the second he had ^lajor 
Robert Anderson, who commanded at Fort Sumter in 1861. See 
Anderson Family in Richmond Standard, March 12, 1881. 

Hull. — John Hull obtained a patent in Northumberland 
County 18 Oct., 1650, for 200 acres due for the importation of 
''John Hull twice, Sarah his wife and Charles Parker." He had 
numerous other grants in the Northern Neck, one in Rappahan- 
nock County, in 1662, for 5,000 acres. He was the immigrant 
ancestor of the Hull family of N'orthumberland County. 

Henry. — Who were the parents of Judge James Henry, of 
i\ccomac County, Virginia, whose wife was Sarah Scarborough? 
His oldest son, Edward Hugh Henry, married the daughter of 
Patrick Henry. — Mrs. James H. French, Route 5, Box 104, 
Arlington Heights, Fort Worth, Texas. 

Cole — Roscow — Dickinson.— Col. William Cole, of War- 
wick County, was Secretary of State, and died in 1694. He mar- 
ried Martha Lear, daughter of Col. John Lear, of Nansemond 

William and Mary Quarterly 293 

County, member of the Council, and had Martha, married Lewis 
Burwell, and William, married Mary Roscow, daughter of Wil- 
liam Roscow, of Blunt Point, Warwick County, and Lucy Bas- 
sett, daughter of Col. William Bassett, of "Eltham," in New 
Kent County. They had issue : William, of Charles City County 
(see OuAiiTERLY, v., 1 77- 181) ; Martha, who married Ferdinand 
Leigh ; James, of Louisa County, There is no direct evidence 
that William Cole had a son James, but the circumstantial evi- 
dence is strong. Capt. James Cole was born in 1725, and died in 
i\larch, 1767, aged 42 (Quarterly, XV., 253). He married 
Mary Wills and had issue: (i) Mary. In one place in Quar- 
terly XV,, 253, Mary Cole's name is printed by mistake ''Mar- 
garet." (b. Dec. 19, 1747) ; (2) James (b. Dec. 24, 1751) mar- 
ried, Oct, 5, 1776, Fanny Chisman Wills; (3) William (b. May 
2, 1755) ; (4) Susanna, (b. March 23, 1760) ; (5) Roscow (b. 
March 9, 1762); (6) Susannah (b. Aug. 19, 1766). His wife, 
Mary Wills, died in July, 1770, and her tombstone is still at the 
Dickinson home in Louisa. Of the children, Mary married, Aug. 
7, 1766, George Barclay, son of a Scotch merchant, Patrick Bar- 
clay and Elizabeth (daughter of Col. John Martin and Martha 
Burwell, his wife). They had issue: Patrick (b. 1770), Caty, 
Lucy Martin. Mary Cole married H James Dickinson," of 
Louisa. According to his tombstone he was born 1748, died 
1830. They had issue: (i) Susanna Robinson (b. March 21, 
1779) ' (2) Nancy Roscow (b. May 31, 1780) ; (3) James Cole 
(b. Dec. 24, 1781). James Dickinson was probably a son of 
Thomas Dickinson and Susanna Robinson, his wife, of Caroline 
County. He was a descendant of Griffith Dickinson, who pat- 
ented land in James City County in 1656, and was ancestor of 
Prof. W. Elmore Dickinson, of Morgantown, West Virginia. 

Hammond and Williamson. — Among the daughters of John 
Tyler, of Es>ex County (Quarterly, XH., 121), one, Mary or 
Molly, married Leroy Hammond, of South Carolina, who was 
lieutenant-colonel in the War of the Revolution, and anotlier, 
Betty, married Andrew Williamson of the same State, who was 
one of the three brigadier generals of militia appointed by Presi- 

294 William and Mary Quarterly 

dent Lowndes in 1778. See McCrady, South Carolina in the 
Revolution. The latter (Andrew Williamson) left three daugh- 
ters, of whom Betty, the eldest, married Major Charles Goodwin. 
Charles Goodwin, of Marshallville, Georgia, is a grandson of this 

Stark. — In Quarterly, V., 57, the paragraph in regard to 
"11 John Stark" should be rewritten as follows: John Stark 
married: I. Howson Porter, January i, 1746. She died April 
II, 1755. Issue: Ann, b. Oct. 26, 1746; Sarah, b. Jan. 29, 1752; 
William, b. Dec. 14, 1754. He married: XL Hannah Eaves, May 
29. 1756, and had issue: James, b, Feb. 7, 1757; Thomas, b. ^lay 
6' 1759; John, b. Dec. 15, 1761 ; Mary, b. Dec. 6, 1762; John, b. 
Sept, 10, 1765: Susanna, b. April 16, 1768: Joseph Stark, b. 
April 19, 1 77 1. (Overwharton Parish Register, and an old bock 
of Psalms and Hymns in possession of Miss Minerva Jacoby, 
Clarksville, Missouri.) 



Abbott (Abbott), 146, 147, 148, 149. 

Achershaw, 107, 

Ackerman, 108. 

Adams, 31, 32, 33, 54, 83, 146, 208, 209, 

211, 213, 214, 220, 249, 266, 269. 
Albemarle, Lord, 199. 
Alderton, 108. 
Alexander, 30, 87, 88, no. 
Allaben, 74. 

Allen, 41, 49, 60, 62, 249, 274, 275, 276. 
Alsup (Allsup), 59, 62, 146, 
Alvis, 54, 58, 63, 146. 
Ambler, 144, 155^ 

American Hfstorical Society Papers, 210. 
Am.ericans of Royal Descent, 134. 
Anderson, 47, 48', 49, 50, 51, 52, 55, 56, 
61, 62, 70, 71, 84. 87, 88, 89. 141, 143, 
144, 145, 149. 150, 155, 159, 160, 161, 
188, 279, 292. 
Anders, 70. 
Andrews, 136, 195. 
Anes, 30. 
Angel, 107, 109. 
Anna, The, 94. 
Austell, 97. 

Anthony. 51, 144, 145, 146, 160. 
/\pollo. The, 137. 
Appleton, 26. 

Archer s Hope Creek, 254. 
Arena, The, 135. 
Argyle, Duke, 199. 
Arlington, 67, 68, 
Armes, in. 

Armistead, 132, 144, 188, 252. 
Armstrong, 55 132, 146. 
Asser, 28. 

Ashcake Road, 161. 
Ashley, 160. 
Ashton, 30. 
Aston, 30. 

Athawes, 90. 93, 94, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100. 
Atkins (Attkins), 53, 55, 109. 
Atkinson, 32, 147. 
Atlantic Monthly, 214. 
At wood, 60. 

Aubrey House, 221, 222. 
Austell, 97. 
Austin, 144, 145, 146, 151. 

Avery, 66. 

Axton, 196. 

Aylett, 52 59, 61, 157. 

Backhouse, 84, 85, 86. 

Bacon, 72, 152, 157, 272, 

Bacon's Rebellion, 182, 194. 

Bailey (Baily), no, 152, 153, 161, 191, 

Bainton, 94. 
Baker, 65, 68, 69. 
Baldwin, 210, 
Baldridge, loi. 

Ball, 102, 104, 105, 106. 108, no, III, 112. 
Baltimore, Lord, ^, 90. 
Bancroft Transcripts, 163. 
Bannister, 124. 
^ Banks, 53. 
Barber, 112, 176. 
Barbour, 7s, 76. 
Barclay, 293. 
Barker, 149, 153. 
Barnat, 151. 
-Barnes, 151. 
jBarnett, 48, 148, 152. 

Barrett (Barret), 48, 60, 152, 250, 252. 

Barit, 260, 

Barton, 26, 71. 119. 
/Bashaw, 29. 

Baskerville, 208. 

Bass, 139, 147. 

Bassett, 52, 62, 148, 188, 191, 293. 

Bassett's Run, 150. 

Batte, 267. 

Battery Wagner, 225, 

Bates, 25, 27. 28, 151. 

Bathurst^ -183 184. 

Baughan, 153. -i 

Baxter, 249. 

Bayard, 64. 

Bayhorn, 48. 

Bayon, 48. 

Beale (Beall), 72, n7, 118. 141. 142, 148, 
172, 173, 175, 176. 177, 178. 

Belscher, 148. 

Beaver Dam Creek, 53, 150, 152, 161, 162. 

Beaver Dam Swamp, 60. 

Belfield, 205. 

Beckman. 131. 

Bell, 108. 264. 


BeJtield, 266, 268. 

Benton, 274. 
■ Bennett, 129, 274. 

Berkeley, 90, 147, 148, 150, 152, 153, 157, 
161, 200, 201, 202. 

Berkeley, Lord Botetourt, 136, 199. 

Berkett, 145. 

Bernard, 270. 

Bertrand, 108. 

Beverley, 249 251, 283. 

Berry, 48. 

Bibb, 57, 61. 

Bibbs, 153. 

"Big foot," 126. 

Bigger, 62. 

Bingham, 152. 

Bird, 94. 

Birdsall, 30. 

Blaikley_ 189. 

Black. 146. 

Black Creek, 151. 

Blackburn, 71. 

Blacklock, 61. -' '- ' 

Blackwall, 154. 

Blackwell, 50, 61. 143, 151, 156. 

Blair, 65, 151, 255, 256. 

Blake, 53. 

Bland, 66, 236, 242. 

Blinco, 254. . 

Blissland Parish, 53, 55, 59. 61, 151. 

Blithe (Blythe), 152. 

Blithman, 261. 

Blunt Point, 293. 

Blount, 199. 

Board of Trade, 163, 167, 168, 169. 

Boatman, 109, no. 147^ 148. 

Boatright (Bootright), 147, 148. 

Bobby, 47, 48. 

Boogher, 38. 

Booker, 57, 59, [40, 295. 

Boiling, 32, 91, 94, 97, 98, 183, 184, 185, 
186. 187, 190. 192. 251, 271, 272. 

Boiling Memoirs, 184. 

Bolton, 129. 

Bonam, 105. 

"Bonnchees," 61. 

Boone. 22, 28. 

Boswell, 45, 46. 
V Botts. 6. 119. 

Botetourt, 64. 136. 

Boughan, 280. 281, 2S2. 

Bouncher, 49. 50. 

Bowe 151, 161. 

Bowes or Rowes, 147, 151. 

Bowie, 58. 

Bowles. 72, 146, 151, 157, 161. 

Boyle, 205. 

Boylston. 39 118. 
Bracegirdle, 258. 
Brack. 53. 
Brack well, 84, 86. 
jBrackenridge, 148, 158. 
Bradford, 207. 214, 220. 
Bradley, 29, 106, 166. 
Brady, in. 
Branch, 6, 272. 
Brand, 156. 

Brandon, 32, 52, 199, 200, 201, 202. 
Brandegee. 272. 
Brandy Branch, 151. 
Bramham, i. 
Braxton. 57, 90. 
Bray, 263-264. 
Brechin, 255. 

Breckinridge (Brackenridge), 129. 150. 
Brent, 30, 43, 107, 109, 121, 129. 180. 
Brereton, 140. 
Brewster, 147. 
Brice, 36. 37. 
Bridgewater. 160. 
Briggs, 109. 252, 2S3- 
Briorice. 51. 

Bristol Parish Register, 187. 268. 
Bri?to\v. 28, 29, 107. 
Brock, 182. 
Brodhurst, loi. 
Brodnax, 249, 250, 265-269. 
Brockenborough, 86. 
Bromley, no. 
Brosier, no. 
Brook (Brooke), 36, 54, 57, ii6, 134, 209, 

Brooking, 265. 266, 268. 
Brooks (Brookes), 53, 60, 150. 152, 261. 
Brown. 24, 49, 51.' 53. 54. 56, 58, in, 112, 

146. 149, 150, i^, 209, 220 265. 
Browning, 114, 133, 144, 153. 
Bruce. 21, 34, 37. 

Brunswick County Records, 18S, 191, 192. 
Brunswick Parish, 37, 42. 
Brush, 108, 254. 

Bruton Parish Church. 57. 72. 137, 249. 
Bruton Parish Churchyard, 252. 
Brvan. 108. in. , 

Buckner. 29. 150. 186, 187, 249. 
Buchanan, 6;, 90. 
Buchanan, The 91. 
Buck, 133, i:;o. 
Buck Fork River. 149. 
Buck's. 29. 

Buckskin Creek. 268. 
Busfg. 30. 
Bullficld, m. 


Bullock, 48, 50 S3, 56, 140, 143, 149, 150, 

Biimpass Road, 154, 156. 
Burdett, 69. 113, 114. 
Burfoot, 148. 
Burges, 50. 
Jiiurgoin, 30. 
Burke, 99, 182, 267. 
Burn, 109, III, 167. 
Burnley, 49, 58 82, 125, 126, 148, 149, 

150, 151. 
Burnett (Burnet), 147, 148, 151, 158, 


Burningfield, 154, 155. 

Burridge, 52. 

Burroughs, 66. 

Burton. 30, 151, 152. 

Burwell, 71, 205, 293. 

Bush, 165. 

Bushrod. 204. 

Buster, 61. 

Butler, 42, 108, no, 147, 148, I53- 

Butts, 251, 272. 

Buxton, 273. 

Byars (Byers), 57, 152, 159- 

Byh, 49. 

Bynum, 271. 

Byrd, 44 186, 199, 254. 

Labell, 145. 

Cabin Point, 264. 

Cally, 158. 

Caldwell, 21. 

Calendar State Papers, 182. 

Calhoun, 2, 7, 76, 79, 80, 209. 

Callahan, 108. 

Calvert, 134, 165, 167. 

Calvin, 270. 

Cameron, 155. 

Cameron Parish, 23. 

cambreling, 2. 

Camm, 140. 

Campbell. 24, 25, 112, 136, 167, 185, 272, 

276, 278. 
Cannfield. 261. 

Cape Henrv Lighthouse, 253. 
Capitol, The, 64, 136, 137, 138, 255. 256, 

Cargill, 30. 

Carnaby (Carnabye), 88, 89. 
Carnegie, 104. 
Carter. 97, 107. 109, in. 
Carter's Creek, no. 
Carter, The. 96. 
Carr. i, 43. 50, 52. 53. 54, 58, 61, 62, 71, 

Carpenter, 108, no. 

Carter 11-21, 47, 97, 106, 107, 109, no, 
III, 112, 118, 147, 153, 156, 158, 159, 
172- 181, 199, 207, 236, 250, 257. 

Carter's Island, 153 156. 

Carryson, 61. 

Cary, 98, 152, 157, 193, 236, 250, 251, 
254 257, 273. 

Carty, 102. 

Case, 51. 

Casley, 158. 

Cast, 30. 

Castlen (^Castlin), 153, 154, '158. 

Castleton, 27s. 

Catlett, 57, III, 122, 

Catesby, 137. 

Cawthorn, 48, 155, 157. 

Cene, 109. 

Centre Hill, 271, 272. 

Chalmers, 60. 

Chamberlaine's Bristol Parish, 186, 187. 

Chamberlyn (Chamberlayne), 51, 60. 

Chambers, 8, 58, 60, 70. 

Chambliss, 270. 

Champe, 88. 

Chandon, 53. 

Chandler, 157, 

Chantilli, 176. 

Chapman, 45, 46, 61, 90, 93, 99, 100-106, 
146, 153, 154 156, 158, 281. 

Chappel (Qiappell), 69, 153. 

Charles City Records. 191, 268. 

Charles City Order Book, 184. 

Charles City Patent Books, 184. 

Charles Sv/amp, 50. 

Charlton, 68. 

Charlottesville x\dvocate 80, 81. 

Chatham, The, 88. 

Chatwin, 109. 

Ciieatvvood (Chitwood, Chetwood), 202, 

"Chericoke," 44, 45, 90, 97, 99. 

Chevvning, in. 

Chickahominy Swamp, 49. 

Chichester. 106. 109, 112. 

Chicheley, Sir Henry, 99. 

■Chickamuxen," 134. 

Childers. 158. 

Childress, 152, 162. 

Childes, Aq. so, 51, 62. 

Chiles fChilds), 49, 51. 

Chilton, no, III. 

Chinn, no. 

Chinpen, 58. 

Ch'sholme, 157. 

Chotank. 260. 270. 

Christ Church ( Alexandria V 115, 

Christ Church Parish, 141, 14^?. 



Christian, 154, 155, 156. 

Christy, 108. 

Church. 194. 

Churchiii, 60, 280. 281. 282. 

Clack, 84, 85 86, 187. 

Claiborne, 90, 27^- 

Claker, 107. 

Clarke (Clark), 22, 30, 47, 48, 49 56, 
57, III, 142, 153, ^7^' 

Clarkson, 74, no. 

Clerk, 48, 108. 

Chisholme (Chisholm), 148, 157. 

Chismas, 51. 

Chiswell, 61. 

Church, 194. 

Churchill, 60. 

Clay. 8, 151, 153. 

Clarke, 49- M^, I53. 272, 2g2. 

Clarkson, 74. 

Liaughton. 104, 264. 

Clay, 5, 151. 153, 154, 276. 

Claybrook, 146, 148, 149. 

Clayton. 8. 47, 48, 51, 155, 252, 255, 256. 

Clements, 53. 

Clerk, 48. 

Lleve, 14, 19. 

Cliff. 61. 

Clopton. 48, 5I1 55, 143, ^57- .--^^^^ 

Clough, 145, 292. 

Ciaughton, 104. 

Cuttwood, III. 

Cluveriu?, 140. 

Coates, III. 

Cobb. 55. 

Cobbs, 46. ;6. 59, 154. 

Cock (Cocke), 30, 51, 158, 185, 250, 251, 
257, 263. 

Cockburn, 157. 

Cochran, 144. 

Cole. 144, 292-293. 

Coles. 156, 157. 

Coleman. 119. 159. 203. 267. 

Colonial Virginia Register, 183, 191. 

Collets, 195. 196. 

Colston, 173, 174. 

Cfmherl.ack. 196. 

Committee of Correspondence, 22:2>' ^Z7- 

Committee for Public Claims. 254. 257. 

Committee on Propositions and Griev- 
ances. 251. 257. 

Committe'e of Safety, 115. 

Comrie, 94, 95. 

Conham, 52. 

Conway no, 217, 221-224. 

Cnnellv. 107. 

Conner. 108. 

Coo, 259. 

Corbin, no, 250. 

Cornbury, 279. 

cornvvallis, 138. 

Cornvvallis's Cave, 138. 

Corotoman, 207. 

Cosby 45, 61, 62, 158. 

Cook, 52, 157, 261. 

Cookson, 52. 

Coping, 250. 

Cooper, 52. 102, III, 262. 

Cornelius, 108, in. 

Corotoman. 90, 91, 93, 98, 207. 

Cosby, 62, 158. 

Cotton, ^, 109. 

Cottrell, 202, 250. 

Contanceau, 100, lOi, 102. 

Courts, 151, 157. 

Cowles, 266. 

Cox (Coxe), 2, 30, ic8, 109, 264. 

CrafTord, 147, 158. 

Lraghead, 117. 

Crawford, 61. 

Crenshaw, 48. 54, 56, 151, 155, 156, 160. 

Crew, 151, 152, 158. 

Critchlow, 194. 

Croshaw, 90. 

Cross 155, 156, 160. 

Crosted, 108. f 

Crozier, 122. 123. 

Cruezen, 161. 

Crump, 29, 122. 

Crump Creek, 51. 

Crutchfield, 56, 156. 

Crutfield, 48. 

Cubb's Creek, 56. 

Cullock, 172. 

Cunningham, 158. 

Curies, The, 257. 

Currell, 108. 

Currie, 141. 

Curtis, no. 

Curtius, 10. ': 

Custis, 67, 158. 

Cutler, 270. 

Cuzzins, 84. 86, ♦ 

Cuzzon, 61. 84. 

Dabney, 48, 51. 55 57, 5^, M3, 157, 159, 

Dade. 192. 
Daingerfield, 159. 
Dalby. 61. 
Dale, no. 133. 
Dallam, 272>. 
Dalton. 54. 55. 
Daly, 71. 
Daniel, 70, 151. 
Dansie, 6^^. 



Dansy, 265. 

Dare, 106, iii. 

Darracott (Darricott), 49, 53 56, 61, 63, 

Dasper, 144. 
^Davenport, 53, 63, in, 160. 
Davies, 115. 
Davis, 30, 31, 5j, 53, 108, 109, no, in, 

146, 153, 154, 156, 159, 165, 217, 224, 

225, 228. 
Dawson 183, 264. 
Day, 66, 150. 

Dean (Deane), 161, 166, 258. 
Dejarnette, 152. 
de Bell, 133. 
De Kalb, 226. 
Delaney, 108. 
Delony 268. 
Deneuville, 160. 
Dennis loi, 108, 262. 
Depriest, 60. 
Devebre, 84. 
Design, 55. 
Digges (Degges) (Degge), 66, 67, I34, 

135, 136, 160, 193-198. 
Dickenson, 49, 271, 275, 
Dicey, 160. 
Dickinson, 292-293. 
Dickerson, 51, 55. 
Diamond Hill, 161. 
Dimmock, 54. 
Dinguid, 144. 
Dinene, 160. 
-- Dinwiddle, 39, 137. 
Dishman, 40, 41 42. 
Dixon, 53, 55, 160. 
Dodson, 108. 
Doggell, no. 
Dogget, 109, 160. 
Doggin, III. 
Doon. 272). 
Don Pedro. 4. 
Douchy, 160. 

Douglas, 30, 62. 68, 69. 277. 
Downman, in, 177. 
Downing, 264. 
Dowell (Dowel), 54. 
Downes. 50. 
Downton. 108. 
Dragon Swamp, 251. 
Draper, 290. 
Drew, 30. 
Drewry, 57. 
Drysdale, 253, 256. 
Duane 149. 

Ditcking Hole Swamp, 59. 
Duke, 61. 

Duke of Cumberland, The, 96. 
Dumfries, 71.. 
Dunaway, 108. 
Dunkirk, The, 98. 
Dunlop, 32, 133. 
jjunmore, 137, 172, 180, 202. 
Durham, 160. 
Duvall, 159. 
Dyer, 257. 
Dymer, 107. 
Eale, 182, 183. 
Earnest, 160. 
Earp, 71. 
East, 56. 
Eaton, 190. 
Eaves, 294. 
Edgington. 208, 209. 
Edmonds, 39. 
Edmunds, z^, 107, 249. 
Edward, 109. 
Edwards, 61.. 
Eldridge, 189, 251, 252. 
Elk Creek, 52, 60, 62. 
Ellis 30. 
Elliston, 2>7. 
Ellitt, 63. 

Eltham, 154, 191, 293. 
England, 160. 
English, 21, 22, 49. 
Ellorsay, 61. 
Elmore, 161. 
Enquirer, The, 200. 
Epes, 251, 270, 271, 274. 
Epperson, 160. 
Erwin, 2>?i. 
Eskridge, 105, 250. 
.Esten, 64. 
/Estes, 48, 51. 
Evans 143, 160. 
Ewell, 23, 108. 
Ewing, 70. 
Fairfax, 123. 
Falling Creek, 61. 6^. 
"Fall Point," 152. 
Farmer, 161. 
ftarmer, 112. 
Farrar, 30, 48. 
Farrell. 96, 
Fauntleroy. 163, 172. 
Fauquier, Gov., 163-172, 246. 
Fauquier County Records, 133. 
Featley, 195. 
Fendail, 180. 
Fenton, 258. 
Ferguson, 58. 
Ffetch, 58. 
Finch, 256, 257. 


ffinch, io8. 

Ffurdley, no. 

fford, 112. 

flFrizell, io8, no. 

Field, 270. 

Fielder, 24. 

Finney (Finnic), 56, 135, 136, 

Fisher, 205, 278. 

Fiske, 52. 

ffox, III. 

"Flagg Hill," 133. 

Ffieet (Fleet), 106. 107, 108, 109, 140, 

Fleet, 161. 
Ffluven, 107, 117. 
Fitz Patrick, 151, 161. 
l^itzgerald, 145, 158. 
Fleming, 59, 153, 167, 236, 243. 
Fletcher, 26, 270. 
Ffrancis 'Zi'j. 
Fletcher, 26, loi. 
Ffletcher, 26, loi. 
Fflint, no, in. 
Ffindley, no, 
Fflint, no, in. 
"Flagg Hill," 733. 
Flippin 162. 
Flipping, 158. 
Fford, 112. 
Ffox, III. 
Floyd, 6, 7, 8, 11. 
Fontaine, 161, 162. 
Fork Church 148, 153. 
Foote (Foot), 24, 260. 
Forrest, 46, 129. 
Forsythe, 157, 161. 
Fort Christianna, 254. 
Fort Gates, 31. 
Fort Sumter. 212, 215. 216. 
Forsythe, 157, i6r, 
Foster, 144, 161, 162, 258. 
Foster's Creek, 144. 
Foulding Creek, 155. 
Fountain, 161. 
Fowke, 116, 145. 
Fowlkes, 2>?). 
Fox, 45. 48, 50, 57, 59, III. 161, 162, 255, 

259. 2<^2. 
Francis, 257. 
Frederick, The 87. 
Freeman, 272. 
French, 292. 
Fret well, 155. 
Frothingham, 246. 
Fry, 206. 
Fuller, 274, 277. 
Fulton, 30. 

Caddie, 156. 

Gaines, in. 

Gambrall, 62. 

Garden, 60. 

Gardiner, 50. 

Garland, 49, 51, 53, 57, 58, 59, 61, 80, 81, 

144, 153. 
Garlick, 140. 
Garnett, 88. 
Garrett, 47, 126. 
Carton, 109. 
Garth, 59. 
Gates, 193, 274. 
Gavall, 47. 
Gaylard, 100. 
General Assembly, 64, 240, 244, 245, 246, 

253. 257. 
General Court, 252, 255. 
Gentry, 49. 153, 155. 
George, 30. 107, 109, no. ^' 
George William, The, 97. 
Giberne, 174. 179. 
Gibson, 51, 55, 108, 109. 
Giddings, 83. 
GifiFord, 46. 
Gilbert, 277. 
Gilchrist, 60, 167. 
Giles, 138, 139. 
Gilman, 155. 
Gill. no. 
Gilliam, 141, 149. 

Gilmer, i, 2, 4, 5, 6, 76, 79, 82, ^z, 84. 
Gist, 121. 
Glass, 58. 

"Gleanmgs of Virginia History," 38. 
Glen, 48. 

^Glenn, 159. . 

Glinn, 157. ' 

Gloucester C. H., 6. 
Gloucester Point, 138. 
Goal. The, 249 ,256. - 

Gooch. ^2. 71, 72. 

Godall (Goodall), 144, 145, 154, 155. 
Godwin. 203. , 

Goode. 202. 
Goodey Hale. 151. 
Gooding. 30. 

Godwin (Gooding, 30, 203, 251. 
Goodman, 52. 59, 153, 162, 278. 
Goodrich,. 166, 
Goodwin (Goodwyn), 30. 115, 192, 251, 

271, 294. 
Golden Mine Greek, 52. 59. 60. 
Gordon, i. 2, 80, 247, 249. 
Gorton. 108. 

Governor's House, 250, 251. 
Gowin, 53. 



Graham, 47, 54. 102, 150. 

Grammar School, 63, 136. 

Grant, 144, 213, 224. 

Grassy Swamp, 146. 

Graves, 55. 

Gray, 24, 26, 27, 28, 157. 

Gray"s Inn, 25, 26, 28. 
V Grayson, 2;^, 107, 121, 126. 

'"Great Canaway." 122. 

Great Rocky Creek, 60, 

Gregory, 61, 107, 183, 266. 

Greeley, 217. 

Green, 12, 119, 125. 

Grenville, 169. 

Greham, 70. 

Grice, iii. 

Griffin, 33, 141. 

Griffith, 69. 

Grigsby, 24. 

Groves, 62, 

Guest, 150. 
i|/'Gunston, 273. 

Guthrie, 177. 

Gwyn's Island, 172. 

Hack, 102. 
/Flagan, 60. 
"" Haines. 156. 203. 

Hale (Hales) 151, 188. 

"Half Sink," 14S. 

Hall, 61, 153, 195, 265. 

Hallaway, 109., 

Hallock. 220, 227, 230. 

Halley, 290. 

Halliwell, 278. 

Halsey, 279, 280, 282, 283. 

Ham.ilton, 82, 83, 115, 208, 278. 

Hamilton Parish, 41. 

Hammond ,293-294. 

Hancock, 161. 

Haney, 47-63. 250. , 

Hanover Co., 143-162. 

Hanover Parish, '39, 40. 

Hansborough, 129. 

Hansford, 30. 

Hanson. 84, 129, 

"Haphazard," 124. 

Hardaway, 183. 

Hardin, 151. 

Harding. 96. 

Harralson (Harrelson), 50, z.i, 58, 

Hams, 48, 49, 51, 53, 57, 6r, 62, 

T44, 145. 146, 151, 158, i6t. 
Harrison, 25. 32, s^, 58, 136, 147, 

199, 200, 201, 202, 236. 
Hardy, 73. 



Hargrove, 159, 

Harleian Society Pub., 194. 

"Harman's Old Plantation," 52. 

Harman, 52. 

Harper, 30. 

Harrod, 205. 

Hart, 56, 108, 147. 

Hartwell, 185. 

Harvie, 144, 155. 

Harwood, 86, 109, iii. 

Haskins, -270. 

Hatcher, 202. 

Hathaway (Hath way), 128. 

Haughman, 158. 

Hawks, 50. . 

Hawkins, 49, 109, 159, 275. 

Haxall, 128. 

Hay, 263. 

Hayden, Virginia Getiealogies, 116, 261, 

Hayne. 6, 156. 
Haynie, 102. 
Head, 109, 129. 
Heale, 106, no, in. 
Heanauge, 109. 
Heard, 108, 109. 
Health, 205. 
Heaty, 250. 

Hedgman, 120, 121, 126. 
Heilnes, 74. 

Heitman Historical Register, 121, 127. 
Helm, 129, 270. 
Henchey, 162. 
Henderson, 150, 159. 
Hendrick, 59, 74. 
Heminge, 258. 

Hening (Henning), 44, 73, 182. 
Henry, 47, 49, 59, 60, 62, 109, 134. 135. 

137, 157, 178, 233, 236, 237, 238, 242, 

243, 244, 245, 246, 247, 248, 292, 295. 
Henson, 161. 
Henson's Creek, 51. 
Hepburn, 103, 273, 274. 
Herndon, 131. 
Heuse, 122. 
Hewes, 104, 106, 108. 
Hewitt, III. 
Hickerson, 109. 
Hickman. 252, 254, 255, 257. 
Hickory Grove, 23. 
Hicks. 30. 53. 
Hill, 50, ^q. 90, 140. 161. 173, 182, 204, 

258, 263. 
Hillmans, 33. 
Hinde. 148. 
"History of St. Mark's," 12c. 


Hix. 52, 159. 
Hobson, 139, 140. 
Hogains, 41. 
Hogan, 144. 
Hog Island, 253. 
Hogg, 49. 
Hoi den, 30, 48, 59. 
Holder, 112. 
Holman, 259. 
Holmes, 266, 268. 

Holland, 48, 54, 57, 63, 112, 133, 169. 
Hollowes, loi. 
Holloway, 253, 2^3, 2s6. 
Hollowing, Cr., 61. 
Hollywood Farm, 68. 
Holt, 165, 253. 
Home, 108. 
Hood, 143, 231, 2Z2. 
Hooe, 125, 158. 
Hooper, 50, 147, 151, 158. 
Hope, 159. 
Hopper, 147. 
Hopkins, iii, 125, 256. 
Hopwood, 27. 
Honeyman. 162. 

Hord, zz^ 35, 37, 52, 115, 121, 123. 124. 
Hornet, Sloop The. 163, 165, 167. 
Howard, 58, 106, 129, 155, 260. 
Home, 108. 
Horsley, 52. 
Horton, 107. 
Houet, 57. 

House of Burgesses, 44, 45, 99, 116, 182, 

185, 188, 233. 242, 245, 249-258, 262,. 

House of Commons, 237, 244, 249, 251, 

'253, 254, 255. 256, 257. 
House of Lords. 2^)7. 
Howard. 53. 106, 130. 155, 260. 
Howe, 123, 214. 
Howison, 24, 25. 
Howson, d8, 102. 
Hubard (Hubbard), 203, 204. 
Hubert. 107. 
Hudnall, 102, 107. 
Hudson, 49, ^2, 53, 55. 59, 144, 154. 
, Hughes, 57. 
Hull. 292. 
Humbler, 56. 

Humphrey (Humphreys), 55, 103. 
Hundley, 58. 62, 149, 160. 
Hungerford. 270. 
Hunnicutt, 191. 
Hunt, :^2, 50. 54. 

Hunter, 55. 79. 8t, 84, 85, 88, 213. 
Huntington. 283. 
Hunton, 267. 
H upper, 149. 

Hurlburd, 277. 

Hurst, 259. 

Hurxthal, 124. 

Hutchins, 107. 

Hyde, 30. 

Ick, 60. 

Inglis, 193, 27Z. 

Ingram, 144. 250. 

Indians, 249, 250, 252, 255. 

Inner Temple, The, 97, 264, 

Innis, 134, 135, 136. 

Irby, 270. 

Isham, 183. 

Jacobs, no, 192. 

Jacoby, 294. 

Jackson, 7, 21, 24, 25, 60, 108, 144, 207, 

251, 254. 
Jamerson, 116. 
James, 27, 5i, ^OQ, 160. 
Jamestown, 21, 67, 136, 209. 210, 265, 267. 
James City Parish, 56, 58, 61. 
James River, 138. 
Jefferson, 136, 137, 208, 209, 236. 
Jenifer, 64. 128. 
Jennings, 48, 62,. 
Jewett, 130. 

Jett, 38, 39, 41-47, 84, 90. 
John, 116. 
Johnson, 44-47, 50, 52, 54, 5^^, ^g^^, 60, 

90, 99, 105, 107, 112, 128, 144, 150, 

154, 155, 263, 264, 270, 271. 
Johnston, 55, 61, 181, 190, 193, 207, 243, 

269, 274, 276, 277. 
Jolland, 102. 
Jones, 45, 48, 50, 51, 57, 62] 65, 71, 72. 

72, 74, 102, 108, III, 146, 147. 148, 

152, 153, 157, 158, 161, 183, 188, 189. 

190, 208, 249, 250, 251, 252, 254, 259. 

Jordan, 64, 76, 84. 85, 86, 87, 88, 89. 260. 
Journal of Burgesses, 236, 243. 
Jouet, 48, 49, 56, 57. 
Joyce, 114, 157. 
Joynes, 73. 

"Jumping Swamp," 148. 
Kaidyee. 189. 
Kannaday, 160. 
Kay, 280. 

Keeling, 52, 152, 251. 
Keith, 279. 281. 
Kelly, 53. 107, 108. 109, 112. 
Kemp, 95, 251, 256. 
Kemper, 185. 
Kempis, 195. 

Kenner, 102, 103, 104, 217. 
Kennon, 30. 
Kennedy, 74. 




Kerr, 60. 

Kiloreass, 50. 

Killgore, 108. 

Kimball, 60, 251, 253. 

Kimber, 113, 114. 

Kimbo, 48. 

Kimbroiigh, 61, 62, 63. 

King, 50, 63, 107, 160, 161. 

King's Mill. 263. 

Kirkman, loi. 

Kneller, 199. 

Knight, 109. 

Kirk, 107, 109, no. 

Kirkman, loi. 

Labaw, 34. 

Ladner, iii. 

Ladd, :i2. 

Lancaster, 48. 

Land, 51. 

Land Office Book, 42, 120, 121. 

Lane, 54. 

Langford, 61. 

Langley. 65. 

Lankford, 160. 

Lawne, 139. 

Lawrence (Laurence), 107, 144, 145, 167. 

Lawson. 7, 24, 107, 109, 140, 165. 

Layfield, 281, 282. 

Leake, 49, 50, 

Lear, 292. 

Lee, 30, 64, 106, 107. 142, 154, 172, 178^ 

207, 213, 214, 225, 236. 
Leed's Parish, 117. 
Leed's Store. 85, 86. 87, 88, 89, 90. 
Leeds, The, 88. 
Leidy, 274, 277. 
Leigh, 138. 293. 
Xe Neve, 257. 
Lester, 263. 

'"Letters and Times of the Tylers/' 8, 72. 
Lewis, 51, 52, 72, 109, III. 
Library of Congress, 163. 
Licking Hole Creek, 156, 160. 
Light, III. 

Lightfoot, S2, 91, 96, 251, 253. 
Lilly. 86. 
Lincoln, 212, 213, 214, 216, 217, 220, 226, 

229, 230. 
Lindsay, 133, 183. 
Linton, 23, 24, 25. 
Lish, 59. 
Little, 23. 
Little Creek, 54. 
Littlepage. 156. 161, 251, 263. 
Littleton, 6g. 
Little Rocky Run. 50. 
Little Rocky Creek, 62. 

Lithgow, 24, 25. 

"Littletown," 263. 

Lively, The, 85. 

Livesey, 279. 

Locust Creek, 159, 162. 

Locust Hall, 264. 265. 

Lodge, 220. 

Lomax, 255. 

London Times, 221. 

Long, 126, 192, 214, 215, 217, 220, 290. 

Lloyd, 165.' 

Lords of Trade. 165, 169, 170", 248. 

Love, 147, 192, 

Lovett. no. 

Low% 58. 

Lowndes, 294. 

Lowry, 112, 162. 

Loyal, 165. 

Loyd, 165. > 

Lugir, 262. 

Lyne, in. 

Lyon. 267. 

Lyons, 159. 

Luzon, 262. 

Macaulay, 148. 

Machump Creek, 48, 55, 59, 147. I54. 

Maclin, 159, 190. 268, 270. 
Mackency, 60. 
-Macoy, 60. 

Madison. 30. 138. 139, 140, 208, 209. 
Mack Ghee. 60. 
Mackgee (IMcGhee), 63. 
Mager, 108. 

Mahoan (Mahone), 108, 109. 
Makemie, 278-283. 
MacKeney, 60. 
Malbon, 95. 96. 
Mallory, 50. 70. 
Mansfield, 161. 
Manuel, 24. 
Marable. 250. 256. 
^larket House, 167. 
Markland, 61. 
Marks, 48, no, 147, 157. 
Marlboro, The, 85. 
Marrow, 113. 
Marshall (Marshal), 2. 30, in, 112, 138, 

158, 194. 195. 197. 247, 292. 
Martin, 108. 109, 144, 254, 273. 203. 
Maryland Gazette, 164. 
Mask. 50. 

Mason, 30. 49. 107. 217, 221-224, 270. 
Massie (Massey), 116, 148, I59-- 
Massachusetts Historical Society, 207, 

214, 220. 




Mattadequin Creek (Mattedequan), 51, 
147, 153, 162. 

Matlock, 50, 53. 
'^Matthews (Mathews), no, 191, 204. 

Mauldin, 71. 

Maury, 267. 

May, 51, 124, 130. 

Mayo, 10, 148. 

McBirney, 274, 276, 277. 

McCarrell, no. 

McCall, 214, 220. 

McCarty, 251. 

McClellan, 214. 

McClub, 30. 

McCook, 161. 

McClurg, 289. 

McConico, 272. 

McCarry, in. 

McCradv. 294. 

McDough, 107. 

McFadden, 127. 

]McFarland, 265. 

McGeehee, 64. 

McGruder, 267. 

McKay, 129. 

McKeehan, 66. 

McRey, 108. 

Meade, 42, 191, 270. 

"Meade's Old Churches and Families of 
Virginia," 39. 43, 115, 118, 185. 

IMekin (Meken), 109, 196, 197. 

McNeil, 225. 

McQuerry, 60. 

Melville, 272. 

^-lelton, 148. 

Nferedith, 60, no, 147, 153, 157. 

Merryman, 112. 

Meriwether (Merry weather. Mere- 
wether), 44, 45. 48, 51, 52, 54, 56, 57, 
59, 97, 143, 160. 184, 280, 281. 

Mesenger, The, 202. 

Metcalf. 60. 

Meux, 156, 159. 

Michaels, 49. 

Michie, 46, 60. 

Michel, 60. 

Middle Temple, The, 26, 27, 28, 127. 

Aiiddleton, 264. 

Mm, 152. 

Miller, 8, 2>^, 27, no. n^. 126. 207, 22,3,. 

Mills, 52, 56. n2, 144, 271. 

Minge, 31-33, 272. 
^ Minor, 50. 158, 159, 204. 2o6> 
^litcheli, 65, 86, 89, 90. no, in, 158,' 162. 

IvLoblev. 271. 

Moffitt, 130. 

Moil, 108. 

^Monroe, 22-25, 138, 139, 142, 208, 209. 
Monroe Doctrine, 209. 
M on row, 157. 
Montague, 2^3, 235. 
Montgomery, 270, 275. 
Moody, 134, 135. 
Morgan, 108. 116, 118, 163, 165, 166, 167, 

168, 195, 196, 197. 
Moreman. 58. 
Moore (More), 23, 25, 52, 56, 59, 107, 

108, III. 
Moorehead, 122. 
Monrow, 157. 
Montray, 61. 
Morman, 51. 

Morris, 55, 59, 76, loi, no, 154, 155. 
Morris's Island, 154, 155. 
Morton, 30. 
Morison, 73. , 

Moryson, 69. 
Mosby, 94, 183. 
Mott, 252. 

Mottrom, loi, 102, 265. 
Mount Airy, 172. 
Mount Vernon, 18, 115. 
Mowatt, 144. 
Mullen, 49. 61. 
:Mullins (Mullens), 57. 
Mullings, 53. 
Mullis, 109. 
Muir, 274. 
Mulford. 266. 
Munford, 225, 265, 266. 
Munroe, loi. 
Munsell, 72. 

Murray, 65, 200, 201, 202. 
"Murray's Travels," 198. 
Murray, 60. 
Mussell, III. 
Mushet, 23. 
Myers, 30. 
Nash, 107. 

Neal (Neale). 61, 102, in. 
Neapsico, 44, » 

Iseave, 144. 
Neesome, in. 
Nelson. 22, 61, 71, 138, 148, 149, 151, 152, 

157, 158, 161. 
New 112, 
Newby. no. 
, New Kent Register, 292. 
"Now Market Mill," 152, 159. 
Newton, 30. 

Nichols (Nicholls), 27, 109, 272. 
Nicholson, 46, 87, 89. 
Nickols, 49. 



Nicks, 55. 

Nix, 55, 156. 

Noland, 30, no. 

Norcot, 97. J 

Norris, 109, 174. 

North Anna, 54. 

Northampton County Records, 189. 

Northern Neck, 98, 164, 268, 292. 

>.orton, 109. 

Norvell, 144, 146, 263. 

Nott, 252. 

Nuckols, 60. 

Nottingham, 99. 

Notting Hill, 221, 222. 

Numkaes, 60 . 

Niitall. 108. 

Nutting, 251. 

Octagon, 270. 

Oldfield, 194. 

Oldham, 264. 

Old Mill Dam, 159. 

O.d Mill Road, 162. 

Old Plantation Creek, 68, 69. 

Oliver, 107, 152. 

Onancock, 279. 

O Neil. 30. 

Opey, 261. 

Opie, 104. 

Orr, 205. 

Orrel, 194. 

Orrey, Lord, 199. 

Overton, 48, 52. 60. 62. 

Oveiwharton Parish Register, 294. 

Outerbridge, 74. 

Owen, 2(^. 

Page. 153, 270. 

Palmer. 126. 

Palmer's Calendar. T83. 184. 

Pancake Branch, 162. 

Papworth's Ordinary, 182. 

Parham, 270. 

Pari'^h of Augustine, 261. 

Parish of Blissland. 151. 

Parish of Bride. 259. 2W, 2O1, 262. 

Parish of Gabriel. 29. 

Parish of James City. 58. 

Parish of North and South Shew 

Parish of Stepney. 258. 
Parish of Wilmington, 256. 
Parke. 159. 

Parker. 6r, 152, 153. 165, 176, 292, 
Parke Quarter, 173. 
Parkhurst, 281, 282. 
Parfjuct, no. 
Parris, 24 
Parry, 85.' 



Pasley, 51. 

Parsons, 162, 182, 183, 270, 272. 

Pasquet, 107, 109, no, 112. 

Pasteur, 185. 

Pate, 55, 155. 

Patton, 203. 

Patrick, 49. 

Patuxent, 85. 

Paxton, 275. 

Paullett, 54, 61, 144. 

Payne, 62, in, 123, 146, 151,, 156, 157, 160. 

Peace, 52. 

Pearson, 30. 

Pegram, 124, 271. 

Peek, 58. 

Pemberton, 59. 

Pendleton, 203. 236. 

Pemino Branch Creek, 69. 

Penick, 53, 6^. 

Penix, 59. 

Pennsylvania ^lagacine, 117, 118. 

Percivall, 107. 

Perkins, 90. 145, 146. 

Perrin, 30. 58, 146. 

Perry, no, 203. 

Peter. 133. 

Peters, 49. 

eyton, 119. 
Phlegar, 49. 
/Phi Beta Kappa, 73. ^ 
'/philips (Phillips), 53, 57, no, 144, 150. 
Phripp, 167. 
Pickens, 216. 
Pickerine. 161. 
Pickett. 31, 32. 
Pierce, 161. 
Piersev, 204. 
Piney Branch. 159. 
Pinkard, 103, 109, 188. 
Pinton. 109. 
Piscataqua Creek, 281. 
Pitley, 259. 
Place. 151. 
Pittman, 108. 
Pleasants. 75. 76, 188. 
1 lummer, 108. 
Pocahontas. 136, 184. 
Pockett, 31. 3^- 
Podmore, 276, 278. 
Poe, 126. 
Pole, 251, 257. 
Pole Green, 152, 153. 
Poindexter, 202. 
Pohick Church, 115. 
Polk. 21. 22. 

Politics, The Only School,- 206. 
Pollard, no, 140, 152, 157. 


Schley, 266. 
SchoIIer, 55. 
"Scotch Town," 'I57. 
Scott, 42, 263. 
Scrogin, 21, 22. 
Sea, 160. 

Searcy,50, 51, 53. 
Segar, 279. 
Seaton, 130. 
Seay, 146. 

Sennett (Sinnett), 117, 121. 
Seely, 129. 
Servant, 252. 
Shackelford, 51, 
Shacklock, 196. 
Shannon, 27^1. 
Shapleigh,. 102. 
Sharp (Sharp), 48, in. 
Shatton, 55. 

Shelburne, Earl of, .171. 
.Shelburne Parish, 118. 
y Shelton, 49, 58, 107, I53, I55- 
Shepperson, 141. 
Sheridan, 213. 229. 
S'herer, no. 
Shields, 174, 251, 257. 
Shirley, 118, 06, I99- 
Shore, 144, I57- 
Shelock, 195. 
Shotwell, 127. 
Sinclair, 30, 123. 
Sherman, 213, 229, 230, 231, 232. 
Sherwood, 258. 
Shoe Lane, 260. 
Shore, 151. 
Short, 202. 
Sims, 51, 59, 61. 
Shrewsberry, 62. 
Simmons, 54, 271. 
Sims, 51, 59, 61. 
Simson, (i2. 
Simpson, 62. , 
Simpson Creek, 22. 
Skelton, 56, 141. 
Skerme, 267. 

Slaughter. 43. 63, 115, 120, 151, 272. 
Slaughter's History of Bristol Parish, 

184. / 

5mallwood, 30, 107, 117. 
Smith, 41, 4z, 48, 54, 59, 60, 61, dd, "70, 

89. 101, n2, 129, 145. 153, 159, 161, 

163, 165, 166, 167, 168, 190, 204, 

206, 249, 250, 255, 276. 
Smithurst, 106. 
Snead (Sneade), 49, 54, 55, 56, 59, 60, 

Snow Vigilant, The, 167. 
Snelson, 271. 

Solomon's Branch, 157. 

Southall, 4. 

South Anna River, 16. 

Southgate, 193. 

Southern Literary Messenger, 134-139, 
198, 202, 283-292. 

Spain, 191. 

Spotswood, 137, 249, 251, 253, 254, 255. 

Sparkes, 63. 

Sparke's "Life of Washington," 115. 

Spears, 55, 59. 

Speke, loi. 

Spence, 23. 

Spencer, 55, 61. 

Spradlin, 49. 

Stagg Creek, 154, 156. 

Stamp Act, 165, 170. 

Stanford, 260. 

Stanley, 53, 131, I45, 158. 

Stanno, 108. 

Staples, 60. 

Stark (Starke), 134, 147, 158, 160, 204- 
205, 273^ 294. 

Steddy, 140. 

Steward (Stuart), 30, 100, 177, 188. 

Stith, J2, 181-193, 269-278. 

St. Andrews Parish, 192. 

St. Ann's Parish, 60. 

St. David's Parish, 149. 

St. George's Parish. 42, 53. 

St. James Parish, 52. 

St. John's Parish, 57. 

St. Margaret's Parish, 52, 54, 59, 61. 

St. Martin's Parish, 48, 49, 51, 52, 53, 
54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59. 60, hi, 62, 90, 
143, 145, 146, 147, 148, 149. 151, 15-2, 
155, 156, 157, 159, 160. i6r, 162. 

St. Mark's Parish, 43. 60, 120. 

St. Mary's Parish, 58, 85, 180. 

St. Mary's White Chappel parish, 108, 

St. Michaels Paris'h, 31, 32. 

Stephen's Green, 268. 

Steven, 60. 

Stevens, 60, 109, 112. 

Steward, 30, in. 

Stewart, 153. 

Stone, 124, 211. 

Stoney Creek, i6r. 

Stoney Run. 49, 156. 

Stonehorse Creek (Stonehouse Creek), 

Stoneham, 108. 
Stonnel. 133. 
Stonwell, 133. 
Stott, 108, III. 
Strachan, 94, in, 141, 271. 



Strange, 149, 

Stratton, 55. 

Straughan, 104, 106. 

Strother, 204. 

Straughan, 104, 106. 

Stringer, 189. 

Swan, 109. 

Sullivan, 205, 

Swan Point, d"] . 

Swartout, 82. 

Syme, 52. 

Swift, 55, 56, 161, 162. 

Street, 154. 

Stringer, 189. 

Stuart, 158, 188. 

Susque'hana War, loi. 

Sullivan, 205. 

St. Peter's Parish. 51, 53, 55. 

Strother, 204. 

St. Paul's Parish, 48, 49, 50, 51, 5^, 53, 
54, 55, 56. 57, 5S, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 
90, 143, 1+4, 146, 147, 148, 149. 150, 
151, 152, 153, 154, 155, 156, 157, 158, 
r6o, 161. 

St. Stephen's Parish. 102, 123. 

Stoney Run, 156, 162. 

Surtout, 82. 

Susquehanna Fort, 140. 

Sutton, 275. 

Swan, 109. 

Sydnor, 109. 

Syme, 145. ' 

Swife, 161. 

Swift, 161. 

Symes, 155. 

Taber, 159. 

Talbord, no. 

Talley (Tally), 48, 53, 63, I43, 153, 162. 

Tanner, 281. 
■ Taliaferro. 272. 

Tarkleson, no. 

Tate, 151. 

Terrv, 151. I53- ' 

Teach (Blackbeard), 252. 

Teackle, 190. 

Thacker, 146, 149, i6r, 250, 261. 

Thatcher, T09. 

Tayloe, 106, 109. 176 

Taylor, 2, 20. 49, 50, ^2, 56, 59. 60, 00. 
96. 100, III, 131, 144, 147, 148, 159, 

Taylor's Creek. 49. 50. T 13, U^, 159- 

Tazewell, 5. 6. 7. 29. 138. 

Teackle I90. 

Temple, 53. 

Temnleman, 85. 86. 

Tenham. j6. 

Terrell. 6r, 158. 

Terrill, 53, 152, 262. 

Terry, 151. 

Thacker, 161, 250. 

Thorn, 43. 

Thomas, 30, 66, 145, 146. 

Thompson, 53, 58, 59, 61, 109, 125, 14+, 

Thomson, 155, 157, 160, 162, 166. 
^s::34irockmorton, 112-114. \^ ^ 
Tatopotoraoy Cr., 56, 57. 
Thilman, 150, 152. 
Thornton, 41, no, 148, 152, 153, 250, 

270, 276. 
Tilghman, 271, 277. 
Tileth (Tilleth), 24. 
Tilman, 260. 261. 
Timson, 249. 
Tittiil, 262. 

Timberlake, 146, 154, I55, I57- 
Tins, 162. 

Tmsley, 144, 153, 154, 155, 156. 
Todd, 128, 203-204. 
Tomlin, no, 184. 
Toler, id4. 
Towles, 112. 

Tomahun Creek, 265, 266. 
Toone, 30. 
Tovv^nsend, 74. 
Traguair, 61. 
Travers, 30. 

Trevilian, 49, S7, I45, 148, 159- 
Truehart, 275. 
Trice. 50, 62. 
Trimble, 127. 

Triplett (Tri])let), 33-43, Ii5-i34, 250. 
Trollope, 194. 
Truro Parish, n5, 116. 
Trussell, loi. 
Tuckahoe, 185. 
Tucker. 54. 289. 
Tucker's Road, 147, 158. 
Tugpen, 27. 
Tulloh, 5Q, 153. 
Turberville, 106, 108. 
Turnbull. 271, 273. 
Turkey Creek. 159. 
Turkey Island. 183. 
Turkey Mts. 's^. 
vTnrner. 59, 71. 84. 89, 147, 153, 158, 160. 
Tuscarora Indians, 249, 250. 
Tutt, 40. 
Twitty, 5d.. 
Tyler. 6. 7, 8. 10, n. 21-25. 50, 60, 6r. 

7T. 128. 142. 153. 209, 250, 251, 253, 

263, 203. 
Tvree. 57. 
Underwood, 142, 144. 



Union Taver, 6. 

Varina, 185. 

Viscarior, 203. 

Veal (Veale), 166, 167. 

Van Dorn, 129. 

Van Dorn, 109. 

Vaughan, 135. 

Vaux, 112, 113, 114. 

Venable, 53. 

Verplanck, 74. 

Vest, 130, 152. 

Via, 58, 149. 

Vicaris, 203. 

''Virginia Antiquary," 136. 

Virginia Gazette, 12, 15, 20, 26, 63-66, 

165, 191. 
Virginia Land Record Book, 182. 
Virginia Land Patent Books, 183, 186. 
Virginia County Records, 35. 
Virginia Magazine of History and Bio- 

grapny, 34. 35. 39, 74, 115. 120, 182, 

184, 186, 189, 203, 233, 236, 243, 259, 

Virginia Sate Library, 64, /2. 
Virgin Islands. 185. 
Virginia, The, 64. 
Voorhees, j^. 
Voss, no. 

Wade, 147, i5i» 156, 158, 162. 
Waddell, 123. 
Waddy, 48. 
Wager, 257. 
Waid, 60. 
Walden, 159, 
Waldrop, 55. 
Wale, 112, 
Waler, 147. 
Wallace, 109. 
Waller, 96. 
Walling. 21. 
Wallis, 112. 
Waike, 47, 86. 
Walker, 30, 46, 56. 61. 84, 89. 128, 190, 

205, 250, 251, 252, 264, 265, 266, 268- 

269, 271. 
Walklett. 194. 
Wallingford Parish, 253. 
Walton, 30, 154. 
Warburton, 71. 
W^ard. 85, 86. 88, 112. 266. 
Warkman. 258. 
Warne. 34, 35. 
Wasliingt^n, 11. 14. 70, 104, IT5, T16, 

118, 134. 142, 190, 208, 209, 247, 

269. 289. 270. 
Washin?^ton Parish, 39. 40, 41- 
Watt (Wat), 56, 60. 
Wath, 30. 

Watkins, 57, 148, 153, 154, 159, 161. 

Watson, 51, 60, 61, 155. 

Watts, 30, 61, 139, 158. 

Webb, 139, 266, 268, 269. 

Weir, 131. 

Weeden, 211. 

Welch, no. 

Weldon, 59, 258. 

Wells, 74. 

West, 50, 255. 

Westover, 141. 

Westover Parish, 188, 253, 

V/estney's, Sir Hardoff, (Sir Samuel), 

44, 99- 
W^eyanoke Parish, 253. 
Vvhaiey, no. 
Wheat, 133. 
Wharton, 22, 195. 
Wherton, 11 1. 
Whitaker, 139, 143. 
Wharton, 44, 195, 205-206. 
Whatley, 52, 53- 
Wheeler, 49, 149, 155. 

White, 7, 58, 63, 109, 12S, 144, 145, 

149, 151, 153. 
White Swan, Ye, 260. 
Whitlock. 48, 145, 153, 156, 160. 
Whittemore, 274. 
W^atson, 51. 
Waugh, 29. 
Webb, 24, 269. 
Webster, n. 
Weldon, 59. 
Wells, 7-i. 
West, 46, 50. 
Westcott, 34. 
Westneys, 44, 99. 
Wheeler's Slash, 155. 
White, 7, 128, 144. 
Whittet, 141. 
Wicker, 152, 153. 
Wickliffe, 131. 
Wicomico, 100, 133. 
Vv'i'T.srington, 264. 

Wiibie, 70. ' 

Wild Horse, 157. 
Wiley, 45, 47. 
Wilkinson. 50, 108, 154. 
Willcox (Wilcox), ni, 251. 
Willett, 68, 60. 70. 
Williams. 50. 60, 62. 70-71, 206. 
Williamson, 293-294. 
Williamsburg, 46, 51, 65, 71, 72. 86, on, 

134. 136, 151, 163. 168. 160. 171. 

t8^, 203, 205, 249. 255, 256. 267, 280. 

28 1. 2Sa, 287. 289. 

Williamsburg Chancery Court, zCi^. . . 


William and Mary College, 46, 64, 72, 
73- 134. 136, 137, i8j, 183, 185, 193, 
203, 204, 252, 263, 292. 

William and JNiary College Library, 
137, 206. 

l^Villiam and Mary College Quarterly, 11, 
28, 34, 41, 45, 46, 66, 72, 74, 84, 
113, 136, 143, 172, 182, 183, 184, 185, 
187, 188, 189, 203, 204, 205, 207, 
20<), 233, 236, 242, 25S, 259, 263, 265, 
266, 269, 292, 293, 294. 

Williamsburg Lodge of 2\Iasons, 136. 

Wilkins, 31, 33. 

Wilkinson, 50, 154. 

Willison, 157. 

Winder, 225. 

Wilks, 55. 

Wilson, S3, 65, 157, 261. 

Wills, 293. 

Vvillis, 62. 

Winder, 225. 

„Wingfield, 50, 51, 146, 147, 150, 151, i=;4, 

"'^ 161. 

Winston, 48, 56, 58, 59, 62, 63, 144, 
145, 146, 149, 1^0, 156, 157, 159, 160, 
161, 267. 

Wirt, 236. 238, 242, 243. 

W^iscart, 160, 

Withers, 266, 270. 

Witherspoon, 204. 

W^ithington, 258. 

W^oft'endale, 22. 

WooUin, 261. 

Winn, 48, 49, 55, 60, 145. 

Winston, 145, 156. 

Wise, 73. 

VVood, 108, 109, no. 

Wooding, no. 

Wolfe, 107. 

Woodson, 47, 275. 

Woody, 54, 55, 56. 

Woody Creek, 150. 

Worsley, 27. 

Woolfolk, 58, 1^5, 150, 267, 268, 269. 

Woole, 51. 

Womack, 271, 276. 

Wormeley, 98, 147, 168, 169. 

Wroe, 24. 

Wright, 52, 109, 141, 142, 147, 264-265, 

Wyatt, 160. 
Wythe, 207, 236. 
Yancey, 57, 61, 75, 76. 
Yarnall, 274. 
Yeaman, 125, 153, 161. 
Yerby, 107. 
Yerger, 275. 

York Co., 72, 141, 189, 251, 258, 260. 
York River, 64, 84, no. 
Yorktown, 6, 61, 72, 126, 136, 137, 148, 

Yeo, 34, 35- 



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